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CONTENTS.

Page.

American Federation of Labor_

71

Associations

185

League of Iowa Municipalities---

331

National Electric Light Association..

331

National Shippers' Conference_.

332

Ohio Coal Bureau

13, 177

Southern Ohio Coal Operators' Exchange.

178

Cars_-

290

Allottment-

290

Diverting

205, 290

Distribution

196, 211, 213

Efficiency

244

Rating-

62, 306

Retained..

174

Shortage

55, 110, 197, 201, 203, 211, 214, 241, 306

Supply --

10, 55, 191, 197, 200, 206

By Baltimore & Ohio---

174

By Hocking Valley Railroad-

174

In Ohio.

148, 189

By Pennsylvania Railroad

174

In the Pittsburgh district, table

307

In West Virginia

167

Confiscation of coal.--

146

Cost of production -

10, 110, 168, 191, 216, 332

Cost of supplies.-

169, 191

Council of National Defense, Committee on Coal Production - 25, 53, 340

Days worked, per week, at mines--

214, 358

Depreciation

170

Districts, coal situation in-

Belmont

193

Clearfield

90

Cleveland

207

Franklin

30

Goshen

Hocking Valley --

358

Jackson, W. Va..

173

Jefferson County

118, 193

Kanawha, W. Va.--

339

Massillon, Ohio..

12

New England

25, 350

New River.

27, 341

Ohio---

150, 191

Pittsburgh, Pa..

121, 306

Pocahontas, W. Va--

27

Southern Ohio.--.

157

West Virginia---

13, 342

Wheeling & Lake Erie

206

Enlistment of miners (see War measures):

In Europe

54

In Lehigh district, Pa--

251

Exports---

50, 51, 347

Federal Trade Commission.-

222, 360, 363

Government regulation :

Of coal_

204, 205, 216

Of prices

38, 40, 41, 58, 174, 190, 255, 258, 332, 348, 355, 363

Of prices as affecting labor (sce Labor)

100, 107, 282, 364

Demands for labor

204

Page.

Imports

26

Investment in mines

95

Jobbers

57, 196, 208, 209, 361

Labor (see Miners).

96, 172, 197, 204, 214, 282, 360

Lane, Secretary, memorandum.

352

Legislation:

Esch bill

271

Lever bill.

271

H. J. Res. 111.

272

S. 2354.

3

S. J. Res. 77..

4

Miners

172, 197, 204, 214

Output of coal.-

26, 46, 50, 95, 97, 156, 191, 195, 210, 308, 327, 343

Pool of lake coal (see Transportation)

129, 174, 253

Prices

38, 98, 107, 194, 281, 328, 348, 360

Abnormal

363

Agreements and Sherman law.

25

Average

27, 158, 161, 173, 190

Of by-products of coal

189

Consumers

In Arkansas.

28

In Chicago.

34

In Cleveland.

129

In New York,

133

In Ohio---

13

In Toronto, Canada.

149

Contracts

12, 94, 109, 209, 329

Refusal to deliver contracts..

83

Contracts with railroads_

56, 334, 341, 342, 350, 363, 364

Fair

62

Fixing of

38, 190, 191, 216, 255, 258, 332, 348, 357

Of free coal.

157, 339

Increase, causes

204

In Ashtabula, Ohio

149

In Cleveland, Ohio.

149

In Illinois

30

In New York.

133, 142

In Ohio

13

In St. Paul, Minn.

32

Of iron and steel..

366

Maximum

62, 350

Mine

13, 28, 108, 357

Normal

27

Premium

139

Reasonable

135, 158

Uniform

27

Speculation

27, 135, 218

Sales prices daily reported by Ohio coal operators - 31, 163, 167, 196

Sales prices boosted.

102, 185

Variations, by districts.

27

Wholesale-

In Ohio, f. o. b----

202

In West Virginia---

168

Profits:

Fixing

191

Reasonable.

39, 101, 205

Public utilities of Indiana_

335, 359

Railroads:

Consumption of coal.

370, 343

Cost of coal ---

42, 350

Cost of supplies.

197

Demurrage-

250

Diverting coal cars_

290

Fifteen per cent rate case_-

359

Increased cost of contract coal--

256
Railroads—Continued.

WITNESSES.

Page.

132

69

Beckwith, J. Q., assistant to general manager Virginia & Southern Caro-

lina Railroad, Lumberton, N. C.-

Bogle, Walter F., W. S. Bickle Co. (Inc.), Chicago, Ill.

Colver, William B., commissioner, Federal Trade Commission..

Colver, William B., commissioner, Federal Trade commission, resumed.

Cummins, Senator Albert B--

Davis, William E., commissioner of light and heat, Cleveland, Ohio.-

Fort, Hon. J. F., commissioner, Federal Trade Commission.-

Greer, Charles C., Johnstown, Pa----

Hymann, Isaac, Real Estate Owners' Association, city of New York_-

Isaacs, Samuel S., Greater New York Taxpayers' Association, New York

City

Korne, Dr. Abraham, New York City, real estate owners of the city of

New York

Lewis, J. L., assistant president, United Mine Workers, Springfield, Ill..
McKinney, Walter D., commissioner, Southern Ohio Coal Exchange, Co-

lumbus, Ohio ---

Maurer, C. E., coal operator, Ravenna, Ohio..

Mehlich, William, Twelfth and Nineteenth Wards Real Estate Owners'

Association, and South Bronx Property Owners' Association, New York

City

Moderwell, Charles, Chicago, Ill.

Morrow, J. D. A., commissioner, Pittsburgh Coal Producers' Associa-

tion, Pittsburgh, Pa-----

Neal, C. J., director of finance, Cleveland, Ohio.

Pomerene, Senator Atlee_

Strauss, Leo, New York City--

Taylor, Harry M., Kansas City, Mo--

Thom, Alfred P., counsel of railway executives' advisory committee..

Thorne, Clifford, Chicago, Ill_-

Turner, Edwin C., Cleveland, Ohio--

Willard, H. E., Uunted States Coal Co., Cleveland, Ohio---

160

193

VI

PRICE REGULATION OF COAL AND OTHER COMMODITIES.

FRIDAY, JUNE 22, 1917.

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10 o'clock a. m., in room 326 Senate Office Building, Senator Francis G. Newlands presiding.

Present: Senators Newlands (chairman), Smith of South Carolina, Pomerene, Thompson, Gore, Cummins, Poindexter, and Kellogg.

The committee proceeded to consider the bill (S. 2354), “ To amend the act to regulate commerce, as amended, and for other purposes," and the resolution (S. J. Res. 77), “To provide further for the national security and defense by regulating the production, sale, and distribution of coal,” which are as follows:

S. 2354, A BILL To amend the act to regulate commerce, as amended, and for other

purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That on and after June first, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and during the continuance of the war in which the United States is now engaged, it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the act to regulate commerce approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, or any officer, agent, contractor, or subcontractor of such common carrier, or any person, firm, or corporation manufacturing or producing any supplies or material used by any such common carrier, to pay, or agree to pay, or for any person, firm, or corporation to charge or to receive from any such common carrier, its officer, agent, contractor, or subcontractor, or any person, firm, or corporation manufacturing or producing any supplies or material used by any such common carrier, any sum in payment for fuel, supplies, equipment, or material of any kind or description used, or necessary to be used, in the construction, maintenance, betterment, extension, or operation of the property of any such common carrier in excess of the unit prices applicable on June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, on such article or articles of the same or similar kind, quality, and quantity: Provided, however, That such unit price may be increased or reduced as provided in section two hereof, but in no event shall it be in excess of the cost of manufacture or production plus ten per centum.

SEC. 2. That during the period covered in section one hereof, whenever any dispute or controversy shall arise respecting delivery or the price to be paid for any article mentioned in sa section, the President is authorized, whenever in his judgment such action is necessary to the public security and defense, to direct that such delivery shall be made and at such price as he shall determine, after full hearing, to be reasonable. He may give these directions at and for such times as he may determine, and may modify, change, suspend, or annul them, and for any such purpose he is hereby authorized to issue orders direct, or through such person or persons as he may designate for the purpose, to any of the officers, agents, or employees of the aforesaid common carriers, persons, firms, or corporations. Officials of the United States, when so designated, shall receive no compensation for their services rendered hereunder.

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