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Pursuant to congressional authorization and appropriation, the Deartment of State signed a grant-in-aid agreement on October 25, 960, with the University of Hawaii, providing for the establishment nd operation of a Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West. The Center became a reality a few days ater with payment of the first installment of funds.
The Congress approved an initial appropriation of $10 million to et the Center started. The original appropriation authorization vas included as a section in the Mutual Security Act of 1960, after onsideration of a report submitted on this subject by the Secretary f State as required by provisions of the Mutual Security Act of 959, which had called for a study and recommendations for the esablishment and operation of such a Center in the State of Hawaii. No formal hearings, with opportunity for debate within the legisative committees, had been held. The normal legislative processes ad been held to a minimum. The concept was undoubtedly sound nd merited approval, but the oversight responsibilities of the legisative committees concerned required a subsequent check to determine he extent to which congressional intent was being implemented and now efficiently.
During consideration of a second appropriation request last fall, nembers of the House Appropriations Committee expressed justified concern that the grant-in-aid agreement failed to provide adequate protection to safeguard the investment of Federal funds in the construction of buildings and other facilities for the East-West Center, is it had now popularly become known. There were also questions raised concerning the title to the land on which the buildings were being constructed.
All these considerations prompted the Subcommittee on State Department Organization and Foreign Operations of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, to schedule a full review of the whole project.
Under my direction, the committee staff assembled, from files of the committee and of the State Department, all relevant background data and documents, and they were made available for further study by members of the subcommittee.
On-the-spot hearings were scheduled and held at the University of Hawaii on December 13 and 14, 1961, with four members of the subcommittee participating, myself as chairman, and Representatives D. S. Saund, Frances P. Bolton, and Horace Seely-Brown, Jr. The subcommittee also benefited by the participation of two members of Congress from Hawaii, Senator Oren E. Long and Representative Daniel K. Inouye. Senator Hiram L. Fong was prevented by illness from attending, but was represented by his legislative assistant. The subcommittee received testimony from officials of both the Center and
the university and inspected existing facilities as well as those presently under construction. These hearings were followed by another in Washington on January 8, 1962, with Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs Philip H. Coombs. Other members of both the subcommittee and the full Committee on Foreign Affairs participated.
During the hearings in Hawaii the subcommittee had the benefit of interviews and discussions with a number of students of the Center, as well as community leaders and others interested in the Center. Much additional background data was received and is included in the appendix to these hearings, including a memorandum submitted by the students themselves, together with the reply and comments of the acting chancellor of the East-West Center.
It seemed apparent that the interim officials of the Center were deserving of praise for their zeal and their hard work in getting the project underway. That there had been some shortcomings was evident, and acknowledged-steps had already been initiated to correct the weaknesses in the grant-in-aid agreement. To many it seemed that the interim heads of the Center had not made all the mistakes that conscientious and hard-working people would be entitled to make in launching and guiding so large and complex an enterprise. It is hoped that these hearings, together with the report which will be submitted by the subcommittee, will prove useful as basic background data for further congressional consideration of legislation dealing with the East-West Center. WAYNE L. HAYS,
Chairman, Subcommittee on State Department Organization and Foreign Operations.
STATEMENTS AND MEMORANDA SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD
Text of certificate of title for land for East-West Center.
Text of resolution adopted by board of regents, University of Hawaii, on
Texts of agreement between the Government of the United States and
Memoranda and illustrations on development plans for East-West Center-- 52-70
CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTER-
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1961
SUBCOMMITTEE ON STATE DEPARTMENT
The subcommittee met at 10:30 a.m. in the conference room of the board of regents, at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, Hon. Wayne L. Hays (chairman) presiding.
Chairman HAYS. The committee will come to order. The Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on State Department Organization and Foreign Operations is meeting here in Hawaii today to hear testimony on the operations of the East-West Center, over which the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House and the Foreign Relations Committee of the Senate have legislative oversight. We are very happy to have with us Senator Long and Congressman Inouye, both of whom were original sponsors of the legislation setting this up. We regret that Senator Fong, who was also invited, is unable to be here. I only heard this morning that he is in the hospital, but his administrative assistant, Mr. Carson, is here sitting in for Senator Fong. We are very happy to have all you gentlemen here and I might say the purposes of this hearing are not at all hostile to the East-West Center. I notice there was an editorial in one of the papers this morning that said, among other things, they thought, after we had this hearing, the members of the committee would have an obligation to give strong support to the Center. Well, I realize Hawaii is a long way from Washington, but I can say that the members of this subcommittee have already given strong support to the Center. I personally had something to do with keeping it included in the conference report when it was inserted over on the Senate side. We have always favored the concept and we are hoping this visit will be useful in order to let us have a better knowledge of what is going on here, what has been done, and what needs to be done. Without any further remarks from me, we have a list of distinguished witnesses here, and I would like to call on, first of all, Dr. Laurence Snyder, president of the university. I might add, Dr. Snyder and I had some association-I won't say how long ago when I was a student in his department at Ohio State University when he was head of the zoology department. It is pleasant seeing you again, Doctor, and we would be glad to hear from you now.