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Y4. Ag811:96-JJJ

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
REPORT ON HEALTHFUL DIETS

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DOMESTIC MARKETING,
CONSUMER RELATIONS, AND NUTRITION

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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

THOMAS S. FOLEY, Washington, Chairman E DE LA GARZA, Texas,

WILLIAM C. WAMPLER, Virginia, Vice Chairman

Ranking Minority Member WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

KEITH G. SEBELIUS, Kansas ED JONES, Tennessee

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois DAWSON MATHIS, Georgia

STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California

JAMES P. JOHNSON, Colorado DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi

EDWARD R. MADIGAN, Illinois CHARLES ROSE, North Carolina

MARGARET M. HECKLER, Massachusetts FREDERICK W. RICHMOND, New York JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont RICHARD NOLAN, Minnesota

RICHARD KELLY, Florida JIM WEAVER, Oregon

CHARLES E. GRASSLEY, Iowa ALVIN BALDUS, Wisconsin

TOM HAGEDORN, Minnesota TOM HARKIN, Iowa

E. THOMAS COLEMAN, Missouri BERKLEY BEDELL, Iowa

RON MARLENEE, Montana GLENN ENGLISH, Oklahoma

LARRY J. HOPKINS, Kentucky
FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

WILLIAM M. THOMAS, California
LEON E. PANETTA, California
IKE SKELTON, Missouri
JERRY HUCKABY, Louisiana
DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas
DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii
CHARLES WHITLEY, North Carolina
TONY COELHO, California
TOM DASCHLE, South Dakota
KENT HANCE, Texas
BERYL ANTHONY, JR., Arkansas
CHARLES W. STENHOLM, Texas

PROFESSIONAL STAFF
FOWLER C. WEST, Staf Director
ROBERT M. BOR, Ohief Oounsel

JOHN E. HOGAN, Counsel
JOHN R. KRAMER, Special Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DOMESTIC MARKETING, CONSUMER RELATIONS, AND NUTRITION

FREDERICK W. RICHMOND, New York, Chairman LEON E. PANETTA, California

STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho RICHARD NOLAN, Minnesota

MARGARET M. HECKLER, Massachusetts DAN GLICKMAN, Kansas

CHARLES E. GRASSLEY, Iowa
DANIEL K. :AKAKA, Hawaii
TOM HARKIN, Iowa

CONTENTS

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Grassley, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Iowa, opening remarks-

Heckler, Hon. Margaret M., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts, opening remarks-

Panetta, Hon. Leon E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, opening remarks-

Richmond, Hon. Frederick W., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York, opening remarks---

Wampler, Hon. William C., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Virginia, opening remarks..

Waxman, Hon. Henry A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California, opening remarks..

WITNESSES

Ahrens, Edward H., Jr., M.D., professor of medicine, Rockefeller Uni-

versity, New York City --

Arnold, Charles B., M.D., vice president, research and health maintenance,

American Health Foundation.

Gotto, Antonio M., Jr., M.D., professor and chairman, Department of

Medicine, Methodist Hospital, Houston, Tex.--

Handler, Philip, president, National Academy of Sciences, Washington,

D.C.

Harper, Alfred E., chairman, Food and Nutrition Board, University of

Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.

Hegsted, D. Mark, Ýh. D.; Administrator, Human Nutrition Center;

Science and Education Administration, U.S. Department of Agriculture-

Leveille, Gilbert A., professor and chairman, Department of Food Science

and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University

Levy, Robert I., M.D., Director, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Insti-

tute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md..

McGinnis, J. Michael, M.D., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health,

Department of Health and Human Services.-

Margen, Sheldon, M.D., professor of public health, University of Cali-

forniac-

Munro, Hamish Nisbet, M.D., professor, Department of Nutrition and

Food Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology-

Olson, Robert E., St. Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo.-

Turner, James, Esq., chairman, Council of Consumer Liaison Panel, Food

and Nutrition Board..

Whelan, Elizabeth, Ph. D., executive director, American Council on Science

and Health.-.
Wynder, Ernst L., M.D., president, American Health Foundation.

MATERIAL SUBMITTED
Harper, Alfred E., University of Wisconsin-Madison, letter of June 5, 1980,

to Editor, New York Times.--
Johnson, Reuben L., National Farmers Union, prepared statement-
Kennedy, Donald, vice president and provost, Stanford University, pre-

pared statement-

Wampler, Hon. William C.:

Bergland, Bob, Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture, letter of

July 23, 1986-

Wampler, Hon. William C., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Virginia, letter of August 20, 1980.-

Bergland, Bob, Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture, letter of

September 11, 1980.-

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70

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES REPORT ON

HEALTHFUL DIETS

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 18, 1980

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON DOMESTIC MARKETING,

CONSUMER RELATIONS, AND NUTRITION
OF THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 1301, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Frederick W. Richmond (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Panetta, Nolan, Glickman, Harkin, Heckler, and Grassley.

Also present: Representatives Brown and Wampler of the full committee and Waxman of California.

Staff present: Robert M. Bor, chief counsel; John R. Kramer, special counsel; J. Robert Franks, associate counsel; Peggy L. Pecore, clerk; Glenda Knight, Anita R. Brown, Bernard Brenner, Carolyn Cheney, Mary C. Jarratt, Ann Cole, and Thomas E. Adams.

Mr. RICHMOND. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. I want to welcome you to the hearing of the Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition. Our hearing this morning and tomorrow morning will be on the National Academy of Sciences Food and Nutrition Board's report entitled "Toward Healthful Diets."

I have a brief opening statement which I would like to make merely to put the hearings into focus.

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OPENING REMARKS OF HON. FREDERICK W. RICHMOND, A REPRE

SENTATIVE IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK

Mr. RICHMOND. When scientists clash it is a serious matter. When scientists clash about what the American public ought not to eat in order to achieve longevity in good health, it is a matter of life and death.

The dangers of confusion and ill-advised behavior are substantial. That is why we are here this morning—to see whether we can resolve whom to believe and rely upon, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Department of Health and Human Services or the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences.

In February the Departments, after many years of cautious careful study of the causes of heart disease that kills 50 percent of all Americans who die each year, jointly issued a set of dietary guidelines in

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