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61 Stat. A14. 64 Stat. A 401.

69 Stat. 166.

64 Stat. A401.

46 Stat. 630.

64 Stat. B345.

5. WHEREAS, in accordance with Article II of the said General Agreement and by virtue of the said proclamation of April 27, 1950, the United States rate of duty applicable to spring clothespins described in the said first item 412 is 10 cents per gross, as specified in the said first item 412, which duty reflects the tariff concession granted in the said General Agreement with respect to such clothespins;

6. WHEREAS the United States Tariff Commission has submitted to me a report of its investigation No. 57 under section 7 of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1951, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1364), on the basis of which investigation and a hearing held in connection therewith the Commission has found that, as a result in part of the duty reflecting the concession granted in the said General Agreement, spring clothespins described in the said first item 412 are being imported into the United States in such increased quantities, both actual and relative, as to cause serious injury to the domestic industry producing like products;

7. WHEREAS I find that in order to remedy the serious injury to the said domestic industry it is necessary that there be applied, for an indefinite period, a duty of 20 cents per gross on spring clothespins described in the said first item 412;

8. WHEREAS the rate of duty on spring clothespins expressly fixed by statute (Tariff Act of 1930, paragraph 412) is 20 cents per gross, which rate of duty would be applicable to spring clothespins described in the said first item 412 if the tariff concession set forth in the said first item 412 were withdrawn;

9. WHEREAS, to carry out the exclusive trade agreement with Cuba (61 Stat. (Pt. 4) 3699) and the note to the items specified in Part II of the said Schedule XX, spring clothespins the product of Cuba are included as item 412 in the list set forth in the ninth recital of Proclamation No. 2764 of January 1, 1948 (3 CFR, 1948 Supp., 11), as amended by Part III of Proclamation No. 3105 of July 22, 1955 (3 CFR, 1955 Supp., 36), wherein a rate of duty of 8 cents per gross is specified for such spring clothespins;

10. WHEREAS, upon the withdrawal of the concession set forth in the said first item 412, it will be appropriate to carry out the said exclusive trade agreement with Cuba and the said trade agreement for accession to increase the rate of duty on spring clothespins the product of Cuba to 18 cents per gross:

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President Spring clothespins. of the United States of America, acting under the authority vested in cession. me by section 350 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, and by 19 USC 1351; 1364. section 7(c) of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1951, as amended, and in accordance with the provisions of Article XIX 61 Stat. A$8. of the said General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and with the provisions of the said exclusive trade agreement with the Government of the Republic of Cuba, do proclaim that, effective after the close of business on December 9, 1957, and until the President otherwise proclaims

(a) The said first item 412 in the said Schedule XX shall be withdrawn, and Proclamation No. 2867 of December 22, 1949, as supplemented, shall be suspended insofar as it applies to the said first item 412;

(b) The rate of duty specified for item 412 in the ninth recital of the said proclamation of January 1, 1948, as amended by Part III of the said proclamation of July 22, 1955, shall be changed from Stat. c48. “8 cents per gross” to “18 cents per gross".

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed.

62 Stat. 1465,

69 Stat. c48.

64 Stat. A 401.

Withdrawal of con

Withdrawal.

64 Stat. A 401.

64 Stat. A380.

Change in rate of duty.

62 Stat. 1465; 69

DONE at the City of Washington this 9th day of November in

the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fifty-seven, (SEAL] and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-second.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
By the President:
JOHN FOSTER DULLES,

Secretary of State.

MODIFICATION OF TRADE AGREEMENT CONCESSION AND ADJUSTMENT

OF RATE OF DUTY ON SAFETY PINS

November 29, 1957

(No. 3212]

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

69 Stat. 165.

1. WHEREAS, pursuant to authority vested in the President by the Constitution and the statutes, including section 350 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1351), on October 30, 1947 he entered into a trade agreement with certain foreign countries, which trade agreement consists of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the related Protocol of Provisional Application thereof, together with the Final Act Adopted at the Conclusion of the Second Session of the Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment (61 Stat. (Parts 5 and 6) A7, A11, and A2051);

2. WHEREAS item 350 in Part I of Schedule XX (Geneva-1947) annexed to and made a part of the said General Agreement reads in pertinent part as follows:

61 Stat. A1205.

Tariff Act of
1930, para-

graph

Description of Products

Rate of duty

350

Pins with solid heads, without ornamenta

tion, including hair, safety, hat, bonnet,
and shawl pins; and brass, copper, iron, steel,
or other base metal pins, with heads of
glass, paste, or fusible enamel; all the fore-
going not plated with gold or silver, and
not commonly known as jewelry:
Safety pins.

2242% ad val.
3. WHEREAS, in accordance with Article II of the said General
Agreement and by virtue of Proclamation No. 2761A of December 16,
1947 (61 Stat. 1103), the United States rate of duty applicable to
safety pins described in the said item 350 is 22 per centum ad valorem,
as specified in the said item 350, which duty reflects the tariff con-
cession granted in the said General Agreement with respect to such
product;

4. WHEREAS the United States Tariff Commission has submitted

to me a report of its investigation No. 53 under section 7 of the Trade 65 Stat. 74; 69 Stat. Agreements Extension Act of 1951, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1364), on

the basis of which investigation, including a hearing held in connection therewith, the Commission has found that as a result in part of the duty reflecting the concession granted in the said General Agreement safety pins described in the said item 350 are being imported into the United States in such increased quantities, both actual and relative, as to cause serious injury to the domestic industry producing like or directly competitive products;

166.

61 Stat. A1205.

19 l'SC 1351.

5. WHEREAS the said Tariff Commission has recommended that the concession granted in the said General Agreement with respect to the safety pins be modified to permit the application to such safety pins of the increased rate of duty hereinafter proclaimed, which duty the said Tariff Commission found and reported to be necessary to remedy the serious injury to the domestic industry producing like or directly competitive products;

6. WHEREAS section 350 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, authorizes the President to proclaim such modifications of existing duties or such additional import restrictions as are required or appropriate to carry out any foreign trade agreement that the President has entered into under the said section 350; and

7. WHEREAS, upon modification of the concession granted in the said General Agreement with respect to safety pins as recommended by the Tariff Commission, it will be appropriate, to carry out the said General Agreement, to apply to the said pins the rate of duty hereinafter proclaimed:

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, Presi- Safety pins. dent of the United States of America, acting under the authority of duty. vested in me by section 350 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, and by section 7(c) of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1951,

19 USC 1351, 1364. as amended, and in accordance with the provisions of the said General Agreement, do proclaim that, effective after the close of business on December 30, 1957 and until the President otherwise proclaims, the said item 350 in Part I of Schedule XX (Geneva - 1947) shall be modified by substituting the rate "35% ad val.” for the rate "2232 % ad val.”

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington this 29th day of November

in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fifty-seven, (SEAL] and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-second.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
By the President:
JOHN FOSTER DULLES,

Secretary of State.

Modification of rate

61 Stat. A1205.

UNITED NATIONS Human Rights Day, 1957

December 7, 1957

(No. 3213]

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

WHEREAS December 10, 1957, marks the ninth anniversary of the proclamation by the General Assembly of the United Nations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all nations and all peoples, and will be observed throughout the world as a time to increase understanding of that great document; and

WHEREAS December 15, 1957, marks the one hundred and sixtysixth anniversary of the adoption of our Bill of Rights as the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States; and

WHEREAS the fundamental rights and freedoms which are our heritage as Americans--freedom of speech and of the press, freedom of assembly and association, freedom of conscience and religious worship, the right to fair trial and equal treatment under law-are recognized by peoples throughout the world as foundations of liberty and justice; and

United Nations Human Rights Day, 1957.

WHEREAS the new resources which have come into being as the result of the scientific and technical advances of our time give new hope for the fulfillment of human needs and greater enjoyment of human rights:

NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 10, 1957, as United Nations Human Rights Day; and I call upon the citizens of the United States to honor this day by reading and studying the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of the United States, that we may be reminded of our privileges and responsibilities as a people dedicated to the principles of freedom. Let us draw strength from our own experience of liberty to use our new resources for the benefit of all mankind. Let us reaffirm our faith in the individual, and let us as members of the brotherhood of all free men strengthen and defend the blessings of liberty for this generation and for generations to come.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington this seventh day of December

in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fifty-seven, (SEAL] and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-second.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
By the President:
John FOSTER DULLES,

Secretary of State.

DETERMINING 1-(2 MORPHOLINOETHYL)-4-CARBETHOXY-4-PHENYL

PIPERIDINE, AND d-2, 2-DIPHENYL-3-METHYL-4-MORPHOLINO-Bu-
TYRYL-PYRROLIDINE, TO BE OPIATES

December 10, 1957

(No. 3214]

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

68 A Stat. 558.
26 USC 4731(g).

WHEREAS section 4731(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 provides in part as follows:

“OPIATE.- The word ‘opiate', as used in this part shall mean any drug (as defined in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; 52 Stat. 1041, section 201(g); 21 U.S.C. 321) found by the Secretary or his delegate, after due notice and opportunity for public hearing, to have an addiction-forming or addictionsustaining liability similar to morphine or cocaine, and proclaimed by the President to have been so found by the Secretary or his delegate. * * *»;

AND WHEREAS the Secretary of the Treasury, after due notice and opportunity for public hearing, has found that each of the following-named drugs has an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine, and that in the public interest this finding should be effective immediately:

1-(2 Morpholinoethyl)-4-carbethoxy-4-phenylpiperidine.

d-2, 2-Diphenyl-3-methyl-4-morpholino-butyryl-pyrrolidine. Determination of cer- NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President tain drugs as opiates of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim that the Secre

tary of the Treasury has found that each of the aforementioned drugs has an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine and that in the public interest this finding should be effective immediately.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed.

DONE at the City of Washington this tenth day of December in

the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fifty-seven, (SEAL) and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-second.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
By the President:
JOHN FOSTER DULLES,

Secretary of State.

EXTENDING THE PERIOD FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ADEQUATE

SHIPPING SERVICE FOR, AND DEFERRING EXTENSION OF THE Coast-
WISE LAWS to, Canton ISLAND

December 12, 1957

(No. 3215)

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

46 USC 1114.

WHEREAS section 21 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920 (41 Stat. 997; 46 U.S.C. 877), provides:

"That from and after February 1, 1922, the coastwise laws of the United States shall extend to the island Territories and possessions of the United States not now covered thereby, and the board (United States Shipping Board) is directed prior to the expiration of such year to have established adequate steamship service at reasonable rates to accommodate the commerce and the passenger travel of said islands and to maintain and operate such service until it can be taken over and operated and maintained upon satisfactory terms by private capital and enterprise: Provided, That if adequate shipping service is not established by February 1, 1922, the President shall extend the period herein allowed for the establishment of such service in the case of any island Territory or possession for such time as may be necessary for the establishment of adequate

shipping facilities therefor *** and

WHEREAS the authority of the United States Shipping Board was vested in the Department of Commerce pursuant to section 12 of Executive Order No. 6166 of June 10, 1933; and

WHEREAS section 204 of the act of June 29, 1936, 49 Stat. 1987, transferred such authority to the United States Maritime Commission; and

WHEREAS this authority was transferred to the Secretary of Commerce by section 204 of Reorganization Plan No. 21 of 1950; and

64 Stat. 1276, 1277. WHEREAS an adequate shipping service to accommodate the commerce and the passenger travel of Canton Island has not been established as provided in the aforesaid section 21 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920; and

WHEREAS the extension of the coastwise laws of the United States to Canton Island, as provided in the aforesaid section, is dependent upon the establishment of such adequate shipping service; and

WHEREAS by various proclamations the period for the establishment of an adequate shipping service for Canton Island was extended to January 1, 1958, and the extension of the coastwise laws of the United States to the Island was deferred to that date: NOW, THEREFORE, I, DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, President

Shipping service and of the United States of America, under and by virtue of the authority U.s. coastwise laws. vested in me by the aforesaid section 21 of the Merchant Marine Act, 46 USC 877. 1920, do hereby declare and proclaim that the period for the establishment of an adequate shipping service for Canton Island is extended until further notice by proclamation of the President, and that the extension of the coastwise laws of the United States to Canton Island

46 USC 877.

Canton

Island.

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