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á much the presence of that assembly 6 could disconcert one of their own body.”

After this he rose faft into honours and employments, being made one of the commissioners of the treasury, and called to the privy council. In 16949 he became chancellor of the Exchequer; and the next year engaged in the great attempt of the recoinage, which was in two years happily completed. In 1696, he projected the general fund, and raised the credit of the Exchequer ; and, after enquiry concerning a grant of Irish crown-lands, it was determined by a vote of the commons, that Charles Montague esquire had deserved his Majesty's favour. In 1698, being advanced to the first commiffion of the treasury, he was


appointed one of the regency in the king's absence : the next year he was made auditor of the Exchequer; and the

year after created baron Halifax. He was however impeached by the commons; but the articles were dismiffed by the lords.

At the acceffion of queen Anne he was dismissed from the council; and in the first parliament of her reign was again attacked by the commons, and again escaped by the protection of the lords. In 1704, he wrote an answer to Bromley's speech against occasional conformity. He headed the Enquiry into the danger of the Church. În 1706, he proposed and negotiated the Union with Scotland ; and when the elector of Ha

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nover received the garter, after the act: had passed for securing the Protestant: Succefsion, he was appointed to carry the enfigns of the order to the electoral court. He sat as one of the judges of: Sacheverell; but voted for a mild fentence. Being now no longer in favour, he contrived to obtain a writ for fummoning the electoral prince to parliament as duke of Cambridge.

At the queen's death he was appointed one of the regents; and at the acceffion of George the First was made earl of Halifax, knight of the garter, and first commissioner of the treasury, with a grant to his nephew of the reverfion of the auditoríhip of the Exchequer. More was not to be had, and this he:


kept but a little while ; for on the 19th of May, 1715, he died of an inflammation of his lungs

Of hin, who from a poet became a patron of poets, it will be readily believed that the works would not miss of celebration. Addison began to praise him early, and was followed or accom-, panied by other poets; perhaps by almost all, except Swift and Popey« who forbore to flatter him in his life, and after his death spoke of him, Swift with flight censure, and Pope in the's character of Bufo with acrimonious contempt.

He was, as Pope says, fed with dedications; for Tickell affirms that no deer dicator was unrewarded. To charge

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all unmerited praise with the guilt of flattery, and to suppose that the encomiast always knows and feels the falsehood of his assertions, is surely to discover great ignorance of human nature and human life. . In determinations de pending not on rules, but on experience and comparison, judgement is alivays in fome degree subject to affection. Very near to admiration is the wish to admire.

Every man willingly gives value to the praise which he receives, and considers the sentence passed in his favour as the fentence of discernment. We admire in a friend that understanding that selected us for confidence; we admire more,

in a patron, that judgement which,

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