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TRANSPORTATION

PART A: GENERAL 53000 SCOPE

Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code

CSJ). 1. The provisions of this chapter relate to

53002 SUPPLEMENTAL PUBLICATIONS the movements of Marine Corps property, household goods and personal effects via commercial carriers. Instructions concern- 1. In addition to the publications prescribed ing passenger transportation are prescribed in Chapter 22, the following supplemental pubin Joint Travel Regulations, U. S. Navy Tra- lications necessary for the administration of vel Instructions and other instructions pro

activities dispatching passengers or freight mulgated by the Commandant of the Marine movements are furnished on request subCorps.

mitted to the Commandant of the Marine

Corps (Code CSJ):
2. The Supply Department is charged with Gonsolidated Freight Classification.
furnishing the means of transportation re- Bullingers Postal and Shippers Guide.
quired in the travel of Marine Corps per-

Lelands Open and Prepay Station List. sonnel and their dependents and the movement

A. A. R. Regulations for Loading, Bracing, of all supplies of the Marine Corps, includ- and Blocking Freight Shipments. ing the authorized allowance of household U. S. Navy Shipping Guide. and personal effects of officers and enlisted Navy Freight Classification Guide (Yards personnel, authorized amounts of officers,

and Docks Section) NAV SandA Publicapublic funds and such other articles or

tion Number 111. supplies as may be required to be trans

Navy Freight Classification Guide (General ported at Government expense. The Sup

Stores Section) NAV SandA Publication ply Department is also charged with the

Number 40.
settlement of accounts for such services.

Interstate Commerce Commission Regula-
Settlement for services procured on trans-

tions for Safe Transportation of Explo-
portation requests, meal tickets, and bills

sives via (1) Rail Carriers; (2) Motor of lading chargeable to Marine Corps appro

Carriers; (3) Water Carriers.
priations will be effected by the office of the

The Official Guide of the Railways and Steam
Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps.

Navigation Lines of the United States.
Settlement of travel claims of personnel and

Russells Official National Motor Coach
their dependents will be effected by disbursing

Guide.
officers carrying the pay accounts of the Joint Military Passenger Agreement (Rail).
personnel concerned, as provided in Part

Joint Bus Military Agreement.
D, Chapter 87.

Marine Corps Passenger Traffic and Freight

Routing Guide.
53001 RESPONSIBILITY OF PERSONNEL

Joint Ocean Shipping Procedures (Short
ISSUING TRANSPORTATION

title: JOSPRO), (OPNAV Instruction

4600.2)
1. All personnel charged with furnishing
transportation shall familiarize themselves

53003 DEFINITIONS
with applicable rules, regulations, allow-
ances, and policies providing for the trans-
portation of freight and personnel. Trans-

1. The following definitions are abbrevia-
portation officers of Marine Corps activities

tions, short titles and expressions used shall also familiarize themselves with local

throughout these regulations and all publitraffic conditions at their respective posts

cations relating to rail traffic in the conti and stations in order that passengers and

nental United States. freight may be dispatched expeditiously and

ABSORPTION. The assumption by by the most economical routes. Information

carrier of switching or other special should be available covering special rates,

charges of another generally without inroutes or sleeping car lines which may

creasing the rate of the shipper.

ACCEPTANCE. Receipt by the consignee or station. This information generally can be temporarily affect the post

of a shipment thus terminating the common obtained from local agents of the rail, water,

carrier liability. air or bus lines. Additional information rela

ACCESSORIAL SERVICE. A service rentive to the application of fares, rates, classi

dered by a carrier in addition to a transfications or other details in connection with

portation service, such as assorting, packtransportation, should be requested from the

ing, precooling, heating, storage, substi-
tution of tonnage, etc.

one

permanently or

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ADVANCE NOTICE. A notification of an

approaching event intended action. AGENCY TARIFF. A tariff issued by a publishing agent for one or more trans

portation lines. ALL RAIL. Entirely by rail transportation. ALL WATER. Entirely by water transpor

tation. ANY-QUANTITY RATE. A rate applicable

to an article in any quantity. ARRIVAL NOTICE. A notice furnished to

consignee of the arrival of freight. ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN RAILROADS. An organization of railroads serving the United States, Canada and Mexico for the purpose of improving transportation services. AVERAGE DEMURRAGE AGREEMENT. An agreement made between a shipper and a transportation line whereby the shipper is debited for the time cars are held for loading or unloading beyond a certain period and credited for the time cars are released by him within a certain period, demurrage charges being assessed by the transportation line, usually at the end of

the month, for any outstanding debits. BILLED WEIGHT. The weight shown in a

1 waybill and freight bill. BLOCKING OR BRAC ING. Wood or metal

supports to keep shipments in place in or BOX CAR. A closed car used for hauling

freight. BRIDGE TOLL, A charge made for trans

porting traffic over a bridge. CABOOSE. A car attached to the end of a

freight train for the use of the train's

crew. CAPACITY. The available space for freight

. CARGO TONNAGE (WEIGHT OR MEAS

UREMENT). The weight ton in the United States is 2,000 or 2,240 pounds, and in British countries it is the English long or gross ton of 2,240 pounds. In France and other countries having the metric system the weight ton is 2,204.62 pounds. The measurement ton is usually 40 cubic feet

, a but in some instances a larger number of cubic feet is taken as a weight ton. Most ocean freight is taken at a weight or meas. surement (W/M), ship's option.

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PART B: POLICIES GOVERNING MOVEMENT OF MARINE CORPS PROPERTY

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2. The policies of the Military Traffic Service as outlined in this part shall govern the action by Marine Corps transportation officers with respect to: (1) negotation for commercial transportation of persons and things; (2) routing; (3) equipment use; and (4) highway utilization.

53013 NEGOTIATION

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1. The national transportation policy, as enacted by Congress in the Transportation Act of 1940, effective September 18, 1940, is the preamble to the Interstate Commerce Act. It is quoted below for guidance in connection with any references thereto in the policies of the Military Traffic Service:

It is hereby declared to be the national transportation policy of the Congress to provide for fair and impartial regulation of all modes of transportation subject to the provisions of this Act, so administered as to recognize and preserve the inherent advantages of each; to promote safe, adequate, economical, and efficient service and foster sound economic conditions in transportation and among the several carriers; to encourage the establishment and maintenance of reasonable charges for transportation services, without unjust discrimination, undue preferences or advantages or unfair or destructive competitive practices; to cooperate with the several States and the duly authorized officials thereof; and to encourage fair wages and equitable working conditions; all to the end of developing, coordinating, and preserving a national transportation system by water, highway, and raii, as well as other means, adequate to meet the needs of the commerce of the United States, of the Postal Service, and of the national defense. All of the provisions of this Act shall be administered and enforced with a view to carrying out the above declaration of policy.

1. Each military department shall request of the military traffic service authority to proceed in all proposed rate negotiations (tariffs, schedules, section 22 agreements) effecting movements of 1000 tons or more and shall report results of such negotiations as authorized by MTS, for review and decision as to publicity outside of the Department of The Defense. Rates involving lesser movements maybe negotiated without prior clearance but shall be then reported as above. The Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ) is the Marine Corps off authorized to enter into negotiations referred to above and in item (1), paragraph 53012-2. Marine Corps shipping officers will not solicit reduced rate quotations from carriers. This does not preclude receiving voluntary quotations which should in every instance be forwarded to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ).

2. No promise of tonnage by any military department may be made to carriers or owners of commercial transportation equipment as an inducement to acquire additional equipment or new or additional operational authority.

3. Representatives of the military de partments are authorized by Military Traffic Supply of departmental needs or such other information as may be requested by the regula. tory body. In instances where two or more carriers are seeking authority to perform the same service, no preference for any why as it particular carrier will be indicated.

Service to attend rate meetings for the following purposes:

a. Meetings for presentation of facts and requests or recommendations when held with a carrier, or with a group of carriers when such group is authorized by law (under the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended by Section 5a, June 17, 1948--Reed-Bulwinkle Agreements as approved by the Commission; or under Sections 412 and 414 of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended) jointly to consider, initiate and establish rates, fares, classifications, etc., and such group so notifies the military department in advance that it possesses such authority; and

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1. In determining the mode of transportation to be utilized, the least costly means shall be selected, having in mind safety, expedition, equipment supply, procurement regulations, military necessity, and the national transportation policy.

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4. No representative of any military department shall serve as presiding officer of, or actively participate in any capacity other than that of a user of the service in a meeting including more than one carrier, when such meeting is called to negotiate rates or to solicit modification of bids.

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5. No Marine Corps representative shall initiate, defend, intervene or participate in,

supply information in the proceedings before transportation regulatory bodies without prior approval from the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code CSJ). The Commandant of the Marine Corps is authorized to participate without approval from the Director of Military Traffic Service, Department of Defense, under the following circumstances; (1) in proceedings before transportation regulatory bodies involving matters of public interest or public convenience and necessity in which new or additional operating authorities are involved; when, (a) the transportation regulatory bodies request information on matters pending before it; or when, (b) the Marine Corps determines that there is no carrier authorized to render the service required for the Department of Defense;

when, (c) the services of authorized carriers are inadequate to fulfill the actual needs of the Department of Defense.

2. After determining the mode of transportation, the usual and customary routes shall be selected, subject to the same criteria set forth in subparagraph 1 above, with care exercised to avoid undue waste of trang, portation and to bring about proper use of commercial equipment in accordance with paragraph 53015.

3. Within the foregoing principles, routing should cause to the maximum extent prac. ticable, equitable distribution among.com mercial ports and among all types of inland carriers.

a. Where consistent with the interest of the military departments and with subpara, graph 1 above, routing via railroad shall recognize (in an average way but not necessarily in any particular situation) the relative importance of

each railroad within the national rail transportation system by consideration of the line-mileage operated by each system (first main track including branches, according to I. C, C, data, within

each territory).

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a. In the event a petitioning carrier asserts that there has been an erroneous determination by the Marine Corps that existing carrier services are adequate to meet actual military needs, the Commandant of the Marine Corps will refer the matter

the Director, Military Traffic Service for consideration and decision.

b. Where consistent with the interest of the military departments and with subpara. graph I above, routing by truck shall recog" importance

of responsible motor carriers to the national transportation system. Responsible motor carrier operations imply conduct of such

with well well supervised and trained personnel, and properly designed equipment, handled by operated over routes authorized by approconformity with all laws and regulations priate regulatory agencies and in strict respecting public and carrier liability, safety,

transportation

maintained and

to

b. Presentation of information in such proceedings will be confined to a statement

size, and weight limitations.

such others

use shall be administered in such manner as to effect and facilitate control and supervision of:

ndicated.

a. Security with respect to publicity on any phase of the movement.

b. Safety with respect to handling, packaging, stowing, and routing over highways to reduce hazards to densely populated urban

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c. Routing to ports shall take into conted by its sideration military requirements, the need bere there for an efficient use of existing military hority in re facilities and vessels, the lowest landed eferent a cost insofar as it can be determined at time

of shipment, and shall avoid undue con.

centration of both berth operator (commerof this wa cial) cargo and cargo loaded over military Pier" si controlled docks into MSTS vessels in ideng carwa tical port areas.

d. Routing of military traffic via Canampasu dian railroads from points in New England

Freight Association territory through Canada, to points in Central Freight Association territory or Western Trunk Line territory,

or in the reverse direction, also on New ftrageEngland trans-continental traffic, will be ly means

made by usual and customary tariff routes, ety, ene bearing in mind, cost, safety, expedition,

equipment supply, procurement regulations, and military necessity.

areas.

6. In order to insure maximum use of space in vessels operated and made available by Military Sea Transport Service on light or empty voyages, the military departments

shall make every effort to utilize such space whenever this will result in a lesser total cost to the government and will likewise lessen use of land transportation. 53016 HIGHWAY UTILIZATION

POLICIES

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1. The policies herein stated shall apply to the use of commercial-carrier type transportation equipment, such as railroad cars, motor vehicles, aircraft, barges, etc., by any military department, including government-owned equipment when used in competition with like commercial equipment.

2. Any commercial equipment controlled by lease or otherwise shall be maintained by the military departments only if the agreement so provides. A military depart. ment using commercial equipment controlled by lease or otherwise shall be responsible, however, for seeing that such equipment is maintained to standards which will generally insure safe operation.

3. Loading commercial transportation equipment leased or otherwise controlled or used by the military departments, in any manner inconsistent with existing regulations or in violation of any federal, state, or municipal laws, ordinances, or regulations shall not knowingly be permitted or encouraged.

1. It is the policy of the Department of Defense to conform to state and local laws, regulations, and ordinances relating to weight and size limitations of motor vehicles. Limitations on the weight and dimensions of vehicular movements over roads and bridges are necessary to assure safe passage over and prevent damage to highway facilities. State laws provide that no vehicular movement over public highways which exceeds any legal limitation of weight or dimension shall be undertaken unle 88 prior permission for such movement is granted by the state states concerned. Limitations

on the weight and dimensions of vehicular movements over public highways are determined independently by each state and may vary considerably for interstate movements.

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2. Except in instances of overriding and urgent military necessity, no vehicular movement which exceeds any legal weight or size limitation will be undertaken over public highways by or for agencies of the Department of the Army, the Navy, or the Air Force unless prior permission is granted by the state or states concerned upon request of authorized representatives of the military departments. Permits for movement of commercial vehicles will be requested only after determination has been made that military necessity requires movement by the mode and manner selected.

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4. Care will be taken to obtain maximum loading consistent with the priority need for the property, its safety, handling efficiency, and with due regard for the availability of equipment supply. Maximum loading will not be secured in any manner inconsistent with the policy stated in subparagraph 3

above.

5. Use of commercial trucks for transporting explosives and other dangerous, or potentially dangerous articles may be authorized as particular circumstances require. Where and when so required, such

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