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COMMITTEE ON AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
UNITED STATES SENATE
TESTIMONY OF SCIENTISTS ON GOALS OF THE NATION'S
JUNE 10 AND 11, 1963
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SENATE COMMITTEE ON AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES
CLINTON P. ANDERSON, New Mexico, Chairman RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia
MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey STUART SYMINGTON, Missouri
BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa JOHN STENNIS, Mississippi
CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska STEPHEN M. YOUNG, Ohio
KENNETH B. KEATING, New York THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida J. HOWARD EDMONDSON, Oklahoma
FRANK C. Di Luzio, Staf Director
EVERARD H. SMITH, Jr., Chief Counsel
ALPHABETICAL LIST OF WITNESSES
tion of Washington, Washington, D.C.
west, Dallas, Tex...
Sciences, Department of Geology, Princeton University, Princeton,
of Physics, Columbia University, New York.
Princeton, N. J.-
Ramo Wooldridge, Inc., Redondo Beach, Calif.--
Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.
fornia San Diego, La Jolla, Calif.
SCIENTISTS' TESTIMONY ON SPACE GOALS
MONDAY, JUNE 10, 1963
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 235, Old Senate Office Building, Senator Clinton P. Anderson (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators Anderson, Symington, Young, Dodd, Edmondson, Case, Hickenlooper, and Keating.
Also present: Senator Paul H. Douglas.
Staff members present: Frank C. Di Luzio, staff director; Everard H. Smith, Jr., chief counsel; Col. Harry N. Tufts, facilities assistant; William J. Deachman and Dr. Glen P. Wilson, professional staff members; and Eilene Galloway, special consultant.
OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order. The committee is presently considering NASA's request for funds for fiscal year 1964 in the amount of $5,712 million.
For the record, I should like to state the objective of these hearings, There have been a number of instances recently in which various phases of our Nation's space program have been questioned. The expansion of knowledge and collection of scientific data are among the many reasons why this Nation has embarked upon a program designed to insure preeminence in space. The committee considers that, in addition to witnesses from NASA, a useful purpose will be served by hearing testimony from other scientists at this time.
This testimony will provide further information to assist the committee in evaluating (a) the overall goals of our space exploration effort in comparison with scientific aspects of other national goals, and (b) the relative emphasis on the various projects within the space program in connection with its consideration of NASA's authorization request for fiscal year 1964.
The committee also believes that the information will be helpful in determining possible steps that might be taken (1) to increase the amount of scientific return and (2) to insure better utilization of our scientific and technological resources and also (3) to consider, in connection with the long-range goals of our national space program, whether or not the proper foundation is being laid for the implementation of these goals.
We realize that these witnesses will speak in two capacities—as experts in their various scientific disciplines and as citizens who, like all other citizens, may express opinions on problems of public interest.