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fixed to that work, which printed in 1660.

THOMAS Venner, " Lo here the dictates of a dying (6 man!

HOMAS Venner, a wine, « Mark well his note! who, like cooper, who acquired a com“ the expiring swan,

petent esate by his trade, was re“ Wisely presaging her approach- puted a man of sense and religion, ing doom,

before his , understanding was be" Sings in soft charms her epice- wildered with enthusiasm. He was « diurn,

so strongly possessed with the no« Such, such, were his; who was tions of the Millenarians, or Fifth " a fhining lamp

Monarchy Men, that he strongly ex“ Which, though extinguish'd by pected that Christ was coming to “ a fatal damp;

reign upon earth, and that all huYet his last breathings shall, like man government, except that of « incense hurl'd

the saints, was presently to cease. « On facred altars, so perfume the He looked upon Cromwell, and " world,

Charles II. as usurpers upon Christ's “ That the next will admire, and dominion, and persuaded his weak out of doubt,

brethren, that it was their duty to « Revere that torch-light which rise and seize upon the kingdom in " this age put out.

his name.

Accordingly à rabble

of them, with Venner at their Hugh Peters, together with his head, assembled in the streets, and brethren the regicides, went to his proclaimed king Jesus. They were execution with an air of triumph, attacked by a party of the militia

, rejoicing that he was to suffer in fo whom they resolutely engaged, as good a cause. It appears from this many of them believed themselves instance, and many others, that the to be invulnerable. They were at presum tion of an enthufiaft is length overpowered by numbers

, much greater than that of a saint. and their leader, with twelve of his

The one is always humble, and followers, was executed in January, works out his salvation with fear 1660-1. They “ affirmed to the and trembling; the other is arro- “ laft, that if they had been degant and assuming, and seems to " ceived, the Lord himself was demand it as his right.

“ their deceiver.”



Јон, ,

* Lord Clarendon observes, that the fanatics discovered a wonderful malig" nity in their discourses, and vows of revenge for their innocent friends (the “ regicides). They caused the speeches they made at their deaths to be printed, “ in which there was nothing of a repentance or forrow for their wickedness; " but a justification of what they had done for the cause of God.” They had their meetings to consult about revenge, and hoped that the disbanded army would have espouled their cause. See the Continuation of Lord Clarendon's Life.” P: 134, 135.

was i pora

John, the Quaker. OLIVER CROMWELL'S PORTER. POHN Kelsey went to Constan

Chriftian 'HIS man, whose

THIS than that of converting the grand ter to Oliver Cromwell, in whose fignior. He preached at the cor- service he learned much of the cant ner of one of the ftreets of that that prevailed at that ti ne. He city, with all the vehemence of a was a great plodder in books of difanatic : but as he spoke in his vinity, especially in those of the own language, the people stared mystical kind, which are fupposed at him, but could not fo much as to have turned his brain. He was guess at the drift of his discourse. many years in Bedlam, where his They foon concluded him to be library was, after some time, alout of his senses, and carried him lowed himn; as there was not the to a mad-house, where he was con- least probability of his cure. The fined for fix months. One of the most conspicuous of his books was keepers happening to hear him a large bible, given him by Nell {peak the word English, informed Gwynn. He frequently preached, ford - Winchelsea, who was then and sometimes prophefied; and was ambassador to the Porte, that a faid to have foretold several remarkmad countryman of his was then able events, particularly the fire of under confinement. His lordship London. One would think that sent for him; and he appeared be- Butler had this frantic enthusiast in fore him in a torn and dirty hat, view, where he fays, which he could not by any means be persuaded to take off. The “ Had lights where better eyes ambassador thought that a little of " were blind, the Turkish discipline would be of “ As pigs are said see the service to him, and presently or

« wind; dered him to be drubbed


the « Fill'd Bedlam with predeftinafeet. This occasioned a total change « tion, &c.

HUD. in his behaviour, and he acknowledged that the drubbing had a Mr. Charles Leslie, who has good effect upon his fpirit. Upon placed him in the fame class with fearching his pockets, a letter was Fox and Muggleton, tells us, that found addreffed to the Great Turk, people often went hear him in which he told him, that he was preach, and "would fit many a scourge in the hand of God to is hours under his window with chastise the wicked ; and that he' “ great figns of devotion.” That had sent him not only to denounce, gentleman had the curiosity to ask but to execute vengeance.

He was

a grave matron who was among put on board a ship bound for his auditors, What she could England; but found means to escape profit by hearing that madman? in his paffage, and returned to “ She, with a composed counte, Constantinople. He was soon after “ nance, as pitying his ignorance, fent on board another ship, and so " replied, " That Feftus thought effectually secured that he could not " Paul was mad.” escape a second time.





He was,


hangman performed his office with OATES and BED LOE. uncommon rigour. The beft thing

James ever did, was punishing 'ITUS Oates, who was re- Oates for his perjury; and the

strained by no principle hu- greatest thing Oates ever did, was or divine, and

like Judas supporting himself under the most would have done anything for afilietive part of his punishment thirty shillings, was one of the most with the resolution and conftancy accomplished villians that we read of a martyr. A pension of 400l. of in history. He was successively a year was conferred upon this misan Anabaptist, a Conformist, and a creant by king William. Papift; and then became a Con- for a clergyman, remarkably illi. formist again. He had been a chap. terate; but there have been pubJain on board the fieet, whence he lished under his name ,

" A Nardisinifled for an unnatural 66 rative of the

the Popish Plot;" crime ; and was known to be guilty The Merchandize of the Whore of perjury before he set up the " of Rome ;” and “ Eikon Ba. trade of witnessing. He was fuc- " filike, or a Picture of the late cessful in it, beyond his moft san- “ King James.” It is well known guine expectation: he was lodged that he was the son of an Anabapat Whitehall

, and had a pension tilt; and he probably died in the assigned him of 1200l. a year. He communion in which he had been was a man of some cunning, more educated, effiontery, and the most confummate falsehood. His impudence sup- William Bedloe, who assumed the ported itself under the strongest title of captain, was an infamous conviction, and he suffered for his adventurer of low birth, who had crimes, with all the constancy of a travelled over a great part of Eumartyr. The æra of Oates's plot rope under different names and dif

, was also the grand æra of Whig guifes, and had pafied upon several and Tory; and he has the pecu- ignorant persons for a man of rank liar infamy of being the first of in- and fortune. Encouraged by the cendiares, as he was the first of success of Oates, he turned evi. witneffes.

dence, gave an account of God. This notorious evidence was, frey's murder, and added many soon after the accession of James, circumstances to the narrative of convicted of perjury, upon the evi- the former. These villains had dence of above fixty reputable wit-' the boldness to accuse the queen of neises, of whom nine were Proc entering into a conspiracy against teftants. He was sentenced to pay the king's life. A rev:ard of soola a fine of two thousand marks, to was voted to Bedloe by the Combe stripped of his canonical habit, mons. He is said to have asserted to be whipped twice in three days the reality of the plot on his deathby the common hangman, and to bed: but it abounds with absurftand in the pillory at Weftininfter- dity, contradiction, and perjury; Hall gate, and at the Royal-Ex- and still remains one of the greateft change He was moreover to be problems in the British annals. Ob, pillored five times every year, and 20 Aug. 1680.-Giles Jacob into be įmprisoned during life. The forms us, that he was author of a


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play, called - The Excommuni. derer in the robes of a lord-chiefis cated Prince, or the False Re- juftice t.

He returned triumphant" lick;" 1679.

ly to London, ani was received with open arms by the king I, who soon

after placed him at the head of the Lord Chief Justice JEFFERIES,

higheit tribunal in the kingdom y.

He was taken in disguise at WapAW ne er

so terrible ping ll, 12 Dec. 1688. It was with the infoient, and cruel Jefferies fat strained from tearing him to pieces. upon the bench;, who was, with. He died soon after in the Tower. out exception, the worst judge that His feat, well known by the na ne ever this or perhaps any other na- of Bulstrode, was purchased by Wil. tion was cursed with, In the wel- liam, earl of Portland, in the reign of tern assizes, after the defeat of Mon- Anne. mouth, juries were overborne, jndg- He was made lord chief-juftice ment was given with precipitation; of the king's-bench, 7 Feb. 1684-5, even the common legal forms were and lord-chancellor, 28 Sept. 1685neglected, and the laws themselves The next year he was appointed one openly trampled upon, by a mur- of the ecclesiastical commission.


* “ Than sharp L'Estrange a more admir'd prater,

“ Wittier on bench, than he in Observator."

STATE Poems.

66 was

+ I have seen an old woman, who kept a little alehouse in the west, kindle into rage, and melt into piiy, upon relating the cruclties of Jefferies, and the ca:astrophe of Monmouth. i concluded that she caught both these passions from her mother, who, she told me, an eye-witness of the shocking barbarities of thofe lamentable times." It is remarkable that the late countess of Pomfret met with very rude insults from the populace on the western road, only because she was grand-daughter of the inhuman Jefferies.

King James called the western circuit Jefferies's campaign.

His behaviour, both in private and public, was very inconsistent with the character of a lord-chancellor. Sir John Rerciby informs us, that he once dined with him, when the lord-mayor of London and feveral other genèlemen were his guests; and that having drank deeply at dinner, he gave a loose to that inclinacion to frolic which was natural to him. He called for Mountfort his domestic, who was an excellent mimic; and he, in a fham cause, took off, as the modern phrase is, all the great lawyers of the age, irf the most ridiculous

The same author adds, that he had liked to have died of a fit of the itone, which he brought upon himself by a furious debauch of wine at Mr. Alderman Duncomb’s; where he, the lord-treasurer, and others, drank themselves to such a pitch of frenzy, " that amony friends it was whispered they “ had stripped into their fhirts; and that, had not an accident prevented them, " they had got up on a sign-post to drink the king's health ; which was the

subject of much derision, to say no worse.". Reresby's i Memoirs,” 4to. p. 130, 131.

| Sir John Reresby informs us, that he cut off his eye-brows to prevent his being known,


Genuine Anecdotes of the late Prince to send idle verses from court te

of Wales, Lord Oxford, Dean the Scriblerus club, which consisted Parnelle, Mr. Pope, Mr. Fen- of Swift, Arbuthnot, Parnelle, Pope, ton, Mr. Congreve, Mr. Rowe, and sometimes Gay. He was like. Sir Richard Steele, Sir John wife used to frequent the club every Vanbrugh, Dr. Young, and Mr. night almost, and would talk idly, Hooke.

even on the crisis of the moft im.

portant concerns. TH

HE late queen Caroline de- Envy itself, however, muft allow,

clared her intention of ho- that this nobleinan displayed a most nouring Mr. Pope with a visit at manly fortitude during the course Twickenham. His mother was of his adversity. then alive; and left the visit should When Parnelle had been introgive her pain, on account of the duced by Swift to lord treasurer danger his religious principles might Oxford, and had been established incur by an intimacy with the court, in his favour by the assistance of bis piety made him, with great duty Pope, he soon began to entertain and humility, beg that he might ambitious views.The walk he decline this honour. Some years chose to shine in was popular preachafter, his mother being then dead, ing : he had talents for it, and bethe prince of Wales condescended gan to be distinguished in the mobto do him the honour of a visit: places of Southwark and London, when Mr. Pope met him at the wa- when the queen's sudden death deter-fide, he expreffed his sense of stroyed all his prospects, and at a the honour done him in very pro- juncture when famed preaching was per terms, joined with the most the readiest road to preferment

. dutiful expressions of attachment. This fatal stroke broke his spirits ; On which the prince faid, “ It is he took to drinking, became a fot,

very well; but how shall we re- and soon finished his course. « concile your love to a prince, with His friend Fenton, had the like « your professed indifpofition to ill hap.-Mr. Pope had a great “ kings; fince princes will be intimacy with Craggs the younger, “ kings in time?"

« Sir,” re- when the latter was minister of state. plied Pope, “ I consider royalty Craggs had received a bad and negis under that noble and authorised lected education. He had great parts:

type of the lion : while he is and partly out of shame for want of

young, and before his nails are literature, and partly out of a sense “ grown, he may be approached, of its use, he, 'not long before his “ and caressed with safety and plea- immature death, desired Mr. Pope " sure."

to recommend to him a modest, inLord Oxford, as a minister, was genious, and learned young man, negligent, if we may believe what whom he might take into his house, lord Bolingbroke used to say to his to aid and instruct him in classical friends. He added likewise, that learning. Mr. Pope recommended Oxford was, in conversation, puz- Fenton; who was fo taken in, and zled and embarrassed ; and, upon answered all the minister expected the whole, unequal to his ftation. from him : so that Fenton had gainIt was his wont, every day almost, ed much of his favour, and of course


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