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1943 of this title for any fiscal year may be retained by the State educational agency for purposes of administering the agreement; and

(12) provides that programs assisted under this subchapter shall be of sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to give reasonable promise of substantial progress toward achieving the purposes of

this chapter. (b) Agencies and institutions eligible for grants;

minimum amounts for local educational agencies. Grants for projects to carry out the purposes of this subchapter may be made to local educational agencies (subject to the provision of subsection (e) of this section relating to the participation of private elementary and secondary school pupils), institutions of higher education, and other public and nonprofit private agencies and institutions. Not less than 60 per centum of the amount allotted to a State under section 1943 of this title for any fiscal year shall be made available by the State for grants to local educational agencies within that State. (c) Agreement of Commissioner and State.

The Commissioner shall enter into an agreement which complies with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section with any State which desires to enter into such an agreement. (d) Final action of Commissioner; judicial review.

The Commissioner's final action with respect to entering into an agreement under subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to the provisions of section 827 of this title, relating to judicial review. (e) Private elementary and secondary schools; par

ticipation of enrolled children in State reading

improvement programs. The provisions of section 241e-1 of this title relating to the participation of children enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools shall apply to programs assisted under this subchapter. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, § 714, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 592.)

(b) Applications to Commissioner; time; manner;

information; assurances. No contract may be entered into under this section unless upon an application made to the Commissioner at such time, in such manner, and including or accompanied by such information as he may reasonably require. Each such application shall provide assurances that

(1) the provisions of section 1921(b) of this title are met; and

(2) the State educational agency has certified that individuals employed as reading specialists and reading teachers meet the requirements of

subsections (e) and (f) of this section. (c) State approval of project.

No contract may be entered into under this section unless the project has been approved by the State educational agency. (d) Districtwide project arrangements; authorization

of Commissioner; conditions for priority to appli

cations from local educational agencies. The Commissioner is authorized to enter into at least one arrangement with a local educational agency for a districtwide project conducted in all schools of such agencies. In selecting the districtwide project, the Commissioner shall give priority to an application from a local educational agency if the Commissioner finds that,

(1) the local educational agency will give credit for any course to be developed for reading teachers or reading specialists under section 1962 of this title and will encourage participation by the teachers of such agency in the training;

(2) the local public educational television station will present or distribute, in the event supplementary noncommercial telecommunication is utilized, any course to be developed under section 1962 of this title at an hour convenient for the viewing by elementary school teachers, and, if possible, at a time convenient for such teachers to take the course, as a group, at the elementary school where they teach; and

(3) the local educational agency will make arrangements with the appropriate officials of institutions of higher education to obtain academic

credit for the completion of such a course. (e) Use of reading teacher in lieu of reading specialist

and regular elementary teacher in lieu of reading

teacher. In any project assisted under this section a reading teacher may be used in lieu of a reading specialist, if the Commissioner finds that the local educational agency participating in a reading emphasis project is unable to secure individuals who meet the requirements of a reading specialist and if such reading teacher is enrolled or will enroll in a program to become a reading specialist. A regular elementary teacher may be used in lieu of a reading teacher if the Commissioner finds that the local educational agency participating in a reading emphasis project is unable to secure individuals who meet the requirements of the reading teacher, and if such regular elementary teacher is enrolled or will enroll in a program to become a reading teacher.

SUBCHAPTER III.-OTHER READING

IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS

$ 1961. Special emphasis projects. (a) Contracts for intensive reading instruction in

school and vacation reading programs for elementary school children with reading problems;

authorization of Commissioner. The Commissioner is authorized to contract with local educational agencies for special emphasis projects to determine the effectiveness of intensive instruction by reading specialists and reading teachers. Each such project should provide for

(1) the teaching of reading by a reading specialist for all children in the first and second grades of an elementary school and the teaching of reading by a reading specialist for elementary school children in grades three through six who have reading problems; and

(2) an intensive vacation reading program for elementary school children who are found to be reading below the appropriate grade level or who are experiencing problems in learning to read.

(f) “Reading specialist” and “reading teacher" defined.

For the purpose of this section and section 1962 of this title the term

(1) “reading specialist” means an individual who has a master's degree, with a major or specialty in reading, from an accredited institution of higher education and has successfully completed three years of teaching experience, which includes reading instruction, and

(2) "reading teacher" means an individual, with a bachelor's degree, who has successfully completed a minimum of twelve credit hours, or its equivalent, in courses of the teaching of reading at an accredited institution of higher education, and has successfully completed two years of teaching experience, which includes reading in

struction. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, § 721, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 594.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective on and after sixtieth day after Aug. 21, 1974, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 93-380, set out as a note under section 241b of this title.

organizations, having the capacity to furnish reading assistance and instruction to youths and adults who do not otherwise receive such assistance and instruction. (b) Assurance of facilities.

Grants made and contracts entered into under this section shall contain provisions to assure that such reading assistance and instruction will be provided in appropriate facilities to be known as "reading academies”. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, § 723, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 595.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective on and after sixtieth day after Aug. 21, 1974, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 93-380, set out as a note under section 241b of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 1982 of this title.

SUBCHAPTER IV.-GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 1982 of this title.

8 1962. Reading training on public television. (a) Grants and contracts for courses and material for

elementary school teachers with assignments as reading teachers or reading specialists; authori.

zation of Commissioner. The Commissioner is authorized, through grants or contracts, to enter into contractual arrangements with institutions of higher education, public or private agencies or organizations, and individuals for

(1) the preparation, production, evaluation, and distribution for use on public educational television stations of courses for elementary school teachers who are or intend to become reading teachers or reading specialists; and

(2) the preparation and distribution of informational and study course material to be used in

conjunction with any such course. (b) Consultation with specialists.

In carrying out the provisions of this section the Commissioner shall consult with recognized authorities in the field of reading, specialists in the use of the communications media for educational purposes, and with the State and local educational agencies participating in projects under this chapter. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, $ 722, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 595.)

§ 1981. Evaluation. (a) Report to congressional committees; contents.

The Commissioner shall submit an evaluation report to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare of the Senate and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives not later than March 31, in each fiscal year ending prior to fiscal year 1979. Each such report shall

(1) contain a statement of specific detailed objectives for the program assisted under the provisions of this chapter;

(2) include a statement of the effectiveness of the program in meeting the stated objectives, measured through the end of the preceding fiscal year;

(3) make recommendations with respect to any changes or additional legislation deemed necessary or desirable in carrying out the program;

(4) contain a list identifying the principal analyses and studies supporting the major conclusions and recommendations contained in the report; and

(5) contain an annual evaluation plan for the program through the ensuing fiscal year for which the budget was transmitted to Congress by the President, in accordance with section 11 of Title 31.

EFFECTIVE DATE

(b) Reservation of funds.

From the sums appropriated pursuant to section 1982 of this title for any fiscal year, the Commissioner may reserve such amount, not in excess of 1 per centum of such sums, as he deems necessary for evaluation, by the Commissioner or by public or private nonprofit agencies, of programs assisted under this chapter. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, § 731, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 596.)

Section effective on and after sixtieth day after Aug. 21, 1974, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 93–380, set out as a note under section 241b of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1961, 1982 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective on and after sixtieth day after Aug. 21, 1974, see section 2(C) of Pub. L. 93-380, set out as a note under section 241b of this title.

§ 1963. Reading academies. (a) Grants and contracts for reading assistance and

instruction; authorization of Commissioner. The Commissioner is authorized to make grants to and to enter into cointracts with State and local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, community organizations and other nonprofit

§ 1982. Authorization of appropriations.

(a) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of subchapter I and II of this chapter $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

June 30, 1975, $82,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, $88,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1977, and $93,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1978.

(b) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of section 1961 of this title, relating to eci em asis projects, $15,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, and $25,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1977 and 1978.

(c) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out section 1962 of this title, relating to reading training on public television, $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975. Sums appropriated pursuant to this subsection shall remain available for obligation and expenditure through the succeeding fiscal year.

(d) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of section 1963 of this title, relating to reading academies, $5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, and $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending June 30, 1977 and 1978. (Pub. L. 93–380, title VII, § 732, Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 596.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective on and after sixtieth day after Aug. 21, 1974, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 93–380, set out as a note under section 241b of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1942, 1943, 1981 of this title.

because a special interest of the man from Independence in American history and a broad knowledge and understanding of the American political and economic system gained by study and experience in county and National Government culminated in the leadership of America remembered for the quality of his character, courage, and commonsense;

because of the desirability of encouraging young people to recognize and provide service in the highest and best traditions of the American politi. cal system at all levels of government, it is especially appropriate to honor former President Harry S Truman through the creation of a perpetual education scholarship program to develop increased opportunities for young Americans to pre

pare and pursue careers in public service. (Pub. L. 93–642, § 2, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2276.)

SHORT TITLE Section 1 of Pub. L. 93–642 provided: “That this Act (enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Harry S Truman Memorial Scholarship Act'." $ 2002. Definitions. As used in this chapter, the term

(1) "Board" means the Board of Trustees of the Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation;

(2) "Foundation" means the Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation;

(3) "fund” means the Harry S Truman Memorial Scholarship Fund;

(4) "institution of higher education" means any such institution as defined by section 1141(a) of this title;

(5) "State" means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and, considered as a single entity, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; and

(6) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury. (Pub. L. 93–642, § 3, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2276.) & 2003. Other federal memorials prohibited.

The Harry S Truman Scholarship Program as authorized by this chapter shall be the sole Federal memorial to President Harry S Truman. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 4, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2277.) $ 2004. Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation. (a) Establishment.

There is established, as an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States Government, the Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation. (b) Board of Trustees; membership.

(1) The Foundation shall be subject to the supervision and direction of a Board of Trustees. The Board shall be composed of thirteen members, as follows:

(A) two Members of the Senate, one from each political party, to be appointed by the President of the Senate;

(B) two Members of the House of Representa. tives, one from each political party, to be appointed by the Speaker;

Chapter 42.-HARRY S TRUMAN MEMORIAL

SCHOLARSHIPS [NEW]
Sec.
2001. Congressional statement of findings.
2002. Definitions.
2003. Other federal memorials prohibited.
2004. Harry S Truman Scholarship Foundation.

(a) Establishment.
(b) Board of Trustees; membership.
(C) Term of office.

(d) Compensation. 2005. Truman scholars.

(a) Basis for award.
(b) Maximum period of award.
(c) Recipient's choice of institution.
(d) Encouragement of recipient to pursue public

service career. 2006. Selection of scholars. 2007. Stipends. 2008. Scholarship conditions. 2009. Harry S Truman Memorial Scholarship Trust Fund.

(a) Establishment.
(b) Investment in interest bearing obligations.
(c) Sale and redemption of obligations.
(d) Credit to the fund of interest and proceeds

of sale or redemption. 2010. Same; expenditures and audit. 2011. Same; Executive Secretary; functions and compen.

sation. 2012. Administrative provisions. 2013. Authorization of appropriations.

$ 2001. Congressional statement of findings. The Congress finds that

because a high regard for the public trust and a lively exercise of political talents were outstanding characteristics of the thirty-third President of the United States;

tionwide competition for the purpose of selecting Truman scholars.

(b) The Foundation shall adopt selection procedures which shall assure that at least one Truman scholar shall be selected each year from each State in which there is at least one resident applicant who meets the minimum criteria established by the Foundation. (Pub. L. 93–642, § 7, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2278.)

(C) eight members, not more than four of whom shall be of the same political party, to be appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, of whom one shall be a chief executive officer of a State, one a chief executive officer of a city or county, one a member of a Federal court, one a member of a State court, one a person active in postsecondary education, and three representatives of the general public; and

(D) the Commissioner of Education or his designate, who shall serve ex officio as a member of the Board, but shall not be eligible to serve as

Chairman. (c) Term of office.

The term of office of each member of the Board shall be six years; except that (1) the members first taking office shall serve as designated by the President, four for terms of two years, five for terms of four years, and four for terms of six years, and (2) any member appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, and shall be appointed in the same manner as the original appointment for that vacancy was made. (d) Compensation.

Members of the Board shall serve without pay, but shall be entitled to reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 5, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2277.)

8 2007. Stipends.

Each student awarded a scholarship under this chapter shall receive a stipend which shall not exceed the cost to such student for tuition, fees, books, room and board, or $5,000 whichever is less for each academic year of study. (Pub. L. 93–642, § 8, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2278.)

$ 2005. Truman scholars. (a) Basis for award.

The Foundation is authorized to award scholarships to persons who demonstrate outstanding potential for and who plan to pursue a career in public service. Award recipients shall be known as Truman scholars. (b) Maximum period of award.

Scholarships under this chapter shall be awarded for such periods as the Foundation may prescribe but not to exceed four academic years. (c) Recipient's choice of institution.

A student awarded a scholarship under this chapter may attend any institution of higher education offering courses of study, training, or other educational activities designed to prepare persons for a career in public service as determined pursuant to criteria established by the Foundation. (d) Encouragement of recipient to pursue public serv

ice career. Each student awarded a scholarship under this chapter must have indicated a serious intent to enter the public service upon the completion of his or her educational program. Each institution of higher education at which such a student is in attendance will make reasonable continuing efforts to encourage such a student to enter the public service upon completing his or her educational program. (Pub. L. 93-642, § 6, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2278.)

8 2008. Scholarship conditions.

(a) A student awarded a scholarship under the provisions of this chapter shall continue to receive the payments provided in this chapter only during such periods as the Foundation finds that he or she is maintaining satisfactory proficiency and devoting full time to study or research designed to prepare him or her for a career in public service and is not otherwise engaging in gainful employment other than employment approved by the Foundation pursuant to regulation.

(b) The Foundation is authorized to require reports containing such information in such form and to be filed at such times as the Foundation determines to be necessary from any student awarded a scholarship under the provisions of this chapter. Such reports shall be accompanied by a certificate from an appropriate official at the institution of higher education, approved by the Foundation, stating that such student is making satisfactory progress in, and is devoting essentially full time to, study or research, except as otherwise provided in subsection (a) of this section. (Pub. L. 93–642, § 9, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2278.) 8 2009. Harry S Truman Memorial Scholarship Trust

Fund. (a) Establishment.

There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the Harry S Truman Memorial Scholarship Trust Fund. The fund shall consist of amounts appropriated to it by section 2013 of this title. (b) Investment in interest bearing obligations.

It shall be the duty of the Secretary to invest in full the amounts appropriated to the fund. Such investments may be made only in interest-bearing obligations of the United States or in obligations guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the United States. For such purpose, such obligations may be acquired (1) on original issue at the issue price, or (2) by purchase of outstanding obligations at the market place. The purposes for which obligations of the United States may be issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, are hereby extended to authorize the issuance at par of special obligations exclusively to the fund. Such special obligations shall bear interest at a rate equal to the

$ 2006. Selection of scholars.

(a) The Foundation is authorized, either directly or by contract, to provide for the conduct of a na

sistent with the provisions of this chapter as the Board shall delegate.

(b) The Executive Secretary of the Foundation shall be compensated at the rate specified for enployees placed in grade 18 of the General Schedule set forth in section 5332 of Title 5. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 12, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2280.)

average rate of interest, computed as to the end of the calendar month next preceding the date of such issue, borne by all marketable interest-bearing obligations of the United States then forming a part of the public debt; except that where such average rate is not a multiple of one-eighth of 1 per centum, the rate of interest of such special obligations shall be the multiple of one-eighth of 1 per centum next lower than such average rate. Such special obligations shall be issued only if the Secretary determines that the purchase of other interest-bearing obligations of the United States, or of obligations guaranteed as to both principal and interest by the United States or original issue or at the market price, is not in the public interest. (c) Sale and redemption of obligations.

Any obligation acquired by the fund (except special obligations issued exclusively to the fund) may be sold by the Secretary at the market price, and such special obligations may be redeemed at par plus accrued interest. (d) Credit to the fund of interest and proceeds of sale

or redemption. The interest on, and the proceeds from the sale or redemption of, any obligations held in the fund shall be credited to and form a part of the fund. (Pub. L. 93-642, $ 10, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2279.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The Second Liberty Bond Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is act Sept. 24, 1917, ch. 56, 40 Stat. 288, as amended, which was classified to section 745, former section 747, sections 752, 752a, 753, 754, 7548, 754b, 757, 757b, and 757c, former section 7570-1, sections 757c-2, 757c-3, 757c4, 757d, 757e, 758, 760, and 764, former section 765, and sections 766, 769, 771, 773, 774, and 801 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

& 2012. Administrative provisions.

(a) In order to carry out the provisions of this chapter, the Foundation is authorized to

(1) appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, except that in no case shall employees other than the Executive Secretary be compensated at a rate to exceed the rate provided for employees in grade 15 of the General Schedule set forth in section 5332 of Title 5;

(2) procure temporary and intermittent serv. ices of experts and consultants as are necessary to the extent authorized by section 3109 of Title 5, but at rates not to exceed the rate specified at the time of such service for grade GS-18 in section 5332 of such title;

(3) prescribe such regulations as it deems necessary governing the manner in which its functions shall be carried out;

(4) receive money and other property donated, bequeathed, or devised, without condition or restriction other than it be used for the purposes of the Foundation; and to use, sell, or otherwise dispose of such property for the purpose of carrying out its functions;

(5) accept and utilize the services of voluntary and noncompensated personnel and reimburse them for travel expenses, including per diem, es authorized by section 5703 of Title 5;

(6) enter into contracts, grants, or other are rangements, or modifications thereof, to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and such contracts or modifications thereof may, with the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the Board, be entered into without performance or other bonds, and without regard to section 5 of Title 41;

(7) make advances, progress, and other payments which the Board deems necessary under this chapter without regard to the provisions of section 529 of Title 31;

(8) rent office space in the District of Columbia; and

(9) make other necessary expenditures. (b) The Foundation shall submit to the President and to the Congress an annual report of its operations under this chapter. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 13, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2280.)

8 2010. Same; expenditures and audit.

(a) The Secretary is authorized to pay to the Foundation from the interest and earnings of the fund such sums as the Board determines are necessary and appropriate to enable the Foundation to carry out the purposes of this chapter.

(b) The activities of the Foundation under this chapter may be audited by the General Accounting Office under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States. The representatives of the General Accounting Office shall have access to all books, accounts, records, reports, and files and all other papers, things, or property belonging to or in use by the Foundation, pertaining to such activities and necessary to facilitate the audit. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 11, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2279.)

8 2011. Same; Executive Secretary; functions and

compensation. (a) There shall be an Executive Secretary of the Foundation who shall be appointed by the Board. The Executive Secretary shall be the chief executive officer of the Foundation and shall carry out the functions of the Foundation subject to the supervision and direction of the Board. The Executive Secretary shall carry out such other functions con

8 2013. Authorization of appropriations.

There are authorized to be appropriated $30,000,000 to the fund. (Pub. L. 93–642, $ 14, Jan, 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2280.)

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 2009 of this title.

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