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ture shall forthwith certify and file in the court a transcript of the record theretofore made, including, evidence received. Upon the filing of the transcript the court shall have jurisdiction to affirm, to set aside, or modify the order of the Secretary of Agriculture, and the findings of the Secretary of Agriculture as to the facts, if supported by the weight of evidence, shall in like manner be conclusive. In proceedings under paragraphs (a) and (b) the judgment and decree of the court shall be final, except that the same shall be subject to review by the Supreme Court upon certiorari, as provided in section 240 of the Judicial Code, as amended. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 6, 42 Stat. 1001; as amended June 15, 1936, by secs. 8 (a) to (k), 49 Stat. 1498, 1499; 7 U.S.C., secs. 8, 9, 10.)

Cooperative associations and corporations, exclusion from board of trade; rules of board inapplicable to payment of compensation by association.(1) No board of trade which has been designated as a "contract market" shall exclude from membership in, and all privileges on, such board of trade, any association or corporation engaged in cash commodity business having adequate financial responsibility which is organized under the cooperative laws of any State, or which has been recognized as a cooperative association of producers by the United States Government or by any agency thereof, if such association or corporation complies and agrees to comply with such terms and conditions as are or may be imposed lawfully upon other members of such board, and as are or may be imposed lawfully upon a cooperative association of producers engaged in cash commodity business, unless such board of trade is authorized by the commission to exclude such association or corporation from membership and privileges after hearing held upon at least three days' notice subsequent to the filing of complaint by the board of trade: Provided, however, That if any such association or corporation shall fail to meet its obligations with any established clearing house or clearing agency of any contract market, such association or corporation shall be ipso facto debarred from further trading on such contract market, except such trading as may be necessary to close open trades and to discharge existing contracts in accordance with the rules of such contract market applicable in such cases. Such commission may prescribe that such association or corporation shall have and retain membership and privileges, with or without imposing conditions, or it may permit such board of trade immediately to bar such association or corporation from membership and privileges. Any order of said commission entered hereunder shall be reviewable by the circuit court of appeals for the circuit in which such association or corporation, or such board of trade, has its principal place of business, on written petition either of such association or corporation, or of such board of trade, under the procedure provided in paragraph (a) of section 6 of this Act, but such order shall not be stayed by the court pending review.

(2) No rule of any board of trade designated as a contract market shall forbid or be construed to forbid the payment of compensation on a commodity-unit basis, or otherwise, by any federated cooperative association to its regional member-associations for services rendered or to be rendered in connection with any organization work, educational activity, or procurement of patronage, provided no part of any such compensation is returned to patrons (whether members

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or nonmembers) of such cooperative association, or of its regional or local member-associations, otherwise than as a dividend on capital stock or as a patronage dividend out of the net earnings or surplus of such federated cooperative association. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 6a, as added June 15, 1936, sec. 9, 49 Stat. 1499, 1500, 7 U. S. C., sec. 10a.)

Violations, orders to desist; penalty for refusal to obey order. If any board of trade, or any director, officer, agent, or employee of any board of trade is violating or has violated any of the provisions of this Act or any of the rules or regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture thereunder, or any order issued by the commission pursuant to any provision of this Act, the commission, in lieu of revoking the designation of such board of trade as a "contract market" may, upon notice and hearing and subject to appeal as in other cases provided for in paragraph (a) of section 6 of this Act, make and enter an order directing that such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall cease and desist from such violation or violations, and if such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee, thereafter and after the lapse of the period allowed for appeal of such order or after the affirmance of such order, shall fail or refuse to obey or comply with such order, such board of trade, director, officer, agent, or employee shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not less than six months nor more than one year, or both. Each day during which such failure or refusal to obey such order continues shall be deemed a separate offense. (Sec. 6b, added June 15, 1936, sec. 9, 49 Stat. 1500; 7 U. S. C., sec. 13a.)

314. Investigations and reports by Secretary, generally. For the efficient execution of the provisions of this Act, and in order to provide information for the use of Congress, the Secretary of Agriculture may make such investigations as he may deem necessary to ascertain the facts regarding the operations of boards of trade, whether prior or subsequent to the enactment of this Act, and may publish from time to time, in his discretion, the result of such investigation and such statistical information gathered therefrom as he may deem of interest to the public, except data and information which would separately disclose the business transactions of any person and trade secrets or names of customers: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the Secretary of Agriculture from making or issuing such reports as he may deem necessary relative to the conduct of any board of trade or of the transactions of any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this Act under The proceedings prescribed in section 6 of this Act: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture in any report may include the facts as to any actual transaction. The Secretary of Agriculture, upon his own initiative or in cooperation with existing governmental agencies, shall investigate marketing conditions of commodity and commodity products and byproducts, including supply and demand for these commodities, cost to the consumer, and handling and transportation charges. He shall likewise compile and furnish to producers, consumers, and distributors, by means of regular or special reports, or by such methods as he may deem most effective, information respecting the commodity markets, together with information on supply, demand, prices, and other conditions in this and other countries that affect the markets. Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 8, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1491; 7 U. S. C., secs. 2, 12.)

Registration of commission merchants and brokers; fees; rules and regulations; publication of harmful acts. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized

(1) to register futures commission merchants and floor broker's upon application in accordance with rules and regulations and in form and manner to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; and

(2) to refuse to register any person if such person has violated any of the provisions of this Act or any of the rules or regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture hereunder for which the registration of such person has been suspended (and the period of such suspension shall not have expired) or las been revoked; and

(3) to suspend or revoke the registration of any futures commission merchant who shall knowingly accept any order for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market from any person if such person has been denied trading privileges on any contract market by order of the Secretary of Agriculture under the provisions of paragraph (b)) of section 6 of this Act and the period of denial specified in such order shall not have expired; and

(4) to fix and establish from time to time fees and charges for registrations and renewals thereof and for copies of registration certificates, not to exceed $10 each for such registration, renewal, or copy; and

(5) to make and promulgate such rules and regulations as, in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture, are reasonably necessary to effectuate any of the provisions or to accomplish any of the purposes of this Act; and

(6) to communicate to the proper committee or officer of any contract market and to publish, notwithstanding the provisions of section 8 of this Act, the full facts concerning any transaction or market operation, including the names of parties thereto, which in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture disrupts or tends to disrupt any market or is otherwise harmful or against the best interests of producers and consumers. (Sec. 8a, added June 15, 1936, sec. 10, 49 Stat. 1500; 7 U.S. C., sec. 12a.)

315. Violations; penalties.—Any person who shall violate the provisions of section 4, section 4a, section 4b, section 4c, section 4d, section 4h, or section 4i of this Act, or who shall manipulate or attempt to manipulate the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, or for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any board of trade, or who shall corner or attempt to corner any such commodity, or who shall fail to evidence any contract mentioned in section 4 of this Act by a record in writing as therein required, or who shall knowingly or carelessly deliver or cause to be delivered for transmission through the mails or in interstate commerce by telegraph, telephone, wireless, or other means of communication false or misleading or knowingly inaccurate reports concerning crop or market information or conditions that affect or tend to affect the price of any commodity in

interstate commerce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 9, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, secs. 2, 11, 49 Stat. 1491, 1501; 7 U. S. C., secs. 2, 13.)

317. No punishment for violations before first day of second month following passage of act.-[Now obsolete] 318–1. Separability provisions of Commodities Exchange Act.

If any provision of this Act which is amendatory of any section of the Grain Futures Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the provisions of the section of the Grain Futures Act which is amended by such provision of this Act shall apply to such person or circumstances. No proceeding shall be abated by reason of any amendment to the Grain Futures Act made by this Act but shall be disposed of pursuant to this Act. (June 15, 1936, sec. 12, 49 Stat. 1501; 7 U.S.C., sec. 17a.)

318–2. Effective dates of Commodities Exchange Act.-All provisions of this Act authorizing the registration of futures commission merchants and floor brokers, the fixing of fees and charges therefor, the promulgation of rules, regulations, and orders, and the holding of hearings precedent to the promulgation of rules, regulations, and orders shall be effective immediately. All other provisions of this Act shall take effect ninety days after the enactment of this Act. (June 15, 1936, sec. 13, 49 Stat. 1501; 7 U. S. C., sec. 17a note.)

GRAIN STANDARDS ACT

335a. Establishment of grain standards by Secretary; promulgation.That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to investigate the handling, grading, and transportation of grain and to fix and establish as soon as may be after the enactment hereof standards of quality and condition for corn (maize), wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, soy. beans, and such other grains as in his judgment the usages of the trade may warrant and permit, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall have power to alter or modify such standards whenever the necessities of the

may require. In promulgating the standards, or any alteration or modification of such standards, the Secretary shall specify the date or dates when the same shall become effective, and shall give public notice, not less than ninety days in advance of such date or dates, by such means as he deems proper. (Aug. 11, 1916, sec. 2, 39 Stat. 482; July 18, 1940, 54 Stat. 765; 7 U.S.C., sec. 74.)

trade may

IMPORTATION OF ADULTERATED SEEDS ACT 354 to 359.—[These paragraphs were repealed by paragraph No. 630-256 post, effective on the 180th day after August 9, 1939; except that notices with respect to imported alfalfa and red clover seed promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture under authority of these sections, which were in effect

August 19, 1939, remain in full force and

effect as if promulgated under paragraphs 630–225 to 630-257, post.] (Aug. 9, 1939, title IV, sec. 419, 53 Stat. 1290; 7 U. S. C., secs. 111 to 116, and 1609.) (Cf. 7 U. S.C., secs 1551 to 1616, inclusive.)

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INSECT PESTS GENERALLY

376–1. Control of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets and chinch bugs, authorized.—That the Secretary of Agriculture, in cooperation with authorities of the States concerned, organizations, or individuals, is authorized and directed to apply such methods for the control of incipient or emergency outbreaks of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets, and cinch bugs as may be necessary. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 1, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U.S.C., sec. 148.)

376–2. Same; administrative expenses.-Any sums which may be appropriated for such purpose shall be available for expenditure for the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, printing, rent outside the District of Columbia, gen. eral administration and supervision, surveys, and the purchase, transportation, and application of poison bait or materials and equipment for control of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets, and chinch bugs, and for the preparation of such poison bait or materials for application, and such other expenses as may be necessary. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 2, 52

, Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148a.)

376–3. Same; materials and equipment purchasable without regard to 3709 R. S.—Materials and equipment for the control of such insect pests and plant diseases may be procured with any sums appropriated to carry out the provisions of this joint resolution without regard to the provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, and the transportation thereof may be under such conditions and means as shall be determined by the Secretary of Agriculture to be most advantageous. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 3, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148b.)

376 4. Same; cooperation of States necessary.-In the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, no part of any sums appropriated to carry out the purposes of this joint resolution shall be expended for the control of incipient or emergency outbreaks of insect pests or plant diseases in any State until the State concerned has provided the organization or materials and supplies necessary for cooperation with the Federal Government. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, Sec. 4, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U.S. C., sec. 148c.)

376_5. Same; restrictions on appropriations.—No part of the sums hereinafter authorized to be appropriated shall be used to pay the cost or value of farm animals, farm crops, or other property injured or destroyed. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 5, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U.S. C., sec. 148d.)

376-6. Same; appropriations authorized.—There are hereby authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this joint resolution. (Apr. 6, 1937,50 Štat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 6, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148.)

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