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policy of the act, or if the Secretary desires in the manner provided in subparagraph (1) to propose a marketing agreement or market- (ii), (iii), and (iv) of this paragraph shall ing order, he shall sign and cause to be served not affect the legality of the notice. a notice of hearing, as provided in this (c) Record of notice and supplemental subpart.

publicity. There shall be filed with the hear

ing clerk or submitted to the presiding offi8 900.4 Institution of proceeding.

cer at the hearing an affidavit or certificate (a) Filing and contents of the notice of of the person giving the notice provided in hearing. The proceeding shall be instituted (b) (1) (iii) and (iv) of this section. In by filing the notice of hearing with the hear

regard to the provisions relating to mailing ing clerk. The notice of hearing shall con

in (b) (1) (11) of this section, a determinatain a reference to the authority under which

tion by the Administrator that such provithe marketing agreement or marketing order

sions have been complied with shall be filed is proposed; shall define the scope of the

with the hearing clerk or submitted to the hearing as specifically as may be practicable;

presiding officer at the hearing. In the altershall contain either the terms or substance of

native, if notice is not given in the manner the proposed marketing agreement or mar

provided in (b) (1) (ii), (iii), and (iv) of keting order or a description of the subjects

this section there shall be filed with the and issues involved and shall state the in

hearing clerk or submitted to the presiding dustry, area, and class of persons to be regu

officer at the hearing a determination by the lated, the time and place of such hearing,

Administrator that such notice is impracand the place where copies of such proposed

ticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the pubmarketing agreement or marketing order

lic interest with a brief statement of the may be obtained or examined. The time of

reasons for such determination. Determinathe hearing shall not be less than 15 days

tions by the Administrator as herein proafter the date of publication of the notice

vided shall be final. in the FEDERAL REGISTER, as provided in this

$ 900.5 Docket number. subpart, unless the Administrator shall determine that an emergency exists which re- Each proceeding, immediately following quires a shorter period of notice, in which its institution, shall be assigned a docket case the period of notice shall be that which number by the hearing clerk and thereafter the Administrator may determine to be rea

the proceeding may be referred to by such sonable in the circumstances: Provided,

number. That, in the case of hearings on amendments

$ 900.6 Presiding officers. to marketing agreements or marketing orders, the time of the hearing may be less (a) Assignment. No presiding officer who than 15 days but shall not be less than 3 has any pecuniary interest in the outcome days after the date of publication of the of a proceeding shall serve as presiding offinotice in the FEDERAL REGISTER.

cer in such proceeding. (b) Giving notice of hearing and supple

(b) Powers of presiding officers. Subject to mental publicity. (1) The Administrator

review by the Secretary, as provided elseshall give or cause to be given notice of

where in this subpart, the presiding officer, hearing in the following manner:

in any proceeding, shall have power to: (1) By publication of the notice of hear- (1) Rule upon motions and requests; ing in the FEDERAL REGISTER;

(2) Change the time and place of hearing, (11) By mailing a true copy of the notice

and adjourn the hearing from time to time of hearing to each of the persons known to

or from place to place; the Administrator, to be interested therein;

(3) Administer oaths and affirmations and

take affidavits; (iii) By issuing a press release containing

(4) Examine and cross-examine witnesses the complete text or a summary of the con

and receive evidence; tents of the notice of hearing and making the same available to such newspapers in

(5) Admit or exclude evidence;

(6) Hear oral argument on facts or law; the area proposed to be subjected to regulation as reasonably will tend to bring the

(7) Do all acts and take all measures notice to the attention of the persons inter

necessary for the maintenance of order at ested therein;

the hearing and the efficient conduct of the

proceeding. (iv) By forwarding copies of the notice

(c) Who may act in absence of presiding of hearing addressed to the governors of such

officer. In case of the absence of the presidof the several States of the United States and

ing officer or his inability to act, the powers to executive heads of such of the Territories and duties to be performed by him under and possessions of the United States as the this part in connection with a proceeding Administrator, having due regard for the may, without abatement of the proceeding subject matter of the proposal and the pub- unless otherwise ordered by the Secretary, lic interest, , shall determine, should be be assigned to any other presiding officer. notified.

(d) Disqualification of presiding officer. (2) Legal notice of the hearing shall be The presiding officer may at any time withdeemed to be given if notice is given in the draw as presiding officer in a proceeding if manner provided by subparagraph (1) (1) of he deems himself to be disqualified. Upon this paragraph; and failure to give notice the filing by an interested person in good

faith of a timely and sufficient afidavit of personal bias or disqualification of a presiding officer, the Secretary shall determine the matter as a part of the record and decision in the proceeding, after making such investigation or holding such hearings, or both, as he may deem appropriate in the circumstances. $ 900.7

Motions and requests. (a) General. All motions and requests shall be filed with the hearing clerk, except that those made during the course of the hearing may be filed with the presiding officer or may be stated orally and made a part of the transcript.

Except as provided in $ 900.15(b) such motions and requests shall be addressed to, and ruled on by, the presiding officer if made prior to his certification of the transcript pursuant to $ 900.10 or by the Secretary if made thereafter.

(b) Certification to Secretary. The presiding officer may in his discretion submit or certify to the Secretary for decision any motion, request, objection, or other question addressed to the presiding officer. $ 900.8

Conduct of the hearing. (a) Time and place. The hearing shall be held at the time and place fixed in the notice of hearing, unless the presiding officer shall have changed the time or place, in which event the presiding officer shall file with the hearing clerk a notice of such change, which notice shall be given in the same manner as provided in § 900.4 (relating to the giving of notice of the hearing): Provided, That, if the change in time or place of hearing is made less than 5 days prior to the date previously fixed for the hearing, the presiding officer, either in addition to or in lieu of causing the notice of the change to be given, shall announce, or cause to be announced, the change at the time and place previously fixed for the hearing.

(b) Appearances-(1) Right to appear. At the hearing, any interested person shall be given an opportunity to appear, either in person or through his authorized counsel or representative, and to be heard with respect to matters relevant and material to the proceeding. Any interested person who desires to be heard in person at any hearing under these rules shall, before proceeding to testify, state his name, address, and occupation. If any such person is appearing through a counsel or representative, such person or such counsel or representative shall, before proceeding to testify or otherwise to participate in the hearing, state for the record the authority to act as such counsel or representative, and the names and addresses and occupations of such person and such counsel or representative. Any such person or such counsel or representative shall give such other information respecting his appearance as the presiding officer may request.

(2) Debarment of counsel or representative. Wherever, while a proceeding is pending before him, the presiding officer finds that a person, acting as counsel or representative for any person participating in the proceeding, is guilty of unethical or unprofessional conduct, the presiding officer may order that such person be précluded from further acting as counsel or representative in such proceeding. An appeal to the Secretary may be taken from any such order, but the proceeding shall not be delayed or suspended pending disposition of the appeal: Provided, That the presiding officer may suspend the proceeding for a reasonable time for the purpose of enabling the client to obtain other counsel or other representative.

In case the presiding officer has ordered that a person be precluded from further acting as counsel or representative in the proceeding, the presiding officer, within a reasonable time thereafter shall submit to the Secretary a report of the facts and circumstances surrounding such order and shall recommend what action the Secretary should take respecting the appearance of such person as counsel or representative in other proceedings before the Secretary. Thereafter the Secretary may, after notice and an opportunity for hearing, issue such order, respecting the appearance of such person as counsel or representative in proceedings before the Secretary, as the Secretary finds to be appropriate.

(3) Failure to appear. If any interested person fails to appear at the hearing, he shall be deemed to have waived the right to be heard in the proceeding.

(c) Order of procedure. (1) The presiding officer shall, at the opening of the hearing prior to the taking of testimony, have noted as part of the record his designation as presiding officer, the notice of hearing as filed with the Division of the Federal Register, and the affidavit or certificate of the giving of notice or the determination provided for in $ 900.4(c).

(2) Evidence shall then be received with respect to the matters specified in the notice of the hearing in such order as the presiding officer shall announce.

(d) Evidence-(1) In general. The hearing shall be publicly conducted, and the testimony given at the hearing shall be reported verbatim.

Every witness shall, before proceeding to testify, be sworn or make affirmation. Crossexamination shall be permitted to the extent required for a full and true disclosure of the facts.

When necessary, in order to prevent undue prolongation of the hearing, the presiding officer may limit the number of times any witness may testify to the same matter or the amount of corroborative or cumulative evidence.

The presiding officer shall, insofar as practicable, exclude evidence which is imma

terial, irrelevant, or unduly repetitious, or

which is not of the sort upon which respon- acter: Provided, That interested persons shall sible persons are accustomed to rely.

be given adequate notice, at the hearing or (2) Objections. If a party objects to the subsequent thereto, of matters so noticed admission or rejection of any evidence or to and shall be given adequate opportunity to any other ruling of the presiding officer dur

show that such facts are inaccurate or are ing the hearing, he shall state briefly the erroneously noticed. grounds of such objection, whereupon an (6) Offer of proof. Whenever evidence is automatic exception will follow if the objec- excluded from the record, the party offering tion is overruled by the presiding officer. The such evidence may make an offer of proof, transcript shall not include argument or

which shall be included in the transcript. debate thereon except as ordered by the pre- The offer of proof shall consist of a brief siding officer. The ruling of the presiding statement describing the evidence to be officer on any objection shall be a part of offered. If the evidence consists of a brief the transcript.

oral statement or of an exhibit, it shall be Only objections made before the presiding inserted into the transcript in toto. In such officer may subsequently be relied upon in event, it shall be considered a part of the the proceeding.

transcript if the Secretary decides that the (3) Proof and authentication of official

presiding officer's ruling in excluding the records or documents. An official record or

evidence was erroneous. The presiding officer document, when admissible for any purpose,

shall not allow the insertion of such evidence shall be admissible as evidence without the

in toto if the taking of such evidence will production of the person who made or pre

consume a considerable length of time at pared the same. Such record or document

the hearing. In the latter event, if the Secreshall, in the discretion of the presiding offi

tary decides that the presiding officer erred cer, be evidenced by an official publication

in excluding the evidence, and that such thereof or by a copy attested by the person

error was substantial, the hearing shall be having legal custody thereof and accom

reopened to permit the taking of such evipanied by a certificate that such person has

dence. the custody.

§ 900.9 Oral and written arguments. (4) Exhibits. All written statements, charts, tabulations, or similar data offered in

(a) Oral argument before presiding officer. evidence at the hearing shall, after identifi

Oral argument before the presiding officer

shall be in the discretion of the presiding cation by the proponent and upon satisfactory showing of the authenticity, relevancy,

officer. Such argument, when permitted, may

be limited by the presiding officer to any and materiality of the contents thereof, be numbered as exhibits and received in

extent that he finds necessary for the exevidence and made a part of the record.

peditious disposition of the proceeding and Such exhibits shall be submitted in quad

shall be reduced to writing and made part

of the transcript. ruplicate and in documentary form. In case the required number of copies is not made

(b) Briefs, proposed findings and conavailable, the presiding officer shall exercise

clusions. The presiding officer shall announce his discretion as to whether said exhibits

at the hearing a reasonable period of time

within which interested persons may file shall, when practicable, be read in evidence or whether additional copies shall be re

with the hearing clerk proposed findings and quired to be submitted within a time to be

conclusions, and written arguments or briefs, specified by the presiding officer. If the testi

based upon the evidence received at the

hearing, citing, where practicable, the page mony of a witness refers to a statute, or to

or pages of the transcript of the testimony a report or document (including the record of any previous hearing) the presiding offi

where such evidence appears. Factual ma

terial other than that adduced at the hearcer, after inquiry relating to the identification of such statute, report, or document,

ing or subject to official notice shall not be shall determine whether the same shall be

alluded to therein, and, in any case, shall

not be considered in the formulation of the produced at the hearing and physically be made a part of the evidence as an exhibit, or

marketing agreement or marketing order. whether it shall be incorporated into the

If the person filing a brief desires the Secreevidence by reference. If relevant and ma

tary to consider any objection made by such terial matter offered in evidence is embraced

person to a ruling of the presiding officer, in a report or document (including the rec

as provided in $ 900.8(d), he shall include in ord of any previous hearing) containing im

the brief a concise statement concerning each material or irrelevant matter, such imma

such objection, referring where practicable, terial or irrelevant matter shall be excluded

to the pertinent pages of the transcript. and shall be segregated insofar as practicable, $ 900.10 Certification of the transcript. subject to the direction of the presiding

The presiding officer shall notify the hearofficer.

ing clerk of the close of a hearing as soon as (5) Official notice. Official notice may be

possible thereafter and of the time for filing taken of such matters as are judicially

written arguments, briefs, proposed findings noticed by the courts of the United States

and proposed conclusions, and shall furnish and of any other matter of technical, scien- the hearing clerk with such other informatific or commercial fact of established char- tion as may be necessary. As soon as possible

after the hearing, the presiding officer shall transmit to the hearing clerk an original and three copies of the transcript of the testimony and the original and all copies of the exhibits not already on file in the office of the hearing clerk. He shall attach to the original transcript of testimony his certificate stating that to the best of his knowledge And belief, the transcript is a true transcript of the testimony given at the hearing except in such particulars as he shall specify; and that the exhibits transmitted are all the exhibits as introduced at the hearing with such exceptions as he shall specify. A copy of such certificate shall be attached to each of the copies of thé, transcript of testimony. In accordance with such certificate the hearing clerk shall note upon the official record copy, and cause to be noted on other copies, of the transcript each correction detailed therein by adding or crossing out (but without obscuring the text as originally transcribed) at the appropriate place any words necessary to make the same conform to the correct meaning, as certified by the presiding officer. The hearing clerk shall obtain and file certifications to the effect that such corrections have been effected in copies other than the official record copy. $ 900.11 Copies of the transcript.

(a) During the period in which the proceeding has an active status in the Department, a copy of the transcript and exhibits shall be kept on file in the office of the hearing clerk, where it shall be available for examination during official hours of business. Thereafter said transcript and exhibits shall be made available by the hearing clerk for examination during official hours of business after prior request and reasonable notice to the hearing clerk.

(b) If a personal copy of the transcript is desired, such copy may be obtained upon written application filed with the reporter and upon payment of fees at the rate (if any) provided in the contract between the reporter and the Secretary. 8 900.12 Administrator's recommended

decision. (a) Preparation. As soon as practicable following the termination of the period allowed for the filing of written arguments or briefs and proposed findings and conclusions the Administrator shall file with the hearing clerk à recommended decision.

(b) Contents. The Administrator's recommended decision shall include: (1) A pre*liminary statement containing a description of the history of the proceedings, a brief explanation of the material issues of fact, law, or discretion presented on the record, and proposed findings and conclusions with respect to such issues as well as the reasons or basis therefor: (2) A ruling upon each proposed finding or conclusion submitted by interested persons, and (3) An appropriate proposed marketing agreement or marketing order effectuating his recommendations.

(c) Exceptions to recommended decision. Immediately following the filing of his recommended decision, the Administrator shall give notice thereof, and opportunity to file exceptions thereto by publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER. Within a period of time specified in such notice any interested person may file with the hearing clerk exceptions to the Administrator's proposed marketing agreement or marketing order, or both, as the case may be, and a brief in support of such exceptions. Such exceptions shall be in writing, shall refer, where practicable, to the related pages of the transcript and may suggest appropriate changes in the proposed marketing agreement or marketing order.

(d) Omission of recommended decision. The procedure provided in this section may be omitted only if the Secretary finds on the basis of the record that due and timely execution of his functions imperatively and unavoidably requires such omission. $ 900.13 Submission to Secretary.

Upon the expiration of the period allowed for filing exceptions or upon request of the Secretary, the hearing clerk shall transmit to the Secretary the record of the proceeding. Such record shall include: all motions and requests filed with the hearing clerk and rulings thereon; the certified transcripts; any proposed findings or conclusions or written arguments or briefs that may have been filed; the Administrator's recommended decision, if any, and such exceptions as may have been filed.

900.13a Decision by Secretary.

After due consideration of the record, the Secretary shall render a decision. Such decision shall become a part of the record and shall include (a) a statement of his findings and conclusions, as well as the reasons or basis therefor, upon all the material issues

fact, law or discretion presented on the record, (b) a ruling upon each proposed finding and proposed conclusion not previously ruled upon in the record, (c) a ruling upon each exception filed by interested persons and (d) either (1) a denial of the proposal to issue a marketing agreement or marketing order or (2) a marketing agreement and, if the findings upon the record so warrant, a marketing order, the provisions of which shall be set forth directly or by reference, regulating the handling of the commodity or product in the same manner and to the same extent as such marketing agreement, which order shall be complete except for its effective date and any determinations to be made under $ 900.14(b) or $ 900.14 (c): Provided, That such marketing order shall not be executed, issued, or made effective until and unless the Secretary determines that the requirements of $ 900.14(b) or $ 900.14(c) have been met.


8 900.14 Execution of marketing agree

ment and issuance of marketing

order. (a) Execution of marketing agreement. If the Secretary has approved a marketing agreement, as provided in $ 900.13a, the Administrator shall cause copies thereof to be distributed for execution by the handlers eligible to become parties thereto. If and when such number of the handlers as the Secretary shall deem to be sufficient shall have executed the marketing agreement, the Secretary shall execute the same, and notice of its effective date shall be mailed by the hearing clerk to each person signatory thereto. A marketing agreement shall be effective and binding upon any party thereto even though such party may not have received the notice provided for in this paragraph, or the hearing clerk may have failed to mail such notice.

(b) Issuance of marketing order with marketing agreement. Whenever, as provided in paragraph (a) of this section, the Secretary executes a marketing agreement, and handlers also have executed the same as provided in section 8c (8) of the act, he shall, if he finds that it will tend to effectuate the purposes of the act, issue and make effective the marketing order, if any, which was filed

a part of his decision pursuant to $ 900.13a: Provided, That the issuance of such order shall have been approved or favored by producers as required by section 8c (8) of the act.

(c) Issuance of marketing order without marketing agreement. If, despite the failure or refusal of handlers to sign the marketing agreement, as provided in section 8c (8) of the act, the Secretary makes the determinations required under section 8c (9) of the act, the Secretary shall issue and make effective the marketing order, if any, which was filed as a part of his decision pursuant to $ 900.13a.

(d) Effective date of marketing order. No marketing order shall become effective less than 30 days after its publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER, unless the Secretary, upon good cause found and published with the order, fixes an earlier effective date therefor: Provided, That no marketing order shall become effective as to any person sought to be charged thereunder before either (1) it has been filed with the Office of the Federal Register, or (2) such person has received actual notice of the issuance and terms of the marketing order.

(e) Notice of issuance. After issuance of a marketing order, such order shall be filed with the hearing clerk, and notice thereof, together with notice of the effective date, shall be given by publication in the FEDERAL REGISTER. (7 U.S.C. 610(c).)

$ 900.15 Filing; extensions of time;

effective date of filing; and compu

tation of time. (a) Filing, number of copies. Except as is provided otherwise in this subpart, all documents or papers required or authorized by the foregoing provisions of this subpart to be filed with the hearing clerk shall be filed in quadruplicate. Any document or paper, so required or authorized to be filed with the hearing clerk, shall, during the course of an oral hearing, be filed with the presiding officer. The provisions of this subpart concerning filing with the hearing clerk of hearing notices, recommended and final decisions, marketing agreements and orders, and all documents described in $ 900.17 shall be met by filing a true copy thereof with the hearing clerk.

(b) Extensions of time. The time for the filing of any document or paper required or authorized by the foregoing provisions of this subpart to be filed may be extended by the presiding officer (before the record is certified by the presiding officer) or by the Administrator (after the record is so certified by the presiding officer but before it is transmitted to the Secretary), or by the Secretary (after the record is transmitted to the Secretary) upon request filed, and if, in the judgment of the presiding officer, Administrator, or the Secretary, as the case may be, there is good reason for the extension. All rulings made pursuant to this paragraph shall be filed with the hearing clerk.

(c) Effective date of filing. Any document or paper required or authorized by the foregoing provisions of this subpart to be filed shall be deemed to be filed when it is postmarked or when it is received by the hearing clerk.

(d) Computation of time. Sundays and Federal holidays shall be included in computing the time allowed for the filing of any document or paper: Provided, That, when such time expires on a Sunday or legal holiday, such period shall be extended to include the next following business day. [25 F.R. 5907, June 28, 1960, as amended at 30 F.R. 254, Jan. 9, 1965) $ 900.16 Discussion of issues, etc., of

proceeding prohibited. Except as may be provided otherwise in this subpart, no officer or employee of the Department shall, following the close of the hearing in a marketing agreement or marketing order proceeding and prior to the execution of a marketing agreement or the issuance of a marketing order therein, discuss the issues, merits, or evidence involved in the proceeding with any person interested in the result of the proceeding or with any representative of such person: Provided, however, That the provisions of this section shall not preclude an officer or employee who has been duly assigned to, or who has super


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