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(2) First aid and safety personnel may be informed, where appropriate, if the condition might require emergency treatment; and
(3) Government officials investigating compliance with section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, shall be provided relevant information upon request.
(a) of this section, a recipient shall give priority to those methods that offer programs and activities to handicapped persons in the most integrated setting appropriate.
(d) Small service providers. If a recipient with fewer than 15 employees is, after consultation with a handicapped person seeking its services, that there is no available method of complying with paragraph (a) of this section other than making a significant alteration in its existing facilities, the recipient may, as an alternative, refer the handicapped person to other providers of those services that are accessible at no additional cost to the handicapped per
8 101-8.309 Program accessibility.
(a) General. No handicapped person shall, because a recipient's facilities are inaccessible to or unusable by handicapped persons, be denied the benefits of, be excluded from participation in, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity that receives or benefits from Federal assistance from GSA.
(b) Program accessibility. A recipient shall operate any program or activity to which this subpart applies so that the program or activity, when viewed in its entirety, is readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons. This paragraph does not require a recipient to make each of its existing facilities or every part of a facility accessible to and usable by handicapped persons.
(c) Methods. A recipient may comply with the requirement of paragraph (a) of this section through such means as acquisition or redesign of equipment, such as telecommunications devices or other telephonic devices for the hearing impaired; reassignment of classes or other services to alternate sites which have accessible buildings; assignment of aides to beneficiaries, such as readers for the blind or qualified sign language interpreters for the hearing impaired when appropriate; home visits; delivery of health, welfare, or other social services at alternate accessible sites; alterations of existing facilities and construction of new facilities in conformance with the requirements of $ 101–8.310; or any other methods that result in making its program or activity accessible to handicapped persons. A recipient is not required to make structural changes in existing facilities where other methods are effective in achieving compliance with paragraph (a) of this section. In choosing among available methods for meeting the requirement of paragraph
(e) Time period. A recipient shall comply with the requirement of paragraph (a) of this section within 60 days of the effective date of this subpart, except that where structural changes in facilities are necessary, the changes are to be made as expeditiously as possible, but in no event later than 3 years after the effective date of this subpart.
(f) Transition plan. In the event that structural changes to facilities are necessary to meet the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section, a recipient shall develop, within 6 months of the effective date of this subpart, a transition plan setting forth the steps necessary to complete the changes. The plan shall be developed with the assistance of interested persons, including handicapped persons or organizations representing handicapped persons, and the plan must meet with the approval of the Director of Civil Rights, GSA. A copy of the transition plan shall be made available for public inspection. At a minimum, the plan shall:
(1) Identify physical obstacles in the recipient's facilities that limit the accessibility to and usability by handicapped persons of its program or activity;
(2) Describe in detail the methods that will be used to make the facilities accessible;
(3) Specify the schedule for taking the steps necessary to achieve full program accessibility and, if the time period or the transition plan is longer than 1 year, identify steps that will be taken during each year of the transition period; and
(4) Indicate the person responsible for implementation of the plan.
(8) Notice. The recipient shall adopt and implement procedures to ensure that interested persons, including persons with impaired vision or hearing, can obtain information concerning the existence and location of services, activities, and facilities that are accessible to, and usable by, handicapped persons.
Francisco, California 94105; Region 10, GSA Center, Auburn, Washington 98002. In cases of practical difficulty, unnecessary hardship, or extreme differences, exceptions may be granted from the literal requirements of the above-mentioned standard, as defined in 88 101–19.604 and 101–19.605 (“Excertions" and "Waiver or modification of standards”), but only when it is clearly evident that equal facilitation and protection are thereby secured.
8 101-8.310 New construction,
(a) Design and construction. Each facility or part of a facility constructed by, on behalf of, or for the use of a recipient shall be designed and constructed in a manner that the facility or part of the facility is readily accessible to, and usable by, handicapped persons, if the construction began after the effective date of this subpart.
(b) Alteration. Each facility or part of a facility which is altered by, on behalf of, or for the use of a recipient after the effective date of this subpart in a manner that affects or could affect the usability of the facility or part of the facility shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be altered in a manner that the altered portion of the facility is readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons.
(c) GSA Accessibility Standard. Design, construction, or alteration of facilities shall be in conformance with the "GSA Accessibility Standard,” PBS (PCD): DG6, October 14, 1980. A copy of the standard can be obtained through the Business Service Centers, General Services Administration, National Capital Region, 7th and D Streets, SW., Washington, DC 20407 or Regional Business Service Centers, Region 1, John W. McCormack, Post Office and Courthouse, Boston, Massachusetts 02109; Region 2, 26 Federal Plaza, New York, New York 10007; Region 3, Ninth and Market Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, Region 4, 75 Spring Street, SW., Atlanta, Georgia 30303; Region 5, 230 South Dearborn, Chicago, Illinois 60604; Region 6, 1500 East Bannister Road, Kansas City, Missouri 64131; Region 7, 819 Taylor Street, Fort Worth, Texas 76102; Region 8, Building 41, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225; Region 9, 525 Market Street, San
g 101-8.311 Historic preservation pro
grams. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section, the term:
(1) Historic preservation programs means programs receiving Federal financial assistance that has preservation of historic properties as a primary purpose.
(2) Historic properties means those properties that are listed or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.
(3) Substantial impairment means permanent alteration that results in a significant loss of the integrity of finished materials, design quality or special character.
(b) Obligation (1) Program accessibility. In the case of historic preservation programs, program accessibility means that, when viewed in its entirety, a program is readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons. This paragraph does not necessarily require a recipient to make each of its existing historic properties or every part of an historic property accessible to and usable by handicapped persons. Methods of achieving program accessibility include:
(i) Making physical alterations which enable handicapped persons to have access to otherwise inaccessible areas or features of historic properties;
(ii) Using audio-visual materials and devices to depict otherwise inaccessible areas or features of historic properties;
(iii) Assigning persons to guide handicapped persons into or through otherwise inaccessible portions of historic properties;
(iv) Adopting other innovative methods to achieve program accessibility.
Because the primary benefit of an historic preservation program is the experience of the historic property itself, in taking steps to achieve program accessibility, recipients shall give priority to those means which make the historic property, or portions thereof, physically accessible to handicapped individuals.
(2) Waiver of accessibility standards. Where program accessibility cannot be achieved without causing a substantial impairment of significant historic features, the Administrator may grant a waiver of the program accessibility requirement. In determining whether program accessibility can be achieved without causing a substantial impairment, the Administrator shall consider the following factors:
(i) Scale of property, reflecting its ability to absorb alterations;
(ii) Use of the property, whether primarily for public or private purpose;
(iii) Importance of the historic features of the property to the conduct of the program; and
(iv) Cost of alterations in comparison to the increase in accessibility. The Administrator shall periodically review any waiver granted under this section and may withdraw it if technological advances or other changes so warrant.
(c) Advisory Council comments. Where the property is federally owned or where Federal funds may be used for alterations, the comments of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation shall be obtained when required by section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended (16 U.S.C. 470), and 36 CFR part 800, prior to effectuation of structural alterations.
cluding handicapped persons or organizations representing handicapped persons, its current policies and practices and the effects thereof that do not or may not meet the requirements of this part;
(2) Modify any policies and practices which do not or may not meet the requirements of this part; and
(3) Take appropriate remedial steps to eliminate the effects of discrimination which resulted or may have resulted from adherence to these questionable policies and practices.
(b) Availability of self-evaluation and related materials. Recipients shall maintain on file, for at least three years following its completion, the evaluation required under paragraph (a) of this section, and shall provide to the Director, upon request, a description of any modifications made under paragraph (a)(2) of this section and of any remedial steps taken under paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
8 101-8.312 Procedures.
The procedural provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are adopted and stated in $$ 101-6.205–1016.215 and apply to this subpart. (Sec. 205(c), 63 Stat. 390; 40 U.S.C. 486(c).)
§ 101-8.701 Scope of General Services
Administration's age discrimination
regulation. This regulation sets out General Services Administration's (GSA) policies and procedures under the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, in accordance with 45 CFR part 90. The Act and the Federal regulation permits Federal financial assistance programs and activities to continue to use certain age distinctions and factors other than age which meet the requirements
8 101-8.313 Self-evaluation.
(a) Procedures. Each recipient shall, within one year of the effective date of this part:
(1) Whenever possible, evaluate, with the assistance of interested persons, in
of the Act and its implementing regulations.
§ 101-8.702 Applicability.
(a) The regulation applies to each GSA recipient and to each program or activity operated by the recipient that benefits from GSA Federal financial assistance.
(b) The regulations does not apply to:
(1) An age distinction contained in that part of Federal, State, local statute or ordinance adopted by an elected, general purpose legislative body that:
(i) Provides any benefits or assistance to persons based on age;
(ii) Establishes criteria for participation in age-related terms; or
(iii) Describes intended beneficiaries or target groups in age-related terms.
(2) Any employment practice of any employer, employment agency, labor organization or any labor-management apprenticeship training program, except for any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance for public service employment under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) (29 U.S.C. 801 et seq.).
(h) Federal financial assistance means (1) grants and loans of Federal funds, (2) the grant or donation of Federal property and interests in property, (3) the services of Federal personnel, (4) the sale and lease of, and the permission to use (on other than a casual or transient basis), Federal property or any interest in such property without consideration or at a nominal consideration, or at a consideration which is reduced for the purposes of assisting the recipient, or in recognition of the public interest to be served by such sale or lease to the recipient, and (5) any Federal agreement, arrangement, or other contract which has as one of its purposes the provision of assistance.
(i) GSA means the United States General Services Administration.
(j) Primary recipient means any recipient which is authorized or required to extend Federal financial assistance to another recipient for the purpose of carrying out a program.
(k) Recipient means any State, political subdivision of any State, or instrumentality of any State or political subdivision, any public or private agency, institution, or organization, or any other entity, or any individual, in any State, to whom Federal financial assistance is extended, directly or through another recipient, for any program, including any successor, assign, or transferee thereof, but such term does not include any ultimate beneficiary under any such program.
8 101-8.704 Rules against age discrimi
§ 101-8.703 Definitions of terms. .
(a) As used in these regulations, the term: Act means the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended (title III of Pub. L. 94–135).
(b) Action means any act, activity, policy, rule, standard, or method of administration.
(c) Age means how old a person is, or the number of years from the date of a person's birth.
(d) Age distinction means any action using age or an age-related term.
(e) Age-related term means a word or words that imply a particular age or range or ages (for example, children, adult, older person, but not student).
(f) Agency means a Federal department or agency empowered to extend Federal financial assistance.
(8) Agency Responsible Officials:
(1) Administrator means the Administrator of General Services.
(2) Director, Office of Civil Rights means the individual responsible for managing the agency's nondiscrimination Federal financial assistance program, or his or her designee.
The rules stated in this section are limited by the exceptions contained in 8101-8.706 of this regulation
(a) General rule. No person in the United States may on the basis of age, be excluded from participation, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance from GSA.
(b) Specific rules. A recipient may not, in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, directly or through contractual licensing, or other arrangement, use age distinctions or take any other actions that have the effect on the basis of age, of:
8 101-8.709 Special benefits for chil.
dren and the elderly. If a recipient's program provides special benefits to the elderly or to children, such use of age distinctions is presumed to be necessary to the normal operation of the program, notwithstanding the provisions of $ 101-8.705.
101-8.706–1 Normal operation or stat
utory objective of any program or
activity. A recipient is permitted to take an action, otherwise prohibited, if the action reasonably takes into account age as a factor necessary to the normal op eration or achievement of any statutory objective of a program or activity. An action reasonably takes into account age as a factor if:
(a) Age is used as a measure or approximation of one or more other characteristics; and
(b) The other characteristic must be measured or approximated for the normal operation of the program or activity to continue, or to achieve any statutory objective of the program or activity; and
(c) The other characteristic can be reasonably measured or approximated by the use of age; and
(d) The other characteristic is impractical to measure directly on an individual basis.
$101-8.710 Age distinctions contained
in General Services Administration
regulation. Any age distinctions contained in a rule or regulation issued by GSA are presumed to be necessary to the achievement of a statutory objective of the program to which the rule or regulation applies. The GSA regulation 41 CFR 101–44.207(a) (3) through (27), describes specific Federal financial assistance programs which provide assistance to all age groups. However, the “Child Care Center" program servicing children through age 14, and “Programs for Older Individuals”, the only two programs where age distinctions are provided.