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landed. After which, setting out in a A coat of arms and a grant of ballasts hired coach, I was met by my mother, age dues were made to the colonel; but with coaches, short of Paris; and by her the latter interfering with the rights of conducted thíther, where I safely arrived." the Trinity-house, was given up. A son

An antiquary, a century ago, mentions of the colonel is buried at Fulham church. the "Royal Oak" as standing in his time. The book of “ Boscobel,” first printed “ A bow-shoot from Boscobel-house, just 'n 1660, contains accurate particulars of by a horse-track passing through the the event I refer to: this little work you wood, stood the royal oak, into which the have no doubt seen. I have seen a print king and his companion, colonel Carlos, of W. Pendrill, in an oval, encircled climbed by means of the hen-roost lad- within the foliage of an oak tree, (as we der, when they judged it no longer safe may still see king Charles's head on to stay in the house; the family reaching some arehouse signs, with a copy of them victuals with the nut-hook. The verses, in which the name of the colonel tree is now inclosed in with a brick wall, is correctly spelt. the inside whereof is covered with laurel,

I am, Sir, &c. of which we may say, as Ovid did of that April 16, 1825.

E. J. C. before the Augustan palace, mediamque The“ Royal Oak” at Boscobel perished, tubere quercum.' Close by its side

many years ago, but another tree has grows a young thriving plant from one of been raised in its stead to mark the spot. its acorns. Over the door of the inclosure, I took this inscription in marble:

Another correspondent, “Amicus," who Felicissimam arborem quam in asylum writes to tħe editor under his real name, potentissimi Regis Caroli II. Deus O. M. favours the readers of this work with an per quem reges regnant bic crescere account of a usage still preserved, on voluit, tam in perpetuam rei tantæ memo “ Royal Oak day,” in the west of Engriam, quam specimen fermæ in reges land. fidei, muro cinctam posteris commendant Basilius et Jana Fitzherbert..

To the Editor of the Every-day Book. "• Quercus amica Jovi.?"


At Tiverton Devon, on the 29th of A letter from an obliging correspond- May, it is customary for a number of ent, whose initials are affixed, claims a young men, dressed in the style of the place here, in order to correct a literal

17th century, and armed with swords, inaccuracy, and for the facts subsequently

to parade the streets, and gather contrimentioned.

butions from the inhabitants. At the

head of the procession walks a man To the Editor of the Every-day Book. called “ Oliver," dressed in black, with

his face and hand's smeared over with Sir, As the “ Royal Oak day” will form soot and grease, and his body bound by a prominent subject in your interesting

a strong cord, the end of which is belů work, I beg to call your attention to the by one of the men to prevent his running fact, that colonel William Carlos was the too far: After these come another troop, companion of his majesty, in his conceal- dressed in the same style, each man ment in the tree in Boscobel wood, and bearing a large branch of oak: four others, to hope that you will point out the right carrying a kind of throne made of oaken mode of spelling his name.; Lond Cla- boughs on which a child is seated, bring rendon, and others who copy from up the rear. A great deal of merriment him, always call him colonel Careless, is excited among the boys, at the pranks

of master which is a vile misnomer. When a man.

;" who capens about

Some of does an action worthy of record, it is in a most ludicrous manner. highly grievous to have his name: spelt

them amuse themselves by casting dirt,

whilst others, more mischievously inwrong:

clined, throw stones at him ; but woe “ Thrice. happy be whose name has been betide the young urchini who is caught ; well spelt

his face assumes a most awful appear. In the despatch. I knew a man whose loss Was printed Grove,, altho' his name was,

ance from the soot and grease with which Grose."

Lord Byron.

“Oliver” begrimes it, whilst his com

panions, who have been lucky enough • Bukeley, hinct. Carlos, 1724.

escape his clutches, testify their

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pleasure by loud shouts and acclamations. His MAJESTIES Approbation, at the In the evening the whole party have a Upper End of Cheapside, It is earnestly feast, the expenses of which are defrayed Recommended from This Court to all by the collection made in the morning. the Rest of the Companies of This City I am, sir, yours, most obediently, (other than those before Named) to raise

AMICUS. Moneys likewise by Contributions, or

otherwise, for the Carrying on and It has been customary on this day to Finishing the said Work, so Necessary dress the statue of Charles II. in the

to the Ornament of this City; And to centre of the Royal Exchange with oaken Pay the Same into the Chamber, to be boughs. As the removal of this statue has Laid out and Imployed for the said been contemplated, it may interest mer


Wagstaffe." chants and persons connected with the corporation, to be informed of the means It is affirmed of Charles II. that he was adopted for placing it there. A corres- mightily delighted with these beautiful pondent, H.C. G., has enabled the editor stanzas, to do this, by favouring him with the The glories of our blood and state original precept issued by the court of

Are shadows, not substantial things; aldermen on the occasion.

There is no armour against fate ,

Death lays his icy hands on kings : “ Martis Vndecimo Die Novembr', 1684,

Sceptre and crown Annoque Regni Regis Caroli Secundi, And in the dust be equal made

Must tumble down, Ang?', &c. Tricessimo Sexto.

With the poor crooked scythe and spade. “ Whereas the statue of King CHARLES Some men with swords may reap the field, the First (of Blessed Memory) is already And plant fresh laurels where they kill; Set up on the Royal Exchange, And the But their strong nerves at last must yield, Company of Grocers have undertaken They tame but one another still. to Set up the Statue of His present Ma Early or late, JESTY, And the Company of Clothworkers They stoop to fate, that of King James, And the Companies And must give up their murmuring breath, of Mercers and Fishmongers the Statues When they pale captives creep to Death. of Queen Mary and Queen ELIZABETH, The garlands wither on your brow; And the Company of Drapers that of Then boast no more your mighty deeds : EDWARD the Sixth, This Court doth Upon Death's purple altar now Recommend it to the several Companies

See where the victor victim bleeds: of this City hereafter named, (viz. The

All heads must come Companies of Goldsmiths, Skinners, Only the actions of the just

To the cold tomb : Merchant-Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Smell sweet and blossom in the dust. Ironmongers, Vintners, Dyers, Brewers, Leathersellers, Pewterers, Barber-Chi If it be really true that this king admired rurgeons, Cutlers, Bakers, Waxchandlers, these sentiments, he is entitled to the Tallowchandlers, Armourers, Girdlers, praise of having libelled himself by his Butchers, Sadlers,) to raise Money by admiration of virtue. Waller in a letter Contributions, or otherwise, for Setting to St. Evremond, relates a dialogue beup the Statues of the rest of the Kings tween Charles and the earl of Rochester, of England (each Company One) be- which shows the tenour of their manners. ginning at the CONQUEROR, as the Same Waller says, « Grammont once told were There Set up before the Great Fire. Rochester that if he could by any means And for the better Order in Their pro- divest himself of one half of his wit, the ceeding herein, the Master and Wardens, other half would make him the most or some Members of the said respective agreeable man in the world. This obCompanies, are desired within some Con- servation of the Count's did not strike venient time to Appear before This Court, me much when I heard it, but I reand receive the further Directions of marked the propriety of it since. Last This Court therein.

night I supped at lord Rochester's with “And in regard of the Inability of the a select party; on such occasions he is Chamber of London to Advance Mo- not ambitious of shining; he is rather neys for the Carrying on and finishing pleasant than arch; he is, comparatively, the Conduit, begun to be Set up with reserved ; but you find soinething in that

restraint that is more agreeable than the The King.–He died last night. utmost exertion of talents in others. The Have you a mind to succeed him? reserve of Rochester gives you the idea Rochester.-On condition that I of a copious river that fills its channel, shall neither be called upon to preach on and seems as if it would easily overflow the 30th of January nor the 29th of May. its extensive banks, but is unwilling to The King.-Those conditions are spoil the beauty and verdure of the curious. You object to the first, I supplains. The most perfect good humour pose, because it would be a melancholy was supported through the whole even- subject; but the other-ing; nor was it in the least disturbed Rochester.-Would be a melancholy when, unexpectedly, towards the end of subject too. it, the king came in (no unusual thing The King:—That is too much with Charles II.) “Something has vexed Rochester.-Nay, I only mean that him,' said Rochester; he never does the business would be a little too grave me this honour but when he is in an ill for the day. Nothing but the indulgence humour. The following dialogue, or of the two grand social virtues could be something very like it, then ensued : a proper testimony for my joy upon that

The King --How the devil have I occasion. got here? The knaves have sold every The King.--Thou art the happiest cloak in the wardrobe.

fellow in my dominions. Let me perish Rochester.—Those knaves are fools. if I do not envy thee thy impudence !' That is a part of dress, which, for their “ It is in such strain of conversation, own sakes, your majesty ought never to generally, that this prince passes of his be without,

chagrin; and he never suffers his dignity The King.-Pshaw! I'm vexed ! to stand in the way of his humour."

Rochester.-I hate still life I'm This showing is in favour of Charles, glad of it. Your majesty is never so on whose character, as a king of England, entertaining as when

posterity has long since pronounced ' The King.-Ridiculous! I believe judgment. A slave to his passions, and the English are the most intractable peo a pensioner to France, he was unworthy ple upon earth.

of the people's “ precious diadem." He Rochester.-I must humbly beg your broke his public faith, and disregarded majesty's pardon, if I presume in that his private word. To the vessel of the respect.

state he was a sunk rock," whereon The King.--You would find them it had nearly foundered. so, were you in my place, and obliged to govern.

Trinity Sunday. Rochester.-Were I in your In the Romish church this was a splendid jesty's place, I would not govern at all. The King.-How then?

festival, with processions and services pe

culiar to its celebration; devotions were Rochester.-I would send for my good lord Rochester, and command him daily addressed to every person of the

Trinity: as the other festivals commeto govern,

morated the Unity in Trinity, so this · The King:- But the singular mo

commemorated the Trinity in Unity.* desty of that nobleman.

In the Lambeth accounts are churchRochester.—He would certainly conform himself to your majesty's bright for the children, for garnishing-ribbons,

wardens' charges for garlands and drink example. How gloriously would the two grand social virtues flourish under his and for singing men in the procession on

Trinity-Sunday-even.t auspices !

It is still a custom of ancient usage for The King:-0, prisca fides! What can these be ?

the judges and great :aw-officers of the * Rochester.—The love of wine and crown, together with the lord mayor,

aldermen, and common council, to attend women!

divine service at St. Paul's cathedral, and : The King. God bless your ma

hear a sermon which is always preached jesty! Rochester. These attachments keep

there on Trinity Sunday by the lord the world in good humour, and therefore mayor's chaplain. At the first ensuing I say they are social virtues. Let the meeting of the common council, it is bishop of Salisbury deny it if he can.

* Shepherd.


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+ Lykona in Brand.

usoal for that court to pass a vote of for a woman, as the second person of the
thanks to the chaplain for such sermon, Trinity.*
and order the same to be printed at the
expense of the corporation, unless, as

FLORAL DIRECTORY. sometimes has occurred, it contained sen

Blue Bottle. Centanria montana, timents oonoxious to their views.

Dedicated to St. Cyril.

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Map 30.

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Iu Curll's “ Miscellanies, 1714," 8vo. is an account of Newnton, in North Wiltshire; where, to perpetuate the memory St. Felix I., Pope, A. D. 274. St. W'alof the donation of a common to that place stan, Confessor, A. D. 1016. St. Ferdiby king Athelstan and of a house for nand III., Confessor, King of Castile the hayward, i. e. the person who looked and Leon, A. D. 1252. St. Maguil, in after the beasts that fed upon this com Latin, Madelgisilus, Recluse in Pimon, the following ceremonies were

cardy, about A. D. 685. appointed : " Upon every Trinity Sunday, the parishioners being come to the Trinity Monday. door of the hayward's house, the door was struck thrice, in honour of the Holy

Deptford Fair. Trinity; they then entered. The bell

Of late years a fair has been held at was rung; after which, silence being Deptford on this day. It originated in ordered, they read their prayers aforesaid. trifling pastimes for persons who assemThen was a ghirland of flowers (about bled to see the master and brethren of the the year 1660, one was killed striving to Trinity-house, on their annual visit to the take away the ghirland) made upon an Trinity-house, at Deptford. First there hoop, brought forth by a maid of the

were jingling matches; then came a booth town upon her neck, and a your.g man or two; afterwards a few shows; and, in (a bachelor) of another parish, first sa- 1825, it was a very considerable fair. luted her three times, in honour of the There were Richardson's, and other draTrinity, in respect of God the Father. matic exhibitions ; the Crown and Anchor Then she puts the ghirland upon his neck, booth, with a variety of dancing and and kisses him three times, in honour of drinking booths, as at Greenwich fair this the Trinity, particularly God the Son. year, before described, besides shows in Then he puts the ghirland on her neck abundance. again, and kisses her three times, in re

Brethren of the Trinity-house. spect of the Holy Trinity, and particularly the Holy Ghost. Then he takes their charter, meet annually on Trinity

This maritime corporation, according to the ghirland from her neck, and, by the Monday, in their hospital for decayed custom, must give her a penny at least, sea-commanders and their widows at which, as fancy leads, is now exceeded, as Deptford, to choose and swear in a 28. 6d. or &c. The method of giving master, wardens, and other officers, for. this ghirland is from house to house annually, till it comes round. In the even

the year ensuing. The importance of

this institution to the naval interests of ing every commoner sends his supper up the country, and the active duties reto this house, which is called the Eale- quired of its members, are of great maghouse : and having before laid in there nitude, and hence the master has usually equally a stock of malt, which was brewed in the house, they sup together, and statesman-like qualities, and his

been a nobleman of distinguished rank and what was left was given to the poor." associates are always experienced naval

officers : of late years lord Liverpool has An old homily for Trinity Sunday de- been master. The ceremony in 1825 was clares that the form of the Trinity was thus conducted. The outer gates of the found in man: that Adam, our forefather hospital were closed against strangers, of the earth, was the first person; that and kept by a party of the hospital inEve, of Adam, was the second person; habitants ; no person being allowed enand that of them both was the third per- trance without express permission. By son : further, that at the death of a man this means the large and pleasant three bells were to be rung as his knell in worship of the Trinity, and two bells

• Hone on Ancient Mysteries.

court-yard formed by the quadrangle, the brethren ; Lord Liverpool then rose, afforded ample accommodation to ladies and throwing a biscuit into the middle of and other respectable persons. In the the hall, his example was followed by the mean time, the hall on the east side was rest of the brethren. Shouts of laughter under preparation within, and the door arose, and a general scramble took place. strictly guarded by constables stationed This scene continued about ten minutes, without; an assemblage of well-dressed successive baskets being brought in and females and their friends, agreeably di- ihrown among the assembly, until such as versified the lawn. From eleven until chose to join in the scramble were sup twelve o'clock, parties of two or three plied; the banner-bearers of the Trinitywere so fortunate as to find favour in the house, in their rich scarlet dresses and eyes of Mr. Snaggs, the gentleman who badges, who had accompanied the procesconducted the arrangements, and gained sion into the hall, increased the merrientrance. The hall is a spacious handsome ment by their superior activity. A proroom, wherein divine service is performed cession was afterwards formed, as before, twice a-week, and public business, as on to Deptford old church, where divine this occasion, transacted within a space service was performed, and Dr. Spry somewhat elevated, and railed off by being appointed to preach before the balustrades. On getting within the brethren, he delivered a sermon from doors, the eye was struek by the unex Psalm cxlv. 9. “ The Lord is good to all, pected appearance of the boarded floor; and his tender mercies are over all bis it was strewed with green rushes, the use works.” The discourse being ended, the of which by our ancestors, who lived master and brethren returned in

proces. before floors were in existence, is well sion to their state barges, which lay at the known. The reason for continuing the stairs of Messrs. Gordon & Co., anchor. practice here,' was not so apparent as the smiths. They were then rowed back to look itself was pleasant, by bringing the the Tower, where they had embarked, in simple manners of other times to recol- order to return to the Trinity-house from lection. At about one o'clock, the sound whence they had set out. Most of the of music having announced that lord vessels in the river hoisted their colours Liverpool and his associate brethren had in honour of the corporation, and salutes arrived within the outer gate, the hall were fired from different parts on shore. doors were thrown open, and the proces- The Trinity-yacht, which lay off St. sion entered. His lordship wore the star George's, near Deptford, was completely of the garter on a plain blue coat, with hung with the colours of all nations, and scarlet collar and cuffs, which dress, being presented a beautiful appearance. Indeed the Windsor uniform, was also worn by the whole scene was very delightful, and the other gentlemen. They were pre- created high feelings in those who recolceded by the rev. Dr. Spry, late of Bir- lected that to the brethren of the Trinity mingham, now of Langham church, Port are confided some of the highest functions land-place, in full canonicals. After that are exercised for the protection of taking their seats at the great table within life and property on our coasts and seas. the balustrades, it was proclaimed, that this being Trinity Monday, and therefore, according to the charter, the day for To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. electing the master, deputy-master, and elder brethren of the holy and undivided

Dear Sir, Trinity, the brethren were required to Though I have not the pleasure of a proceed to the election. Lord Liverpool, personal acquaintance, I know enough to being thereupon nominated master, was persuade me that you are no every-day elected by a show of hands, as were his body. The love of nature seems to form coadjutors in like manner. The election so prominent a trait in your character, concluded, large silver and silver-gilt that I, who am also one of her votaries, cups, richly embossed and chased, filled can rest no longer without communicating with cool drink, were handed round; and with you on the subject. I like, too, the the doors being thrown open, and the sober and solitary feeling with which you anxious expectants outside allowed to ruminate over by-gone pleasures, and enter, the hall was presently filled, and a scenes wherein your youth delighted : merry scene ensued. Large baskets filled for; though I arm but young myself, I have with biscuits were laid on the table before witnessed by far too many changes, and

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