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research projects are also directed to find solutions to immediate problems, particularly to develop analytical and other equipment and techniques that are needed to enforce and obtain compliance with the new law.

We expect to announce soon the appointment of the Advisory Committee on Coal Mine Safety Research called for in section 102 of the act. In the interim, we are studying the recommendations made to us for such research in a report obtained for us by the Office of Science and Technology from TRW.

In October we plan to take our principal health and safety managers and research specialists away from their desks to some appropriate place, perhaps over a weekend, to identify more clearly the areas in which we should be working and to stimulate new ideas for improving mine health and safety through research and development. We would welcome the attendance of representatives from your committee at that meeting.

In fiscal year 1971 we plan to spend the money provided by the Congress for coal mine health and safety research as follows:

Thousands Health: Respirable dust

4, 900 Noise Toxic Materials

of dollars

200 600

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It has been suggested that the General Accounting Office should audit the expenditure of funds in our health and safety program. We will, of course, cooperate with the General Accounting Office in this regard. To provide some information for you now, I would like to submit for the record a summary of expenditures in fiscal year 1970 and a summary of our planned expenditures for fiscal year 1971.


I would also like to submit a copy of a contract that was made on June 29 with the National Academy of Public Administration for a study to determine the best manner to coordinate Federal and State activities in the field of coal mine health and safety. The contract calls for the study to be completed in 8 months.

We share the concern expressed by Mrs. Mazie Gutshall, executive deputy secretary, Department of Mines and Mineral Industries, Com


monwealth of Pennsylvania, last week with respect to a deterioration in the historical relationship between the Federal Government and the States in the field of coal mine health and safety.

As you know, the situation is quite different in noncoal mine health and safety, where the Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Health and Safety Act requires an effective working relationship. Only last month, we entered into the first of what we hope will be many State plan agreements to allow the States to enforce noncoal mine health and safety standards no less effective than the Federal standards within their own boundaries. We are determined to make these plans work. The first such agreement was made with the State of Arizona. I would be pleased to make a copy available to the committee if you wish.

HEALTH AND SAFETY ORGANIZATION I would like to make only one additional point before concluding because I know that you have some questions that you want us to answer. Last week I said that a health and safety revolution is already underway in the mines.

A revolution is also underway in the Bureau of Mines Health and Safety organization. This organization is not only expanding, it is changing. Our concepts of education and testing and approval of equipment are changing. In education, we are beginning to do more to motivate the miners to be safe.

It is not enough to show them how to be safe; they must be safe. I series of TV spots that we have recently sent into the coal-producing regions is only an indication of the change that is underway. In testing and approving equipment to be used underground, we will emphasize and utilize performance specifications to a much greater extent.

For example, we believe it is unnecessary for us to become intimately involved in the design of a diesel engine if we can be assured, through performance specifications, that the engine will not be hot enough to cause an ignition and the exhaust fumes will not be toxic or harmful otherwise. In this regard, we think it is very important to develop a reliable exhaust gas monitor.

Our concepts in other areas are also changing, but the change is most evident (and we think it will be most productive) in our concept of utilizing the great mass of data derived from our inspection and investigation reports, statistical reports, and elsewhere to utilize our inspection force more effectively to achieve our mine health and safety objectives. Although the Bureau has done a good job in the past, the task has now become so much bigger and more complex that we must develop and utilize a computerized ADP system to assist our managers.

Recognizing this need, we contracted with Booz, Allen & Hamilton, Inc., management consultants, to develop and recommend a system of improved management practices and operating procedures for enforcing the Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act. We chose to make this effort first in the noncoal area, because here we were starting from scratch. A year ago we had no field metal and nonmetal organization.

We asked Booz, Allen & Hamilton to go into one of our districts and consider that they had the job of district manager. They were to


analyze the task, develop the necessary forms and techniques, and then try them out in the field. They reported to us on June 19, and another contract is presently being processed to employ them to assist us in putting their recommendations into effect. Also, we have contracted with them on June 30 to make a study to adapt their recommendations to fit the coal mine health and safety part of our organization.

The system recommended by Booz, Allen & Hamilton will utilize our computer at Denver to consider all of the many variables involved, and to print out for our district managers each week a list of the mines that should be inspected. The district manager will apply his own judgment and either accept or modify this list.

The computer will then print out all of the pertinent information that the inspector needs to know about the mines selected, including the name of the operator, location, size, type, especially hazardous conditions, previous violations and penalties, historical frequency of fatalities, accidents and injuries, et cetera.

The inspector will utilize an inspection form which combines both ADP markings and enough narrative to describe the conditions in the mines. The required notices and orders will be issued, and the information from the report will go into the ADP system to sustain the process. The computer will also print out lists of mines that must be inspected to determine if previous violations have been abated in the time specified.

The foregoing is a gross oversimplification of the system, but it serves to make my point. The change will be revolutionary and it will be effective. It will not replace our managers and inspectors. It will reduce the time spent in report writing, and it will enable them to do a better job of planning and inspecting the mines.


In conclusion, let me say again, these revolutionary changes in the mines and in the Bureau of Mines will take time. Of one thing I am certain. We are trying, and we are determined, to make the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 achieve its objectives as soon as possible.

Also, Mr. Chairman, I have here some supplemental information which can be inserted into the record. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. (The material referred to follows:)




Public Speaking Coal Mine Inspectors' Manual

Math Federal Coal-Mine Safety Act

English Instructions for Preparation of Reports Care and Use of Government Automoon :

bile Coal-Mine Inspections

Vehicle Accident and Driving Habits Disasters

Defensive Driving Fatal Accidents

Method of Face Ventilation Notices and Orders

Safe Working Habits Conducting Accident Investigations Systematic Inspection Procedures Directives

Roof Bolting Penalties

Leadership Training Abatements

Inspection of Surface Structures (in. Basic Electricity

cluding preparation plant equipped Permissibility of Electric Face Equip- with thermal dryer) ment

Procedures to Follow at Mine Fires and Fundamentals of Drafting

Explosions Conference Method of Teaching

Inspection of Strip Mines Tour of Air and Dust Labs

Bureau Facilities (slides, charts, moBureau Publications

vies, etc.) for Use in Safety Training Disaster Reports on Mine Fires and Programs Ignitions

Firefighting Equipment Longwall Operation

PUBLIC LAW 91–173, 91st CONGRESS--AN Act

I. Findings and Purpose.
II. Definitions.
III. Mines Subject to Act.
IV. Interim Compliance Panel.
V. Title 1-General:

A. Health and Safety Standards ; Review.
B. Advisory Committees.
C. Inspections and Investigations.
D. Findings, Notices, and Orders:

1. Form Notices and Orders.

2. Instructions-preparing and handling.
E. Feview by the Secretary.
F. Judicial Review.
G. Posting of Notices, Orders, and Decisions.
H. Injunctions.
I. Penalties.
J. Entitlement of Mines.
K. Reports.

I. Introduction.
II. Procedures :

A. Coal Mine Inspection goals.
B. Preparation for inspection.
C. Conducting inspections.
D. Spot-check inspections.
E. Reviewing reports.

F. Conducting mine inspections by a systematic method (outline enclosed). III. Useful Information :

A. Explosives and blasting.
B. Ventilation and mine gases :

1. Collecting, preparing, and mailing air samples.
2. Discussion on mine gases.

C. Coal dust, loose coal, and rock dusting :

1. Collecting, preparing and mailing dust samples.

2. Rock dust surveys. D. Transportation. E. Electricity. F. Fire Protection. G. Punch mining. H. Auxiliary fans. I. Reflectors in lieu of trip lights. J. Recommended safety standards for transportation, storage, and use of

oxygen and acetylene. K. Shaft and Slope sinking. L. Useful publications:

1. Library facilities.
2. How publications catalogued.
3. Provide trainee with latest and most important publications

relative to each subject.

Title III—Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act-1969 I. Coverage. II. Roof support-(outline enclosed). III. Ventilation—(outline enclosed). IV. Combustible Materials and Rock Dusting : A. Discuss areas of compliance and noncompliance and that uniform

inspections can only be attained by having the inspector apply stand

ards set by the Bureau for acceptance. B. Coal dust, loose coal, float dust, and other combustible material. C. Use of water in active workings. D. Mines required to rock dust.

E. Adequacy of applied rock dust. V. Electrical Equipment-General—\(outline enclosed). VI. Trailing Cables-(outline enclosed). VII. Grounding-(outline enclosed). VIII. Underground High-Voltage Distribution-(outline enclosed). IX. Underground Low and Medium-Voltage A.C. Circuits-(outline enclosed). X. Trolley Wires and Trolley Feeder Wires—(outline enclosed). XI. Fire Protection—(outline enclosed). XII. Mine Maps. XIII. Blasting and Explosives : A. Discuss areas of compliance and noncompliance and standards set

by Bureau for acceptance. B. Hazards of black blasting powder and mudcaps. C. Discuss in detail transportation, storage, care and use of explosives

and detonators as required by this section of the Law.
XIV. Hoisting and Mantrips--(outline enclosed).
XV. Emergency Shelters-(outline enclosed).
XVI. Communications--(outline enclosed).
XVII. Miscellaneous—(outline enclosed).
XVII. Definitions :

Include latest interpretation, instruction, or decision rendered by the

Secretary, Director, or the Director's Staff for each subject. Issue copies of the latest approved inspectors manual.

Students solicted to ask questions to generate classroom discussion.
XIX. Title II Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969.

A. Coverage.
B. Dust standards and respirable equipment.
C. Dust from drilling rock.
D. Noise standards.
E. Health inspection procedures.


Systematic inspection methods.
Efficient use of time and effort.
Thorough, honest, impartial inspections.
Best possible results.

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