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The Publishers' Weekly.

FOUNDED BY F. LEYPOLDT.

MAY 28, 1887.

PUBLISHERS are requested to furnish title-page proofs and advance information of books forthcoming, both for entry in the lists and for descriptive mention. An early copy of each book published should be forwarded, to insure correctness in the final entry.

The trade are invited to send Communications" to the editor on any topic of interest to the trade, and as to which an interchange of opinion is desirable. Also, matter for "Notes and Queries" thankfully received.

In case of business changes, notification or card should be immediately sent to this office for entry under "Business Notes." New catalogues issued will also be mentioned when forwarded.

The editor does not hold himself responsible for the

views expressed in contributed articles or communications.

All matter, whether for the reading matter columns or our advertising pages, should reach this office not later than Wednesday noon, to insure insertion in the same week's issue.

Every man is a debtor to his profession, from the which, as men do of course seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavor themselves by way of amends to be a help thereunto."-LORD BACON.

would not the chances be that that buyer could be induced to make larger purchases, and from more houses than he can now do, running, as he is forced to, from Franklin Square to Twenty-third Street? We should like to see this matter discussed, and will make room in our columns for any suggestions or communications.

THE members of the Booksellers and Stationers' Provident Association are reminded that the annual meeting of their association is to be held at Geo. A. Leavitt Co.'s rooms, 787 Broadway, N. Y., on the evening of June 1, at 8 o'clock P.M. This is an occasion on which every member ought to turn out, if it were for no other purpose than to be sociable and become better acquainted.

OUR readers will find elsewhere in this issue a supplement containing the "Summer Catalogue." Dealers again have a chance to judge of its

merits and to decide whether an edition with their imprint might not be used to advantage by them in pushing for some extra business during the vacation season. We are able to fill some more orders, provided they reach us promptly.

THE AUSTRALIAN BOOK-TRADE. [Special correspondence of the Publishers' Weekly.]

MAITLAND, NEW SOUTH WALES, April 4, 1887. To the Editor of the Publishers' Weekly.

A TRADE HEADQUARTERS. WE can't help feeling how unfortunate it is that the book and stationery trades are without a headquarters. The advantages that could be derived from a centre at which the heads of the trade could meet for conference, consultation, or MOST new countries suffer from periods of finansociable purposes-where the traveller might Colonies are passing through a very serious period cial depression, and at present the Australasian entertain a visiting customer, where those desir- of dull times, the causes of which are variously ing help, or clerks looking for positions might be given. Politics, prolonged droughts, overspecuaccommodated-all these and many other consid-lation, etc., are blamed according to the disposi

erations are so evident that it is a wonder the idea has not yet been realized. Mr. Charles S. Plummer some time ago proposed such a headquarters and offered valuable suggestions, but nothing came of it that we are aware of. The undertaking does not look at all formidable. Not only the book and stationery trades, but the many branches of trade that do business with these as paper-makers, printers, binders, fancy hardware manufacturers, etc., might be drawn into the scheme, as well as the Stationers' Board of Trade and the Provident Association. By the coöperation of all the tax on the individual would be reduced to a minimum, while the advantages derived would be a welcome boon to the trade throughout the country. To illustrate this we will take just one case. A Western bookseller arrives in New York. We suppose he is a stranger and that he has but a day or two to spend in the city. The best part of that time is taken up in finding the places he wants to visit, and very often before he gets half way around he is tired and disgusted and concludes to do the rest of his business by correspondence. Now were there one place at which all houses in the city were represented by samples and wide-awake salesmen,

tion or business of the speaker; but the real reason is probably to be found in the over-population and development of the cities before there is any corresponding cultivation and improvement in the country districts; the city of Sydney, for instance, containing more than one-third of the entire population of the Colony of New South Wales, there being upwards of twenty other cities and large towns in the colony, the entire population of which is something less than a million.

The book business is always among the first to feel trade depression, and it usually suffers more than some other branches of business-books being, alas ! to many people, a luxury which can be done without; and here, to make matters worse, with the dull times has come the cutting of prices, and complaints on this head are as common in Sydney and other Australian cities as they are in the United States. When it is considered that these booksellers are fifteen thousand miles from their sources of supply, that freights are dear, and stocks must be very heavy and well assorted on account of the long time it takes to get out supplies, an idea may be had of the condition of the book-trade at the present time.

In the days before competition was so keen, when books were sold at an advance on publishers' prices, booksellers occasionally became rich, as merchants sometimes do still in other lines of trade, but with the same cutting of prices prevailing as we have in New York or London, and with his heavy freight charges, the Australian bookseller is heavily handicapped.

I was much surprised to find how well American literature is known in the Colonies. Mark Twain is a household word, and many another American writer's works may be seen on the book-shelves of Colonial homes, of course in pirated English editions which pay, for the most part, no royalty to the American author or publisher - an argument in favor of International Copyright which should appeal strongly to us in the United States.

New South Wales has just passed through the throes of a general election in which one of the principal issues was free-trade or protection, and I am told that Mr. Carnegie's Triumphant Democracy" was used almost as a campaign document by the protectionists, various statements from it being quoted as unanswerable arguments in favor of a protectionist policy. Curiously enough, however, the free-trade party won by a large majority. Yours sincerely, GEORGE P. BRETT.

His

tion will be given to the further development of this branch, which will include English, French, German, Spanish, and Italian books, newspapers, and periodicals, of which they already carry a very large stock. While they have never made any special effort as publishers, still they have issued some important publications on special subjects. It is the intention of the house to enter more largely into the field as publishers, with the aim of producing books of the best quality as to literary merit, as well as to their manufacture. They have in view a number of attractions for the fall.

The officers of the concern are: August Brentano, President; Arthur Brentano, Vice-President, and Simon Brentano, Secretary and Treasurer. August Brentano will have general supervision of the business and all its branches; Arthur Brentano will reside abroad, with headquarters in Paris, and will superintend the various branches in Paris, London, Berlin, etc., and buy for the home market, thus giving the house exceptional opportunities for securing all the latest foreign books, novelties, etc., while Simon Brentano will look after the financial department and the accounts. Simon Brentano sailed for Europe on the 14th, partly for pleasure, as well as business in the interest of the new concern, and August Brentano is now in Oregon, making an extensive business trip throughout the West, as far as San Francisco.

PAPER.

From the American Bookmaker.

BRENTANO BROS. A CORPORATION. THE house of Brentano Bros. was founded by August Brentano, whose death occurred in Chicago last November, and who came from Ems, Austria, to this country at the age of 23. His early taste and education inclined him to books and general literature. His means were small, and he began his career in New York City by selling daily papers in front of the New York Hotel, and from this insignificant beginning began the present house of Brentano Bros. first store was started at Broadway and Houston A PLEA FOR A HIGHER STANDARD OF St., under the Revere House, in 1856. He removed to 636 Broadway, subsequently to 708 Broadway. Following the advance of trade in its up-town movement, he located, in 1870, at 33 Union Square, then removed to 39, and finally to the present quarters, No. 5 Union Square. The present location is one of the best in New York City, it being in the same block with Tiffany's and other large concerns. In 1887 the nephews of August Brentano-August, Arthur, and Simon Brentano who had been associated with him, bought out the business, which at that time was not only located in New York, but had established successful branches in Chicago and Washington. By the united and indefatigable efforts of the three brothers the business has grown to very large proportions, so much so that during the last summer they were compelled to enlarge their New York store, by the addition of galleries and rows of shelves, which added considerably to the store's capacity. Yet, in spite of this, they are still crowded for room. The opportunities for the expansion of their establishment have been so great that, after several years of the most careful consideration, they have decided to take advantage of them, and to that end have formed themselves into a corporation under the laws of the State of New York. The company will be limited to the present members of the firm, with the addition of one or two capitalists, and they will hereafter be known under the name of "Brentano's." It is the intention of the concern to carefully extend their business by opening, as opportunity offers, various branches in the leading centres of this country and Europe, with the New York house as headquarters, where all the purchases, etc., will be made, and thence distributed to the various branches. Brentano's establishment is well known in Europe, and their foreign business has developed to a considerable extent within the past few years. Special atten

THERE are two ways of eating a dinner. One is to go to a restaurant or to a so-called table d'hôte and eat what is set before you-a proceeding which calls for not a little faith in your fellowman; the other is to visit the market and buy such food and in such quantity and of such quality as you may desire, and direct that it be sent home to your cook. In the one case you take things on faith; in the other on knowledge and experience. In this sense, why should not the publisher go to the paper-mill with a specific formula in his hand, calling for an absolutely pure linen paper, or for one with a certain proportion of cotton fibre, wood pulp, or chemical fibre, the percentage of clay, too, in each case being specifically stated? He, of all men, knows or ought to know exactly what kind of a paper he needs for a proposed publication; he knows whether he is desirous of building for a day or for all time; whether he is willing to take any chances of having the pages of his book turn yellow or become brittle through the decomposition of cellulose, a danger which threatens all books printed upon paper whose constituents or methods of preparation are not guaranteed to withstand the tests of time. "True," the publisher may answer, "but I do all this now; for any fine edition I order a linen paper to be specially made for me." "Linen paper" it may be, in that it contains a large percentage of fibre from linen rags; but what is the admixture of other fibre ? How much cotton, how much wood pulp, how much chemical fibre, how much clay? Or still further, how was the stock prepared, and in what way was it worked up to perfection? The PostOffice Department of our government furnishes the formula for the paper to be used in making the official envelopes of the postal service, and it is present at the mill in the person of an agent,

The Pall Mall Gazette at last announces the result of its competition in regard to the best novels. "We did not," it says, "expressly limit the competition to English novels, but our readers have been patriotic, and hardly a single foreign book appears in the lists. The result may be taken, therefore, as embodying the current opinion of the day on English novels and novelists: 1. The best historical novel, Scott, ' Ivanhoe.' 2. The best humorous novel, Dickens, 'Pickwick.' 3. The most imaginative romance, Rider Haggard, 'She.' 4. The best' novel with a purpose,' Charles Reade, 'Never too Late to Mend.' 5. The best tale of seafaring life, Marryat, Midshipman Easy.' 6. The best tale of 'Adam Bede.' 7. country life, George Eliot, The best sensational novel, Wilkie Collins, 'Woman in White.' 8. The best tale for boys, Defoe, 'Robinson Crusoe.' 9. The best Irish novel, Lever, 'Charles O'Malley.' 10. The best Scotch novel, Scott, 'The Heart of Midlothian.' II. The best novel of all, Thackeray, ' Vanity Fair.''

who has the right to inspect the product in all of SOME OF THE BEST ENGLISH NOVELS. the "several stages of manufacture. Within the last quarter century dictionaries, encyclopædias, and other works of reference have been printed upon paper containing admixtures of stock which render it too brittle to withstand even ordinary usage, to say nothing of the severe tests put upon it in our libraries and reading-rooms. The daily press might, with great propriety, take the lead in this reform. Every student knows that the files of our daily journals soon fall to pieces and become literally books of shreds and patches. Why would it not be well to run off a few hundred copies of every issue on paper which would reasonably secure their preservation as public records in our libraries, reading-rooms, and institutions of learning? Why should not the government exact a standard of quality and the use of material which would preserve its printed archives from generation to generation, and make them as enduring memorials as the records which have come down to us through the course of hundreds of years? It is possible to have all this, and while the cheapening process is going on it would be well not to forget that our duty to posterity is a duty to ourselves as well.

CORRECT METHOD OF INTERLEAVING
A BOOK.

HARDLY a day passes that a student or book-
man does not want either to add one or more
leaves to some book, either blank for purposes
of annotation or printed with or without cuts, to
supplement the subject treated or some particu-
lar branch of it, or to "grangerize" the work in
in a small way. Robert Luce, one of the editors
of The Writer, the new Boston journal for liter-
ary workers, calls attention to the right and
wrong way of interleaving a book in the following
words: "Most men when they want to insert a
leaf in a book put mucilage on both sides of the
leaf's inner edge, put it in the desired place, shut
the book, and let the mucilage dry. Afterward,
when they come to use the book, they find it hard
to read the words at the very inside of the pages.
and later on they wonder why that leaf will
not stay stuck in. The difficulties can be ob-
viated very easily. When you wish to insert a
leaf, turn over a third or a half-inch of the edge
of the paper.
Put the mucilage only on the out-
er side of the little flap thus made, taking care to
get none on the rest of the paper. Then insert
the leaf and shut the book. When it is opened,
if the outer edges of the sheet have been trimmed,
it will be found to all intents and purposes a new
leaf."

It should be added that if a printed page or cut has not sufficient inner margin to turn over for a flap, this defect may be very readily remedied by pasting or gluing a strip of thin, tough paper to the page to be used as a flap.

THE publishing business in London is undergoing a revolution. Mudie and the other big London houses swallowed up the local circulating libraries and absorbed and fostered the system of loaning books published in the expensive threevolume form, but they themselves are now threatened with extinction by the new tendency towards the publication of novels in one volume and with cheap paper covers, which makes it possible to buy the books for less than a library subscription costs during the year.

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HORN-BOOKS.

From the Christian at Work.

ONE of the rarest, and certainly one of the most interesting books in the library of the British Museum, is what our ancestors called a "hornbook." It was, in fact, their primer, the ordinary means by which they began their education; and down to the reign of George II. must have been very common, for we see by an entry in the account-book of the Archer family, that one was sold in 1729 for twopence. At present there is no book more difficult to obtain. The one in the British Museum was found a quarter of a century ago in a deep closet, built in the thick walls of an old farm-house in Derbyshire. It is said a laborer engaged in pulling down the walls of the ancient house recognized it as that from which his father had been taught to read. Upon the back is a picture of Charles I. on horseback, giving some approximation to its date. It is a single leaf, containing upon the front side the alphabet, large and small, in Old English and Roman letters, ten short columns of monosyllables founded on the vowels, and the Lord's Prayer; all set in a frame of oak, now black with age, and protected by a slice of transparent horn, hence the name hornbook.

There is a handle by which to hold it, and in the handle a hole for a string, so it could hang from the girdle. A picture of 1720 represents a child running in leading-strings with a hornbook tied to her side. A cheaper kind of hornbook had the leaf of printed paper pasted upon the horn, and perhaps the greater number were made in this way. If so, it is not singular that they should be scarce, for they would be very easily destroyed. Shenstone writes in 1742 of

"Book of stature small,
While with pellucid horn secured all

To save from fingers wet the letters fair."
The alphabet upon the horn-books was always
headed by a cross, and so was frequently called
the Christ Cross Row, or, in common speech, the
Criss Cross Row, this being the title under
which a very worn specimen is catalogued at Ox-
ford.

HINTS TO FANCY GOODS DEALERS. From Toronto Books and Notions.

SELL OFF YOUR OLD STOCK.-The principle of selling off old stock at reduced prices is now so universally acknowledged by our leading retailers, that some of our readers may think the advice out of place, and yet a visit to the majority of our fancy goods stores betrays the fact that seldom is the rule put into practice at all, and never in the regular and systematic manner which the changeableness of the trade demands. We do not advise the cutting of prices upon staple goods, in which you are not over-stocked, simply because you do not happen to have had customers for them, but so soon as you have reason to believe that certain articles are likely to become unpopular or to depreciate in value, then lose no time in "marking them down "-not in driblets, but all at once and to such a figure as will insure a rapid sale. This will give you the name of being cheap, and thereby help to sell the new goods bought with the proceeds of the dead stock. The new goods in turn will give you the reputation of being enterprising and will at the same time yield handsome profits. Remember, delay is fatal. The work must be done sooner or later. Why not do it at once and make it profitable ?

DON'T neglect to dress your window-regularly and completely. A radical change in your street show, if attractive, is worth columns of advertising. This, like all other sound business principles, applies equally in small and large communities.

Buy the right article at reasonable figures rather than the wrong article at cheap figures. Fresh goods bring a better profit than job goods and sell more readily, and in "jobs" you invariably get "what you don't want," and that "is dear at any price."

NOTES ON CATALOGUES. CATALOGUES OF SECOND-HAND BOOKS.-David G. Francis, Astor Place, N. Y.: Catalogue, no. 84, of ancient and modern books. (36 p., 8vo.) Nash & Pierce, 80 Nassau St., N. Y.: Catalogue, no. 5, of miscellaneous books. (16 p., 8vo.)

THE "Harvard University Balletin" for May contains, in addition to the regular list of additions, another instalment of a catalogue of the Works on Dante, a continuation of the Calendar of the Sparks Manuscripts, and the first instalment of a List of Works on North American Fungi, with the exception of Schizomycetes, published before 1827, compiled by W. G. Farlow and Wm. Trelease.

THE "BIBLIOGRAPHIE DES BIBLIOGRAPHIES," published by M. Leon Vallée in 1884, met with so hearty a reception that the enthusiastic compiler has felt encouraged to bring out a supplement, which has recently been issued by Em. Terquem, of Paris. It claims to include all bibliographies published until the beginning of 1886. Owing to untiring research, and the quantity of titles furnished by French scholars and those of other countries, the author feels convinced that he has covered all important bibliographical publications which have appeared since the issue of "Bibliographie des Bibliographies." He has also included such as were unavoidably omitted in the first volume. The supplement numbers 354 pages, and is divided into two parts, the first being alphabetical, the second classified by subject. (354 p. O. pap., 15 fr.)

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THE Illustrated News Company, of this city, is printing, from duplicate plates, by special arrangements with the proprietors," the Illastrated London News and other foreign pictorials.

THE first number of The Public Service Review

has just been issued. It is a neatly printed quarto sheet of 16 pages, well edited, and full of interesting reading-matter to all belonging to the military, naval, or civil service.

establishment of a new literary weekly to be called A NUMBER of Boston writers have united in the be published in the fall. The editorial corps inThe Twentieth Century. The first number will cludes Henry A. Clapp, who will have charge of the dramatic department; C. A. Ralph, the art department; Mrs. Maude Howe Elliot, society department; Miss Louise I. Guiney, Bliss Cameron, and Bernard Berenson, literary department; W. P. A pelthorp, of the musical department.

GEORGE KENNAN, who has recently returned from his Siberian trip for The Century, made a visit to Count Tolstoi, at the urgent request of Siberian state exiles, who wished the novelist and tractarian to know the horrors of their situation. The forthcoming Century will contain an account of this visit and the circumstances leading to it, told with considerable detail and showing the Count's striking character and peculiar beliefs, together with his mode of life. A frontispiece portrait of the novelist in his peasant-blouse will be given.

THE April numbers of the Edinburgh, and the Quarterly Reviews, in the original English edition, are just being sent out to American subscribers by Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Americans will be interested in the Edinburgh's articles on Railway Problems, Conder's Syrian Stone-Lore, Gardiner's History of the Great Civil War (of England), and the Contest for the Union, now raging in Parliament. The Quarterly has as its leading article a discussion of the character of Shelley, and further treats of Competition in Wheat Growing, National Biography (apropos of Leslie Stephen's great work), English History from Peel to Palmerston; and winds up with a fine Tory blast on The National League and the Law of the Land.

Scribner's Magazine for June contains an illustrated article on "Some Illustrations of Napoleon and his Times," by John C. Ropes. This is in a similar vein to his article on "The Likenesses of Julius Cæsar." The illustrations are from the author's valuable collection of Napoleon portraits. Mr. Ropes' commentary on the portraits is a study of the physiognomy of Napoleon as affected by the great historical

events of which he was the central figure. The third instalment of the "Unpublished Letters of Thackeray," which appears in the same issue, contains a four-page letter in fac-simile, with a pen-and-ink sketch of Jules Janin by Thackeray. A number of other Thackeray drawings are reproduced from the rare collection privately printed for Sir Arthur Elton.

IN sending out the bound volumes of the six numbers of The Century magazine comprising the issues from November, 1886, to April, 1887, inclusive the publishers state that the average edition of each of these six numbers has been 28,000 in excess of the edition of the same numbers of the year preceding. Six hundred tons of paper have been used on these magazines. During the coming volume, ending with October of this year, the concluding papers in the war series will be printed, bringing the war down to its close. After this some supplementary articles will appear on the hospital service, the telegraph corps, etc., etc. The main part of the war interest will be transferred to " Abraham Lincoln: a history," the chapters of which printed in the volume just closed serve as an introduction to the extremely important political period which will be described in early numbers. The summer numbers of The Century will contain illustrated articles appropriate to the season-on American wild flowers, birds, vacation journeys, college regattas, etc., together with a number of illustrated short stories.

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HILLSDALE, MICH.-The firm of Penfield & Goodrich, booksellers and stationers, has been succeeded by Beckhardt & Stone.

LEE'S SUMMIT, Mo.-E. P. Halbert, bookseller and stationer, has sold out.

MANKATO, MINN.-Joseph H. Chapman, bookseller and stationer, died in March last. Z. G. Harrington and John C. Noe, administrators, are winding up the business.

NEW YORK CITY.-Brentano Brothers, booksellers and stationers, have affected a corporate organization, which will conduct its business in future under the title of "Brentano's."

NEW YORK CITY.-Chas T. Bainbridge s Sons' address is now Stewart Building, Room 193. NEW YORK CITY.-W. H. Parsons & Co. have removed to 4 Warren Street.

OMAHA, NEB.-A. T. Kenyon, bookseller and stationer, has been succeeded by A. T. Kenyon & Co.

OTTUMWA, IA.-J. B. Hammond, bookseller and stationer, has sold out.

PIERRE, DAK.-Mary J. Laird, bookseller and stationer, has been burned out.

ROCHESTER, N. Y.-E. C. Weidman, who was with the Albany News Company, Albany, N. Y., for fourteen years, has opened business for himself at 126 State Street. Mr. Weidman has won for himself a reputation as an enterprising bookseller, and will no doubt succeed in his new departure.

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AMONG the writers who have been named as are Dr.

the possible author of "A Club of One" Holmes, Horace E. Scudder, F. Marion Crawford, and the Rev. T. T. Munger.

JUDGE WILBUR F. BRYANT, Lincoln, Neb., has written and will shortly publish a book entitled "The Blood of Abel." This will be a justification of Louis Riel and an arraignment of President Cleveland.

HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & Co. will have ready about the 1st of June the fifth and sixth volumes of their admirable edition of the works of Robert Browning. The final volume will contain a full index to all the poems and a table of first lines.

CHARLES L. WEBSTER & Co., the publishers, sent Mrs. Grant a check for $33,384.53 last week as additional profits on Gen. Grant's Memoirs. She has received thus far nearly $400,000, which is probably the largest amount of money ever earned by the writing of a single book.

S. C. HAYES, 1217 Filbert St., Philadelphia, is introducing a line of new steel pens called the Cornelius & Co.'s pens. They are in four grades or classes-xxx extra fine; No. 1 railroad; No. 2 business; and No. 3 lawyer. They are very flexible and easy to write with, and will no doubt win many friends.

THE" Harvard University Bulletin" announces that the corporation have authorized the publication, through Charles Scribner's Sons, of a memorial edition of the late Prof. E. A. Sophocles'

"Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods," under the oversight of Prof. Joseph Henry Thayer.

GEO. BrumdeR, Milwaukee, Wis., will publish next month an " Amerikanisches Hühnerbuch," a practical guide to poultry-raising, giving all the various species of American and foreign fowl, with numerous wood-cuts. This book is written by the well-known German-American agriculturist, Hans Buschbauer.

CUPPLES & HURD have in preparation a life of Commodore Matthew C. Perry, who was so instrumental in opening the ports of Japan to the world. It will give a complete history of this "typical naval officer" from the time when, as a midshipman, he served in the War of 1812, to the treaty with Japan. It will be illus

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