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its comforts, is but a small thing. / when tried by the word of God, The essential business of reli- there is nothing in which they gion consists much more in the are generally more deficient. secret warfare which I have des- I have already extended this cribed ; in carrying our knowl- paper to an unreasonable length, edge into practice, and regula-otherwise the enquiry which i ting by it our daily conduct. have proposed might be branch
There is a class of duties ed out into a variety of other which still remains to be notic- particulars. What I have said, ed, I mean the duties of justice however, will suffice to shew the between man and man. The manner in which the genuinealaw of God with respect to these ness of our faith may be brought is, that we should do unto others to the test, even in cases to which as we would they should do unto I have not adverted. us; nay more, that we should If any one of your readers, seek our neighbor's welfare as Mr. Editor, should object to this truly as our own, and in some paper as legal, and as manifestpoints even in preference to our ing an ignorance of the grace of own. Now how are we acting the gospel, I would intreat him in this respect? We acknowl-Ito peruse, among many similar the rule : are we following it? passages which might be pointed Can we withstand the tempta- out, the second chapter of St. tion of profiting by the ignorance Paul's Epistle to Titus. “ Speak or carelessness of our neighbor? thou,” says the venerable aposShall we be able to say at the tle, “ the things which become day of judgment, “it has been sound doctrine.” But what were my rule in life to take no advan- the things becoming sound doctage of another ?” There will trine respecting which Titus was be daily occasions of exercising instructed to preach? They were the principle of true righteous- the distinct and particular duties ness, if we are influenced by it. of aged men and aged women, It will lead us to judge favor- of young women and young men, bly of our neighbor's actions, of servants and subjects. We and to defend him when unjust see then how practical the prealy accused ; to rejoice in his ching of Titus was required to prosperity, to sympathize in his be, and how particular also : not distress, to supply his wants as merely dwelling in generals, as far as we are able ; and, above too many are apt to do, and reall, it will teach us to promote commending holiness in a loose the welfare of his soul. It will and vague way; but entering pervent our flattering him to his into the detail of the tempers hurt, or ministering to his cor- which his hearers ought to posrupt passions ; and it will in- sess, of the duties which they duce us faithfully, but kindly, to ought to practise, of the sins they oppose him when he is in the ought to avoid: bringing religion wrong, though we incur his ill-home to their families and exwill by it. There is nothing, tending its influence to the ordiperhaps, in which men are apt nary business of life: regulating so much to pride themselves as their whole conduct in such a in the discharge of their duty manner as to adorn the doctrine to their neighbor ; and yet, of God our Saviour, and to command the admiration even of hea- After many had sealed their thens. And to confirm this view confession of Christ with their of the matter, the apostle states blood, the multitude, with insait to be the very design of the tiable rage, began to call out for gospel to produce in all men such Polycarp, who when he received a conduct as he had recommend the intelligence was quite uned. For the grace of God hath moved by it. Induced, however, appeared to all men, teaching us by the intreaties of his people he that, denying ungodliness and retired to a small distance from worldly lusts, we should live so- the city, and with a few friends berly in the government of our spent day and night in praying appetites and passions ; right-for the peace of all the churches cously in the due discharge of in the world. A dream which the duties we owe to our neigh-he had at this time, he told his bor; and godly in the conscien- friends, was a prophetic presage tious fulfilment of the duties we that he should be burnt alive for owe to God: and that we should the cause of Christ. be ever looking forward, as the The place of his retreat being object of all our expectations and discovered by means of a young hopes, to the second coming of man of his household, who was Jesus Christ, our God and Sa- forced by stripes to a confession; viour who gave himself for us, his enemies went out at night that he inight redeem us from all with arms in their hands to seize iniquity, and purify unto himself him. They found him lying in a peculiar people zealous of good an upper room whence he might works.
M. A. easily have made his escape :
but he would not ;' saying, “ the will of the Lord be done." He
came down and entered into conSome account of the Martyrdonversation with those who were
of Polycarp, in the Second Cen- present, all of whom greatly ad- . tury.
mired his age and his compos
Some said, “ What need N the year 167, the persecu- all this stir to apprehend so old
tion which had commenced a man?" He immediately orsome years before, raged with dered some refreshment to be increased violence. In Smyrna, set before his pursuers, and remany fell victims to its fury, quested that in the meanwhile who by their magnanimity, their they would allow him time for patience, and their love of the prayer ; which being granted, he Lord excited general admira- continued praying neartwo hours tion: for though torn with whips together, fervently recommendtill their bodies were laid opening to God the cases of all his even to their veins and arteries ; friends in every station of life, though tormented with fire, con- and the state of the Catholic demned to the wild beasts, and church throughout the world, to exposed to various other tor- the great astonishment of his tures; they endured these ex-hearers, who now began to retremities of suffering with a nt of having any hand in apmeekness which astonished the prehending so divine a characbeholders.
His prayer being ended, heling it in vain to use persuasion, was set upon an ass, and led into observed, “ I have wild beasts to the city. On the road Herod the whom I will expose you, unless Irenarch, or keeper of the peace, you recant.”_ Call them,” anand Nicetus his father-in-law, swered Polycarp,“ we are not . who indeed were the main to be changed from better to
springs of the persecution, met worse, for we hold it only good him, and taking him up into to turn from vice to virtue.” their chariot, endeavored, by “ Since you make light of the plausible insinuations, to under-wild beasts," says the pro-consul, mine his constancy, asking;- " I will tame you with fire, if « What harm is it to say, Lord you repent not.”—“ You threatCesar, and to sacrifice, that you en me," replied the martyr, may escape ?"
" with a fire which burns only Polycarp was silent at first, for a moment, but art ignorant of but being importunately urged, the eternal fire reserved for the he told them that he could not wicked. But why do you delay ? follow their counsel. On this Bring forth what you please." they loaded him with vehement | This and much more he spoke abuse ; and thrust him out of the with a cheerful confidence, unchariot with such violence that daunted by menaces, while grace in falling he bruised his thigh. shone in his countenance; so Unmoved, however, by this treat that even the pro-consul himinent, he proceeded cheerfully self was astonished at it. The under the conduct of his guard herald then proclaimed that Poto the hall of judgment. During lycarp had professed himself a the tumult which took place on Christian ; on which the multihis appearing before the tribu- tude, both of Jews and Gentiles, nal, a voice from heaven (none shouted out, “ This is the great seeing the speaker, but many doctor of Asia, and the father of hearing the voice) said, “ Poly- the Christians. This is the decarp be strong, and play the stroyer of our gods, who teachinan.” The pro-consul began eth men not to sacrifice or ato persuade him to recant. “ Con- dore." sider thy great age. Swear by They now desired Philip, the the genius of Cesar,and say, take Asiarch, to let loose a lion upoti away the atheists." The holy him ; but he refused, the shews martyr, with his hand directed to of the wild beasts having been the surrounding multitude, and finished. They then demanded his
eyes to heaven, said, “ Take that he should be burnt alive ; away the atheists.” The pro- which was done with all possible consul still urged him, “ Swear, speed, many of the people, but and I will release thee : reproach especially the Jews, being active Christ."-"Fourscore and six in procuring fuel. The fire beýcars,'
,” said Polycarp, “ have I ing prepared, Polycarp undresserved him, and he hath never sed himself, an office to which wronged me; how then shall I he had been unaccustomed, as blaspheme my king and my Sa- those around him had, from afviour?” The other still urging fection and reverencé, always him, Polycarp replied," I am a been assiduous in performing it Christian." The pro-consul find-for him. When the executioners, according to custom, were But the malice of Satan did going to nail him to the stake, not end here ; for by means of he begged to remain as he was, the Jews, he prompted Nicetus for he who gave him strength to to advise the pro-consul not to endure the fire would enable him grant his body to the Christians, to remain unmoved in it: on who were desirous of giving it which they only bound him. an honorable burial, lest leaving He, now standing as a sheep their crucified Master they ready for the slaughter, and should begin to worship Polyclasping his hands which were carp. “They little knew," obbound behind him, poured out a serves the church of Smyrna, prayer, in which he gave thanks“ how impossible it is that we to God, even the Father of our should forsake Christ who diLord Jesus Christ, for having ed for the salvation of the whole counted him worthy to receive a world, or ever worship any othportion with the holy martyrs er. We adore him as the Son who had gone before, and to of God; but we love the martyrs drink of Christ's cup ; praying on account of their distinguish. also to be received as an accepted affection towards their Lord able sacrifice, prepared by God and Master. May we be numhimself, “ Wherefore,” he adds, bered with them !" " I praise thee for all thy mer- The centurion perceiving the cies; I bless thee, I glorify thee, malevolence of the Jews, caused through the eternal high priest | the body to be burnt in the usuJesus Christ, thy beloved Son ; al manner. The Christians gathwith whom to thyself and the ered up the bones as a valuable Holy Ghost be glory both now treasure, and interred them, reand for ever. Amen."
solving to meet annually at his When he had finished pray- burying-place to commemorate ing, the executioners lighted the his martyrdom, and to encourfire, and a great flame burst out, age others to bear a similar tes“ But behold a wonder,” says timony to the faith : a circumthe church of Smyrna, “ seen stance that gave rise to those soby many of us! The flames as, lemn anniversary commemorasuming the form of an arch, like. tions of the martyrs which were the sails of a ship swelled by the generally kept in the first ages, breeze, encircled the body of and which were eventually proPolycarp, who was in the midst, ductive of much superstitious not as burning flesh but as gold abuse. or silver, purified in the furnace, Thus died Polycarp about the while his body sent forth a de-hundredth year of his age ; elelightful fragrancy as of costly ven brethren from Philadelphia spices.” The surrounding croud, suffering with him. “But he however, instead of being con- alone,” says the letter already vinced were exasperated by the alluded to, " is particularly celemiracle, and commanded a spear- brated by all. He was in truth man to plunge a sword into his not only an illustrious teacher, body : on which so much blood but also an eminent martyr', flowed from the wound as to ex- whose martyrdom all desire to tinguish the fire, to the aston- imitate, because it was regulated ishment of the spectators. exactly by evangelical principles.
For by patience he conquered | falsely called enthusiasm, and the unjust magistrate, and thus which the foregoing account received the crown of immor-breathes so profusely, be not retality ; and now exulting, with ally and solidiy divine. apostles and all the righteous,
Q he glorifies God, even the Father, and blesses our Lord, even the ruler of our bodies, and the shepherd of his church dispers- To the Editors of the Connecticut ed through the world.”
Evangelical Magazine. “ I cannot but observe," says the learned Dr. Cave, in his ac- Rev. GENTLEMEN, count of this eminent saint,“ how heavy the divine displeasure, not HAVING taken peculiar long after St. Polycarp's death, satisfaction in perusing the acfell, as upon other places, so counts, which have been pubinore particularly upon this city, lished in your Magazine, from by plague, fire, and earthquakes," time to time, concerning the
by which means their city, great work of God upon the before one of the glories and or- hearts of sinners, which accounts naments of Asia, was turned into are calculated both to cheer the rubbish and dust, their stately hearts of God's people, and houses overturned, their temples call the attention of sinners to ruined;" their traffic spoiled, the infinite concerns of eternity; their marts and ports daid waste, I am induced to cast in my mite besides the great number of to promote so desirable 'an obpeople that lost their lives." ject. I was first delayed in sendThe account of the holy Poly-ing the following account becarp cannot be better closed than cause the work among us has by transcribing å passage from been small compared with others Mr. Milner's excellent history, which have been published ; bút of which free use has been made when I considered that the work on the present occasion. of divine grace, in convincing,
“ A comparative view," says renewing, and sanctifying sinthat pious and judicious writer, ners, is a greater display of the $6 of a Christian suffering as we divine perfections, than the crebave seen Polycarp, with a Ro-ation of the whole world, I found mon stoic, or untutored Indian no propriety in calling any thing undergoing aflictions, where we of ihat nature smalt. Also I have an opportunity to survey wished to have opportunity for all the circumstances, might proof concerning this work, wheshew, in a practical light, the ther it was genuine, before it peculiar genius and spirit of was brought into public view. Christianity, and its divine supe. Being repeatedly solicited by mariority. At the same time, those ny of my Christian friends, I who now content themselves now send you the following narsvith a cold rationality in reli- rative of the work of God in this gion may ask themselves, how place ; which is submitted to it would bave fitted them to en-| your candi perusal, . and, if dure what Polycarp did, and thought expedient, you are at whether something of what is I liberty to make it public. VOL. VI, NO. 2.