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SUMMARY BY STATES OF ALL BAPTIST BODIES.-Continued.

STATES.

Communicants.

Seating Value of
Organi- Church

Ca

Church zations. Edifices.

pacity. Property. Oregon 123 71 19,140

$319,125

5,500 Pennsylvania 720 704 240, 204

6,088,322 86,620 Rhode Island...

113 117 41,000 1,450, 117 17,293 South Carolina.. 1,676 1,633 521,009 1,606,385 203,959 South Dakota

90 59 12,236 239,675 4,052 Tennessee.. 2,413 2,193 720,815 2,566,373 186,174 Texas 4,061 2,551 667,120 2,119,096

248,523 Utah.

4 3 700 65,000 327 Vermont. 143 137 37,234 678,875

11,258 Virginia

2,038 1,938 689,609 3,152,582 303,134 Washington. 95 56 12,690

3,941 West Virginia 681 485 140,220 552,365 45,414 Wisconsin..

254 235

59,906 964,570 17,041 Wyoming ... 9 3 525 27,875

262 Total. 43,029 37,789 11,599,534 $82,392,423 3,717,969

242,160

CHAPTER III.

THE RIVER BRETHREN.

THOSE who first constituted the body popularly known as River Brethren came to this country from Switzerland in 1750 and settled near the Susquehanna River in eastern Pennsylvania. They have no history to which the inquirer can refer, and they are able to give few particulars of the early life of the denomination. They were, it is supposed, Mennonites. As the result of a revival movement, beginning in 1770, many of these people who had been formal in their worship became zealous believers, and organized separate congregations. The first members were baptized, it is believed, in the Susquehanna River, and the denomination thus came to be known as River Brethren. Jacob Engle was their first minister.

In their belief they hold to trine immersion, the washing of feet, nonresistance, and nonconformity to the world. In many points in belief and practice they are like the Mennonites.

1.-THE BRETHREN IN CHRIST.

This is by far the largest and best organized branch of the River Brethren. Its churches, of which there are 78, are associated in district conferences, and there is also a general conference, representing the whole body. There are twenty of the district conferences. The total of communicants is 2688. The average seating capacity of the churches is 422, and their average value $1623. There are 27 halls, etc., with a seating capacity of 1080.

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Ashland, Ohio....
Center, Pa...
Clarence Center, N. Y.
Cumberland, Pa..
Dayton, Ohio and Ind...
Donegal, Pa.
Indiana, Ind.
Iowa, Iowa.
Lykins Valley, Pa.
Morrison's Cove, Pa..
New Guilford, Pa. & Md.
North Dickinson, Kan...
North Franklin, Pa.
Pine Creek, Ill.
Port Huron, Mich.
Rapho, Pa...
Shannon, I11.
South Dickinson, Kan..
Wayne, Ohio...
Whiteside, Ill.

3 3 I 2 6 2 6 2 5 4 2 5 6 2 7 3 6

56 23 32 130 235 222 I 20

40 216 137

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72

4,600

2

1,600

1,200

550 7,700 11,300

3 4

289 234 43 52 221

91 299 129 47

1,500

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Total ..

78

45

19,005 $73,050 2,688

2.--THE OLD ORDER OF YORKER BRETHREN.

This branch is generally called “ Yorker" Brethren, because when the River Brethren were divided in 1862 the churches in York County were not affected by the division. It is an extremely small body, holding to the original doctrines and practices of the River Brethren.

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This branch is the result of a division which occurred in Dauphin County, Pa., in 1853. It has the same confession of faith as the River Brethren, and differs from them only in unimportant particulars. In observing the ceremony of feet-washing one person both washes and dries; among the River Brethren one person does the washing and another the drying. Services are held in the churches alternately every six weeks. Communion is celebrated once or twice a year.

The 25 organizations are all in Pennsylvania. They own that number of houses of worship, valued at $8300. The number of members is 525.

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