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pared, the priests enter always into the first tabernacle *, 17 performing the services of God: but into the second the

high-priest alone entereth once every year, not without

blood, which he offereth for himself, and for the sins of : 8 ignorance of the people t : the holy spirit signifying this,

that the way into the most Holy Place is not yet laid open, 9 while the first tabernacle yet standeth 1 : which tabernacle

is a figure for the present time, in which gifts and sa

crifices are offered, which cannot make him that worship10 peth perfect as concerning his conscience; consisting only

in meats and drinks, and different washings, and carnal

ordinances, imposed till the time of reformation. 11 But Christ, a high-priest of the future good things,

being come, entered once for all into the most Holy Places, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle,

not made by hands, that is, not of this present building; 12 nor by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own 13 blood; having obtained | an everlasting redemption. For

if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a

heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctify to the cleansing of 14 the flesh; how much more shall the blood of Christ, who

through the everlasting spirit I offered himself spotless to

God, cleanse your conscience from dead works **, that 15 ye may serve the living God? And for this cause Christ

is the mediator of the new covenant; that, death having

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* Or, the outer tabernacle. + So Macknight. the errors of the people, N.

Or, while the outer tabernacle is still standing. $ But Christ having become a high-priest of future good things, entered once into the most Holy Place, N.

y having obtained for us, N. q who offered himself with a spotless mind unto God, Wakefield, who, with the Ethiopic, leaves out amus, “ everlasting." The Clermont and some other copies read you, the holy spirit, wbich is supported by the Coptic and the Vulgate versions. The phrase “ everlasting spirit,” is very unusual : but if admitted as genuine, it must signify that Christ offered himself by divine appointment.

** i. e. release you from the condemning sentence of the law. Dead works are those, the non-performance of which exposes the delinquents to legal condemnation. See eh. vi, 1,

taken place for the redemption of the transgressions un

der the first covenant*, those who are called might re16 ceive the promise of the everlasting inheritance. For

where a covenant is, there is a necessity for the death of 17 that which establisheth the covenant t. For a covenant

is firm over the dead: whereas it is of no force while that 18 which establishes the covenant liveth. Wherefore neither 19 was the first covenant confirmed without blood. For when

Moses had spoken to all the people every commandment according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of

goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and 20 sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying, “This

is the blood of the covenant which God hath enjoined 21 unto you.” Moreover, in like manner he sprinkled with

blood the tabernacle also, and all the vessels of the mi22 nistry. And, according to the law, almost all things are

cleansed with blood ; and without the shedding of blood 23 there is no remission g. It was therefore necessary

the patterns of things in the heavens should be cleansed

by these things; but the heavenly things themselves), with 24 better sacrifices than these. For Christ hath not entered

into the Holy Place made with hands, which answereth

to the true one; but into heaven itself, now to appear 25 in the presence of God for us : nor was it necessary that


* The Primate has supplied the words ly his death, which are not necessary. Wakefield.

+ That is, of the victim by which the covenant is ratified. See Wakefield and Laddridge. The Primate's version is, “ there is a necessity that the death of the covenanter should be brought in." Theol. Repos. vol. i. p. 215, 216; vol. iv. p. 199–152.

* " then the covenanter,” N. See ver. 16.

$ Observe here, that even inanimate things, the books, the tabernacle, the reseli, &c. are, represented as in a sinful state till they obtain remission by the shedding of blood : j. e. they are ceremonially impure and upholy till they are ceremonially ccasecrated. See ch. vji. 27, note,

|| The patterns of heavenly things are things under the legal dispensation ; beatenly things themselves are things under the Christian dispensation, of which the former 435 a type. The writer alludes to the celestial pattern shewn to Moses in the Mount, ch. viii. 5, which he here represents as the true tabernacle, of which Jesus is the highpriest, and in which he is gone to officiate.

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he should offer himself often *, as the high-priest entereth

into the most Holy Place every year with the blood of 26 others; (for then he must have suffered often since the

foundation of the world ;) but now he hath been mani

fested once at the end of the ages †, to put away sin by 27 the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men 28 to die once, and after this the judgement; so Christ also

was offered once to bear away the sins 5 of many; and to those who wait for him || he will appear a second time

without a sin-offering I to salvation. Ch. x. For the law having a shadow of future good things,

and not the very image of the things, can never make

those who come to the altar perfect by the same sacrifices 2 which are offered year by year continually. For then

would they not have ceased to be offered ? because the

worshippers once cleansed would have had no more con:. 3 sciousness of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a reA membrance made of sins every year. For it is impossible ** that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

Wherefore, when Christ cometh into the world, he saith,“ Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not; but a 6 body thou hast prepared me. In burnt-offerings and 7 sacrifices for sin thou hadst no pleasure. Then I said,

• Behold, I come (in the volume of the bookt* it is writ8 ten of me) to do thy will, O God.'” Above he sạith II,

sacrifice, and offering, and burnt-offerings, and sacrifices


* See cb, vii. 27, note.

ti, e dispensations. N. m.
Or, for a removal of sin.
§ to bear the sins, N. to cause the forgiveness of them. See Newcome's note.
l| Or, to those who are waiting for him to salvation.

In what sense the death of Christ is a sin-offering,-See ch, vii. 27, note. ** That is, legally impossible; for the law limited the efficacy of these sacrifices to one year. After which new sacrifices were to he offered upon the annual day of atonement for sins of ignorance only, which, however free from moral turpitude, .would exclude from the benefit of the Mosaic covenant, if not cancelled by the appointed sacrifices. See ch. ix. 7.

t the holy book, N. In a volume of a book," Gr.
11 Or, saying before,

for sin, thou wouldest not, and hadst no pleasure in them;"

(namely those which are offered according to the law;) 9 then he saith *, “Behold, I come to do thy willt." He

taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. 10 By which will we have been sanctified, through the of

fering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all I. 11 And every priest standeth ministering daily, and offer:

ing frequently the same sacrifices, which can never take 12 away sins g; but this person ||, after he had offered one

sacrifice for sins, is for ever seated at the right band of 13 God; waiting after this I till his enemies be made his 14 footstool. For by one offering he hath made perfect for 15 ever those that are sanctified ** Of which the holy

spirit also is a witness to us: for after having said before, 16 « This is the covenant which I will make with them after

those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their

hearts, and in their minds tt I will write them;" it then 17 saith tt

“ and their sins and iniquities I will remember 18 no more.” Now where remission of these is, there is no

more any offering for sin gs. 19 WHEREFORE brethren, having confidence to enter into


* Or, he then said, or added.

t thy will, O God. R.T. | The one sacrifice of Christ, a victim of the highest value, so consecrates all abo by faith in bim enter into the Christian covenant, that they can never exclude them. selves from its benefits by sins of ignorance, so as to need another sacrifice to re-instate them. They are sanctified by the offering of Christ once for all. See cb. ix. 7.

that is, sins of ignorance, ix. 7. The sacrifices of the law could not take away sit, as their efficacy was limited to a year. See ver. 4. ll Or, but he, or, this priest.

Or, thencefortb. ** See ver.10. Believers are so far consecrated by this great sacrifice, that they can never forfeit their privileges by sins of ignorance. The writer labours to reconcile the Hebrets to a suffering Messiah by these bold figurative representations of the efficacy of his death. “Our Lord,” says Mr. Lindsey (Sequel, p. 88), “dever called himselfa bigba priest, nor is be so styled by any of the writers of the New Testament except the author of this epistle, from whence we may conclude that neither Christ nor the evangelists esteemed this to be any real part of his character, or needful to be attended to by his followers." tt Or, on their minds.

It God then saith, N. 85 “The Author bere finishes the argumentative part of his epistle, in which he illustrates and proves the excellence of the New Covenant when compared with the Old. The practical part follows." Newcome.

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20 the most holy place through the blood of Jesus, by

a new and living way which he hath consecrated for us 21 through the veil*, (that is, his flesh ;) and having a 22 high-priest over the household of God; let us come near

with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our

hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our body 23 washed with pure water : let us hold fast the steady pro

fession of our hope ; (for he is faithful that hath pro24 mised :) and let us consider one another, that we may 25 provoke each other to love and to good works : not for

saking the assembling of ourselves together t, as the manner I of some is; but exhorting to it: and so much the

more, as ye see the day approaching. 26 For if we sin wilfully, after we have received the

knowledge of the truth, there no longer remaineth any 27 sacrifice for sins $: but a certain fearful looking for of

judgement remaineth; and that fiery indignation which 28 will devour || the adversaries. He who despised the law

of Moses, died without mercy, under two or three wit29 nesses. Of how much greater punishment, think ye,

will he be deemed worthy, who hath trodden under foot
the son of God, and hath counted the blood of the cove-

nant, by which he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and 30 hath injuriously treated the spirit of favour **? For we

know him that hath said, “Vengeance belongeth to me:

* “ through the blood of Jesus; that new and life-giving way which he hath first
prepared for us by passing through the veil.” N. See Wakefield. As the high-priest
entered into the most holy place through the veil, so believers are introduced into the
Christian covenant through the flesh, i. e. the person, or, in other words, by the in.
struction, the example, and the death of Christ. See Sykes.
+ our association in the gospel, Wakefield,

1 Or, the custom.
See ch. vi. 446. The meaning is; that for wilful apostasy there is no hope; because,
having resisted the strongest evidence, even that of miracles themselves, it is hardly
possible that they should be reclaimed. See Newcome's note.
ll Or, which is about to devour.

Whoso breaketh a law of Moses dieth, Wakefield.
** Or, offered an indignity to. “Shewn contempt of the holy spirit gratuitously
shed on Christians." Newcome.

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