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of Wisdom; an employment so toilsome that Zachary Ura sin declared he was happy in being bayished by the dreadful charge of ruling these untractable and head-strong youths. Daniel Tossanus, professor of divinity for the New Testament, dying in 1602, Dr. Paré succeeded to that chair, and a few years after he bought a house in the suburbs of Heidelberg. Herein, in 1607, he built in the garden an apartment for his library, which he called bis Pareanum. 'He took great delight in it, and the whole house went afterwerds by that name. The elector honoured it with several privileges and immunities, and the Doctor had tiyo inscriptions, one in German, and the other in La. tin, put upon the frontispiece. At the same time his reputation, spreading itself every where; brought young stu. dents to him from the remotest parts of Hungary and Poland,

.. Id 1617, there was kept an evangelical jublilee, in memory of the church's deliverance from Popery an hundred years before. The solemnity held three days, during which there were continual orations, disputations, poems, and sermons, on the occasion. Dr. Paré also published some pieces upon the subject, which drew upon him the resentinent of the Jesuits of Mentz, who wrote a sharp censure of his work, and the Doctor published a suitable answer to it. The following year, 1618, at the instance of the Stales General, he was pressed to go to the synod of Dort; bui he cxcused himself, on account of his age and infirmi. ties, which he said would not permit him to undertake so long a journey, nor bear the inconveniences of such an alteration of diet as must unavoidably attend it. · Otherwise he was a proper person for that assembly, being a great eneiny to all innovations in points of doctrine. He would not suffer any man to deviate a titule from the catechism of his master Ursin..

The apprehensions which he had of the ruin, which bis pairon the elector Palatine would bring upon himself, by accepting the crown of Bohemia, put him upon changing his habitation. When he saw the workmen employed in improving the fortifications of Heidelberg, be said it was so much labour lost; and considering the books which he had wrote against the Pope and Bellarinine, he looked upon it as the most dreadful calainity that could happen to him, to fall into the hands of the monks, and for


reason gladly complied with the advice that was given him, to provide in time for his own safety. Accordingly he chose for his sanctuary the town of Anweil, in the duchy of Deux Ponts, near Landau, and arrived there in October, 1621. However, he left that place soine inonths after, and went to Neustadt; nor did he stay long there, for he determined to return to Heidelberg, in the resolution to fetch his last breath at his beloved Pareanum, and so to be buried near the professors of the university. Accordingly his wish was fulfilled. He died at Pareanum in June, 1022, and was interred with all the funeral honours, which the universities in Germany are used to bestow on their members

Dr. Paré's exegetical works were published by his son at Frankfort, in 1647, in three volumes, folio. Among these are his “ Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Roinans, in 1617," which gave great offence to king James I. of England, because it contained some anti-monarchical prin. ciples,

PARKER, MATTHEW, the second Protestant archbishop of Canterbury, was born August 6, 1504, in the parish of St. Stephen's, Norwich. He had the misfortune to lose his father when he was only twelve years of age; but his mother took a very particular care of his education. In September, 1520, he was admitted into Corpus Christi, or Ben'et College, Cambridge; of which house he was chosen scholar, or Bible-clerk, March 20, following; and applying himself closely to his studies, took the degree of B. A. in 1523 ; but, according to others, in 1524. In April, 1527, he was ordained deacon; in June, priest; and in September, created master of arts, and chosen fellow of his college. By this time he had rendered himself so con. spicuous for learning, that he was one of those eminent scholars who were invited from Cambridge, to the magnifi. cent foundation of cardinal Wolsey's (now Christ's Church] College, in Oxford ; but by the persuasion of his friends he staid where he was, diligently following his studies. And having, within five or six years, read over the fathers and councils, and rendered himself an accomplished divine, he becaine a licensed, and frequent preacher, at court, at St. Paul's Cross, and other public places and occasions. In 1533, or 1534 he was made chaplain to queen Anne Boleyn; VOL. III.-No. 72. - 3 U


Edward im one of his took him . 1537, alle made new A

who had so much regard and esteem for him, (he being a zealous promoter of the Reformation,) that, a little before her death, she gave him a particular charge, to take care of her daughter Elizabeth, that she might not want his pious and wise counsel. .

July 14, 1534, he commenced bachelor in divinity; and being presented, Nov. 4 following, by the favour of the queen his mistress, to the deanery of Stoke, near Clare in Suffolk, he was installed the 13th of the saine month. At this place he founded a grammar school, and made new statutes for the college. March 1, 1537, after the queen's death, Henry VIII. took him into his own service, and made him one of his chaplains; as he was afterwards to Edward VI. During the rebellion that broke out that year, he preached at Clare, against Popish stiperstitions, for which he was articled against by some of his neighbours; but his own vindication was so satisfactory to the lord chan. cellor Audley, that he bid hiin go on, and not fear such eneinies. On July, 1538, he was created doctor in divi. nity; and, October 28, 1541, installed prebendary of the second stall in the cathedral of Ely, having been nominated thereto by Henry VIII. in his new charter for that cathedral. In 1542, he was presented by the chapter of Stoke to the rectory of Ashen, in Essex, conveniently si. tuated both for Cambridge and Stoke. He held this living not quite two years, but resigned it April 30, 1544, and the next day was presented to the rectory of Birlingham All Saints, in his own county of Norfolk; which he resigned October 1, 1550. December 4, 1544, upon the king's letters commendatory to the college, dated November 30, he was chosen master of Corpus Christi, or Ben'et College, to which he afterwards became a special benefactor, and compiled for it a new book of statutes. January 25, 1545, he was elected vice-chancellor of the university, which of- ! fice he discharged afterwards in 1549. Sept. 22, 1545, he was presented by his college of Corpus Christi, to the rectory of Landbeach, in Cambridgeshire, to which he was admitted December 1. Notwithstanding all his endeavours to the contrary, he lost his deanery of Stoke by the dissolution of that college, April 1, 1547 ; but, in consideration of his merit, he had a yearly pension of forty pounds settled on him, in lieu of it, and a proinise of the deanery of Lincoln. In the same year, on June 24, he married Mrs. .

Margare .

quite in for Cambrid Ashen, iesented by

Margaret Harlestone, daughter of Robert Harlestone of Matrishall, in Norfolk, gent. Happening to be in Norfolk, in 1549, during Ket's rebellion, he had the resolution to go to the rebels' camp; and, preaching to them out of the “Oak of Reformation,” took an opportunity to exhort them 10 temperance, moderation, and submission to the king. In January, 1551, he was put into a commission for cor. recting and punishing some Anabaptists, newly sprung up in the kingdom. The February following, he preached a funeral sermon for Doctor Martin Bucer, regius professor of divinity in Cambridge. June 1, 1552, he was presented by Edward VI, to the prebend of Coringham, or Colding. ham, in the cathedral of Lincoln; and being nominated, a few days after, by his majesty, to the deanery of the same church, he was elected July 30, and installed October 7 following. .

Thus he lived in great reputation under Henry VIII. and Edward VI. But, upon Mary's coming to the crown, he tras reduced to low circumstances, and suffered much; though still contented and chearful : for, in the second year of her reign, he was deprived of all preferments, of which the pretence was his being married. According to his own account, “In Deceinber, 1553, he resigned his inastership of Corpus Christi College to Laurence Moptye, whom in a kind of necessity he chose his successor, April 2, 1554, he was deprived of his prebend of Ely, and rectory of Landbeach, May 21, so he was of his deanery and prebend of Lincoln.” “ After that, (adds he) I lived privately; so joyfulin my conscience before God; and so neither ashamed nor dejected, that the inost sweet leisure for study, to which the good providence of God recalled me, gave me much greater and more solid pleasures, than that foriner busy and dangerous kind of life ever afforded me." He had so heartily espoused the Reformation, which rendered him noxious, that he was fain to abscond, and to retire privately into Norfolk, among his friends, with his wise and family. He was often and diligently sought for, yet by shifting from place to place, without, however, going out of the kingdom, he escaped those bloody times, and was reserved for better days. One time, narrow search being made in order to take him; he receiving notice of it, fed in the night in great distress, and got so dangerous a fall from his horse, that he never recovered it. During this retirement,

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he turned the book of Psalms into English verse ; and wrote a defence of the marriage of priests. Queen Elizabeth's accession, in 1559, made a great change in his condition ; for, he not only became free from all fear and danger, but was exalted to the highest station in the English church, to the archbishopric of Canterbury. A station for which he was looked upon as the fittest man; his great prudence, courage, conduct, learning, and experience, being wanting and necessary, for the Reformation that was now to be set on foot, and carried on with the utmost vigour. He was so far from seeking that high dignity, that it seems he earnestly avoided it, In the mean time, he was appointed one of the visitors of the university of Cambridge. And he privately addressed the quieen, to dissuade her from ex. changing the temporal revenues of bishoprics for impropriations, as she was impowered to do by act of parliament, upon a vacancy; which was a very unequal exchange. He likewise advised her to remove crucifixes and lighted tapers out of churches, particularly out of her own chapel.

Having been elected archbishop, August, 1, 1559, by the dean and chapter of Canterbury, he was confirmed, December 9, in the church of St. Mary-le-Bow; and consecrated, the 17th of the same month, in Lambeth Chapel, by William Barlow, late bishop of Bath and Wells, and then elect of Chichester, John Scory, late bishop of Chichester, and then elect of Hereford, Miles Coverdale late bishop of Exeter, and John Hodgkin suffragan bishop of Bedford. Archbishop Parker being thus constituted prinate and me. tropolitan of the church of England, took care to have the several sees filled with learned and worthy inen, and well affected to the Reforination : and soon after performed bis metropolitical visitation of the several dioceses *.

In 1560, he and the bishops of London and Ely addressed the queen, to enter into the blessed state of wedlock; but she chose to reign alone. He likewise, and some other bishops, exhorted her to remove images entirely out of churches, which she inclined to retain. By his encouragement it was, that a free school was founded, in 1563, at

. . It has been observed, that in the space of 'fificen years and five months (during which he was metropolitan) he either consocrated or

confirmed the bishops of all the dioceses throughout the kingdon : i * circumstance, which has occurred to bim alonc of all the archbishops of Canterbury


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