Page images

Art. 48. A Synodal Charge, delivered to the Clergy of the

Diocese of Abo, in the year 1774, by the Most Reverend Father in God, Charles Frederick Mennander, D. D. Lord Archbishop of Upsal, at that time Lord Bishop of Abo, Translated from the original Swedish by the Rev. L. T. Nyberg, Rector of Flo, Sweden. 4to. 1 s. 68. York, printed; London, fold by Robinson, &c. 1779.

Every inftance in which the principles of piety and virtue are dif. fored, and recommended with sincerity and candour, will give pleasure to a devouť and benevolent mind. To such persons, the production before us will be acceptable, not merely as a kind of curiosity from a foreign country, but as a proof that adyocates for the cause of religion are still to be found in different parts of the world. Mr, Nyberg modestly asks for that allowance, to a translation by a foreigner, which we are persuaded every English reader will find it no difficulty to grant. He sends it forth to the world, we are told, • with a humble desire of doing good to the hearts of mankind, especially of those who are intrufted with the sacred office of the miniftry. It is added, that' the near affinity of the Swedish church to that which is established by law in this island, inclined the editor to think, that a translation of this excellent charge might not be unacceptable to the English reader.' As a farcher motive for his publication, Mr. Nyberg mentions the benefits which many of his acquaintance, as well as himself, have received from the perusal. We think with him, that it is calculated to advance the noblest porpose, and we wish that clergymen, of every denomination, may attend to, and act on, the conlidera:ions which are suggested in it. Art. 49. An Appendix to the Second Edition of Candid Reflections

on the different Manner in which many of the learned and pious have expreffed their Conceptions concerning the Doctrine of ile Trinity; Addressed to the Rev. Ministers and Gentlemen, Managers of the Independent Fund in London ; occafioned by an anonymous Letter to the Author, Benjamin Fawcett, M. A. 8vo. 6 d. Buck land. 1780.

It is to be wished that the public were less frequently troubled with difputations of this kind, which are not only too private, but too personal, for general inspection. While we rather lament this, we must observe, that the intention of Mr. Fawcett's Candid Reflections appeared to us to be excellent, and we thought their tendency equal to their good design. By some other persons the fubje& has been viewed in a different light: But Mr. Fawcetc and his connections have not, we apprehend, been treated with all that fairness and candour which truth, reason, and christian piety may require. We shall, however, add nothing farther to the account of the pamphlet before us, than the following quotation from one part of it; I have now, says the Author, been led to illufirile the sentiments of my Candid Reflections, more than I ever expected to have done, by a direct application of them to particular cases. This advantage I owe to the Letter addressed to me, Indeed I am indebted to it on many accounts.

So far as it has the appearance of

See Review for Nov, last, p. 394.

Kk 2


argumentative, it convinces me of no false quotation, or falle reason ing. It in no degree disproves, what any Candid Refle&tions have so fully pointed out, That those who are called orthodox, differ among themselves, more than fome of them differ from the reputed beterodox. Nor does it produce any folid reason, why there should not be that moderation and indulgence, which I recommend, among perfons of different sentiments, Art. 50. A-Remonftrance addresed to the Protestant Affociation ;

containing Observations on their Conduct, and on their Appeal to the People of Great Britain. By William Jeffe, Vicar of HuttonCranswick, Yorkthire, 8vo. 1S. Rivington. 1780.

This is a desultory performance-light and frisky--we mean, Spiritually fo:- for spiritual gaiety, with a countenance bedimpled with the smiles of grace, is quite a different thing from carnal hilarity, which is attended with wit, and bumour, and good sense.

The Authpf, after amusing himself with the imagined speculations of the associators concerning him, and informing them, that they are all in the wrong in their conjectures both of his principles, and the design of his Remonstrance, proceeds to inform them what he is, and what his opinions and motives are. He enters on this delectable subject of HIMSELF with an lo triumpbe! and alligns one of the most fingular reasons for his exultation that vanity or folly.could give. Permit me Says be) to boast of myself a little, in hope of gaining 4 more candid, at least, a more patient attention to this addrets' Å man's boating of himself is doubtless an original method of conciliating the favour of an enemy! Mr. Jeffe, we find, hath many things to bpaft of He boals of his having been' nursed under the Alma Mater of one of the two Universities. He boalts, that he is

a clergymag, toQ, and the son of a clergyman, of the Church of He boasts too, that he is no bigot. ----He may boast, that he is an author too. But, as friends, we advise him to moderate his triumphs.

M. Jeffe fets a high value on persecution, and attributes the present languishing fate of religion to the want of that sovereign remedy for lukewarmness. I am persuaded (says he) that the ftate of the church would be far better, were the cutting north wind to blow; than it is under the enervating, Soft influence of the south wind of worldly eale, liberty, and honour. I have four children (another boaji !] whom I love with such affection as the pencil of a Rubens would fail to express; but were I apprehensive that my children, or children's children, would shed their blood in the true spirit of martyrs in consequence of the late aer, I would not apply to Parliament to restore the penal statutes against the Papifts: I would rather look up to my great Master, and pray that he would make their lives and deaths the means of glorifying his name, and edifying his church.'

This doubtless is unparalleled generosity !-a generosity to which we honeftly profess ourselves strangers. Were we apprehensive, that the late indulgence granted to the Papifts, would be the means of " deluging England again with the blood of the martyrs” (as the Alsociators express their fear:) we should not look forward to such an creat with the calm complacency of good Mr. Jefle. We thould not


[ocr errors]

be fo ready to facrifice our children, and our children's children, to the flames, for the edification of the church; nor should we content ourselves with offering up a prayer to our Great Master, without exerting ourselves in the use of other means to avert fo great an evil. We are advocates for the late bill in favour of the Roman Catholics, because, next to its reasonabteness in a chriftian view, it is, we think, sate in a political light. We are no friends to martyrdom. We would not persecute; nor would we be persecuted. Did it appear probable that the lenient measures of government would end in popith despotism and cruelty, instead of a tame submission, we would heartily join in a vigorous refiftance, But such an event is quite out of fight and it is an argument of a contracted and flavish {pirit, to be conjuring up the spectre of fear, and letting the imagination range without restraint in the regions of poflibility to search out (as Rabelais fays) fome great May Be! Ebub

Mr. Jeffe feems to have adopted some of the notions of Mr. Soame Jenyns, respecting a chriftianos engaging in war. He is not perfectly a Quaker; and yet, confiftently with some of his maxims, be ought to be fo. Our relation to this world lays he) is wathed off in the laver of regeneration : we are not of this world, even as Chrift was not of this world : therefore his servants may not fighi to preserve themselves from persecution and bondage. And yet this meek man of God tells us in the same page, that if he was drawn for the militia, and could not pay for a subititate, he would then not only for wrath, but for conscience sake, carry his mosket, and use his bayonet with all the vigour of a Briton. What a hero !

But'this is a qualifying clause to keep the balance even be. tween the obedient subject, and the humble and tender hearted Christian but (says Mr. Jeffe) I would take the firff opportunity so retire from those scenes which are a disgrace to human nature.

We fhall present our readers with a farther specimen of the duttility of this gentleman's conscience: and it is the more curious, because religion accompanies every form into which the fate may think proper to beat it out. Religion is its ornament and its defence! Hear him.

15607 • If this kingdom should be unhappily divided again it itself: if king and parliament, as in the last century, should wage civil wat against each other, I should think I owe allegiance to both parties. I would not connect myself with either, if it should depend upon my own choice. If I should be compelled by either party, I would obey the force fo far, and so long only as I should feel its power; and whether peace ensue, or one party be entirely subdued, I thould think myself under obligatior, as a Chriftian, to obey the powers that be" of whatever kind.' And yet, notwith&tanding this time-serving declaration, Mr. Jefie adds another boast to his former catalogue, viz.-that he is a man of God who loves peace, and not the Vicar of Bray, Sir.' Art. 51. A Vindication of the Opposition to the late intended Bill

for the Relief of the Roman Catholics in Scotland : in which an Address to the People on that Subject, by the Rev. Dr. Campbell, Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen, is particularly con



fidered. 8vo. 68. Edinburgh printed, and fold by Cadell in London. 1780.

The Author of this pamphlet expresses a surprise, as well as an anxiety, at the reflections which have been thrown upon those who food forth in oppofition to the late intended Bill for the relief of the Roman Catholics in Scotland, by a repeal of the laws which had bitherto been a restraint on them in that country.'

The defign of this performance is to vindicate the zeal of the Scotch protestants in their opposition to popery, and to thew the impolicy of freeing the Papifts from those restraints which the wisdom, as well as the piety, of our forefathers had laid on them.

The author reasons threwdly on the political part of the question : but when he pretends to foretel, from the Revelations, how, and by what terrible means, the whole styftem of popery, and its great infruments, will be demolished, he loses himself in a labyrinth of cheological hypothesis, and lows more what he wilaes, than what he can demonftrate.

We totally difapproved of the oppofition which was made in Scot. land to the Bill in favour of the Roman Catholics. It was begon in malice, and ended in oatrage. What a disgrace will the remembrapces of some late events in Sco:land ar.d England ftamp on the annals of Prosentism! The pretence of religion only aggravated the

guilt of fedition and the sacred name of Liberty was icfulted and blafphemed, whe! radel mixed with the outcries of licentiousness.

--There is more of K Comity politician in this pamphlet ihan the meek christian, and more of the bigcted sectarian ihan either.

PAMPHLETS relative to the late Riots, &c. 1. A Plain and Succinc Narrative of the late Difturbances, &c. By · William Vincent, of Gray's Inn. 8vo. 15. Fielding and Co.

To this narrative, which appears to be sufficiently circumftantial and exact, is prefixed, an abftract of the act lately passed in favour of the Roman Catholics; as also, an account of the Bill, as moved for in Parliament by Sir George Saville ; with the observations of Sir George and Mr. Dunning on the Papilt penal laws. The author bas likewise added some anecdotes of the life of Lord George Gordon : with whose commitment to the Tower this narrative concludes. II. A Narrative of the Proceedings of Lord George Gordon, and

the Persons afsembled under the Denomination of the Protestant Association, &c. to the Time of his Lord'hip’s Commitment to the Tower, &c. 8vo. 18. Wallis.

This narrative likewise contains an abstract of the late a&i, on which the difturbances were founded ; also, the address presented to his Majesty, on this occasion, by the Roman Catholic peers, &c. III. Considerations on the late Diffurlances. By a Confitent Whig.

8vo. 1 s. Almon, The Considerer warmly arraigas, and totally condemns the principle of the petition, frained by the Protestant Association,-vindi. cates, both on religious and political ground, the late act in favour of the Roman Catholics, commonly Nyled Sir George Saville's Bill,


[ocr errors]

-juftly execrates the horrid proceedings of the mob,—and then deduces the following general conclusions :

1. That the Protestant religion had nothing to do in the late disturbances.

• 2. That the prayer of the petition by no means meets with general approbation ; and that neither from the numbers or character of the subscribers, the object of their petition, or the manner of their proceedings is it to be raised to a level with those petitions that have been presented in a constitutional manner, by the representatives of several of the counties from their constituents, praying for a redress of their grievances.

3. That the late Act, in favour of the Papists, has not been properly represented to the people; that nothing can be further from the truth than, that it amounts to an absolute repeal of the penal laws, or the establishment of the Popish religion ; that fo far from their numbers having encreased in consequence of the mitigation of the penal laws, they have decreased considerably, both in this kingdom and Ireland. And, Lately--That 'neither jufice nor found policy cao suttity is

Jultify the repeal.' IV. Fanaticism and Treafor: or a Difpaffionate History of the Rire,

Progress, and Suppression of the Rebellious It furre&ions in Jane, 1780. By a Real Friend to Religion and to Britain. 8vo. 78. Kearfly.

This warm investigator of fanaticism, treason, and rebellion,' who thus cries aloud and spares not, has given a very

y elaborate and succinct account of what has happened; but he is as much at a lofs to aflign the cause which bas produced such lamentable effe&s, as any of his brother authors, who have obliged the public with their narratives, &c. on this unhappy occasion. Yet our historian teems eager to fix the charge fomewhere ; and we heartily with he were able to do it with certainty, that the secret, the real authors of for much diabolical mischief (whoever they are may be brought to exemplary punishment. But this gentleman is not sufficiently dispasionate in his inquiries ; abounding more in declamation than argument. He writes, however, in a strain superior to our common feribblers to the times, and his manner is frequently entertaining, even on this horrid subject. His view is, obviously, to vindicate the proceedings of government, in every stage of this ugly business; and he points with eagerDels at many gentlemen in oppofition, of whom he more than

- hesitates dillike, Willing to wound, but yet afraid to itrike! On the whole, though intemperately written, and containing, perhaps, fome unfair suggestions, -and though it has much the appearance of a ministerial production, yet this pamphlet deserves to be distinguished from the mob of catchpenny things, that will paturally spring from this new raised hot-bed of sedition.

* It would have been as well if the Author had omitted this word in bis title-page.


« PreviousContinue »