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Narrative of Shipwreck.
469 trunks of the trees being taken in, bottle of oil, which proved very ferand forming part of each fide : on viceable to the men's fores, another "one of these fides, that looked to- axe, a large iron pot, two camp ket
wards the south east, we left a vacan- cles, and about twelve pounds of talcy for the entrance,
dow candles. With much difficulty This bufiness being over, we exa- we got this great supply on More. mined the quantity of provisions we Do the 13th we made it our business had colleated, and had the satisfaction to ge: our provifions towed away in to find that we had in fore between a corner of the hut, when on opening two and three hundred pounds of salt the apple casks, we found their coubeef, and a confiderable ftock of onio tents, to our great surprise, converted
ous. As to bread, we had none; into bottles of Canadian balsam, a
the casks were ftove and the bread than apples, but what we could glada
The confiderable supply we got a man from farving, was the utmost from on board the wreck enabled we thought it prudent to afford our. us the next day to add four onions to Selves, lef we hould be in an unin- our daily allowance. We went on habited country; for as yet we were board once more on the 14th, and cut rather uncertain on what coaft we as much of the sails as poffible from were caft away; though afterwards the bowsprit, with part of which we on comparing circumftances, we con. covered our hut, and made it toleracluded it must be on the illand of bly warm and comfortable, potwithCape Breton.
standing the severity of the weather. On the sith of December, being By this time the fores of the men who the fixth after we landed, the gale had been frost bitten began to morti. abated, and gave us an opportunity fy, and caused their toes, fingers, and to launch our boat, and get on board other parts of the limbs affected, to what remained of the vetiel. Three rot off, their anguish being at the same of us accordingly embarked, having time almoft intolerable. The carpenwith much labour launched the boat, ter, who came on more after the and cleared her of the sand and ice. others, had loft the greateft part of As soon as we got on board the wreck his feet, and on the 14th at night bewe went to work at opening the came delirious, in wbich unhappy hatches, and having but one axe, and ftate he continued, till death released the cables being frozen over them in him the following day from his misea solid lump of ice, it took the whole rable existence. We covered hire day to accomplish it. The next day, with (now aod branches of trees, have the weather heing ftill moderate, we ing neither spade or pick-axe lo dig a went again on board, and having grave for him ; nor would it have oleared away the remainder of the been possible, if we had been provide cable, we cut up part of the deck, in ed with them, the ground being in order to make room to get out two this climate so hard frozen during casks of onions, with a small barrel the winter as to be almost impenetraof beef, containing about one hun. ble. Three days after, our second dred and twenty pounds, and three mate died in the same manoer, hav. barrels of apples, shipped by a Jewish ing been delirious for some hours be. merchant of Quebec. We likewise fore he expired. We felt but very found a quarter-cask of potatoes, a Lietle concern at the death of our com
panions, either on their account or covered several trees cut of one feder our own : for in the first place, we as we imagined, by an ex, which gare confidered it rather a happiness than us realon to think there might be laa misfortune to be deprived of life in diaqs near at hand. On geiog up to our present wretched fituation, and, the place we could plainly perceive in the second, because there becaine that ihere had been some there lately, the fewer mouths to consume our by their wigwam, wilich Atill remaia. Jittle stock of provisions : indeed, had ed with some freth bark about it. not some paid the debt of nature, we We likewise found the fkin of a moose hould in the end have been reduced deer haaging across a pole. We tra to the thocking beceflity of killing velled a good way further, io boper and devouring one another. Though of making some more discoveries of not yet reduced to this neceflity, our this nature ; but to do purpose. I condition was lo miserable, that it gave us nevertheless fome satisfa&ioa seemed scarcely possible for any new to End, that we were io a place where difrers to make a senable addition to inhabitants had been lately, as it was it. Beldes the prospect of perithing probable they might again return through want in that desolate place, chese. In case this thould happea, I and the pain arising from a perpetual cut a long pole and fuck it is the ice fense of hunger and cold, the agony upon the river ; then with my kaife, that the greater part were in, from which I always took care to preserve, the fores occasioned by the frost, was as it was the only one amoagit us, beyond expression, while their groans cut a piece of bark from a birch tree, were almost equally diftrefling to the and forming it into the Diape of a semainder-... but what affected me hand, with the fore finger extended more than all our other miseries, was and pointing towards our bus, fixed the quantity of vermin, proceeding, it on the top of the pole, and tools from the men's fores, and continual away "he moose ein, in order that ly increafing, which infefted us in they might perceive that some percvery part, and rendered us disguft- lons had been or the fpot fipce they ing even to ourselves. Several, left is, and the route they had raken however who had been but fightly on their return. We then pursued · frozen, recovered in a short time, the way to our bab.cat.on, and comwith the loss of a few toes and fingers; municated this agreeable informatioa so one having entirely escaped the to our companions, who were not froft but myielf. On the 20th ano- yet able to move about: triling at ther sailor died, after having been the hopes were which we could io realike the others, some time in a deciri- son derive from this discovery, yet um, and was buried, or rather cover. it gave them con&derable sativafica. ed in the same manner. Our oum. Twenty days being elapsed fince our ber was now reduced to fourteen por- thipwreck, and oor provisions being roos; yet we did not thiok it prudent very much reduced, I began to enterto increase the allowance of provifi- taia a suspicion, that there was fome ons, but Atill kept it at the rate ori- foul play during my absence at differ. ginally fixed on, of a quarter of a eat times from the hut in search of. pound of beef per diem.
inhabitants. I was therefore deterThe mate and I had frequently mined to find out the truth, il poffible gone out together, since we were thip- by keeping a conitant watch at nigbe; wrecked, to try if we could discover by which means I at length discoverany traces of inhabitants, but hither- ed, that the depredators were now no 80° without success. About a fort., other than the captain and two (alors, night after we had fixed ourselves who had consumed no less than leven
o the nut, we took the opportunity, ty pounds, belides a quantity of oniof a fine day to walk ten or twelve ons, in so thart a space of time. To, miles up a river, upon the ice where prevent such unfair pradlices for we observed many tracks of moore, i he future, the mate and I never deer and other animals, some of wirich weot out together, one of us confiantwe might have killed, had we been ly remaining in the but, provided with arms and ammunition.
(To be Conținued.). In our progres up the river we dife'
Defcription of the Royal Palace of Versailles. 471 A Defcription of the Royal gardens, on which side there is a magPalace of Versailles.
nificent portico, supported by marble piliars, and foored with the same,
100 yards in length; and the gar. ERSAILLES is about twelve dens are not to be paralleled : as all
miles from Paris, on an artificial the beautiful models that Italy, or Eminence in the midst of a valley. Be. the world could produce, were confore Louis XIV. came to the throne, sulted to make them complete ; the neither the town, nor the palace, had water-works, especially, are inimiany thing to recommend thein, being table; here marble and copper Atatues only a hunting-leat: but there are now spout up water in different forms, ţiiree noble avenues leading to the pa. which falls into marble barons of ex: lace from so many towns: the middle quisite workmao frip The fountain walk of the grand avenue is filty of the pyramid, the cascades, the wayards wide, and those on each side ter-alley, the water-bower,the trium." twenty: on the upper end of it, on the phal arch, the pavilion fountain, the right and left, are ine ftables, in iorm theatre, and Apollo', balon, where of a crescents to magnihcently built, Louis XIV. is represented under the that few royal palaces excel them ; in character of that god, juft come out which the king has five hundred hor. of the bath, and six of his favourite ses, the finest the world can produce ladies aslifting him with linen, &c.
From the parade you immediately are so exquisite, that nothing but a pass into the first court,through aniron view can raise an adequate idea of pallisade, in which are offices for mi- their various beauties: the groves, nifters of Aate ; then you ascend three grottos, labyrinth, and orangery, are fteps, and pass an iron gate, adorned all faely contrived. with trophies, to the second court, which is somewhat less than the first, The great canal is 1600 yards forg, in which is a noble fountain in the and 64 broad; there are several gali middle, and a magniớcient building lies and pleasure boats upon it, and in the wings : then you pass into a towards the middle, it is crossed by third, fliil less than the second, to another canal, at one end of which is which you ascend by five fleps; this the menagery, well stocked with all court is paved with black and white manner of wild beafls, birds, and all marble ; has a marble baron and fôrts of exotic animals; and at the fountain in the middle, and is termi- other, the beautiful little palace of Dated by a noble pile of buildings, Trianon, built entirely of marble. which, with the wings, confiitute the There are three fine avenues to the royal apartments. The principal palace, the middle one leads to Paris, Haircase therein is ten yards wide, and is Eve and twenty toises in and confits of the choicest marble breadth ; as to the other two, one that could be procured. The grand leads to St. Cloud, and the other to apartments confift of a long fucceflion Sceau ; they all three terminate in a of large lofty rooms exquisitely fur. kind of parade, called the Royal nimed. In the cabinet of rarities, Square. The park lodge, a spacious are an infinite number of curiosities in building, intended for his majefty's ágate, cryftal, and precious stones ; head-huntsmin, and the other officers medals, coins, and other antiquities; under his direction, stands on the fide with several admirable paintings. of the avenue leading to Paris, oppoThe gallery (esteemed the finest in fite the hotel de Conti, which formerEurope) is seventytwo yards long, ly belonged to the duke of Vermanand fourteen broad; having seven- dois. The design of the fables was teen windows towards the gardens; given by Julius Hardvin Mansart ; from whence there is a most delighe- they are built in the form of a cres.
cent at the upper end of the grand On the ceilings are painted the avenue, on the right and lefi, the battles fought in the late kiog's reign, whole lo regular and beautiful, that and done in the most high finished fex royal palaces exipdibem From tafte; the finest frone is next te hence the cafuje appears like a magnis
ficent theatre; and you mu? aTcend the completeft colle&tion in the work. lo come at it. The outer gate is all The hall of Venus has some beaotisat wrought iron gilt, and about twelve paintings, and an ancient Atatue of feet high ; it is terminated by two Cincinnatos. The hall of the billiard. lanthorns, formounted by two table is likewise adorned with fire groups of figures; the one carved by paintings, and with Louis XIV's buf, Mariy, and the other by Girardon. hy cavalier Bernini. The hall of A second gate, adorned with groups, Mars has a great number of exquisite separate the tivo court yards ; the paintings, and among the reft, ipe lafigure of peace was done by Tuby, mily o Darius at Alexander's feet, and plenty by Coilevox. The two one of Le Brun's beft pieces. On the large piles of buildings belonging to ceiling, the god Mars is represented the wings, each terminated hy a pa. in a chariot drawn by wolves. The vilion, are designed for the officers of hall of Mercury is painted by Chine the kitchen. After that, you see the pagne, where you may fee several fore-front and the wings of the old other pieces by the same hand, and castle or palase ; the front has a bal- likewise fome by Raphael, Titian, and cony, supported by eight marble co other eminent matters. The hall of lumns ; there are two ranges of Apollo has some excellent pieces, and apartments that join the two palaces. among the rest the four seasons, by
The new palace is a range of mag- La Folie, and several pictures by Guinificent apartments, which, together do. The halls of war and peace are with its wings, forms a front of above at both ends of the gallery ; the for three hundred fathom. The ridge is mer has some fine paintings, repredecorated with ftatues, vafes, and' senting the actions of Louis XIV.by trophies, ranged on ballifters, which Le Bron. TUD along the whole building. It is From the hall of war you pass to built so as to front the garden, and it the great gallery, the moft beautifel is on this side that Versailles makes and magnificent in Europe. It is the finest appearance.
thirty seven fathom long, and seven marble fair care furpafíes any thing broad, ending with a great arch, which of the kind that antiquity can boast leads into the forementioned halls, of. The fresco paintings were done and adorned with two marble pillars. by Le Brun ; and the bust of Louis On the gardeo-fide there are levenXIV, was carved by the famous Coi. teen windows which look into it ; and sevox. This is the entrance into the on the Gide of the king's apartments as graod apartments, the furoiture of many arches, filled with large pierwhich is immensely rich and magni. glasses. There arches and windows ficent.
are se perated by twenty four pilafters. First you pass into the hall of plen. The roof is excellently painted by ty, painted by Houale. Thence you Le Brun, and represents, in allegori proceed to the cabinet of antiquities cal or emblema:ical figures, part of and jewels, which is of an octagon
the memorable transactions of the late figure, and enlightened by a roolia king's reign, froin the Pyrenean trea. the form of a dome, and painted allo ty to the peace of Nimeguen. The by Hourfse. Here, among other pre- rest of the galleryis adorned with buits, cious curiosities, they have the finest vefsels, tables of porphyry and alabaragate in Europe, being of three co- ter, and with eight anciens ftatues, Jours, and four or five inches ia dia. among which, those of Bacchus, Vemeter, reprefenring the figure of a nus, Germanicus, and Diana, are naked eriperor, carried on the back molt esteemed. of an eigle, and crowned with vic- From the great gallery you may tory. The escritoir, in the middle proceed directly to the queen's apartof this chamber, contains a moft mag- ment, which is of the same dimenfions nificent collection of ancient and mo. as the king's, but of different work. dern medals. The first pieces were manship, adorned with paintings of fiven to Louis XIV. by his uncle the very great value, chiefly by Vignon duke of Orleans, and alterwards, by and Coypel. Paffing to the landing: muchi (taich aod expence, it was made place of the great marble Hair cafe ;
Description of the Royal Palace of Versailles:
you come to the king's apartment, iron rails, richly, gilt. The king's distributed into several chambers. gallery faces the great altar, over the Firft you enter into the hall of guards, great door, and is thirteen feet anda adorned with gilding and looking half wide. The two lamps are gilt in glasses. The next is the hall wnere an exquifite tafte, and the glaffes are the king dines in publick, embellished exceeding beautiful. The queen's with pictures of several battles. From gallery is on the right; and the galthence you país to the great hall, lery that runs round the chapel is which is worthy of admiration for its i nine feet and a quarter wide, sup. riches and beauty particularly for ported by fixteen pillars, and some the cornices, with the Mosaic work pilaiters of the Corinthian order. The and basso relievos, The king's bed- balustrade is very rich and elegant, chamber is oroamented with a great The roof is elegantly painted by emi deal of magnificence, and good order, nent hands. His bed is of crimson velvet, with The gardens abound with mafter
beautiful and rich embroidery pieces of every kind. The orangery (sometimes of damask, and other times is one of the sairest pieces of Turcan of gold tiffue, according to the season) archite&ture to be feen at Versailles. placed in an alcove, and inclosed with The defigo is by Le Maitre : but it å gilded balustrade. The mofi ex- was revised and finished by Mansart, quifite pitures adorp this royal though indeed with greater elegance chamber; and the rest of the furni. than rolidity. The eight groups of ture is magnificently elegant. Tne bronze which you see in the parterre billiard-room has a noble Ene billiard. of water, and which reprefent eight table, at wbich Louis XIV. used to rivers of France, were cast by the play very often ; it is likewise embel.. two Kellers. The vale of Latona lifhed with a great many excellent pic- has two meafs thirty feet high; the tures, and with a clock of very curious group of marble is by Marly. The workmanship. From this room you fower garden is by Le Noire, and proceed to several other chambers, the parterre of the orangery is by all finely adorned with painting; in Quintinie. The equeñrian flatue at one of them there is a globe, whose the bead of the Swiss piece, or bason, circles move just as those in the hea- on the other fide of the orangery, vens do. At length you come to the was made by cavalier Bernini for little gallery, which is the last piece Louis XIV, but not finding the work of the king's apartment. The ceil. so complete as he could wish, he ings of this gallery, and of the two changed the features oi Louis XIV, hails at the end of it, were painted by and made. a Curtius of it. The Mignard. This gallery is likewise figure of Autumn in the bason of full of some of the beft performances Bacchus is by Marly, and the.vase of of painters of the first rank. Thence Saturn by Girardon. The colonnade you proceed to the apartments be- is a peristyle of thirty-two columns, longing to the Dauphin, and the ref supported by as maay pilafters in the of the royal family, which con fift of Ionic order. The roofs are of white thambers, cabinets, balls, &c. laid marble, embellished with beautiful but with a great deal of art.
baffo relievos ; in the middle is a The chapel belonging to the palace beautiful group of marble by Giraris an exceeding fue piece of archi. don, representing the rape of Prote&ore, built of free ftone, in the serpine. The group of metal in the Corinthian order, twenty-two fathom large bason of Apollo is by Tuby, long, twelve broad, and about four- and reckoned one of his best pieces.. teen high. On the top there is a fine The Enceladus is a very fine group, baluftrade, with eight-and-twenty set up in an o&agon balon ; from the fatues. Nothing can be more beau- mouth of this giant (oppressed by the tiful or richer than the inward em. weight of mountains) fows a Jet d'eau, bellimments of this chapel. The or (pout of water, that rises seventygreat altar is of the finest marble. The eight feet high. Tuby made the bafacrilty is very neat. You ascend to ron of Flora, and Renaudon that of the galleries by two fair cases with Çeres. Of the three excellent groups