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Mr. BRADLEY. Then with your permission we will insert these in the record for this year's hearings. The top of page 256 to the bottom of page 265, the tables the Maritime Commission presented last year and considers still applicable.

(The tables referred to above are as follows:)

DATA ON EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES OF SEAMEN

PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT OF SEAMEN

IN SELECTED OCCUPATIONS
October 1, 1943 thru September 30, 1944

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Annual earnings of seamen in selected occupations whose employment in the

maritime industry ranged from 8 to 11 months, Oct. 1, 1943, through Sept. 30,
1944

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A Worked in rating during entire part of year employed.
B Worked in rating during major part of year employed, and on higher-paid job(s) rest of work year.
C Worked in rating during major part of year employed, and on lower-paid job(s) rest of work year.
1 Includes port work as well as voyage.

2 Average net income is average gross income minus income-tax deductions and social-security tax with.
held at source. Cost of room and subsistence not included.
3 Includes explosives and penalty cargo bonuses and other minor earnings.

SCOPE, PROCEDURE, AND SOURCES
The survey covers the 12-month period, October 1, 1943, through September 30,
1944 This period was selected as the one which would provide the most com-
plete and at the same time the most recent data available. Although the scope
of the study was limited by time and personnel, it is believed that the coverage
is sufficiently representative to throw authoritative light on the duration of
employment and annual earnings in the maritime industry.

Seventy vessels (56 cargo and 14 tankers)' which began voyages about October
1, 1943, distributed according to type, union contract, and initial voyage area,
were selected. From records filed with the United States Coast Guard in Wash-
ington, D. C., the name, social-security number, Z-number, age, nationality, and
rating of each of the some 3,200 seamen sailing on these 70 vessels at the beginning
of the period under discussion were transcribed from the vessels' articles to an
individual employment card. The different ratings held during the period by
each of these seamen, together with their subsequent sign-on and sign-off dates,
and the names of the ships on which each sailed during the period, were then
transcribed from Coast Guard records to the employment-record card set up
for each seaman. There were also transcribed from various sources data
relative to the port employment, hospitalization, repatriation, and in-training
time of these seamen.:

After ascertaining the names of the companies for which each of the 3,200
seamen had worked during the year, filed men in Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore, New Orleans, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and other ports
transferred from the various companies' voyage and port pay-roll records to an
earnings schedule specific information as to the wages, overtime, war-risk bonus,
penalty-cargo bonus, and explosives bonus earned by more than 1,200 of the
3,200 seamen, together with data on Federal old-age benefit, income, and other
tax deductions made against each man's earnings. Time and personnel did not
permit determination of the earnings of all of the 3,200 men for whom employ-

1. Approximate ratio of cargo to tanker vessels under American flag controlled by War
Shipping Administration about October 1, 1943.

243 Liberty type, 6 C-1,5 C-2,2 C-3, and 14 tankers.
3 Ship operator, R. M. O., and Coast Guard records.

ment data were transcribed, but the earnings of all those men employed in nine
different ratings, who worked more than 3 months during the period, were
ascertained."

As previously stated, the earnings data of seamen, with respect to both voyage
and port earnings, were taken directly from company pay-roll records. The
net cash earnings made by each seaman from all of his voyages during the
12-month period under consideration were determined by subtracting from his
total gross cash earnings (made up of wages, overtime, war-risk bonus, penalty-
cargo bonus, and explosives bonus, and other cash earnings, if any) Federal old-
age benefit, income, and other tax deductions. Likewise, the net cash earnings
made by each seaman from all of his port pay-roll time during the period were
determined in the above manner. Subsistence and lodging, either value aboard
ship or cash allowances in lieu thereof; travel and subsistence allowance; and
stand-by pay are not included in the income figures.

The study consists of two parts, one relating to those individuals who spent
a major part of their employment on dry-cargo vessels, and the other relating to
those individuals who spent a major part of their employment on tanker vessels.
Within each part there is a further break-down based on the nine selected occupa-
tions wherever applicable; that is, those individuals who spent all of their em-
ployed time in one occupation, those individuals who spent a major part of their
employed time in one occupation and the rest of the time in a higher occupa-
tion(s), and those individuals who spent a major part of their employed time in
one occupation and the rest of the time in a lower occupation(s).
Average monthly earnings of crew of Army-operated Liberty cargo vessel,

southwest Pacific area
[Rounded to nearest dollar)

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* First mate, AB, OS, radio operator, purser, second assistant engineer, oiler, chief cook,
and messman.

Average monthly earnings of crew of Army-operated Liberty cargo vessel,

southwest Pacific area-Continued

[Rounded to nearest dollar)

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1 Based upon data from 26 round voyages of commercially operated Liberty ships from United States
ports, beginning after Mar. 1, 1943, ending before July 28, 1944.

2 Ibid.
3 Technical sergeant, U. S. Army.
4 Base pay only.
5 Technician, fourth grade, U. S. Army.
6 Estimated
7 Average gun crew.
& Base pay plus 10 percent additional for officers; 20 percent for enlisted men.
9 Average payment received by dependents of Navy enlisted personnel from Federal funds, as of Nov. 30,
1944; serviceman's contribution not included.

Source: Based upon data from Divison of Allocations, War Shipping Administration, Navy Depart-
ment and War Department, except as indicated in notes 1, 2, and 6.
Monthly pay and average allotment of complement of Navy-operated Liberty

cargo vessel

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