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Foreign News.

LONDON, April 23.

Extrad of a letter from the Hague, NIMEGUEN (Holland) March 2.

April 14, 1784. We are in expe&ation of being “ The affair of the Statholder en

overwhelmed by the waters; one gages the attention of people of all of our diftriés, just near us, containing ranks ; as it is likely to lay a basis of 72 villages, is entirely covered by the troubles not easily removed. There inundation.

has long been a design among the We are sorry to add, that from the French faction, to make the power of letters which we have been favoured' the House of Orange, hur hitherto with a sight of, we are informed that without effeat. The Baron Drugire, the beautiful town of Cologne is in a Envoy from Denmark, has delivered a fimilar ftuation ; most of the inhabi- manifesto, to the States General, who tants of the lower town have left are now fitting similar to that from the their houses, and quays that formerly Court of Berlin, to which the Baron were remarkable for their opulence de Thuylemeyer is labouring daily to are now in ruins ; Maohem is almost obtain an answer.entirely deftroyed, and from Auder. A letter from St. Maloes, mentions nac to the Wesel, there is not a fingle that great rejoicings were made chere village but is ruined. The Baron de and at Rochelle, Brest, and Renpes, Nyvenheim and Fiscal Omphal perifh- upon the honourable acquittal of the ed, in attempting to relieve the unfor. Count de Gralle, who received the tugate people at Nimeguen.

most convincing marks of affeaion

and efteem from the magifirates of the VERSAILLES, April 11. great towns through which he passed

The 8th of this month, being on his way from Port L'Orient io PaMaundy Thursday, the King washed the feet of twelve poor men, and serve American News. ed them at table, the Prince of Conde, Grand Master of the King's House- PHILADELPHIA, May 20. hold, was at the head of the Maitres d'hotel, and preceded the service ; the The following is a description of the dishes were carried by Monsieur, the

Triumphal Arch and its ornaments, Count d'Artois, the Duke of Bourbon, which was exhibited in celebration the Duke d'Enghein,the Prince of Con.

of the happy'return of Peace. ti, and the Duke of Penthievre; and THE Arch is fifty feet and fix inches by the priucipal officers of his Ma. wide, and thirty five feet and fix in-jesty.

ches in height. The Arch is fourteenk In the afternoon the Queen washed feet wide in the clear, and each of the the feet of iwelve poor women, and small arches nine feet. _The pillars are served them at table. The Marquis of the Ionick Order. The entablature, de Talaru, First Maitre d'hotel to her all the other parts, and the proportions Majesty, preceded the service ; the correspondent to that order ; and the dishes were carried by Midame Eli- whole edifice is finished in the style o£ zabeth of France, the Princess of architect proper for such a building, Lamballes, Superintendant of the and used by the Romans. The pillars Qreen's house-hold, and by the ladies are adorned with spiral feftoons of of the court.

flowers in their natural colours.


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The devices and infcriptions are dir- fame. The countenance of Cincinatos ty,buted in tieneral parts appropor. is a ftriking resemblance of General tioned by the ancienis lo such orna- Washington, Vi&rix virtus. Vidomient,

rious virtue. 1. Over the cen'er arch, the temple XIII. On the dye of the next peder. of Judus dui. Numine favente mag. tal, militia exercising. Protegentes Dus als interro faeculorum nascitur gaudebunt. Proieding they fall en. ordo. By the divine favour a great joy. aid oeweider of ages commences. On the spandrels of the centre arch 11. On the south side of the Balur- thele letter, S.

PP. The sepace trade, a bufto Lewis the XVIch. Me- and people of Pensylvania. rendo memores facit. His merit makes The top of the balustrade is embellikUs femenitier him.

ed with figures, represeuting the cardiIII. On the other side of the balustrade, mal virtues, juftice, temperence, and a pyramidal cenotaph to the memory

fortitude. or epose brave men who have died for The whole building illuminated by their country in the late war.

about twelve hundred lamps. friam pugnando vulnera pasli. These received iheir wounds for their coun. At the Meeting of the CINCINNA.

TI, held in this City, they wrote V. On the south ide of the frize, the following Letter, addrefred tł:e Lillies, the arms of France. Glor- To the senior Lind and Naval Officers iain iuperant. They exceed in glory. of his Mont Christian Maiefiy, and

V. On the left of the former, a others, Members of the Society of plough, theaves of wheat, and a ship Cincinnati, in France. under fail, the arms of Pensyivania.

Gentlenien, Terra fuis contenta bonis. A laud con- WE, die delegates of the Cincia. tenred with its own bleffings.

nati, having judged it expedient to VI. On the left of the preceding, a make several effential alterations and sun, tise device of France, and thirteen amendments in our inftitution, and ftars, le device of the United States. having thought it our duty to commaCeln iritti Allied in the beivens. nicate resons, upon which we

VII. Colhe left of the lait, two hands have acted in a circular address to the joitied holding branches of olive and State focieties, do now transmit for the caduceus of commerce. Concor your information, a transcript of digentiam. The concord of pacions. that letter, together with a copy oi

VIII. On the south pannel, consede- the inflitution as altered and amended. raied America leading upon a soldier ; Conscious of having done what pru. aniltary irophies on each lide of them. dence and love of our country didated, I des exercitus. The fuelity of the we are persuaded you will be satis

fied with che propriety of our conIX. On the other pinnel, Indians duet, when you are informed, our de. building churches in the wilderneís. cisions were in fuenced hy a conviction, Ponant ferocia corda. Their favage that some things contained in our ori. dearts become mild.

ginal system might eventually be proX. On the dye of the south pedestal, dullive of consequences, which we a library witi instruments and emblemis had not forefeen, as well as by the of arts and iciences, Emoliunt mo. current fent ment which appeared 1. 'res. There foiten manners.

prevail among our fellow citizens. XI. Os the dyeaf tue next pedestal, Under these circumstances, we viewed a 1:!7e true beiring thirteen principal it as no proof of magnanimity to perand dilinci branches loaded with fru t. fint in any thing, which might pollibly Roborr alipitis maturabunt. By the. be erroneous, or to counterad the

fogth of the body there will ripen. opinion of the commodity however

XU.Co the dye of the pedestal, upon founded. Nor were we displeased to the right land, in paling through the find the jealous eye of patriotism center arch, Cincinatus, crowned with watching over those liberties, which laurels, returning to his plough, the had been established by our common plough adorned with a wreath of the exertions, especially as our country.

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Monthly Chronology,


men appeared fully disposed to do sul husbandman, who immediately be juftice to our intentions and to appre- fore, with pleasing satisfa&ion, might hend no evils, but such as might hap. have viewed in his teeming field, the pen in process of time, after we, in growing grain waving responhve to whom they place so much confidence, the morning breeze, now, alas ! in fhould have quitted the ftage of hu. one short bour, by a breath of the man action ; and we flatter ourselves, Almighty (if we may lo speak) his we felt no less interested in guarding hopes, with the fields of corn, are against disastrous contingencies in hurled into one general ruin. averting present or future political A letter from a gentleman in Annaevils,. than the most zealous of our polis, dared May 10, says, “ Con. compatriots.

gress having received information that For us then it is enough, that our the Hon. John Jay, Esq; one of their benevolent purposes of relieving the Minifters Plenipotentiary in Europe, vufortunate Mould not be frustrated, was about to return to America, have that our friendships should be asimmu. appointed him to the office of Secretable as they are fincere, and that you tary of Foreign Affairs ; and the have received the tokens of them with Hon. Thomas Jefferson, Esq; formerly Such tender marks of sensibility. For Governor of Virginia, and a late Deyou, Gentlemen, let it be sufficient, legate in Congrels, for that State is that your merits and services are inde. appointed to go to Europe as Minilibly impressed upon the hearts of a fer Plenipotentiary, to join Mr. Awhole nation, and that your names dams and Dr. Franklin, to negociato and actions can never be lost in obli- treaties of commerce in behalf of the vion.

United States of America." Cherising such sentiments and reciprocating all your affections, we NEW.PORT, June 19. pray you will bave the goodness to be. The public are hereby informed, lieve, that although nothing could that the Light house, at the entrance have eacreased our friend thip and of this harbour, is completely repairveneration, yet by your alacrity in ed, and the lights are now burning associating with us, you have taken there as formerly. the most effectual measure for riveting more strongly those indissoluble

BOSTON, June 3. ties,

On the 28th May an ordinance for By order,

putting the department of finance into G. WASHINGTON, President. commission was read a third time, and Philadelphia, &c.

passed in Congress; and on the 3d inft.

Congress proceeded to the eleštion of NEW YORK, Joue 17. three commissioners, to be stiled, Board We hear from Poughkeepfie, in

of Treasury, when the honourable DaDurches county, that on Sunday the

niel Thomas Jenifer, of Maryland, the 6:n infant, they had the most terrible

honourable Oliver Ellirworth, of Conguit of wiod and hail ever known in necticut, and the honourable inat place, the hail-fiones (many of Denning, of New.York, were duly which were nearly as large as goose elected. They are not to enter on the eggs, but of ail Mapes and sizes) broke

business of their appointment before

the roth of November next. nearly every pane of glass on the northerly side of their buildings, iis The receiver of the continental extent was but a few miles in breadth, taxes, for the fate of Virginia, adverbut the deftruation and devastation tises his reception of 45167 dollars, in that it spread over the gardens and the month of April, on account of that fields of corn exceed description. ftate, for the use of the United States. Numbers of baros, barracks, &c. The fellows of the Amerian Acadewere overturned, and several trees my of Arts and Sciences, at their anturned up by the roots; geese,turkeyny, naal meeting on the 25th uil. elected and other kinds of poultry were al. the following gentlemen officers for molt at destroyed. "Tnus the care. the ensuing year:


The Hon. James Boudoin, Presiden“. the 10th inflant, succeeded in his very The Rev. Jureph Wiliard, Vice Prefi- first attempt, and brougbt up one of dent.

the largest chevaux de frize that wa COUNCELLORS, The Hon. Simuel (uok in the deepest water. Adams, Efq; His Honour Thomas Cushing, Erqi His Excellency John 21. Philip Scuyler, Erq; of the State Hancock, Erg; Hon. John Lowel, Elq; of Pensylvania, 18 appointed a commitHon. Robert T. Paine, Erg; The Rev. fioner, in addition to Benjamin Lin. Phillips Payron. Hon. Cotton Tufts, coln and Arthur Lee, Esquires, who Ffq; Dr. John Warren. Rev. Samuel are appointed by Congress, com mit Williams.

oners to treat with the Indians, in the Mr. Caleb Gannett, Recording Se- room of Mr. Higginson and M. cretary.

Green; those two gentlemen having Ebenezer Storer, Esq; Treasurer. declined serving in that buhoels. Mr. Benjamin Guild, Vice-Treasu

The lion. Legiftature of the Com Mr. Cales Ganneti, Kueper of the mon Wealth of Virginia, have empo. Cabinet and Librarian.

ered the Executive to lay an embargo The following gentlemen were elect- on Indian Corn for a limited time. ed fellows; William Erving, [!q; of Boston, Samuel Hale, Erq; of Porir: • 24. At a town meeting held at mouth, New Hampfhire ; Mr. Sana - Faneuil Hall, on Thursday laft, for uel Gustavus Harmelin, of Sweden, the final decision of the bosiness of inMember of the Royal Academy of corporating the town; on a queftion Sciences at Stock nolm ; John Spar- being put, it passed in the negative by. hawk, E!q; of Portsmouth, New- a great majority Hampshire.

The following very extraordinary 10. A Dublin paper of the 20th of marriage was celebrated on Monday

April, has the following paragraph. the 24th of May, near Bordentown;

« The virtue of Ireland Mall soon Mr. James Wood, to Miss Theodofia triumph over the enemies of liberty. "Thomas. What renders this connecThere are fifteen thousand, patriots tion remarkable is, that the parties armed in Ulfer ready for the onset. were both deaf and durab from theit The province of Connaught is also in infancy. array, and in Leinster and Munfter the hands of freedom will not be tardy; We are informed that the commitso that with a French fleet we may defy 'tee of the States have appointed satur. Britain and the enemies of Ireland.” day, the 26th joft, for their firft meet

17. The following gentlemen were ing at Annapolis, that city being fixed clected this day by the two branches on by thecoinmittee as the place for of the General Court, agreeable to

their deliberations. the conftitut on, to serve as delegates. froin this Commonwealth, in the 28. A late Paris gazette has the Hoited States, in Congress allembled following paragraph. .". The counfor one year, viz.

cil of fate bave at last decided the great Hon. Elbridge Gerry,

question relative to the commerce of Francis Dana,

the Americans witb the coaft of BriSamivel Holton,

tanny. The farmers general were for George Partridge,

having only one port opened for tradTriram Dalton, Erg’rs. ing with the United States, but the

K ng bas opened them all; in conseWe heat the Chevaux-de-frize quence of which all the ports of Briwhich has e long obilruded the na. tapny will trade with America, and revigation of the Delaware, will mort. ceive the returns, without any one l'y be removed. The ingenious me- having the preference. chan.c, Mr. Arthur Donaldson, have ing undertaken the Herculean task, On the 19th inftant, the Congress, aind prepared his vast apparatus, oa passed the following relolves :

* That

Montbly Chronology.

355 « That it be, and it is hereby re- the quantity of land granted to, or surcommended to the legislatures of the veyed for any person, and the build. feveral states, to veit the United ings and improvements thereoo. States in Congress assembled, for the In April 1783, Coágress recomterm of fifteen years, with power to prohibit any goods, wares and mer. mended it to the several flates to chandize, from being imported into, change this rule of apportionment, or exported from any of the states in for another, wbich was founded on the vefsels belonging to, or navigated by, pomber of in habitants in each flate althe subje&s of any power with whom lowing five Naves to be equal to three there itates thall not have formed freemen: the expediency of adopting treaties of commerce. That it be,and this recommendation was a subject hereby is, recommended to the legir- of carly debate in the session, and on latures of the several Aates, to veft the which we Mall ftate the arguments. United States in Congress assembled, Thore who were in favour of the alfor the term of fifteen years, with the teration, urged the impraticability of power of prohibiting the subjects of

the other mode. Valuations, they any foreign state, kingdom, or em- said, taken in that way were sufficipire, unless authorised by treaty, im. ently known to be unsasisfactory and porting into these United States, any unjuft by those which were made to goods, wares or merchandize, which determine the relative worth of the are not the produce or manufadture towns in our own state. Who was of the dorainions of the Sovereign there that did not complain ? And whose subjects they are.

when inequalities were thought to be Provided, That all acts of the Uni. discovered, where was the burthen to ted States in Congress assembled, in be laid for the relief of the sufferers ! pursuance of the above powers, the Never was there one that did not reassent of nine States Mhall be neceffa- ceive the real or pretended reprobary.

tion of a great part of the towne con

cerned. If there evils arose to such an Proceedings of the General height, on a small scale, would they

not increase with the magnitude of the Court.

objects to be compared together. In THE evils of a war are not closed this refpet the proposed method had with it's military operations ; they de. a decided advaniage over the other, kend to the posterity of the soldier, for, nothing was more eafily obtained and he wir knows of battles and de- than the number of polls in each ftate. vastations only by tradition, realizes If gentlemen objected to the value of many very serious effects from there slaves compared with freernen they

To leífen such effects by ought to consider, that the benefit of a an early provifion for defreying the white man(and freemen were generalexpences necessarily incidental io the ly of this class) in point of ability to belt conducted contests or this nature, pay taxes and to defend the state, was molt be the object of every wise legislavaftly fa perior to that of a black one.

his however, is always attend- The prime cost of flaves in the southed with difficulties ; and perhaps, no ern Rates was high ; their lives of but where with greater,than in the United Short duration ; and the proportion Statés. For, funds are not only to be of able bodied men exceedinglý (mall. provided, but the proportion of Thir. Their comparative value with whites teen different powers are to be ascer could not indeed be demonstrated, tained. To do this, by any system but, from such confiderations, it might tha: (hall be consistent in principle, and reasonably be supposed, that it was reducible to pradice, is an object as not higher than the proportion of five desirable as it is difficult to be attained. to three. The house were assured that

The charges of the war, by the 8th the requisitions in which this commonarticle of the confederation, were to be wealth had been most favoured,had been defreyed out of the public chest, to be apportioned on the rule proposed. A fupplied by each liate according to very important consideration was to be




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