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continue to disobey the Gospel perish by their own fault, and are wholly without excuse, because they have resisted the Holy Spirit, and rejected God's gracious offer of eternal life.'—Matt. iii, 2. Luke ix, 61, 62; xiii, 24, 25. 2 Cor. vi, 2. Heb iii, 13, 15. ?Matt. vii, 24-27; xxv, 10. Luke xii, 20; xiv, 18. Acts xxiv, 25. Heb. ii, 1-3; xii, 25. *Prov. i, 21–26. John iii, 18, 19, 36. Acts vii, 51. Rom. ii, 4, 5. 2 Cor. ii, 15, 16; iv, 3, 4. 2 Thess. i, 8, 9.
IV. As there is no other way of salvation than that revealed in the Gospel,' and as in the divinely established and ordinary method of grace, faith cometh by hearing the Word of God, Christ hath given to His Church the written Word, the Sacra. ments, and the Ministry; endowed her with the Holy Spirit, and commissioned her to go with His Gospel into all the world, and to make disciples of all nations. It is, therefore, the duty and privilege of all believers to sustain the means of grace
where they are already established, and to contribute by their prayers, gifts, and personal efforts to the extension of the kingdom of Christ throughout the whole earth.—John viii, 24; x, 9; xiv, 6. Acts iv, 12. Matt. xxviii, 19, 20. Mark xvi, 15. Acts i, 8; viii, 4; xxvi, 16–18. Rom. i, 14, 15; x, 14, 15, 17; xvi, 25, 26.
CHAPTER (X) XII. OF EFFECTUAL CALLING. II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man, who is altogether passive in the act of regeneration, wherein being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, he is enabled to answer God's call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.
II. All infants dying in infancy, and all other persons, who, from birth to death, are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word, are redeemed by Christ, and regenerated by the Spirit
, who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth, IV. Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit, yet inasmuch as they never truly come to Christ, they cannot be saved: neither is there salvation in any other way than by Christ through the Spirit, however diligent men may be in fram. ing their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess.
CHAPTER (XI) XIII. I. Those whom God effectually calleth, He also freely justifieth; not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins; and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous: not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone: not by imputing faith itself, the act of believe ing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness: but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them, they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith ;; which faith (they have, not of themselves, it) is the gift of God.
The words in parenthesis were stricken out so as to read which faith is the gift of God.
III. Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real and full satisfaction to Divine justice in their behalf. Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them, and His obedi. ence and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for anything in them, their justification is only of free grace;
that both the exact justice, and rich grace of God, might be glorified in the justification of sinners.
In line 4, Divine is substituted for “His Father's" justice.
CHAPTER (XIV) XVI. OF SAVING FAITH. I. The grace of faith, whereby sinners are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls
, is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts; and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word; by which also, and by the administration of the sacraments, and prayer, it is increased and strengthened.
OF GOOD WORKS.
CHAPTER (XVI) XVIII. VII. Works done by unregenerate men, although they may be things which God commands, and of good use both to themselves and others; and while their neglect of such things is sinful, and displeasing unto God, yet because they proceed not from a heart purified by faith; nor are done in a right manner, according to the Word; nor to a right end, the glory of God; they are there. fore not free from sin, and cannot be accepted of God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God.
CHAPTER (XXI) XXIII.
IV. Prayer is to be made for things lawful; for the forgiveness of all sins, except the sin unto death; and for all sorts of men liv. ing, or that shall live hereafter; but not for the dead.
OF LAWFUL OATHS AND VOWS.
CHAPTER (XXII) XXIV. VII. No man may vow to do anything forbidden in the Word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he hath no promise or ability from God. In which respects, (popish) monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself.
The word popish, in line 5, was stricken out, so as to read "monastical vows," etc.
CHAPTER (XXIII) XXV. OF THE CIVIL MAGISTRATE. III. Civil magistrates may not assume to themselves the administration of the Word and sacraments; or the power of the keys of the kingdom of Heaven; or, in the least, interfere in matters of faith. Yet, as nursing fathers, it is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the Church of our common Lord, without giving the preference to any denomination of Christians above the rest, in such a manner, that all ecclesiastical persons whatever shall enjoy the full, free, and unquestioned liberty of discharging every part of their sacred functions, without violence or danger. And, as Jesus Christ hath appointed a regular government and discipline in His Church, no law of any commonwealth should interfere with, let, or hinder the due exercise thereof among the voluntary members of any denomination of Christians, according to their own profession and belief. It is the duty of civil magistrates to protect the person and good name of all their people, in such an effectual manner as that no person be suffered, either upon pretense of religion or infidelity, to offer any indignity, violence, abuse, or injury to any other person whatsoever; and to take order, that all religious and ecclesiastical assemblies be held with. ont molestation or disturbance.
The words, “as nursing fathers," line 5, were stricken out.
CHAPTER (XXIV) XXVI. OF MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE. III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consent, yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord. And, therefore, such as profess the true religion should not marry with infidels, nor with the adherents of false religions, neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life.
VI. There is no other head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ, and the claim of the Pope of Rome to be the vicar of Christ, and the head of the Church universal, is without warrant in Scrip. ture or in fact; and is a usurpation dishonoring to the Loril Jesus Christ.
CHAPTER (XXIX) XXXI. OF THE LORD'S SUPPER. II. In this sacrament, Christ is not offered up to His Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all, for remission of sins of the quick or dead; but only a commemoration of that one offering up of Himself, by Himself, upon the cross, once for all, and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same; so that the Roman Catholic doctrine of the sacrifice of the mass is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only sacrifice for sin.
VIII. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this sacrament, yet they receive not the thing signi. fied thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with Him, so are they unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot, without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries
, or be admitted thereunto.
For damnation, line 4, condemnation was substituted.
CHAPTER XXX (XXXII). OF CHURCH CENSURES.
II. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of Heaven are committed, by virtue whereof they have ministerial and declarative power respectively to retain and remit sins, to shut that king. dom against the impenitent, both by the word and censures; and to open it unto penitent sinners, by the ministry of the Gospel, and by absolution from censures, as occasion shall require.
In behalf of the Committee,
Wm. C. ROBERTS, Chairman.
The Report of the Special Committee on Unemployed Ministers and Vacant Churches was presented, read, accepted and ordered to be printed, and made the second Order for to-morrow morning.
It was made the first Order for this afternoon to hear the Report of the Special Committee on the Seal of the Church.
A Resolution on the course to be taken, when elections of Professors in the Theological Seminaries are reported to the Assembly, was referred to the Standing Committee of Theological Seminaries, with direction to report at its earliest convenience.
The Special Committee on a New Edition of the Constitution, presented its Report, which was accepted and adopted, and is as follows:
The Permanent Committee, consisting of the Stated and Permanent Clerks, appointed to supervise the editions of the Constitution of the Church, would respectfully report to the General Assembly of 1891 that a new edition of the Constitution has been prepared under the supervision of the Committee, and published by the Board of Publication and Sabbath-school Work. Great care has been taken in the preparation of this edition, and it is believed to be more accurate than any, preceding issue. The text has been carefully compared with the editions of 1789, 1797, 1815, 1885 and 1888, the edition of 1789 being regarded as the Princeps, and also with the texts of the several amendments as they appear in the “Minutes" of the General Assembly. In the judgment of the Committee this edition contains what may be regarded as the authoritative text of the Standards of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America. The proof texts have been care. fully compared with those contained in the edition of 1797. The Index has been enlarged, and it is believed will prove a decided help in consulting the work.
The Committee thankfully acknowledge the faithful, painstaking services and valuable assistance rendered in the preparation and publication of this edition by the Rev. Elijah Ř. Čraven, D.D., LLD.
As a result of the work done by him and your Committee the following restorations of the true text of the Constitution have been made.
The princi al emendations of the text of the Constitution are as follows:
CONFESSION. 1. The title of Chapter iii is altered from “Of God's Eternal Decrees” to “Of God's Eternal Decree."
2. Chapter vii, 3—"offered" changed to "offereth.”
3. Chapter xi, 3—the punctuation altered so as to read: “Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them; and His obe. dience and satisfaction accepted in their stead; and, both, freely,” etc.
4. Chapter xiii, 1—a colon (:) after " dwelling in them :” and a semi-colon (;) after “weakened and mortified;".
5. Chapter xv, 6——a semi-colon (;) after “the pardon thereof;".
6. Chapter xxi, 6—"into" is altered to "unto” in the phrase “either tied unto.”
7. Chapter xxiii, 4—the article "the" is omitted in the first clause before "people" so as to read: "It is the duty of people."
8. Chapter xxix, 2—"one" changed to "once” in the clause : "a commemoration of the once offering up of himself.” (This change is made in accordance with the American Princeps. The British editions, so far as they have been examined, all read “ one.")
LARGER CATECHISM. 9. Answer 113—altering "the" to " His" in the clause : “using His titles, attributes,” etc.