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De levell d against him, will find him Work enough to observe her Movements, and to defend his own Privileges and Dominions.
The King of SWEDEN has been invited, and seems most willing to accede to the Treaty of Hanover. But this he cannot do of himself; he must first assemble the States of the Kingdom, and consult with them upon that Occasion; but ’tis scarce to be doubt ed, but that they will come into the same Measures. :
ruin the Unt was at first look mpany might his defend them togbill
The STATES GENERAL have always been so true to their ancient Alliances, and to their Interests, that there is not the least Question to be made of them; and the most powerful of the Seven Provinces, to wit, that of Holland, has already voted for the Herenhausen Treaty. And indeed the Dutch and English can never too zealously join against such an Alliance as that of Spain and the Empire. The latter have obtained of the former several Privileges in Trade, which in Equity they could not grant; the same Privileges having by former Treaties been given away to the English and Dutch, who ought, and 'tis believed will, defend them to the last. This Ostend India Company might have been crush'd in time; but it was at first look'd upon as an idle Project, that wou'd ruin the Undertakers, and drop of it felf; but the Charter since given 'em by the Emperor, the Commerce granted’em by the King of Spain, an Archdutchefs assuming the Government of the Austrian Netherlands, with an Intent chiefly to protect and encourage them, fufficiently Thew that they are to be trifled with no longer ; nor is the French India Company of so little Importance to Pem, but they will be very ready to suppress all Intruders, and to crush the Invaders of their Trade and Property.
There is still another Point, and of as great Importance, that makes it necessary for England to unite against Spain. This Kingdom cannot with Patience fee two of her strongest Places dismember'd from her Body, notwithstanding that they were conquer'd in a former War, and yielded up to the Conqueror by succeeding Treaties. They are of the greatest Security to the British Commerce, and consequently a Nation that has always been so jealous of its Trade, will never part with 'em; and indeed the Possession of 'em would add such a Power to Spain, as to make it become formidable to its Neighbours.
There There is scarce any thing left to fpeak of but ITALY, a Country once the glorious Seat of Arts, and Arms, now over-run with Ignorance and Superstition, and corrupted by Sloth and Prieste, craft; infomuch that when we come to converfe with its Inhabitants, we begin to think it impossible that this Country should have given Birth to the Cæfars and Scipios, or that a Virgil and a Horace had their Education in it. A whole Age fcarce prodám ces a famous Man amongst 'em now, and him at best but a Pain ter or Musician Rome, once the Retreat of the brave Unfortunate, the Protectress of injured Monarchs or oppressed Subjects, famous throughout the World for a strict Administration of Justice, is become the Sanctuary of Rebels, and Ufurpers, the Broacher of Treasons, and Pomenter of Rebellions. But to my Purpose..
The Ecclesiastical State of Rome governed by the Pope is of very little Importance"; nor wou'd its Friendship or Enmity be of great Confequence any where but in Italy, where there are so many petty Princes. The Pope seldom wages War, yet is perpetual, ly in Difpute with fome one or other; for Ecclesiastical States ever were encroaching: however, their Disputes are generally adjusted. in a friendly manner, after some Years have been spent in wrangling. People had great Hopes when the present Pope was chosen that they should see a Reformation in the Roman Church, for which Purpose he had calld a Council ; but all the Reformation ended in a few. Externals, the Ecclesiasticks were obliged to throw by their Perukes, and to Aap down their Hats. His Holinefs too was at first said to be of a very moderate Spirit, and one that hated Persecution ; but his approving of the Massacre of Thorn, and encouraging the Poles not to make the Protestants any Satisfaction, and promising 'em a Supply of Men and Money for their Defence, fufficiently demonstrate the contrary. Besides which, he has lately writ five Letters with his own Hand to the which he has lacey. Emperor, to persuade him not to make any Concessions to the Protestants, who for some Years past have suffer'd many Grievances in Germany, and on the redrelling of which depends the Peace and Tranquillity of the Empire.
The Great Duke of Tuscany is one of the most powerful Princes in Italy; but he begins to grow in Years, and has no Successors ; so that the ancient House De Medicis will by his Death become extinct, and a Foreigner possess himself of his Dominions.
The most potent Pretender to this Country is Don Carlos, Infant of Spain, who is also to inherit the Dutchies of Parma and Placentia ; and in which if he should succeed, the Power of Spain will grow very great in Italy.
The King of SARDINI A seems to concern himself very little with his Neighbours Affairs. He has already been driven out of one Kingdom, and is not willing to give any Occasion for his being turn'd out of another; be therefore Itrives to live peaceably, and to maintain his own: But the Part that Prince has acted in the two laft Wars, are sufficient to make us guess what he will do in the next. - The Republick of VENICE will naturally embrace the Party of the Imperialifts, who muft protect 'em against the Turks ; but not so as to make themfelves a Party in case of a Rupture between the Emperor and his Neighbours. · That of GENOA is too inconsiderable to mention; and the Cartons of SWISSERLAND having different Interests to pursue, will probably chufe different Alliances. .. : I cannot conclude this Article from Italy without taking notice of an open Rupture between the Chevalier De St. George, and the Princess Sobieski his Wife, who is retired into a Nunnery ; the Occasion is Jealoufy, the Pretence Religion. She accuses Mr. Mura ray, by the Pretender. created Earl of Dainbar, and appointed Governor to his eldeft Son, of being a Protestant; but his Crime before her is being Brother to Mrs. Hay, the titular Countess of Inverness; and that Lady and her Husband have too great an Alcendant over the Chevalier, not to give the Princess a great deal of Uneasiness.
As by the above Account it appears, that every Turn of Affairs in Europe depends upon the two Treaties of Hanover and Vienna, a Sight of 'em will doubtless be very grateful to the Reader; we fhall therefore print the one in this Mercury, and take some other Opportunity of publishing the other. But here 'tis necessary to observe, that there have been several fpurious Copies of the Hanover Treaty-fpread about ; the following is taken from the A112sterdami Gazette ; a Paper in very good Reputation, and whose Author takes all pollible Care to print nothing of this Kind, but what he knows to be genuine. .
COPY of the Treaty concluded at Hanover, the
Third of September, 1725.
THEIR Majefties, the King of Great Britain, the moft
Christian King, and the King of Prusia, having seen with. Pleasure, how far the strict Union, that fubfifts, between them, has contributed, not only to the Happiness of their respective Kingdoms and Subjects, but also to the publick Good and Trans quillity; being also assur'd, that the most effectual Means to fe-. cure and preserve those Advantages against whatever Accidents might happen, is, more and more to cultivate the said. Union, and render it firm and lasting: And having maturely reflected on all the Treaties, which already subsist, between their faid Mar. jesties, (from which they declareg.'tis not their Intention, in any wise, by the present Treaty, to derogate) they have thought fit previously to take new Measures, for. those Cases which mightraise a Disturbance in Europe, in agreeing between themselves on : what shou'd be most proper and necessary, not only for the Security, and most effential Interests of their respective Kingdoms, but also for the publick Good and Tranquillity. For these. Reasons, and in this. View, their said Britannick, most Christian and Prur fian Majesties, have given their full Powers, (viz.). his Britannick: Majesty to the Right Honourable Charles Viscount Townlbend Baron' of Lynn, Lord Lieutenant of the County, of Norfolk, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter; &c. and his see cretary of State ; his most Christian Majesty, to Francis Count de-Broglio. Lieutenant-General of his, Forces, Director-General of the Horse and Dragoons, Governor of Mont-Dauphin, and his Ambassador to the said most Serene King of Great Britain ; and his: Prusian Majesty, to the Sieur John Christopher de Wallenrodt, his Minister of States, and Envoy-Extraordinary to the faid moft Serene King of Great Britain, who in vertue of the said full Powers, (Copies whereof shall be inserted word for word at the End of the present Treaty) having, with the greatest Attention, weigh'd and consider'd on the most proper Measures, to compass ; what their faid Majesties propofe to themselves, have agreed on: the following Articlesa.
- I. There shall be from this time, and at all times hereafter, as true; firm, and inviolable Peace, the most sincere and intimate Friendship, and the strictest Alliance and Union, between the faid Three moft Serene Kings, their Heirs and Successors, their States, Countries and Cities, situated on their respective Territor ries, and their Subjects and Inhabitants, as well in as out of Exrope; and this Union shall be preserv'd and cultivated in such: manner, that the contracting Powers may faithfully promote their respective Interests and Advantages, and prevent and repel all. Wrongs and Oppressions, by the most convenient Methods that: they can think of.
II. As the true End and Intention of this Alliance between the said Kings, is mutually to preserve the Peace and Tranquilliaty of their respective Kingdoms; their faid Majesties promise their mutual Guaranty. to protect and defend all their Dominions, Couna tries and Cities, as well in as out of Europe, which each Ally shall be actually in Possession of at the signing of this Treaty; and ala so their Rights, Privileges and Advantages, and particularly those relating to Trade, which the said Allies-do, or:ought respectively to enjoy. And to that End, the said Kings have agreed, that if, in Opposition to this Alliance, or upon any other Pretence; any of the said Allies, should be attack'd in an hostile manner, or fuffer any Wrong in the things above-mention'd, from any Prince or State whatfoever, the others wou'd employ their good Offices to see Justice done to the offended. Party, and prevail.on the Ag. gressor to abstain from any future Wrong or Hostility:
· III. And if it shou'd happen; that any of the contracting Powers Tou'd be openly attack’dz. or molested in the abovefaid Cases, and the before-mention'd good Offices: fail'd of procuring: a just Redress and Satisfaction for all Wrongs and Damages fum ftain'd by the injur'd Party, that then the other Powers within two:Months after Demand, shall furnish the following Succours, (to wit:). · His Britannic-Majesty 3000 Foot, and 4000 Horse..
In-like Case, his most Christian Majesty 8000 Foot; and 4000 Horse.
And in like Cafe also, his PrufianMajesty 3000-Foot; and 2000> Horse.