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equipment. The proposed line item will provide a unique, shockproof structure, built in a remote area of the station on one of the most stable rock formations in the North American Continent. Although commercial facilities of a similar type are available, they are not capable of testing to the degree of accuracy required. This Navy facility will be used to test and check the fully assembled equipment and its components, to insure that the manufacturers actually meet the exact specifications. This should result in lessening the number of rejects and eventually, to lower cost of the product.

Senator STENNIS. What does it have to do with aviation medicine? You have something on page 30 about aviation medicine.

Admiral Chew. This has nothing to do, Mr. Chairman, with aviation medicine. This is the test of equipment.

NAVAL AIR STATION, PATUXENT RIVER, MD. The next project is at the Naval Air Station, Patuxent River, Md., for replacement of the heating plant high temperature water system at the estimated cost of $2,116,000. Included as the chief component of the station is the Naval Air Test Center, which has for its mission the testing and evaluation of aircraft and their various parts. The capacity of the central heating plant is less than 70 percent of the total heating load. Excessive corrosion in four of the old boilers; inadequate circulating pump capacity; and lack of accumulators and controls, all contribute to an expensive and unreliable operation. Six separately located, hand-fired boilers have been salvaged from scrap in an attempt to meet heating loads. Excessive tonnage of coal is burned because of the inefficient heating plant and excessive losses in the steam distribution system. These critical conditions will be overcome only upon installation of the proposed improvements.

NAVAL MISSILE CENTER, POINT MUGU, CALIF. The third project consists of two line items at the estimated cost of $338,000 for the Naval Missile Center, Point Mugu, Calif. This station conducts tests and evaluation of guided missiles and systems and supports the Pacific missile range.

The first line item is for stabilization of runway end zone at the estimated cost of $264,000. This is similar to the line item for the naval air station at Oceana which I discussed earlier in this hearing, except that the soil here is coarse, noncompacted material which is incapable of safely supporting the high performance aircraft operating at this station. A stabilized area about 1,000 feet beyond the southerly end of the northeast-southwest runway will be built up of compacted, select material and sealed with asphalt. A culvert will be constructed under the fill for proper drainage; and a short blast pad of soil cement will be provided to minimize erosion of the earth by jet engine exhausts.

The second line item is on the San Nicolas Island Annex to the Missile Center for improvements to electrical distribution at the estimated cost of $74,000. The electrical demands of new equipment in existing and planned facilities are considerably greater than the present distribution system can safely accept. The voltage drops which result from this condition will cause reduction in the output of transmitter equipment, a loss in antenna energy, a decrease in electronic equipment sensitivity, and a decrease in the reliability of test data. Replacement of the undersized distribution lines with larger cable, and related improvements in the system, are essential for proper operation of the island facilities. The Missile Center as well as the Pacific missile range are dependent on the island facilities for much of the important work being undertaken at these activities.

Senator STENNIS. I think that is a small request.
Admiral CHEW. It is similar to previous items.

Senator STENNIS. I thought you would have a larger program for Point Mugu this year. You had a large one last year.

Admiral CHEW. This is for the Naval Missile Center as differentiated from the Pacific missile range itself. We have a program for that, but it is not in any way as large as it was last year,

Senator STENNIS. All right. Next item.



Admiral CHEW. Mr. Chairman, the next class of facilities in the Navy's program is supply facilities. This group includes five line items at four stations, all in the United States, at a total cost of $1,351,000. One of these line items, costing $248,000, is classified and is included in section 202 of the bill. Supply centers, depots, agencies, and offices discharge the basic functions of determination, procurement, and distribution of Navy material requirements. These activities are responsible for the timely replenishment of combatant and mobile support ships wherever deployed, as well as for furnishing material requirements to naval installations such as shipyards, operating bases, air stations, and so forth. BUREAU OF SUPPLIES AND ACCOUNTS,

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA The first project is at the offices of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, District of Columbia, for alterations to existing office space for electronic data-processing machine installation, or EDPM, as it is called, at the estimated cost of $85,000. This is the headquarters of the Navy's supply system. Since the Bureau is engaged in managing things rather than producing them, the EDPM is required for the effective and efficient maintenance and reporting of Bureau appropriation accounting and other accrued expenditures, financial inventory control, manpower information, stores accounting, budget preparation, and related recordkeeping for both material and operating management functions. Available space at the headquarters in the Navy Annex will be altered to accommodate the EDPM. This planned tape-operated system will provide the speed, flexibility, and accuracy essential to the functions and operations of the Bureau. Senator STENNIS. Yes. Next item.

NAVAL SUPPLY CENTER, NORFOLK, VA. Admiral CHEW. The next project is at the Naval Supply Center, Norfolk, Va., for humidity control for warehouses at the estimated cost of $151,000. This center, the east coast counterpart of the Naval Supply Center at Oakland, is the Atlantic Fleet's major continental supply support base. The project will be for the conversion of three existing warehouses to controlled humidity storage space. This storage space will protect electronic, ordnance, and ship repair parts and equipment, valued at approximately $68 million, from the damaging effects of uncontrolled atmospheric humidity. This will reduce periodic inspections, reduce preservation and cyclic represervation requirements, provide a holding area where material deterioration will be retarded, and continuously maintain materials in the same condition as they are received. The effectiveness and value of this system has been proven by Navy experience.

Senator STENNIS. Next item.

NAVAL SUPPLY CENTER, OAKLAND, CALIF. Admiral CHEW. The third project is at the Naval Supply Center, Oakland, Calif. This center is the primary material distribution point in support of the Pacific Fleet and the Pacific theater of operations. The unclassified line item at this center is for construction of sewage collection lines at the estimated cost of $358,000. There are 20 sources of sewage within the center which discharge directly into San Francisco Bay in violation of a California State law. Executive Order 10014 of 1948 directs compliance with State laws relative to the abatement of pollution of waterways. The proposed line item will correct this condition by construction of new sewer lines for collecting the raw sewage from these 20 sources, by modernization of two existing sewage pumping stations, and provision of two new pumping stations to convey the sewage to the existing trunk sewer of the municipal sewage treatment system.

Senator STENNIS. Yes; I am familiar with that.
All right. Let us proceed. You are on page 37.
Admiral Chew. Right, sir.

NAVAL SUPPLY DEPOT, SAN DIEGO, CALIF. The final unclassified project in this group is at the Naval Supply Depot, San Diego, Calif., for construction of boat storage sheds at the estimated cost of $509,000. This center is the principal west coast issuing and receiving activity for small boats needed for amphibious operations, personnel and cargo use, and shore patrol. The storage sheds are required to protect over 280 wooden boats from rapid deterioration due to sun, rain, fog, and condensation. The protection of the sheds will reduce the excessive deterioration, increase average life expectancy about 7 years, reduce maintenance and repair, and protect equipment in the boats.

I might add, sir, this is the only item on our authorization program that does not appear on our funding program.

Senator STENNIS. You are not going to ask for money?
Admiral CHEW. We are not asking for money for this one, sir.
Senator STENNIS. All right.

Admiral Chew. Mr. Chairman, with your permission, I shall relinquish my place to the next witness, Major General Allen, who is present to outline to you and the committee the Marine Corps requirements for military construction.

Senator STENNIS. All right, General, let us take advantage of this extra time we have here. You proceed in your own way. We are glad to have you here, sir. TESTIMONY OF MAJ. GEN. CHESTER R. ALLEN, U.S. MARINE CORPS,


General ALLEN. Mr. Chairman, I have a short statement that I believe can just be inserted into the record.

Senator STENNIS. All right. Thank you, General.
Mr. Reporter, put the statement into the record.
General ALLEN. Our total program is $5,011,000.
(The prepared statement submitted by General Allen follows:)

U.S. MARINE CORPS CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM, FISCAL YEAR 1961 The Marine Corps construction program for fiscal year 1961 is designed to provide only the necessary minimum facilities to properly house the Marine Corps and to provide only those facilities that are absolutely essential to support the training program of the Marine Corps. This construction program is composed of 14 line items at 8 continental activities, with a total valuation of $5,011,000. It has been developed from guidelines established by the De partment of Defense, and represents only the most urgent requirements.

The Marine Corps is still utilizing many temporary structures which were originally designed with a 5-year life expectancy and built during the early stages of World War II. Materials used in the construction of these facilities consist basically of second-grade lumber, canvas, or quonset huts. The maintenance costs required to keep these temporary facilities in the minimum state of repair and serviceability are guarded. Expenditure of maintenance funds on a high rate on such structures places them in the program for replacement. The Marine Corps believes that readiness is related to men, material, and facilities in equal proportions. Our program is based on a proper balance of these factors.


MARINE CORPS SUPPLY CENTER, ALBANY, GA. General ALLEN. The first line item is for the installation of a ventilation system in the repair shop at Marine Corps Supply Center, Albany, Ga., at an estimated cost of $65,000. This supply center provides facilities for the storage, preservation, repair, issue and procurement of material required for the logistical support of Marine Corps units east of the Mississippi River and in the Atlantic and Mediterranean areas. In the course of major overhaul work on combat vehicles and equipment at the repair shop of this activity, hot caustic acids are used for cleaning assemblies, components and parts. The present ventilation system on these cleaning tanks does not sufficiently exhaust the acid fumes. The resulting high concentration of caustic acid fumes creates extremely adverse and unhealthy working conditions. This item will provide an adequate ventilation system which will alleviate the present health hazard and substantially improve working conditions in this repair facility.

Senator STENNIS. All right, sir. The next item.



General ALLEN. The next item, Mr. Chairman, is for the construction of a concrete paved loading and unloading area at the Yermo area, Marine Corps Supply Center, Barstow, Calif. at an estimated cost of $82,000. This supply center is the counterpart of the installation at Albany, Ga., and has the mission of furnishing logistical support for Marine Corps units west of the Mississippi River and in the Pacific Ocean area. In furtherance of this mission, the construction of a central repair facility at the Yermo area of this supply center was approved by Congress in fiscal year 1958 at a cost of $6,069,000. This shop is now under construction and scheduled for completion in June 1960. When it is put into service sometime this summer, all heavy equipment such as tanks, LVT's, tracked construction equipment, trucks and other vehicles, being returned to this supply center for repair, modification or other work, will be delivered directly to the Yermo area. Since most such equipment is shipped by rail, mobile cranes will be used to lift the equipment from the railcars. Similarly, outgoing shipments must be lifted onto railcars. No pavement exists in the present railroad yard, and operation of the mobile cranes on the native sandy soil has proven impossible. This line item will provide the firm, level base required for the operation of such cranes and is considered the most economical and feasible method of meeting this urgent requirement.

Senator STENNIS. Just something overlooked before?

General ALLEN. This is part of the continuing program. We cannot construct it all in the same year because of the construction work that was going on in the new shop, and these are small items that will fall in, in successive years. Senator STENNIS. All right. Next item.

MARINE CORPS BASE, CAMP LEJEUNE, N.C. General ALLEN. The next item, Mr. Chairman, is for the construction of bachelor officers' quarters at Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, N.C., at an estimated cost of $433,000. The mission of this base (the home of the 2d Marine Division) is to provide housing, training facilities, and certain administrative and logistical support for Fleet Marine Force units assigned to this installation. In addition, this base conducts specialized schools and advanced combat training as directed. To do their jobs properly, people need decent places to live. There are at present 674 rooms available for occupancy by bachelor officers at Camp Lejeune. But only 72 of the rooms are adequate for assignment to officers of junior and intermediate grades. The remainder are considered inadequate because of small rooms and inadequate toilet facilities. Not only are most of the rooms too small for the needs of an officer, but it is necessary to assign two officers to many of them because of the demand for rooms.

Although it is intended to improve some of the existing BOQ's as funds may become available in the future, a requirement for additional BOQ rooms will still exist as personnel loads indicate a total requirement in excess of 800. This line item is designed to provide a standard BOQ with adequate accommodations for 52 junior officers.

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