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humility”, cheerfulness?, faithfulness o, diligence o, zeal“, sincerity, and constancy', as the angels do in heaven.
Q. 193. What do we pray for in the fourth petition ?
A. In the fourth petition, (which is, Give us this day our daily bread b) acknowledging, that in Adain, and by our own sin, we havo forfeited our right to all the outward blessings of this life, and deserve to be wholly deprived of them by God, and to have them cursed to us in the use of them; and that neither they of themselves are able to sustain usk, nor we to merit', or by our own industry to procure them m; but prone to desire ", get°, and use them unlawfullyp:
would not be persuaded, we ceased, say
193, h Mat. vi. 11. ing, The will of the Lord be done.
i Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the know. 7 Mic. vi. 8. He hath showed thee, O ledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat man, what is good; and what doth the of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and thou shalt surely die. Gen. iii. 17. And to love mercy, and to walk humbly with unto Adam he said, Because thou hast thy God?
hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and å Psal. c. 2. Serve the Lord with glad. hast eaten of the tree, of which I comness; come before his presence with sing- manded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat ing. Job i. 21. And (Job) said, Naked came of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; I out of my mother's womb, and naked in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days shall I return thither : the Lord gave, and of thy life. Rom. viii. 20. For the creature the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the was made subject to vanity, not willingly, name of the Lord. 2 Sam. xv. 25. And the but by reason of him who hath subjected king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark the same in hope; Ver. 21. Because the of God into the city: if I shall find favour creature itself also shall be delivered from in the eyes of the Lord, he will bring me the bondage of corruption into the glorious again, and show me both it and his habi- liberty of the children of God. Ver. 22. tation. * Ver. 26. But if he thus say, I For we know that the whole creation have no delight in thee; behold, here am groaneth and travaileth in pain together I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto until now. Jer. v. 25. Your iniquities have him.
turned away these things, and your sins b Isa. xxxviii. 3. And said, Remember have withholden good things from you. now, O Lord, I beseech thee, how I have Deut. xxviii. from V'erse 15. to the end of the walked before thee in truth, and with a Chapter. Ver. 15. But it shall come to perfect heart, and have done that which pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the is good in thy sight: and Hezekiah wept voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to
do all his commandments and his statutes, c Psal. cxix. 4. Thou hast commanded which I command thee this day, that all us to keep thy precepts diligently. Ver. 5. these curses shall come upon thee, and O that my ways were directed to keep thy overtake thee. Ver. 16. Cursed shalt thou statutes!
be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in d Rom. xii. 11. Not slothful in business; the field. Ver. 17. Cursed shall be thy fervent in spirit; serving the Lord. basket and thy store, doc.
e Psal. cxix. 80. Let my heart be sound k Deut. viii. 3. And he humbled thee, in thy statutes, that I be not ashamed. and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee
f Psal. cxix. 112. I have inclined mine with manna, which thou knewest not, heart to perform thy statutes alway, even neither did thy fathers know; that he unto the end.
might make thee know that man doth not & Isa. vi. 2. Above it stood the sera- live by bread only, but by every word that phims: each one had six wings; with proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord iwain he covered his face, and with twain doth man live. he covered his feet, and with twain he did I Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not worthy of the Hy. Ver. 3. And one cried unto another, least of all the mercies, and of all the and said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of truth, which thou hast showed unto thy hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. Servant:Psal. ciii. 20. Bless the Lord, ye his angels, m Deut. viii. 17. And thou say in thine that excel in strength, that do his com- heart, My power, and the miglit of mine mandments, hearkening unto the voice of hand, hath gotten me this wealth. Ver. 18. his word. Ver. 21. Bless ye the Lord, all But thou shalt remember the Lord thy ye his hosts ; ye ministers of his, that do God: for it is he that giveth thee power his pleasure. Mat. xviii. 10. Take heed to get wealth, that he may establish his that ye despise not one of these little ones: covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, for I say unto you, That in heaven their as it is this day. angels do always behold the face of my n Jer, vi. 13. For from the least of thein Father which is in heaven,
even unto the greatest of them, every ono
we pray for ourselves and others, that both they and we, waiting upon the providence of God from day to day in the use of lawful means, may, of his free gift, and as to his fatherly wisdom shall scem best, enjoy a competent portion of them 4; and have the same continued and blessed unto us in our holy and comfortable use of them", and contentment in them s; and be kept from all things that are contrary to our temporal support and comfort
Q. 194. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A. In the fifth petition, (which is, Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors ",) acknowledging, that we and all others are guilty both of original and actual sin, and thereby become debtors to the justice of God; and that neither we, nor any other creature, can make the least satisfaction for that debtw: we pray for ourselves and others, that God of his free grace would, through the obedience and satisfaction of Christ, apprehended and applied by faith, acquit us both from the guilt and punishment of sin", accept us in bis Beloved y ; continue
is given to covetousness; and from the s 1 Tim. vi. 6. But godliness with con. prophet even unto the priest, every one tentment is great gain. Ver. 7. For we dealeth falsely. Mark vii. 21. For from brought nothing into this world, and it is within, out of the heart of men, proceed certain we can carry nothing out. Ver. 8. evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, And having food and raiment let us bo murders, Ver. 22. Thefts, covetousness, therewith content. wickedness, deceit,
t Prov. xxx. 8. Remove far from me o Hos. xii. 7. He is a merchant, the vanity and lies; give me neither poverty balances of deceit are in his hand: he nor riches ; feed me with food convenient loveth to oppress.
for me: Ver. 9. Lest I be full, and deny P James iv. 3. Ye ask, and receive not, thee, and say, Who is the Lord ? or lest I because ye ask amiss, that ye may con- be poor, and steal, and take the name of suine it upon your lusts.
my God in vain. 9 Gen. xliii. 12. And take double money 194. v Mat. vi. 12. in your hand: and the money that was w Rom. in. from Verse 9. to 22. Ver. 9. brought again in the mouth of your sacks, What then i are we better than they? To, carry it again in your hand; peradventure in no wise: for we have before provesi it was an oversight. Ver. 13. Take also both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all your brother, and arise, go again unto the under sin ; Ver. 10. As it is written, There man: Ver. 14. And God Almighty give you is none righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. mercy before the man.-Gen. xxviii. 2). There is none that understandeth, ther: And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God is none that seeketh after God: Ver. 12. will be with me, and will keep me in this They are all gone out of the way, they are way that I go, and will give me bread to together become unprofitable; there is eat, and raiment to put on. Eph. iv. 28. none that doeth good, no, not one, ac. Let him that stole steal no more: but Ver. 19.—That every mouth may be rather let him labour, working with his stopped, and all the world may become hands the thing which is good, that he guilty before God, dc. Mat. xviii. 24. And may have to give to him that needeth. when he had begun to reckon, one was 2 Thess. iii. 11. For we hear that there are brought unto him which owed him ten some which walk among you disorderly, thousand talents. Ver. 25. But forasmuch working not at all, but are busybodies. as he had not to pay, his lord commanded Ver. 12. Now them that are such we com- him to be sold, and his wife and chilmandand exhort by vur Lord Jesus Christ, dren, and all that he had, and payment to that with quietness they work, and eat be made. Psal. cxxx. 3. If thou, Lori, their own bread. Phil. iv. 6. Be careful shouldest mark iniquities, 0 Luril, who for nothing: but in every thing by prayer shall stand ? Ver. t. But there is forgiveand supplication, with thanksgiving, let ness with thee, that thou mayest beteared. your requests be made kuown unto God. * Rom. ii. 24. Being justified freely by
11 Tim. iv. 3. Forbidding to marry, his grace, through the redemption that is and commanding to abstain from meats, in Christ Jesus; Ver. 25. Whom God hath which God hath created to be receiver with set forth to be a propitiation through thanksgiving of them which believe and faith in his blood, to declare his righteousknow the truth. Ver. 4. For every creature ness for the remission of suns ihat are of God is gooil, and nothing to be refused, past, through the forbearance of God; if it be received with thanksgiving : Ver. 5. Ver. 26. To declare, I say, at this time his For it is sanctified by the word of God and righteousness; that he might be just, and prayer.
the justifier of him which believeth in je.
his favour and grace to us ?, pardon our daily failingsø, and fill us with peace and joy, in giving us daily more and more assurance of forgiveness b; which we are the rather emboldened to ask, and encouraged to expect, when we have this testimony in ourselves, that we from the heart forgive others their offences
Q. 195. What do we pray for in the sixth petition ?
A. In the sixth petition, (which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil 4,) acknowledging, that the most wise, righteous, and gracious God, for divers holy and just ends, may so order things, that we may be assaulted, foiled, and for a time led captive by temptations é ; that Satan, the world, and the flesh, are ready powerfully to draw us aside, and ensnare us h; and that we, even after the pardon of our sins, by reason of our corruption', weakness, and want of watchfulness k, are not only subject to be tempted, and forward to expose ourselves unto temptations, but also of ourselves unable and unwilling to resist them, to recover out of them, and to
sus. Heb. ix. 22. And almost all things are business of the ambassadors of the princes by the law purged with blood; and with- of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire out shedding of blood is no remission. of the wonder that was done in the land,
y Eph. i. 6. To the praise of the glory of God left him, to try him, that he might his grace, wherein he hath made us ac- know all that was in his heart. cepted in the Beloved: Ver. 7. In whom fi Chron. xxi. 1. And Satan stood up we have redemption through his blood, against Israel, and provoked David to the forgiveness of sins, according to the number Israel. riches of his grace.
& Luke xxi. 34. And take heed to your? 2 Pet. i. 2. Grace and peace be multi- selves, lest at any time your hearts be plied unto you through the knowledge of overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenGod, and of Jesus our Lord.
ness, and cares of this life, and so that a llosea xiv. 2. Take with you words, day come upon you unawares. Mark iv. and turn to the Lord: say unto him, Také 19. And the cares of this world, and the away all iniquity, and receive us gracious- deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of ly: so will we render the calves of our other things entering in, choke the word, lips. Jer. xiv. 7. O Lord, though our ini. and it becometh unfruitful. quities testify against us, do thou it for h James i. 14. But every man is tempted, thy name's sake: for our backslidings are when he is drawn away of his own lust, many; we have sinned against thee. and enticed.
b Rom. xv. 13. Now the God of hope fill i Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against you with all joy and peace in believing, the Spirit, and the Spirit against the that ye may abound in hope, through the flesh : and these are contrary the one to power of the Holy Ghost. Psal. li. 7. Purge the other ; so that ye cannot do the things me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; that ye would. wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. k Mat. xxvi. 41. Watch and pray, that Ver. 8. Make me to hear joy and glad- ye enter not into temptation, the spirit ness; that the bones which thou hast indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. broken may rejoice. Ver. 9. Hide thy face I Mat. xxvi. 69. Now Peter sat without from my sins, and blot out all mine ini- in the palace; and a damsel came unto quities. Ver. 10. Create in me a clean him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of heart, O God; and renew a right spirit Galilee. Ver. 70. But he denied before within me. Ver. 12. Restore unto me the them all, saying, I know not what thou joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with sayest. Ver. 71. And when he was gone thy free Spirit.
out into the porch, another maid saw © Luke xi. 4. And forgive us our sins; him, and said unto them that were there, for we also forgive every one that is in. This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazara debted to us.- Mat. vi. 14. For if ye forgive eth. Ver. 72. And again he denied with men their trespasses, your heavenly Fa- an oath, I do not know the man. Gal. ii. ther will also forgive you : Ver. 15. But if 11. But when Peter was come to Antiuch, ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither I withstood him to the face, because he will your Father forgive your trespasses. was to be blamed. Ver. 12. For before Mont. xviii. 35. So likewise shall my heas that certain came from James, he did eat venly Father do also unto you, it ye from with the Gentiles : but when they were your hearts forgive not every one his come, he withdrew, and separated himErother their trespasses.
self, fearing them which were of the cir195. d Matth. vi. 13.
cumcision. Ver. 13. And the other Jews e 2 Chron. xxxii. 31, Howbeit in the dissembled likewise with him; insomuch
improve them m; and worthy to be left under the power of them": we pray, that God would so over-rule the world and all in ito, subdue the flesh p, and restrain Satan 9, order all things", bestow and bless all means of graces, and quicken us to watchfulness in the use of them, that we and all his people may by his providence be kept from being tempted to sint; or, if tempted, that by his Spirit we may be powerfully supported and enabled to stand in the hour of temptiltion': or when fallen, raised again and recovered out of it w, and have a sanctified use and improvement thereof* : that our sanctifica
that Barnabas also was carried away with dance of the revelations, there was given their dissimulation. Ver. 14. But when I to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger saw that they walked not uprightly, ac- of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be excording to the truth of the gospel, I said alted above measure. Ver. 8. For this unto Peter-2 Chron. xviii. 3. And Ahab thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat king might depart from me. of Judah, Wilt thou go with ine to Ra- rl Cor. x. 12. Wherefore, let him that moth-gilead? And he answered him, I thinketh he standeth take heed lest he am as thou art, and my people as thy fall. Ver. 13. There hath no temptation people; and we will be with thee in the taken you but such as is common to man: War. Compared with 2 Chron. xix. 2. And but God is faithful, who will not suffer you Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to be tempted above that ye are able ; but to meet him, and said to king Jehosha- will with the temptation also make a way phat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. and love them that hate the Lord ? there- s Heb. xiii. 20. Now the God of peace, fore is wrath upon thee from before the that brought again from the dead our Lord.
Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the m Rom. vii. 23. But I see another law sheep, through the blood of the everlasting in my members warring against the law covenant, Ver. 21. Make you perfect in of my mind, and bringing me into capti- every good work to do his will, working vity to the law of sin which is in my mem- in you that which is well-pleasing in his bers. Ver. 21. O wretched man that I am! sight, through Jesus Christ. who shall deliver me from the body of t Mat. xxvi. 41. Watch and pray, that this deatlı? 1 Chron. xxi. 1. And Satan ye enter not into temptation.- Psal. xix. stood up against Israel, and provoked 13. Keep back thy servant also from preDavid to number Israel. Ver. 2. And sumptuous sins ; let them not have doDavid said to Joab, and to the rulers of minion over me: then shall I be upright, the people, Go, number Israel from Beer- and I shall be innocent from the great sheba even to Dan; and bring the number transgression. of them to me, that I may know it. Ver. 3. v Eph. iii. 14. For this cause I bow mv And Joab answered, The Lord make his knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus people an hundred times so many more Christ, Ver, 15. Of whom the whole family as ihey be: but, my lord the king, are in heaven and earth is named, Ver. 16. they not all my lord's servants? why then That he would grant you, according to doth my lord require this thing? why will the riches of his glory, to be strengtheneil he be a cause of trespass to Israel? Ver. with might by his Spirit in the inner 4. Nevertheless the king's word prevailed man; Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in against Joab: wherefore Joab departed.- your hearts by faith ;-1 Thess. iii. 13. To 2 Chron. xvi. 7, 8, 9, 10. And at that time the end he may stablish your hearts un. Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Ju- blameable in holiness before God, eren dah, and sail unto him, &c.
our Father, at the coming of our Lord n Psal. Ixxxi. 11. But my people would Jesus Christ with all his saints. Jude, not hearken to my voice; and Israel would Ver. 24. Now unto hin, that is able to keep none of me. Ver. 12. So I gave them up you from fulling, and to present you fault. unto their own hearts' lust: and they walk- less before the presence of his glory with el in their own counsols.
exceeding joy: o John xvii. 15. I pray not that thou w Psal. li. 12. Restore unto me the juy shouldest take them out of the world, but of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy that thou shouldest keep them from the free Spirit. evil.
x 1 Pet. v. 8. Be sober, be vigilant; hep l'sal.li. 10. Create in me a clean heart, cause your adversary the devil, as a roarO God: and renew a right spirit within ing lion, walketh about, seeking whom he me. Psal. cxix. 133. Order my steps in may devour: Ver. 9. Whom resist stedfast thy word: and let not any iniquity have in the faith, knowing that the same afllicdoininion over me.
tions are accomplished in your brethren 9 2 Cor. xii. 7. And lest I should be ex- that are in the world. Ver. 10. But the alteci above measure through the abun. God of all grace, who hath called us us to
Assembly at EDINBURGH, July 28. 1648, Sess. 19.
Act approving the SHORTER CATECHISM.
VIIE General Assembly having seriously considered the SHORTER
Westminster, with assistance of Commissioners from this Kirk; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline, and government of this Kirk: And therefore approve the said Shorter Catechism, as a part of the intended uniformity, to be a Directory for catechising such as are of weaker capacity.