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Q. 175. What is the duty of Christians, after they have received the sacrament of the Lord's supper ?
A. The duty of Christianis, after they have received the sacrament of the Lord's supper, is seriously to consider how they have behaved themselves therein, and with what success b; if they find quickening and comfort, to bless God for it', beg the continuance of it a, watch against relapses o, fulfil their vows ', and encourage themselves to a frequent attendance on that ordinances : but if they find no present benefit, more exactly to review their preparation to, and carriage at, the sacrament h; in both which, if they can approve themselves to God and their own consciences, they are to wait for the fruit of it in due time i : but, if they see they have failed in either, they are to be ing, Come, and let us join ourselves to el Cor. x. 3. And did all eat the same the Lord in a perpetual covenant that spiritual meat; Ver. 4. And did all drink shall not be forgotten. Psal. 1. 5. Gather the same spiritual drink ; (for they drank my saints together unto me; those that of that spiritual Rock that followed them; hiive made a covenant with me by sacri. and that Rock was Christ:) Ver. 5. But fice.
with many of them God was not well a Acts ii. 42. And they continued sted. pleased; for they were overthrown in the fastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellow- wilderness. Ver. 12. Wherefore, let him ship, and in breaking of bread, and in that thinketh he standeth take heed lest prayers.
he fall. 175. b Psal. xxviii. 7. The Lord is my f Psal. 1. 14. Offer unto God thanksgivstrength and my shield ; my heart trusted ing; and pay thy vows unto the most in him, and I am helped therefore my High. lieart greatly rejoiceth ; and with my song g 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same manner will I praise him. Psal. lxxxv. 8. I will also he took the cup, when he had supped, hear what God the Lord will speak: for saying, This cup is the new testament in he will speak peace unto his people, and my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, to his saints ; but let them not turn again in remembrance of me, Ver. 26. For as to folly. I Cor. xi. 17. Now in this that I often as ye eat this bread, and drink this declare unto you I praise you not, that ye cup, ye do show the Lord's death till lie come together not for the better, but for come. Acts ii. 42. And they continued the worse.
Ver. 30. For this cause many stedfastly in the apostles? doctrine and are weak and sickly among you, and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and many sleep: Ver. 31. For if we would in prayers. Ver. 46. And they, continuing judge ourselves, we should not be judged. daily with one accord in the temple, and
c 2 Chron. xxx. 21, 22, 23, 25, 26. Ver. 21. breaking bread from house to house, did And the children of Israel, that were pre- eat their meat with gladness and singlesent at Jerusalem, kept the feast of un- ness of heart. leavened bread seven days with great h* Cant. v. 1. I am come into my garden, gladness; and the Levites and the priests my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my praised the Lord day by day, singing with myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my loud instruments unto the Lord, dc. Acts honey-comb with my honey; I have drunk ii. 42. And they continued stedfastly in the my wine with my milk : eat, О friends ; apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in drink, yea, drink abundantly, o beloved. breaking of bread, and in prayers. Ver. 46. Ver. 2. I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is And they, continuing daily with one ac- the voice of my beloved that knocketh, cord in the temple, and breaking bread saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, from house to house, did eat their meat my dove, my undefiled for my head is with gladness and singleness of heart, filled with dew, and my locks with the Ver. 47. Praising God, and having favour drops of the night. Ver. 3. I have put off with all the people.
my coat; how shall I put it on ? I have d Psal. xxxvi. 10. O continue thy loving- washed my feet; how shall I defile them? kindness unto them that know thee; and Ver. 4. My beloved put in his hand by the thy righteousness to the upright in heart. hole of the door, and my bowels were Cant. iii. 4. It was but a little that I passed moved for him. Ver. 5. I rose up to open from them, but I found him whom my soul. to my beloved ; and my hands dropped loveth : 1 held him, and would not let him with myrrh, and my fingers with sweetgo, until I had brought him into my mo- smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the ther's house, and into the chamber of her lock. Ver. 6. I opened to my beloved ; but that conceived me. 1 Chron. xxix. 18. O my beloved had withdrawn himself, and Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the I sought him, but I could not find him; I
was gone: my soul failed when he spake: imagination of the thoughts of the heart called him, but he gave me no answer. of thy people, and prepare their heart i Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I up mine unto thee.
eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens.
humbled ", and to attend upon it afterward with more care and dili
Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree, in that the author of both is Godm; the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits"; both are seals of the same covenant", are to be dispensed by ministers of the gospel, and by none other P; and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming 9
* Ver. 2. Behold, as the eyes of servants that we sought him not after the due order. look unto the hand of their masters, and Ver. 14. So the priests and the Levites as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of sanctified themselves to bring up the ark her mistress ; so our eyes wait upon the of the Lord God of Israel. Lord our God, until that he have mercy 176. m Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, upon us. Psal. xlii. 5. Why art thou cast and teach all nations, baptizing them in down, O my soul ? and why art thou dis. the name of the Father, and of the Son, quieted in me? hope thou in God; for I and of the Holy Ghost. I Cor. xi. 23. For shall yet praise him for the help of his I have received of the Lord that which countenance. Ver. 8. Yet the Lord will also I delivered unto you, That the Lord command his loving-kindness in the day- Jesus, the same night in which he was time, and in the night his song shall be betrayed, took bread. with me, and my prayer unto the God of n Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so many my life. Psal. xliii. 3. O send out thy light of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ and thy truth: let them lead me, let them were baptized into his death? Ver. 4. bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy Therefore we are buried with him by baptabernacles. Ver. 4. Then will I go unto tism into death; that like as Christ was the altar of God, unto God my exceeding raised up from the dead by the glory of joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, the Father, even so we also should walk O God, my God. Ver. 5. Why art thou in newness of life. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup cast down, O my soul ? and why art thou of blessing which we bless, is it not the disquieted within me ? hope in God; for I communion of the blood of Christ ? the shail yet praise him, who is the health of bread which we break, is it not the commy countenance, and my God.
munion of the body of Christ? k 2 Chron. xxx. 18. For a multitude of o Rom. iv, 11. And he received the sign the people, even many of Ephraim, and of circumcision, a seal of the righteous. Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had ness of the faith which he had yet being not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat uncircumcised: that he might be the father the passover otherwise than it was written: of all them that believe, though they be but Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The not circumcised ; that righteousness might good Lord pardon every one Ver. 19. That be imputed unto them also. Compared prepareth his heart to seek God, the Lord with Col. ii. 12. Buried with him in bapGod of his fathers, though be be not cleans- tism, wherein also ye are risen with him ed according to the purification of the through the faith of the operation of God, sanctuary. Isa. i. 16. Wash you, make who hath raised him from the dead. Mat. you clean; put away the evil of your do- xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, and gave ings from before mine eyes ; cease to do thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink evil. Ver. 18. Come now, and let us reason ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood together, saith the Lord: Though your of the new testament, which is shed for sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white many for the remission of sins. as snow: though they be red like crimson, p John i. 33. And I knew him not: but they shall be as wool.
he that sent ine to baptize with water, the 1 2 Cor. vii. 11. For, behold, this self- same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt same thing, that ye sorrowed after a godly see the Spirit descending, and remaining sort, what carefulness it wrought in you, on him, the same is he which baptizeth yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, with the Holy Ghost. Mat. xxviii. 19. GO what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, ye therefore, and teach all nations, bapwhat vehement desire, yea, what zeal, tizing them in the name of the father, yea, what revenge ! In all things ye have and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. approved yourselves to be clear in this i Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the matter. i Chron. xv. 12. And (David) said Lord that which also I delivered unto you, unto them, Ye are the chief of the fathers that the Lord Jesus, the same night in of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, both ye which he was betrayed, took bread. I Cor. and your brethren, that ye may bring up iv. 1. Let a man so account of us as of the the ark of the Lord God of Israel unto the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the place that I have prepared for it. Ver. 13. mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4. And no man For because ye did it not at the first, the taketh this honour unto himself, but he Lord our God made a breach upon us, for that is called of God, as was Aaron.
Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ?
"A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ", and that even to infants s; whereas the Lord's supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul', and to confirm our continuance and growth in him ', and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves W.
Q. 178. What is prayer ? 4. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God $, in the name of Christy, by the help of his Spirit 2; with confession of our sins", and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies b.
Q. 179. Are we to pray unto God only ?
9 Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and body, which is broken for you: this do in teach all nations, baptizing them in the remembrance of me. Ver. 25. After the name of the Father, and of the Son, and same manner also he took the cup, when of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 20. Teaching them he had supped, saying. This cup is the to observe all things whatsoever I have new testament in my blood; this do ye, as commanded you: and, lo, I am with you oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. alway, even unto the end of the world. Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's cat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do death till he come. show the Lord's death till he come.
v1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which 177. r Mat. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you we bless, is it not the communion of the with water unto repentance: but he that blood of Christ ? the bread which we break, cometh after me is mightier than I, whose is it not the communion of the body of shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall Christ? baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with w ] Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine fire. Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righteous- himself, and so let him eat of that bread, ness which we have done, but according and drink of that cup. Ver. 29. For he to his mercy he saved us, by the washing that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eatof regeneration, and renewing of the Holy eth and drinketh damnation to himself, Ghost. Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as not discerning the Lord's body. have been baptized into Christ have put 178. * Psal. lxii. 8. Trust in him at all on Christ.
times ; ye people, pour out your heart bes Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish my fore him: God is a refuge for us. Selah. covenant between me and thee, and thy y John xvi. 23. And in that day ye shall seed after thee, in their generations, for ask me nothing. Verily, verily. I say unto an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. in my name, he will give it Jou. And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt z Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit also keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy helpeth our infirmities : for we know not seed after thee, in their generations. Act's what we should pray for as we ought ; but ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, Repent, the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us and be baptized every one of you in the with groanings which cannot be uttered. nane of Jesus Christ for the remission a Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my sin of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the unto thee, and mine iniquity Tare not Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. For the promise is hid. I said, I will confess my transgresunto you, and to your children, and to all sions into the Lord; and thou forgavest that are a far oft, even as many as the the iniquity of my sin. Selah. Ver. 6. For Lord our God shall call. 1 Cor. vii. 14. this shall every one that is godly pray unto For the unbelieving husband is sanctified thee in a time when thou mayest be found. by the wite, and the unbelieving wife is Dan. ix. 4. And I prayed unto the Lord sanctified by the husband: else were your my God, and made my confession, and children unclean; but now are they holy. said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God,
11 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the b Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but Lord that which also I delivered unto you, in every thing by prayer and supplication, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in with thanksgiving, let your requests be which he was betrayed, took bread : Ver. made known unto God. 24. And, when he had given thanks, he 179, c1 Kings viii. 39. Then hear thou brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my in heaven thy dwelling-place, and forgive,
pardon the sins e, and fulfil the desires of all!; and only to be believed in ?, and worshipped with religious worship. ; prayer, which is a special part thereot'', is to be made by all to him alone ", and to none other!
Q. 180. What is it to pray in the name of Christ ?
4. To pray in the name of Christ is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy for his sakem; not by bare mentioning of his name ", but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation .
Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ ?
Ă. The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator P; and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone 9, we are to pray in no other name but his only".
and do, and give to every man according full. Dan. ix. 17. Now therefore, o our to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and (for thou, even thou only, knowest the his supplications, and cause thy face to hearts of all the children of men.) Acts shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, i. 24. And they prayed, and said, Thou, for the Lord's sake. Lord, which knowest the hearts of all n Mat. vii. 21. Not every one that saith men, show whether of two thou hast unto me, Lord, Lord, shail enter into chosen. Rom. viii. 27. And he that search- kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the eth the hearts knoweth what is the mind will of my Father which is in heaven. of the Spirit, because he maketh inter- o Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that we have cession for the saints according to the will a great high priest, that is passed into the of God.
heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold d Psal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hearest prayer, fast our profession. Ver. 15. For we have unto thee shall all flesh come.
not an high priest which cannot be touched e Micah vii. 18. Who is a God like unto with the feeling of our infirinities; but thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth was in all points tempted like as we are, by the transgression of the remnant of his yet without sin. Ver. 16. Let us therefore heritage ? he retaineth not his anger for come boldly unto the throne of grace, that ever, because he delighteth in mercy. we may obtain mercy, and find grace to
f Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh unto help in time of need. 1 John v. 13. These all them that call upon him, to all that things have I written unto you that believe call upon him in truth. Ver. 19. He will on the name of the Son of God, that ye fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he may know that ye have eternal life, and also will hear their cry, and will save them. that ye may believe on the name of the
8 Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call Son of God. Ver. 14. And this is the conon him in whom they have not believed ?- fidence that we have in him, that, if we
hvat. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus unto him, ask any thing according to his will, he Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, heareth us. Ver. 15. And if we know that Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know him only shalt thou serve.
that we have the petitions that we desired il Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of God of him. which is at Corinth, to them that are 181. p John xiv. 6. Jesus saith unto him, sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be I am the way, and the truth, and the life: saints, with all that in every place call no man cometh unto the Father, but by upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, me. Isa. lix, 2. But your iniquities have both theirs and ours.
separated between you and your God, and k Psal. l. 15. And call upon me in the your sins have hid his face from you, that day of trouble; I will deliver thee, and he will not hear. Eph. iii. 12. In whom thou shalt glorify me.
we have boldness and access with confi. 1 Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call dence by the faith of him. on him in whom they have not believed ? 9 John vi. 27. Labour not for the meat
180. m John xiv. 13. And whatsoever ye which perisheth, but for that meat which shall ask in my name, that will I do, that endureth unto everlasting life, which the the Father may be glorified in the Son. Son of man shall give unto you: for him Ver. 14. If ye shall ask any thing in my hath God the Father sealed. Ileb, vii. 25. name, I will do it. John xvi. 24. Hitherto Wherefore he is able also to save them to have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, the uttermost that come unto God by and ye shall receive, that your joy may be lim, seeing he ever liveth to make inter
Q. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?
A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit help (th our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and v hat, and how prayer is to be made ; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces which are Jequisite for the right performance of that duty®.
Q. 183. For whom are we to pray?
A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth *; for magistrates, and ministers w; for ourselves", our brethrens, yea, our enemies?; and for all sorts of men living a, or that shall live Jereafter b; but not for the dead “, nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death d.
Q. 184. For what things are we to pray
cession for them. Ver. 26. For such an w Col. iv. 3. Withal praying also for us, ligh priest became us, who is holy, harm- that God would open unto us a door of uta less, undefiled, separate from sinners, and terance, to speak the mystery of Christ, made higher than the heavens ; Ver. 27. for which I ain also in bonds. Who needeth not daily, as those high x Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I pray thee, priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his from the hand of my brother, from the cwn sins, and then for the people's: for hand of Esau: for I fear him, sest he will this he did once, when he offered up him- come and smite me, and the mother with self. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, the children, and one mediator between God and men, y James v. 16. Confess your faults one the iman Christ Jesus.
to another, and pray one for another, that I Col. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye do in ye may be healed. The effectual fervent word or deed, do all in the name of the prayer of a righteous man availeth much. Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the z Mat. v. 44. But I say unto you, Love Father by him. Heb. xiii. 15. By him your enemies, bless them that curse you, therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise do good to them that hate you, and pray to God continually, that is, the fruit of for them which despitefully use you, and our lips, giving thanks to his name. persecute you.
18.'s Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the Spirit a 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. (See above in v.] alsu helpeth our infirmities: for we know b John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for these not what we should pray for as we ought; alone, but for them also which shall bebut the Spirit itself maketh intercession lieve on me through their word. 2 Sam. for us with groanings which cannot be vii. 29. Therefore now let it please thee to uttered. Ver. 27. And he that searcheth bless the house of thy servant, that it may the hearts knoweth what is the mind of continue for ever before thee: for thou, o the Spirit, because he maketh intercession Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy for the saints according to the will of blessing let the house of thy servant be God. Psal. x. 17. Lord, thou hast heard blessed for ever. the desire of the humble: thou wilt pre- c2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his servants pare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear unto him, What thing is this that thou to bear. Zech, xii. 10. And I will pour hast done? Thou didst fast and weep for upon the house of David, and upon the the child, while it was alive; but when inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of the child was dead, thou didst rise and prace and of supplications; and they shall eat bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While look upon me whom they have pierced, the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: and they shall mourn.
for I said, Who can tell whether God will 183. Eph. vi. 18. Praying always with be gracious to me, that the child may live ? all prayer avd supplication in the Spirit, Ver. 23. But now he is dead, wherefore and watching thereuto with all perses should I fast ? can I bring him back Perance and supplication for all saints. again? I shall go to him, but he shall not Psal. xxviii. 9. Save thy people, and bless return to me. thine inheritance : feed them also, and d1 John v. 16. If any man see his bro. lift them up for ever.
ther sin a sin which is not unto death, he v1 Tim. ii. J. I exhort therefore, that, shall ask, and he shall give him life for first of all, supplications, prayers, inter- them that sin not unto death. There is a Cosions, and giving of thanks, be made sin unto death: I do not say that he shall for all men; Ver. 2. For kings, and for all pray for it. that are in authority : that we may lead 184, e Mat. vi. 9. After this manner a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness therefore pray ye: Our Father, which art and honesty.
in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.