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Whence she contemplates with a tranquil mind Its verdure mild the willing feet allures ;
Of hoary groves, high-arching o'er the vale
Clos'd by a tow'ring cliff*, whose forehead glows Which flowery Carmel with its sweet perfumes, With azure, purple, and ten thousand dyes, And with its cedars Libanus o'ershades :
From its resplendent fragments beaming round;
Nor less irradiate colours from beneath
Of Nysa's nymphs, with every plant attir'd
From ever-living fountains, and enrich'd
Of tuneful note his gay or plaintive song
“Ye fragrant shrubs and cedars, bfty shade, The fruit-invested hills that rise around.
She ceas'd, when sudden from th’enclosing deep With deep resounding accent thus to Heaven,
callid Mix'd with the watry lustre of the pearl.
The god's imperfect labour to complete
The barren sea shall people, and the wilds
Or freezing near the snow-encrusted pole:
Her hand divine, with interposing aid
Of Ceres, Bacchus, and the Athenian maid ?; Along the level azure by the strength
The graces, joys, emoluments of life, Of active Triwns, rivaling in speed
From her exhaustless bounty all shall flow." The rapid ineteor, whose sulphureous train
The heavenly prophet ceas’d. Olympus heard. Glides o'er the brow of darkness, and appears Straight from their star-bespangled thrones descend The livid ruins of a falling star.
On blooming Nusa a celestial band, Beneath the Lybian skies, a blissful isle,
The ocean's lord to honour in bis child;
When,'o'er his offspring smiling, thus began
From where the morning breathes its eastern gale,
From chilling Boreas to extremest south
6 This whole description of the rock and grotte 3 Triton, a river and lake of ancient Lybia. is taken from Diod. Siculus, lib. 3. p. 202. 4 Fruitfulness.
7 Minerva, the tutelary goddess of the Athenians, s Plenty.
to whom she gave the olive,
With wisdom blest her, Mercury with art, The sleeping grain with vigour to attire
Thus, when Pygmalion from Phoenician Tyre In contemplation pausing, thus declar'd
Had banish'd freedom, with disdainful steps From his enraptur'd lip his matchless boon: Indignant Commerce, turning from the walls “ Thee with divine invention I endow,
Herself had rais'd, her welcome sway enlarg'd That secret wonder, goddess, to disclose,
Among the nations, spreading round the globe By which the wise, the virtuous, and the brave, The fruits of all its climes; Cecropian to oil, The heaven-taught poet and exploring sage The Thracian vintage, and Panchaian gums, Shall pass recorded to the verge of time.". Arabia's spices, and the golden grain,
Her years of childhood now were number'd o'er, Which old Osiris to his Egypt gave, When to her mother's natal soil repair'd
And Ceres to Sicania". Thou didst raise The new divinity, whose parting step
Th' Ionian name, O Commerce, thou the domes Her sacred nurses follow'd, ever now
Of sumptuous Corinth, and the ample round To her alone inseparably join'd;
Of Syracuse didst people. -All the wealth Then first deserting their Nyseian shore
Now thou assemblest from Iberia's mines, To spread their hoarded blessings round the world; And golden-channel'd Tagus, all the spoils Who with them bore the inexhausted horn
From fair Trinacria 12 wafted, all the powers Of ever-smiling Plenty. Thus adorn'd,
Of conquer'd Afric's tributary realms
Thy glad return, and echoing joy resounds
O'er Triton's sacred waters, but in vain:
Thoa, gracious Commerce, from his cheerless Receives the gather'd riches of the world :
Its glories yields, and mould'ring leaves no trace The deep foundations, where the future pride Of its deep-rooted greatness; thou with tears Of mightiest cities rose, and o'er the main From thy extinguish'd Carthage didst retire, Before the wond'ring Nereids didst present And these thy perish'd honours long deplore. The surge-dividing keel, and stately mast, What though rich Gades 13, what though polish'd Whose canvass wings, distending with the gale,
Rhodes, The bold Phænician through Alcides' straits, With Alexandria, Egypt's splendid mart, To northern Albion's tin-embowel'd fields, The learn'd Massylians 14, and Ligurian 's towers, And oft beneath the sea-obscuring brow
What though the potent Hanseatic league, Of cloud-envelop'd Teneriff, convey'd.
And Venice, mistress of the Grecian isles, Next in sagacious thought th' ethereal plains With all the Ægean floods, awhile might soothe
Thou trodst, exploring each propitious star The sad remembrance; what though, led through The danger-braving mariner to guide ;
climes Then all the latent and mysterious powers
And seas unknown, with thee th' advent'rous sons Of number didst unravel : last to crown
Of Tagus i pass'd the stormy cape, which braves Thy bounties, goddess, thy unrival'd toils
The huge Atlantic; what though Antwerp grew For man, still urging thy inventive mind,
Beneath thy smiles, and thou propitious there Thou gav'st him letters 9; there imparting all, Didst shower thy blessings with unsparing hands; Which lifts the noble spirit near to Heaven, Still on thy grief-indented heart impressid Laws, learning, wisdom, Nature's works reveal'd The great Amilcar's valour, still the deeds By godlike sages, all Minerva's arts,
Of Asdrubal and Mago, still the loss Apollo's music, and th' eternal voice
Of thy unequal Annibal remain'd : Of Virtue sounding from the historic roll,
Till from the sandy mouths of echoing Rhine, The philosophic page, and poet's song.
And sounding margin of the Scheld and Maese, Now solitude and silence from the shores With sudden roar the angry voice of War Retreat on pathless mountains to reside,
Alarm'd thy languor; wonder turn'd thy eye. Barbarity is polish'd, infant arts
Lo! in bright arms a bold militia stood,
Arrangød for battle : from afar thou saw'st
80 Athenian. Athens was called Cectopia from As from his tumid urn when Nilus spreads
Cecrops its first king.
12 Another name of Sicily, which was frequently The kindly stream: anon the bounteous god ravaged by the Carthaginians. His waves extends, embracing Egypt round,
13 Cadiz. Dwells on the teening champaign, and endows 14 Marseilles, a Grecian colory, the most ci
vilized, as well as the greatest trading city of an8 Vulcan, the tutelary deity of Lemnos.
cient Gaul. 9 Here the opinion of sir Isaac Newton is fol
is Genoa. lowed, that letters were first invented amongst the 16 The Portuguese discovered the Cape of Good trading parts of the world.
Hope in 1487.
The snowy ridge of Appenine, the fields
Still thither be extended thy renowii, Of wild Calabria, and Pyrene's hills,
O William, pride of Orange, and ador'd The Guadiana, and the Duro's banks,
Thy virtues, which, disdaining life, or wealth, And rapid Ebro, gath'ring all their powers
Or empire, whether in thy dawn of youth, To crush this daring populace. The pride. Thy glorious noon of manhood, or the night, Of fiercest kings with more inflam'd revenge The fatal night of death 19, no other care Ne'er menac'd freedom; nor since dauntless Greece, Besides the public own'd. And dear to fame And Rome's stern offspring, none hath e'er surpass'd Be thou, harmonious Douza 20; every Muse, The bold Batavian!? in his glorious toil
Your laurel strow around this hero's urn, For liberty, or death. At once the thought Whom fond Minerva grac'd with all her arts, Of long-lamented Carthage flies thy breast, Alike in letters and in arms to shine, And ardent, goddess, thou dost speed to save A dauntless warrior, and a learned bard. The generous people. Not the vernal showers, Him Spain's surrounding hosts for slaughter markd, Distilling copious from the morning clouds, With massacre yet reeking from the streets Descend more kindly on the tender flower, Of blood-stain'd Harlem : he on Leyden's tow'rs, New-born and opening on the lap of Spring, With Famine his companion, wan, subdu'd Than on this rising state thy cheering smile In outward form, with patient virtue stood And animating presence; while on Spain,
Superior to despair; the heavenly Nine Prophetic thus, thy indignation broke :
His suffering soul with great examples cheer'd “ Lusatiate race! the shame of polish'd lands! Of memorable bards, by Mars adorn'd Disgrace of Europe! for inhuman deeds
With wreaths of fame; Eagrus’?! tuneful son, And insolence renown'd! what demon led
Who with melodious praise to noblest deeds Thee first to plough the undiscover'd surge, Charin'd the lölchian beroes, and himself Which lavd an hidden world? whose malice taught Their danger shar'd; Tyrtæus 22, who reviv'd Thee first to taint with rapine, and with rage, With animating verse the Spartan hopes; With more than savage thirst of blood, the arts, Brave Æschylus 23 and Sophocles 24, around By me for gentlest intercourse ordain'd,
Whose sacred brows the tragic ivy twin'd, For mutual aids, and hospitable ties
Mix'd with the warrior's laurel; all surpass'd From shore to shore? or, that pernicious hour, By Douza's valour: and the generous toil, Was Heaven disgusted with its wondrous works, His and his country's labours soon receivid That to thy fell exterminating hand
Their high reward, when favouring Commerce rais'd Th' immense Peruvian empire it resign'd,
Th' invincible Batavians, till, rever'd And all, which lordly Montezuma 18 sway'd ? Among the mightiest, on the brightest roll And com’st thou, strengthen’d with the shining stores Of fame they shone, by splendid wealth and power Of that gold-teeming hemisphere, to waste Gracid and supported; thus a genial soil The smiling fields of Europe, and extend
Diffusing vigour through the infant oak,
Its lofty head, in verdant honours clad,
Deny, a mightier nation they prepare
For thy reception, sufferers alike Tiny "eltering hosts, and stain the chalky shore: By th’ unreinitted insolence of power Ev'n those, whoin now thy impious pride would bind From reign to reign, nor less than Belgiuın known In servile chains, hereafter shall support
For bold contention oft on crimson fields, Thy weaken'd throne; when Heaven's afflicting In free-tongu'd senates oft with nervous laws hand
To circumscribe, or conquering to depose Of all thy power despoils thee, when alone Their scepter'd tyrants : Albion, sea-embrac'd, Of all, which e'er hath signaliz'd thy name, The joy of freedom, dread of treacherous kings, Thy insolence and cruelty remain."
The destin'd mistress of the subject main, Thus with her clouded visage, wrapt in frowns, And arbitress of Europe, now demands The goddess threaten’d, and the daring train Thy presence, goddess. It was now the time, Of ber intam'd militia, tom with wounds, Despising Fortune, from repeated foils
19 He was assassinated at Delf. His dying words More fierce, and braving Famine's keenest rage, were, “ Lord, have mercy upon this people.” See At length through deluges of blood she led
Grot. de Bell. Belg. To envied greatness; ev’n while clamorous Mars 20 Janus Douza, a famous poet, and the most With loudest clangour bade his trumpet shake learned man of his time. He commanded in LesThe Belgian champaign, she their standard rear'd den when it was so obstinately besieged by the On tributary Java, and the shores
Spaniards in 1570. See Meursii Athen. Bat. Of huge Borneo; thou, Sumatra, heard'st
21 Orpheus, one of the Argonauts, who set sail Her naval thunder, Ceylon's trembling sons from lölchos, a town in Thessalia. Their fragrant stores of cinnamon resign'd,
22 When the Spartans were greatly distressed in And odour-breathing Ternate and Tidore
the Messenian war, they applied to the Atheniaus Their spicy groves. And O whatever coast for a general, who sent them the poet Tyrtæus. The Belgians trace, where'er their power is spread, 23 Æschylus, one of the most ancient tragic poets, To hoary Zembla, or to Indian suns,
who signalized himself in the battles of Marathon
and Salamis. 17 The Dutch.
24 Sophocles commanded his countrymen the Montezuma, emperor of Mexico.
in several expeditions.
Ere yet perfidious Cromwell dar'd profane Why, though deriv'd from Neptune, though rerer'd The sacred senate, and with impious feet
Among the nations, by the gods endow'd, Tread on the powers of magistrates and laws, Thou never yet from eldest times bast found While every arm was chill'd with cold amaze, One permanent abode; why oft expell’d Nor one in all that dauntless train was found Thy favour'd seats, from clime to clime hast borne To pierce the ruffian's heart ; and now thy name Thy wandering steps ; why London late hath seeu Was heard in thunder through th' affrighted shores (Thy lov'd, thy last retreat) desponding care Of pale Iberia, of submissive Gaul,
O'ercloud thy brow: O listen, while the Muse, And Tagus, trembling to his utmost source. Th’immortal progeny of Jove, unfolds O ever faithful, vigilant, and brave,
The fatal canse. What time in Nysa's care Thou bold assertor of Britannia's fame,
Th'ethereal train, in honour to thy sire, l'aconquerable Blake: propitious Heaven Shower'd on thy birth their blended gifts, the power At this great era, and the sage decree as
Of war was absent; hence, unbless'd by Mars, Of Albion's senate, perfecting at once,
Thy sons relinquish'd arms, on other arts What by Eliza 26 was so well begun,
Intent, and still to mercenary hands So deeply founded, to this favour'd shore
The sword entrusting, vainly deein'd, that wealth The goddess drew, where grateful she bestow'd Could purchase lasting safety, and protect Th' unbounded empire of her father's floods, Unwarlike Freedom; hence the Alps in vain And chose thee, London, for her chief abode, Were pass'd, their long impenetrable snows Pleas'd with the silver Thames, its gentle stream, And dreary torrents ; swoln with Roman dead, And smiling banks, its joy-diffusing hills,
Astonish'd Trebia 38 overflow'd its banks Which, clad with splendour, and with beauty grac'd, In vain, and deep-dy'd Trasimenus rollid O'erlook his lucid bosom; pleas'd with thee, Its crimson waters; Cannæ's signal day Thou nurse of arts, and thy industrious race;
The fame alone of great Amilcar's son Pleas'd with their candid manners, with their free Enlarg'd, while still undisciplin'd, dismay'd, Sagacious converse, to inquiry led,
Her head commercial Carthage bow'd at last And zeal for knowledge; hence the opening mind To inilitary Rome: th' unalterd will Resigns its errours, and unseals the eye
Of Heaven in every climate hath ordaind, Of blind Opiniou; Jerit hence is heard
And every age, that empire shall attend Amidst its blushes, dawning arts arise,
The sword, and steel shall ever conquer gold. The gloomy clouds, which ignorance or fear Tiren from thy sufferings learn; th'auspicious hour Spread o'er the paths of Virtue, are dispell’d, Now smiles; our wary magistrates have armd Servility retires, and every heart
Our hands; thou, goddess, animate our breasts With public cares is warm'd; thy merchants hence, To cast inglorious indolence aside, Illustrious city, thou dost raise to fame:
That once again, in bright battalions rang'd, How many names of glory may'st thou trace Our thousands and ten thousands may be seen From earliest annals down to Barnard's 37 times ! Their country's only rampart, and the dreail And, O! if like that eloquence divine,
Of wild Aibition. Mark the Swedish hind : Which forth for Commerce, for Britannia's rights, He, on his native soil should danger lour, And her insulted majesty he pourd,
Soon from the entrails of the dusky isine These humble measures fow'd, then too thy walls Would rise to arms; and other fields and chiefs Might undisgrac'd resound thy poet's name, Wiihilelsingburgh29 and Steinboch soon would share Who now all-fearful to thy praise attunes
The admiration of the porthern world : His lyre, and pays his grateful song to thee, Helvetia's hills behold, th' aërial seat Thy votary, O Commerce! Gracious Power, Of long-supported Liberty, who thence, Continue still to hear my vows, and bless
Securely resting on her faithful shield, My honourable industry, which courts
The warrior's corselet flaming on her breast, No other smile but thine ; for thou alone
Looks down with scorn on spacious realms, which Can'st wealth bestow with independence crowu'd: In servitude around her, and, her sword [groan Nor yet exclude contemplative repose,
With dauntless skill high brandishing, defies But to my dwelling grant the solemn calm The Austrian eagle, and imperious Ganl: Of learned leisure, never to reject
And I could those ill-fated shades arise The visitation of the tuneful Maids,
Whose valiant ranks along th' ensanguin'd dust Who seldom deign to leave their sacred haunts, Of Newbury 3" lay crowded, they could tell, And grace a mortal mansion ; thou divide With them my labours; pleasure I resign,
29 Trebia, Trasimenus lacus, and Cannæ, fainous And all devoted to my midnight lamp,
for the victories gained by Hannibal over the Ro. Ev'n now, when Albion o'cr the foaming breast Of groaning Tethys spreads its threat'ning fleets, 29 Helsinburgh, a small town in Schonen, cele. I grasp the sounding shell, prepard to sing brated for the victory which cout Steinboch That hero's valour, who shall best confound gained over the Danes with an arıny for the most His injur'd country's foes; ev'n now I feel part composed of Swedish peasants, who had neCelestial fires descending on my breast,
ver scen an enemy before: it is remarkable, that Which prompt thy daring suppliant to explore, the defeated troops were as complete a body of
regular forces as any in all Europe. 25 The act of navigation.
30 The London trained bands, and auxiliary re- Queen Elizabeth was the first of our princes siments, (whose inexperience of danger, or any who gave any considerable encouragement to kind of service, beyond the easy practice of their trade.
postures in the Artillery Ground, had till then 37 Sir John Barnard.
too cheap an estimation) behaved themselves to
How their long-matchless cavalry, so oft
For children, parents, friends, for England fir'd, O'er hills of slain by ardent Rupert led,
Her fertile glebe, her wealthy towns, ber laws, Whose dreaded standard Victory had wav'd, Her liberty, her honour, should sustain Till then triumphant, there with noblest blood The dreadful onset, and resistless break From their gor'd squadrons dy'd the restive spear Th' immense array; thus ev'n the lightest thought Of London's firm militia, and resign'd
E'er to invade Britannia's calm repose, The well-disputed field; then, goddess, say, Must die the moment that auspicious Mars Shall we be now more timid, when behold, Her sons shall bless with discipline and arms; The black’ning storm now gathers round our heads, That exil'd race, in superstition nurs’d, And England's angry Genius sounds to arms ? The servile pupils of tyrannie Rome, For thee, remember, is the banner spread; With distant gaze despairing shall behold The naval tower to vindicate thy rights
The guarded splendours of Britannia's crown; Will sweep the curling foam : the thund'ring bomb Still from their abdicated sway estrang'd, Will roar, and startle in the deepest grots
With all th’attendants on despotic thrones, Old Nereus' daughters; with combustion stor'd Priests, ignorance, and bonds; with watchful step For thee our dire volcanos of the main,
Gigantic Terrour, striding round our coast, Impregnated with horrour, soon will pour
Shall shake his gorgon ægis, and the hearts Their flaming ruin round each hostile fleet: Of proudest kings appal; to other shores Thou then, great goddess, summon all thy powers, Our angry fleets, when insolence and wrongs Arm all thy sons, thy vassals, every heart
To arms awaken our viudictive power, Inflame: and you, ye fear-disclaiming race, Shall bear the bideous waste of ruthless war; Ye mariners of Britain, chosen train
But liberty, security, and fame,
Shall dwell for ever on our chosen plains.
Θανείν δ' οίσιν ανάγκα,
Τί κε τις ανωνυμον γήρας, εν σκότω When your victorious shouts affright her shores :
Καθήμενος, έψοι μάτων, απάντων
Καλων αμμορος και None now ignobly will your warmth restrain,
; Pind. Olymp. Od. I. Nor hazard more indignant Valour's curse, Their country's wrath, and Time's eternal scorn; Then bid the Furies of Bellona wake, And silver-mantled Peace with welcome steps Anon shall visit your triumphant isle.
To illustrate the following poem, to vindicate the And, that perpetual safety may possess
subject from the censure of improbability, and to Our joyous fields, thou, Genius, who presid'st show by the concurring evidence of the best histoO’er this illustrious city, teach her sons
rians, that such disinterested public virtue did To wield the noble instruments of war;
once exist, I have thought, it would not be improAnd let the great example soon extend
per to prefix the subsequent narration. Through every province, till Britannia sees
While Darius, the father of Xerxes, was yet on Her docile millions fill the martial plain.
the throne of Persia, Cleomenes and Demaratus Then, whatsoe'er our terrours now suggest
were kings in Lacedæmon, both descended from Of desolation and th' invading sword;
Hercules. Demaratus was unfortunately exposed Though with bis massy trident Neptune heav'd by an uncertain rumour, which rendered his legiA new-born isthmus from the British deep, timacy suspected, to the malice and treachery of And to its parent continent rejoin'd
his colleague, who had conceived a personal resentOur chalky shore; though Mahomet could league ment against him; for Cleomenes, taking advanHis powerful crescent with the hostile Gaul, tage of this report, persuaded the Spartans to exAnd that new Cyrus of the conquer'd East, amine into the birth of Demaratus, and refer the Who now in trembling vassalage unites
difficulty to the oracle of Delphi; and was assisted The Ganges and Euphrates, could advance in his perfidious designs by a near relation of DeWith his auxiliar host; our warlike youth
maratus, named Leutychides, who aspired to sucWith equal numbers 37, and with keener zeal ceed him in his dignity. Cleomenes found means
to corrupt the priestess of Delphi, who declared wonder; and were, in truth, the preservation of Demaratus not" legitimate. Thus, by the base that army that day. For they stood as a bulwark practices of his colleague Cleomenes, and of his and rampire to defend the rest ; and when their kinsman Leutychides, Demaratus was expelled wings of horse were scattered and dispersed, kept their ground so steadily, that though prince Rupert himself led up the choice horse to charge millions of fighting men to this kingdom, may be them, and endured the storm of small shot, he relied on; it is not easy to conceive, how the could make no impression on their stand of pikes ; united force of the whole world could assemble tobut was forced to wheel about. Clarend. book vii. gether, and subsist in an enemy's country greater
numbers, than they would find opposed to them za If the computation, which allots near two here.