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Historical Account of York and its Cathedral.
selling a pamphlet, containing a history was going to reside at Leeds. On Saturof his own life. This person had been day, (Jan. 31st.) he again arrived at York, known frequently to foretell, that York and spent the day at the shoemaker's, in minster would be destroyed by fire; and, whose house he had before resided. On like many other prophets, was, it seems, de- Sunday he went out about eleven o'clock, termined to fulfil his own predictions. A and was not seen in York any more up to shoemaker, with whom he lodged, identified the time of the fire. Martin was formerly as his property, a pair of pincers, which a sailor, but has lived in Lincoln some few had been found on the ledge of the win- years as a journeyman tanner. He is well dow, from whence the incendiary made his known among the religious sects an an enexit. It was further ascertained, that the thusiast of extraordinary pretensions. The individual on whom suspicion rested so history he published of his life is full of strongly, had been twice in a lunatic asy- visionary matter ; in it he calls himself brolum, and was at the present time believed to ther to the great painter of the Deluge, &c. be insane. Police officers were immediately He has a brother who lectures on the prodespatched in search of this wretched being. perties of the philosopher's stone. He has
On Friday the 6th, this person, whose himself always been very furious against name is Martin, was apprehended near the established church, and lately he stuck Hexham, Northumberland, the place of his up placards on Lincoln cathedral, with denativity, by a sheriff's officer of Hexham, nunciations of the wrath to come. named Stainthorpe, who lodged him in the To the sheriff's officer who apprehended House of Correction. Information of his him, Martin made the following disclocapture being sent to York, a party set out sure:-“ At four o'clock on Sunday aftershortly after in a post-chaise, to bring him noon I entered the minster, and stood thither. He arrived in York soon after against the prayer-house, (in the north aisle,) three on Monday morning, and was taken watching an opportunity of getting over the to Peter prison. The magistrates shortly gate. I got over, and concealed myself afterwards assembled, the witnesses were till after service, and then looked for the called out of bed, and about five o'clock best place to begin the fire. I watched the the examination commenced, which con- ringers out of the church; and some time tinued till seven. Property belonging to after struck my first light in the bell chamthe cathedral, worth sever pounds, was ber. I had no dark lantern, but carried found on him at the time of his apprehen- the naked candle about with me. I broke sion. After the depositions of the witnesses the window, and tied a knotted bell-rope had been taken, he made the following to some wooden steps that were standing confession, in the coolest and most collected near it. I put out my light, and lay for manner possible :
some time singing hymns. After getting “ I set fire to the minster in consequence over the choir door, I made two heaps of of two remarkable dreams. I dreamed, books, &c. at the throne and the organ; that one stood by me with a bow and but before setting fire to them, I cut off a sheaf of arrows, and he shot one through quantity of gold lace and velvet from these the minster door. I said I wanted to try places." to shoot, and he presented me the bow. I Among the rumours in circulation respecttook an arrow from the sheaf, and shot, but ing this wretched man, it has been insinuathe arrow hit the flags, and I lost it. I also ted, that his animosity towards the establishdreamed that a large thick cloud came ment and its clergy was acquired from his down over the minster, and extended to connexion with the Wesleyan Methodists. my lodgings; and from these things I The fact, however, is, that he was expelled thought that I was to set fire to the minster. their society for his enthusiasm and insanity. I took these things away with me, for fear We esteem ourselves very fortunate in somebody else should be blamed; I cut off being able to procure a limited number of the fringe and the tassels from the pulpit copies, from an exquisitely engraved view and the bishop's throne, or what you call it, of York Cathedral ; one of a splendid series for I do not know their names, as a witness that has been got up to illustrate a complete against me, to shew that I had done it my- History of York, by T. Allen, Esq. a work self.”—After signing this, and declaring it to of considerable erudition, and of great be the truth, he was fully committed to the worth to those who delight in monastic city gaol for trial, at the next assizes. Being records. With this beautiful view of the conducted thither, he partook of some re
West Front of the Cathedral before him, the freshment, went to bed, and slept soundly. reader will be enabled to form an idea of
About a fortnight before his apprehension, the general grandeur and sublime magnifiit appears, Martin lest York, stating that hécence of the edifice.
they were shorn of their strength, and beJOTHAM'S FABLE.
came a prey to their neighbours, who (Concluded from col. 112)
oppressed them sore; until, in humble con
trition, they returned to him against whom The answer of the bramble was, “ If in they had revolted, and put away the strange truth ye anoint me king over you, then gods which they had adopted, from
among come and put your trust in my shadow : them : then did Jehovah return to them, and if not, let fire come out of the bramble and in his power they had peace and and devour the cedars of Lebanon.” This security. answer identifies the bramble with the A departure from the sovereignty of Jecrooked policy of terrestrial thrones, and hovah took place in Israel, not only in the forms a fine contrast to the meek answers of days of Jotham, but again in the days the sacred trees. Place your, heads, it of Samuel; and on that occasion the cries, beneath my shadows, bow down to Lord comforted Samuel in these memorable me; and, if not, bickering flames shall words, “ The people have not rejected thee, ascend in instant fury from my seat, and but they have rejected me, that I should consuming your exalted foliage, stretch your not reign over them.” The disasters of scorched trunks at my feet. The answers Israel were heavier under the reign of Saul of the trees of righteousness were, We than under the viceroyalty of Samuel, and serve Jehovah, and in serving him, minister although beneath the reign of David, who to men; serve ye him, and him alone; to was named “a man after God's own him bow down, and hail him Lord of all; heart," and in the first days of Solomon, they while the ambitious bramble cries, Bow flourished, it is evident, from the subsequent down to me,-and names not the Lord history of this people, that the rejection of Jehovah, who alone was and is King of Jehovah was the ruin of Israel. Bramble Israel.
succeeded bramble, each swayed in blood We proceed now to treat of the exalted and rioted in the flames of discord and disscope of this sublime fable.
Jotham was traction, worshipping they knew not what, of the seed of Abraham, over which seed and casting the ordinances of Jehovah Jehovah then reigned sole Monarch, upon behind their backs, afflicting and being the mercy-seat in Shiloh, and by oracular afflicted, until the wrath of God, which responses governed Israel. A vile usurpa- had for ages burnt against them, swept ten tion of his sovereignty was then attempted tribes from their land: because of their by Jotham's brother, Abimelech, who be- crimes, the famine, the pestilence, and the cáme sovereign upon the murder of seventy sword consumed them. "A small remnant, persons, the sons of that great and holy indeed, were carried into captivity, and of man Gideon, then recently deceased, who these, age after age inquires, Where are were all the brethren of Abimelech. He these? But there is no voice, none to waded, therefore, through a sea of bloodhis brethren's blood, to the throne : while he Of the two remaining tribes, the records occupied the throne, his sole occupation of that people dwell with notes of wo, if appears to have been to shed blood-the not equal to the ten tribes, so similar that a blood of his own countrymen; and while mere shade of difference exists between thus impiously engaged, a woman, in retri- them. Now a bramble and now a cedar butive justice, shed his blood. The flames swayed; the altars of Jehovah flamed with of discord, thus proceeding from the bram- sacrifices, and the altar of demons, in ble, agreeable to its recorded answer, con awful alternations ; innocent blood was shed sumed the lofty cedars and the creeping by princes, and parents gave their innocents bramble together-one common ruin swal- to Moloch; and wars, awful wars, were lowed up all.
waged with their brethren. Often as a prince Israel was selected from the nations, as arose to purge the land, a tyrant followed at we have already noted, to become a people, his heels, to recreate the loathsome filth of in the midst of whom Jehovah was to idolatry and blood. Jehovah was not in reign in perpetuity in person ; his name all their thoughts, and eventually his sovewas, there
put upon this people, and a reignty was banished from Capaan. Then state, in midst of the states of the earth, did his wrath arise, and he banished Israel was erected, and became a beacon to all from their land. The two remaining tribes, nations. While this people obeyed him, consumed by famine, the pestilence, and he exalted them; they were formidable to the sword, ceased to be a nation; and the the surrounding nations, and dwelt in the miserable remnant of this people were cast midst of the land of promise in perfect out of the promised land, and became capsecurity; but when they revolted from him, tives in Babylon. Alas, for Israel! How
awfully did he prove that “ It is a fearful Previous to the appearance of Emanuel thing to fall into the hands of the living God with us, he who is called Jesus, be. God," rather than to abide beneath “ the cause he saves his people from their sins, shadow of his wings.”
and at the moment of his coming to atone The Lord, mindful of his promises to the for man, high expectations were rife seed of Abraham, after a doleful captivity throughout the world, that a great Personof seventy years, released the captives of age would arise in the east, who was desthe two tribes from Babylon, and restored tined to reign over all the earth ; and at them to the promised land. There they re- this moment the highest expectations reigned built Jerusalem, erected a second temple, amongst the seed of Abraham, that this restored the services of the sanctuary, and great Personage would be of themselves, became again a nation. Amidst turbulent the Son of David; and that he would rewars, internal as well as external, and sore store the kingdom to Israel. This great oppressions from within and from without, | Personage came; he was of the seed of now persecuted and now persecuting, faith- Abraham, and the Son of David; and he ful to Jehovah at one time, and apostate at came to restore the kingdom to Israel. But another, they continued a nation in Canaan, his was a spiritual kingdom ; such a kingpossessed a temple, and enjoyed a priest- dom as Israel enjoyed when Jotham comhood, until He came of whom all the pro- posed this fable; Jehovah himself, in the phets witnessed, “ Jesus, the Son of the person of his Son, being Sovereign Lord. Highest ; unto whom the Lord God gave Although the multitude were ready to rethe throne of his father David. And he ceive this kingdom, the rulers of Israel saw, shall reign over the house of Jacob for that instead of leading them through conever; and of his kingdom there shall be no quests to universal dominion, it thwarted end."
their carnal views, and that it would die But if the influence of impious rulers minish, if not destroy, their power ; they, led astray the mass of the people, we have, therefore, did every thing they possibly could during these periods, instances of individual to harass and overthrow this spiritual kingpiety and devotion almost innumerable. The dom: and to effect this, they slew this great host of prophets, who, in succession, arose Personage, and persecuted his followers through a period of eleven hundred years, even unto death. Once more, they pretestifying of and for God in the very teeth of ferred a murderer to the Prince of Life ; idolatrous impiety, and at the hazard of and they chose almost every, bramble, their lives, the sublime effusions, which are every false Messiah, that offered, (and many recorded from their lips, and the exalted there did offer,) to be their king, to their devotion of their individual characters, utter ruin. amidst multitudes who hated God, and Emanuel, the son and heir of David, worshipped the works of men's hands, be- received back again that sovereignty which, fore and during the captivity; and after- during many ages, had been delegated to wards the hosts of martyrs who bled for David and his seed; and being God and the truth, and bare righteous witness for man, reigned over Israel. He therefore God beneath the domination of idolatry, chose all his ministers from that people, when clothed with imperial power, bring perambulated and took possession of Caout the character of the seed of Abraham, naan, declared, “I am not sent but to the and shew it forth, worthy of His choice who lost sheep of the house of Israel,” and in searcheth the hearts of men, and errs not the commission given to his ministers to set in his providential dealings with the works up the kingdom of heaven upon earth, of his hands. These are they that “had commands them to begin at Jerusalem. trial of cruel mockings and scourgings; Accordingly, at Jerusalem the Holy Ghost yea, moreover, of bonds and imprisonments. was miraculously poured out upon these They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, ministers, there they opened their commiswere tempted, were slain with the sword; sion, and from the seed of Abraham, dethey wandered about in sheep-skins and vout men, of every nation under heaven, goat-skins, being destitute, afflicted, tor assembled there to keep the feast of Pentemented, (of whom the world was not wor- cost, were the first subjects of this kingthy ;) they wandered in deserts, and indom gathered. Alas, then did the rulers in mountains, and in dens and caves of the Israel rage against the Lord's anointed, earth. And these all having obtained a against his ministers and his people, and good' report through faith, received not the having slain their Lord, they filled up the promise, God having provided some better measure of their iniquities by persecuting, thing for us, that they without us should and slaying his ministers and people. not be made perfect."
“ Then did the Lord send forth his ar207
mies, and destroyed those murderers, and they have in Him of eternal life; it is a burnt up their city.” The remnant that small thing, therefore, with them to minister escaped these slaughters were dispersed carnal things to these, their elder brethren, throughout all the earth, waiting until “ the seeing they have ministered spiritual things Redeemer shall come again to Zion, and to them. unto them that turn from transgression in Impressed with these truths, the two Jacob." Isa, lix.
principal societies in London, which are It appears, therefore, that Abraham and exclusively employed in diffusing divine his seed were the portion of Jehovah during truth amongst the seed of Abraham, at the patriarchal dispensation, that of the home and abroad, are at this moment oclaw and also of the gospel ; that they were cupied in raising the means for forining fitly designated by the fig-tree, the olive, asylums for the protection and instruction of and the vine, in Jotham's fable; that they inquiring and believing Hebrews. There were, throughout all their generations, in- all of these may be protected during a tended to be under the immediate sove- limited time, acquire a trade, whereby they reignty of Jehovah; and that their lust for may be enabled to obtain in future their dominion and terrestrial royalty has been own maintenance, and during their abode their ruin, age after age, from the moment therein may receive Christian instruction they yielded to its sway. Thus far my and consolation, in the regular means of portfolio has yielded matter for these es- grace, without becoming proselytes to any says, and I beg now to add a few particu- sect or party bearing the Christian name; lars of more recent occurrence.
and of these inquirers there are numbers at Our elder brethren in Jehovah, “who are this moment, Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adop- The asylum forming by the London Sotion, and the glory, and the covenants, and ciety is at Warsaw, the capital of Poland; the giving of the law, and the service of and the asylum forming by the PhiloGod, and the promises; whose are the fa- Judean Society is in London; an extract thers, and of whom, as concerning the flesh, from whose address I subjoin :-“ Relying Christ came, who is over all, God blessed on the mercies of a covenant God, the God for ever, Amen,” Rom. ix. are yet dis- of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, who persed, without an altar and without a has declared, that if his covenant of day teaching priest; having no city of habita- and night should fail, then should the seed tions, no land of fruitfulness, no concentra- of Israel cease to be a nation before him tion of strength, nor one to lead them, since for ever; and confident in the benevolent they rejected the Lord of Life, who came consideration of those who partake of the unto them. Alas, they are yet dreaming of mercies of that covenant, as the children of power, conquest, and dominion, as a nation, promise ; and in the full conviction, that rather than turning to the Strong for strength, the fig-tree of Judah is now putting forth and individually laying hold on the hope its blossoms, and shewing signs that sumset before them. As they stumbled origi- mer is nigh at hand,' the Philo-Judean nally at Christ crucified, they yet stumble; Society, deeply impressed with a sense of looking for a splendid deliverer, who shall the obligations they owe to the once delead them to Canaan, instead of calling spised and persecuted people of Israel, upon the name of the Lord, and enjoying earnestly invite the sanction and co-operahis salvation. Hence, when individuals of tion of every believer in the Lord of glorytheir nation are impressed with the evi- the compassionate Saviour of perishing and dences of Christianity, and begin to cry, polluted sinners--and entreat that prayer “What must I do to be saved ?" the whole
may be unceasingly offered to the Most Israelitish community take the alarm, and, High, that he will “set his hand a selike one man, set themselves in array cond time to recover the remnant of his against them. The way of the inquiring people—to assemble the outcasts of Israel, Israelite is thus instantly blocked up, and his and gather together the dispersed of Judah means of sustenance destroyed : he is im- from the four corners of the earth.' Small mediately in want of all things; and it as such beginnings may be, the hope is inmust be through tribulation, which few dulged, that a little one may become a Christians are aware of, that he enters the thousand, and a small one a strong nation.' kingdom of heaven, if he enters it at all. May the Lord accomplish it; yea, may
he The Gentiles have received from the seed hasten the time. “Return, O Lord, unto of Abraham blessings inestimable; and the ten thousand thousands of Israel.” those blessings they permanently enjoy, in
W. ColdweLL. the possession of the sacred volume, the ordinances of the Redeemer, and the hope King-Square, London, Dec. 1, 1828.
Final Perseverance vindicated.
FINAL PERSEVERANCE VINDICATED.
his.-God is not a man that he should lie,
nor the son of man that he should repent, MR. EDITOR,
&c. Surely this looks more like the lanSir,—In a former number of your Maga- guage of an enlightened judgment, than that zine, col. 601, vol. x., I endeavoured to of a mere prophetic impulse. In fact, he shew, in opposition to your correspondent here apparently, but it is only apparently, W.P. B. col. 206, that Heb. vi. 4—6, does speaks the language of a pious and holy not refer to persons who had once been And why, on the other hand, is the truly converted to God. What I then ad- phrase, “once enlightened,” to be undervanced has, however, been controverted stood purely in a spiritual sense, as meanby another correspondent, col. 992, who ing much the same thing, in fact, as resigns himself J. W. In replying to this generation? Why, simply, it would seem, writer, I hope to bear in mind the judicious because J. W. finds similar language made hints you gave to correspondents on the use of in the sacred scriptures to express a cover of your last number.
state of saving acquaintance with the grace I feel myself rather at a loss to know of God. But surely your correspondent what J. W. precisely means by “Calvinian does not need being informed, that scripperseverance;" for the truth is, I am so ture terms and phrases are frequently made little acquainted with the writings of Calvin, use of with such a latitude and variety of as not to know what his exact views were meaning, as to render it quite impossible to on the subject of perseverance. If your ascertain their intended import
, without the correspondent imagines that it is my inten- most careful examination of the context. It tion to defend Calvin's views on the sub- is said, for instance, that the Philippian ject, he is certainly mistaken. My maxim, gaoler, and all his house, believed ; and it is in matters of religion, is, to “to call no also said, that devils believe : but does beinan master upon earth.” When I con- lieving both these cases import just the ceive the assertions and opinions of any same thing, neither more nor less? And uninspired man are opposed to the word of while there is an illumination which God, I feel myself at the most perfect amounts to a glorious reality, and of which liberty to reject them. But that J. W. may our Lord affirms, “ This is life eternal !" not mistake me, it is but fair to state, that I we are equally certain, that there is also an most firmly believe in the certain and eter- illumination, which only amounts to “ the nal salvation of every saint. This, how- form of knowledge and of the truth,” and ever, is not the point in hand. The only which still leaves its deluded possessors question is, Does the apostle, in Heb. vi. under the dominion of sin and condemna4-6, refer to persons who had once been tion. Thus the very light that is in them truly converted to God, or not? The ob- may be darkness! ject of my former communication was to With a view of shewing that a person establish the negative side of this question; might “ taste of the heavenly gift, and be but the passages I then quoted and com- a partaker of the Holy Spirit,” and yet not pared, J. W. asserts, and attempts to prove, be a truly converted character, I quoted the were not applicable to the case in hand. case of the traitor Judas; but to evade the That we may see how he succeeds in inva- force of this allusion, J. W. asks if I can lidating the force of those passages, allow“ prove, that by tasting of the heavenly gift, me, Mr. Editor, candidly to follow him and partaking of the Holy Ghost, we are to through his “ animadversions."
understand the gift of working miracles, and To illustrate the clause, “who were once that exclusively ?" It was never my intenenlightened,” I referred to the case of Ba- tion, sir, to give this exclusive meaning to laam; but in reply J. W. asserts, that the the language in question. But that Judas illumination of Balaam “ was at most only really possessed the gift of working miraprophetical, and that the above clause is to cles, will, I suppose, be denied by no unbe understood spiritually.” Balaam was prejudiced mind. And then, does not my certainly a very extraordinary character, and opponent believe, (and it is what I believe by what criterion a considerable portion of myself,) that thousands who sit under the the light he evidently possessed, is ascer- ministry of the gospel, taste of the heavenly tained to be merely prophetic, I am quite gift of grace, or receive into their minds a at a loss to conceive. “ If Balak,” said measure of divine influence, and yet never he, “would give me his house full of become genuine converts to the Lord Jesus silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the Christ; but, on the contrary, give awful eviword of Jehovah my God, to do less or dence that they are still in the gall of bittermore.-Let me die the death of the righ- ness and the bonds of iniquity? And if teous, and let my last end be like unto these things be admitted as facts, then the
123.- VOL. XI.