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At thy good heart's oppression.

ROM. Why, such is love's transgression

Griefs of my own lie heavy in my breast;

Which thou wilt propagate, to have it prest
With more of thine: this love, that thou hast


Doth add more grief to too much of mine own.
Love is a smoke rais'd * with the fume of sighs;
Being purg'd, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes 5;
Being vex'd, a sea nourish'd with lovers' tears:
What is it else? a madness most discreet,

A choking gall, and a preserving sweet.
Farewell, my coz.


Soft, I will go along; An if you leave me so, you do me wrong.


ROM. Tut, I have lost myself; I am not here; This is not Romeo, he's some other where.

* Folio, made. † Quarto A, a sea raging with a lover's tears. 4 Why, such is love's transgression.] Such is the consequence of unskilful and mistaken kindness. JOHNSON.

5 Being PURG'D, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes ;] The author may mean being purg'd of smoke, but it is perhaps a meaning never given to the word in any other place. I would rather read,― Being urg'd, a fire sparkling-. Being excited and inforced. urge the fire is the technical term. JOHNSON.


Dr. Akenside in his Hymn to Cheerfulness, has the same expression :

"Haste, light the tapers, urge the fire,

"And bid the joyless day retire." REED.

Again, in Chapman's version of the 21st Iliad:

"And as a caldron, under put with store of fire"Bavins of sere wood urging it," &c. STEEVENs. 6 Being vex'd, &c.] As this line stands single, it is likely that the foregoing or following line that rhymed to it is lost.


It does not seem necessary to suppose any line lost. In the former speech about love's contrarieties, there are several lines which have no other to rhyme with them; as also in the following, about Rosaline's chastity. STEEVENS.

BEN. Tell me in sadness', whom she is* you love.
ROM. What, shall I groan, and tell thee?
Groan? why, no;


But sadly tell me, who.

ROM. Bid a sick man in sadness make his will:Ah, word ill urg'd to one that is so ill!

In sadness, cousin, I do love a woman.

BEN. I aim'd so near, when I suppos'd you lov'd. ROM. A right good marks-man!-And she's fair

I love.

BEN. A right fair mark, fair coz, is soonest hit. ROM. Well, in that hit, you miss: she'll not be


With Cupid's arrow, she hath Dian's wit;

And, in strong proof of chastity well arm'dR,
From love's weak childish bow she lives unharm'd .
She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
(||) Nor bide the encounter of assailing eyes, (||)
Nor ope her lap to saint-seducing gold:

O, she is rich in beauty; only poor,

That, when she dies, with beauty dies her store §'.

*Folio, that is.

Folio, uncharmed.

† Quarto A, right.
§ Quarto A, exit.

'Tell me in SADNESS,] That is, tell me gravely, tell me in seriousness. JOHNSON.

8 And, in strong proof, &c.] As this play was written in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, I cannot help regarding these speeches of Romeo as an oblique compliment to her majesty, who was not liable to be displeased at hearing her chastity praised after she was suspected to have lost it, or her beauty commended in the 67th year of her age, though she never possessed any when she was young. Her declaration that she would continue unmarried, increases the probability of the present supposition. STEEVENS. in strong proof-" In chastity of proof, as we say in armour of proof. JOHNSON.


9 She will not stay the SIEGE of LOVING terms,] So, in our author's Venus and Adonis :

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"Remove your siege from my unyielding heart;

"To love's alarm it will not ope the gate." MALONE. with beauty dies her store.] Mr. Theobald reads—“ With her dies beauty's store;" and is followed by the two succeeding

BEN. Then she hath sworn, that she will still

live chaste?

ROM. She hath, and in that sparing makes huge waste 2;


For beauty, starv'd with her severity,

Cuts beauty off from all posterity 3.

editors. I have replaced the old reading, because I think it at least as plausible as the correction. She is rich, says he, in beauty, and only poor in being subject to the lot of humanity, that her store, or riches can be destroyed by death, who shall, by the same blow, put an end to beauty. JOHNSON.

Mr. Theobald's alteration may be countenanced by the following passage in Swetnam Arraign'd, a comedy, 1620:

"Nature now shall boast no more

"Of the riches of her store;



Since, in this her chiefest prize,

All the stock of beauty dies."

Again, in the 14th Sonnet of Shakspeare:


Thy end is truth's and beauty's doom and date." Again, in Massinger's Virgin-Martyr:


with her dies

"The abstract of all sweetness that's in woman." STEEVENS.

Yet perhaps the present reading may be right, and Romeo means to say, in his quaint jargon, That she is poor, because she leaves no part of her store behind her, as with her all beauty will die. M. MASON.

Words are sometimes shuffled out of their places at the press; but that they should be at once transposed and corrupted, is highly improbable. I have no doubt that the old copies are right. She is rich in beauty; and poor in this circumstance alone, that with her, beauty will expire; her store of wealth [which the poet has already said was the fairness of her person,] will not be transmitted to posterity, inasmuch as she will "lead her graces to the grave, and leave the world no copy." MALONE.

2 She hath, and in that SPARING makes huge WASTE ;] So, in our author's first Sonnet:

"And, tender churl, mak'st waste in niggarding."

3 For beauty, starv'd with her severity,


Cuts beauty off from all posterity.] So, in our author's third Sonnet :

"Or who is he so fond will be the tomb
"Of his self-love, to stop posterity?"

Again, in his Venus and Adonis:

She is too fair, too wise; wisely too fair',
To merit bliss by making me despair:
She hath forsworn to love; and, in that vow,
Do I live dead", that live to tell it now.

BEN. Be rul'd by me, forget to think of her. ROM. O, teach me how I should forget to think. BEN. By giving liberty unto thine eyes; Examine other beauties.


"Tis the way

To call hers, exquisite, in question more":
These happy masks, that kiss fair ladies' brows,

"What is thy body but a swallowing grave,
"Seeming to bury that posterity,

"Which by the rights of time thou need'st must have!"


4 - wisely too fair, &c.] There is in her too much sanctimonious wisdom united with beauty, which induces her to continue chaste with the hopes of attaining heavenly bliss. MALONE. None of the following speeches of this scene are in the first edition of 1597. POPE.

5 Do I LIVE DEAD,] So, Richard the Third:


now they kill me with a living death."

6 To call hers, exquisite, in question more:] That is, to call hers, which is exquisite, the more into my remembrance and contemplation. It is in this sense, and not in that of doubt, or dispute, that the word question is here used. HEATH.

More into talk; to make her unparalleled beauty more the subject of thought and conversation. Question means conversation. So, in the Rape of Lucrece :

"And after supper long he questioned

"With modest Lucrece."

And in many passages in our author's plays.


7 THESE happy masks, &c.] i. e. the masks worn by female spectators of the play. So, in Beaumont and Fletcher's Beggar's Bush, Sc. ult. :

"We stand here for an Epilogue.


Ladies, your bounties first! the rest will follow;

"For women's favours are a leading alms :

"If you be pleas'd, look cheerly, throw your eyes

"Out at your masks.”

Former editors print those instead of these, but without authority. STEEVENS.

These happy masks, I believe, means no more than the happy

Being black, put us in mind they hide the fair;
He, that is strucken blind, cannot forget
The precious treasure of his eyesight lost :
Show me a mistress that is passing fair,
What doth her beauty serve, but as a note
Where I may read, who pass'd that passing fair?
Farewell; thou canst not teach me to forget 9.
BEN. I'll pay that doctrine, or else die in debt.


A Street.

Enter CAPULET, PARIS, and Servant. CAP. And Montague is bound' as well as I, In penalty alike; and 'tis not hard, I think, For men so old as we to keep the peace. (||)

PAR. Of honourable reckoning are you* both; And pity 'tis, you* liv'd at odds so long. But now, my lord, what say you to my suit?

CAP. But saying o'er what I have said before; My child is yet a stranger in the world,

She hath not seen the change of fourteen years; Let two more summers wither in their pride 2,

* Quarto A, they.

masks. Such is Mr. Tyrwhitt's opinion. See Measure for Measure, Act II. Sc. IV. MALone.

8 What doth her beauty SERVE,] i. e. what end does it answer? In modern language we say-" serve for." STEEVens.


thou canst not teach me to forget.]

"Of all afflictions taught a lover yet,

""Tis sure the hardest science, to forget."

Pope's Eloisa. STEEVENS.

1 AND Montague is bound-] This speech is not in the first quarto. That of 1599 has-But Montague.-In that of 1609, and the folio, But is omitted. The reading of the text is that of the undated quarto. MALONE.

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