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States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; -—to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction ;to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party ;-to Controversies between two or more States;-between a State and Citizens of another State ;-between Citizens of different States, between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

Hayburn's case (note), 2 Dall., 410; Chisholm, ex., V. Georgia, 2 Dall., 419; Glass et al. v. Sloop Betsey, 3 Dall., 6; United States v. La Vengeance, 3 Dall., 297 ; Hollingsworth et al. v. Virginia, 3 Dall., 378 ; Mossman, ex., v. Higginson, 4 Dall., 12; Marbury v. Madison, i Cr., 137 ; Hepburn et al. v. Ellezley, 2 Cr., 444; United States v. Moore, 3 Cr., 159 ; Strawbridge et al. v Curtiss et al., 3 Cr., 267; Ex parte Bollman and Swartwout, 4 Cr.,75; Rose v. Himely, 4 Cr., 241; Chappedelaine et al. v. Dechenaux, 4 Cr., 305; Hope Insurance Company v. Boardman et al., 5 Cr., 57; Bank of United States v. Devaux et al., 5 Cr., 61; Hodgson et al. v Bowerbank et als., 5 Cr., 303 ; Owings i'. Norwood's Lessee, 5 Cr., 344; Durousseau v. The United States, 6 Cr., 307 ; United States v. Hudson and Goodwin, 7 Cr., 32 ; Martin v. Hunter, 1 Wh., 304; Colson et al. v. Lewis, 2 Wh., 377 ; United States v. Bevans, 3 Wh., 336; Cohens v.Virginia, 6 Wh., 264; Ex parte Kearney, 7 Wh., 38; Matthews v. Zane, 7 Wh., 164; Osbornv. United States Bank, 9 Wh., 738; United States v. Ortega, 11 Wh., 467; American Insurance Company v. Canter (356 bales cotton), 1 Pet., 511; Jackson z'. Twentyman, 2 Pet., 136; Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia, 5 Pet., I ; State of New Jersey v. State of New York, 5 Pet., 283; Davis v. Packard et al., 6 Pet., 41 ; United States 2'. Arredondo et al., 6 Pet., 691 ; Davis v. Packard et al., 7 Pet., 276; Breedlove et al. v. Nickolet et al., 7 Pet., 413; Brown v. Keene, 8 Pet., 112; Davis v'. Packard et al., 8 Pet., 312; City of New Orleans v. De Armas et al., 9 Pet., 224; The State of Rhode Island v. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 12 Pet.,657 ; The Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 13 Pet., 519; The Commercial and Railroad Bank of Vicksburg v. Slocomb et al., 14 Pet., 60; Suyram et al. v. Broadnax, 14 Pet., 67 ; Prigg 2. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 16 l'et., 539; Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Railway Company 2. Letson, 2 How., 497 ; Cary et als. v. Curtis, 3 How., 236; Warring ?'. Clark, 5 How., 441; Luther z'. Borden 7 How., 1 ; Sheldon et al. 2;. Sill, 8 How., 441; The Propeller Genessee Chief v. Fitzhugh et al., 12 How., 443; Fretz et al. v. Ball et al., 12 Hlow.,466; Neves et al., 2'. Scott et al., 13 Ilow., 268 ; State of Pennsylvania v. The Wheeling, &c., Bridge Company et al., 13 How., 518; Marshall v. The Baltimore and Ohio R.R. Co., 16 How., 314; The United States 21. Guthrie, 17 How., 284; Smith v. State of Maryland, 18 How., 71; Jones et al. 7. League, 18 How., 76; Murray's Lessee et al. v. Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, 18 How., 272; Hyde et al. v. Stone, 20 How., 170; Irvine v. Marshall et al., 20 How., 558; Fenn v. Holmes, 21 How., 481; Moorewood et al. 71. Erequist, 23 How., 491; Commonwealth of Kentucky v. Dennison, Governor, 24 How., 66; Ohio and Mississippi Railroad Company v. Wheeler, 1 Black, 286; The Steamer Saint Lawrence, 1 Black, 522; The Propeller Commerce, i Black, 574; Ex parte Vallandigham, 1 Wall, 243; Ex parte Milligan, 4 Wall., 1; The Moses Taylor, 4 Wall., 411; State of Mississippi v. Johnson, President, 4 Wall., 475; The Hine v. Trevor, 4 Wall., 555; City of Philadelphia v. The Collector, 5 Wall., 720; State of Georgia v. Stanton, 6 Wall., 50; Payne v. Hook, 7 Wall., 425; The Alicia, 7 Wall., 571; Ex parte Yerger, 8 Wall., 85; Insurance Company v. Dunham, 11 Wall., 1; Virginia v. West Virginia, 11 Wall., 39; Coal Company v. Blatchford, 11 Wall., 172; Railway Company 2'. Whitton's adm., 13 Wall., 270; Tarble's Case, 13 Wall, 397; Biyew et al. v. The United States, 13 Wall., 581; Davis v. Gray, 16 Wall., 203; Case of the Sewing Machine Companies, 18 Wall., 553; Insurance Company v. Morse, 20 Wall., 445; Vannevar v. Bryant, 21 Wall., 41; The Lottawanna, 21 Wall., 558; Gaines v. Fuentes et al., 92 U.S., 10; Miller v. Dows, 94 U. S., 444; Doyle v. Continental Insur

ance Company, 94 U. S., 535; Tennessee v. Davis, 100 U. S., 257. 2 In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

Chisholm, ex., v. Georgia, 2 Dall., 419; Wiscart et al. v. Dauchy, 3 Dall., 321; Marbury v. Madison, i Cr., 137; Durousseau et al. v. United States, 6 Cr., 307; Martin v. Hunter's Lessee, 1 Wh., 304; Cohens v. Virginia, 6 Wh., 234; Ex parte Kearney, 7 Wh., 38; Wayman v. Southard, 1o Wh., I; Bank of the United States v. Halstead, 10 Wh., 51; United States v. Ortega, u Wh., 467; The Cherokee Nation v. The State of Georgia, 5 Pet., 1; Ex parte Crane et als., 5 Pet., 189; The State of New Jersey v. The State of New York, 5 Pet., 283; Ex parte Sibbald v. United States, 12 Pet., 488; The State of Rhode Island v. The State of Massachusetts, 12 Pet., 657; State of Pennsylvania 2'. The Wheeling, &c., Bridge Company, 13 How., 518; In re Kaine, 14 How., 103; Ableman v. Booth and United States v. Booth, 21 How., 506; Freeborn v. Smith, 2 Wall., 160; Ex parte McCardle, 6 Wali., 318; Ex parte McCardle, 7 Wall., 506; Ex parte Yerger, 8 Wall., 85; The Lucy, 8 Wall., 307; The Justices v. Murray, 9 Wall., 274; Pennsylvania v. Quicksilver Company, 10 Wall., 553; Murdock v. City of Memphis, 20 Wall., 590; Börs v.

Preston, un U. S., 252; Ames 2". Kansas, III U. S. 449. 3 The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

Ex parte Milligan, 4 Wall., 2.

SECTION. 3. 'Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in



United States v. The Insurgents, 2 Dall., 335; United States v. Mitchell, 2 Dall., 348; Ex parte Bollman and Swartwout, 4 Cr., 75; United States

v. Aaron Burr, 4 Cr., 469. 2 The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

Bigelow v. Forest, 9 Wall., 339; Day v. Micou, 18 Wall., 156; Ex parte Lange, 18 Wall., 163; Wallach et al. v. Van Riswick, 92 U. S.,



SECTION, 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Mills v. Duryee, 7 Cr., 481; Hampton v. McConnel, 3 Wh., 234; May. hew v. Thatcher, 6 Wh., 129; Darby's Lessee v. Mayer, 10 Wh., 465; The United States v. Amedy, 11 Wh., 392; Caldwell et al. v. Carrington's heirs, 9 Pet., 86; M’Esmoyle v. Cohen, 13 Pet., 312; The Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 13 Pet., 519; Bank of the State of Alabama v. Dalton, 9 How., 522; D'Arcy v. Ketchum, i How., 165; Christmas v. Russell, 5 Wall., 290; Green v. Van Buskirk, 7 Wall., 139; Paul v. Virginia, 8 Wall., 168; Board of Public Works v. Columbia College, 17 Wall., 521; Thompson v. Whitman, 18 Wall., 457; Bonaparte v. Tax

Court, 104 U. S., 592. SECTION. 2. The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

Bank of United States v. Devereux, 5 Cr., 61; Gassies v. Ballou, 6 Pet., 761; The State of Rhode Island v. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 12 Pet., 657; The Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 13 Pet., 519; Moore v. The People of the : tate of Illinois, 14 How., 13; Conner et al. v. Elliott et al., 18 How., 591; Dred Scott v. Sanford, 19 How.,


Crandall v. State of Nevada, 6 Wall., 35; Woodruff v. Parham, 8 Wall., 123; Paul v. Virginia, 8 Wall., 168; Downham v. Alexandria Council, 10 Wall., 173; Liverpool Insurance Company v. Massachusetts, 10 Wall., 566; Ward v. Maryland, 12 Wall., 418; Slaughterhouse Cases, 16 Wall., 36; Bradwell v. The State, 16 Wall., 130; Chemung Bank v. Lowery,

93 U. S., 72; McCready v. Virginia, 94 U. S., 391. 2A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

Holmes v. Jennison et al., 14 Pet., 540; Commonwealth of Kentucky

7. Dennison, governor, 24 How., 66; Taylor v. Tainter, 16 Wall., 366. 3 No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

Prigg v. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 16 Pet., 539; Jones v. Van Zandt, 5 How., 215; Strader et al. v. Graham, 10 How., 82; Moore v. The People of the State of Illinois, 14 How., 13; Dred Scott v. Sanford, 19 How., 393; Ableman v. Booth and United States v. Booth, 21 How.,

506. SECTION. 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union ; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

American Insurance Company et al. v. Canter ( 356 bales cotton), 1 Pet., 511; Pollard's Lessée v. lagan, 3 How., 212; Cross et al. v. Harrison,

16 How., 164. The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

McCulloch v. State of Maryland, 4 Wh., 316; American Insurance Company v. Canter, 1 Pet., 511; United States v. Gratiot et al., 14 Pet., 526; United States v. Rogers, 4 How..567; Cross et al. v. Harrison, 16 How., 164; Muckey et al. v. Coxe, 18 How., 100; Gibson v. Chouteau, 13 Wall., 92; Clinton v. Englebert, 13 Wall., 434; Beall v. New Mexico, 16 Wall.,

535 SECTION. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion ; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

Luther v. Borden, 7 How., 1; Texas v. White, 7 Wall., 700.


The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary,

shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article ; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.


'All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

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