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Philosophy for July
Prussian Contest

II, 103, 257, 324, 446, 482, 566, 615

41, 128, 230, 321, 422, 503




LATES, if not well designed, and ably executed, are scarce worthy the notice of

children; much less are they proper to be offered to an intelligent public. The Proprietors, therefore, of this work, resolved on every occasion, where plates were requisite, to procure the assistance of the moft ingenious artists, whose labours might embellish their miscellany. With this view, they applied to Mr. Edward Burney, and Mr. Sherwin, and hope that the public will think the propriety of the choice sufficiently vindicated by the specimen which is now submitted to the purchasers of the London Magazine, enlarged and improved.

Their success has encouraged them to adorn their work with this expensive frontispiece; and as an allegorical print requires an explanation, the following is subjoined:

The Genius of the London Magazine is represented reclining at the feet of his protectress, the City of London, who is supported by Father Thames and Plenty. The Deities who preside over the several arts and sciences surround the Gepius. On his right hand are the Gods of Medicinæ and Poetry, with the figure of CHRONOLOGY, nursing an INFANT, and holding the Torch of Wedlock in her hand, with that of Life extinguished at her side, as emblems of Births, Deaths, and Marriages. In the front, a female contemplating a globe, with a telescope at her fide, personates GEOGRAPHY and ASTRONOMY. On the left hand of the Genius stands ELOQUENCE, the supporter and ornament of Literature, the Church, the Bar, and Senate. Behind him, in reference to the Theatre, stands the DRAMATIC Muse, with a mask in her hand, while the patronefs of MATHEMATICS and PHILOSOPHY is represented in a studious attitude describing a figure on a tablet,


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Stet fortuna domûs! VIRG.
T has ever been a subject of universal complaint, that the taste of the Public

is guided more by caprice than by judgement, and that the reputation of literary men is seldom of long duration.

The authors, whose writings have on one day been considered as the standard of taste, on the next have funk into obscurity. Those whose conversation has been coveted as eagerly as their works have been perused, after a short reign very frequently have found themselves neglected, and their compositions forgotten.

These are truths which every individual must acknowledge, and these are changes to which every writer muit be subject. Amid these fluctuations of public favour, however, THE LONDON MAGAZINE, which we are now to introduce to our readers under a new form, appears to have felt the effects of this fickleness, at least in a less degree than any other periodical public cation. The taste of mankind may be regulated by capriciousness, and human genius may be subject to inequalities, yet the London Magazine has flourished, under the patronage of the friends to literature, for more than half a century.

In its infancy it was kindly cherished by men of letters, who ably promoted its success by their communications, and as it advanced to maturity it seemed to gain freth vigour from the multitude of its competitors. These frequently adopted its plans, but, in the execution of them, as often failed. The emula. tion of these rivals was a spur to its improvement, and it has long held a confpicuous rank in the estimation of the Learned, and has been protected by the lovers of literature, who have given it the preference to contemporary publi. cations.

In the present enlightened age the avenues to knowledge are fo numerous, that we are become a nation of readers, and almost of authors; so that for several years past, the Proprietors have found themselves under the diragreeable neceffity of contracting their defigns, on account of the narrow limits prescribed by their price. A variety almost unbounded is requisite, in order to render a magazine worthy of public attention. We have, however, been obliged to withold several ingenious communications, until we have loft the proper season for insertion.

It has always been our study, and our wish, to enlist men of genius under our banner; but we have not hitherto been able to treat them acccording to our wishes, or their desert. LOND. Mac. July 1783.



We have, therefore, from a thorough conviction of the necessity of such a steps

a at length determined to increase the price of our work, in order to enable us to enlarge our plan, and to secure the aflistance of able and eminent writers, in order to render our publication A COMPLETE AND CONCISE HISTORY OF THE TIMES.

Such an HISTORY it should be the ambition of every Magazine to exhibit. It should include the debates of our national councils, and the progress of mathematical knowledge, philosophy, medicine, astronomy, literature, and the whole circle of the sciences. It should contain specimens of poetry, and miscellaneous papers, select as well as original, on every fubject that can improve or entertain." To these should be added, a summary account of theatrical exhi. bitions and public amusements, with a transcript of state papers, a view of foreign transactions, and a faithful exhibition of material domestic incidents.

By the pursuit of such a plan, we would wish to render The London Ma. gazine more worthy of public attention. The advertisement prefixed to our last number informed our readers, in general terms, of our intentions. We shall now lay, before them an account of our future plan, at large; and are persuaded that a sufficient apology for the augmentation of our price will be found in the extenfiveness of our designs, and that it will be fuperfluous to aflign further reasons for such a measure, although it may have been deemed by many unnecessary, and by more hazardous.

Dur Work, though without the formality of apparent arrangement, will be
divided into several departments. We mall enumerate them, in the order, in
which they will generally appear, and give a short account of what we propose
to offer our readers in each division. From such order, however, we defire
if to be understood, that we shall hold ourselves at liberty to depart occasionally.

THE Debates in both Houses of Parliament may be juftly confidered as in-
telligence of the highest importance. They are objects of national concern,
To them, the firft place, therefore, is assigned.

A relation of sentiments delivered in a public assembly, which prohibits every hearer from using a pen, can be rendered worthy of perusal only by the most rigid attention, and by the nicest exactness. The omiilion of an opinion may give the closest arguments an appearance of futility. The biass of party may debase the language of the opposite interest. Their sentiments may be degraded, and seem the offspring of the factious leader, rather than the dictates of the patriot.

To prevent these evils as much as possible, our Parliamentary Intelligence shall 'be collected from the best authorities. The fincere lover of his country, and the defender of its conftitution, thall always meet with our warmest approbation.

The opinions of every party, however, we shall deliver with equal truth and freedom.' We are superior to prejudice, and are neither ministerial tools, nor promoters of faction.

II. PHILOSOPHY. OUR Parliamentary History will be followed by Philofophical Papers. As it is profesfedly our design to instruct, as well as to entertain the public, we should juftly incur the imputation of ignorance, as well as of neglect, if we were to omit fo important an object as the science of Natural Philofophy.

Our corre "pondence in this department will be found extensive, and we expect to gratity the curious with an early account of the various discoveries which are made in all parts of the world.


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