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This is one of a group of four documents which relate and funds. The contents of this volume are further exto the budget for 1965. The Budget of the United States plained at the beginning of each of its four parts. Government, 1965, is a compact volume in a page size The Budget of the United States Government, 1965The similar to that of an ordinary book. It contains the District of Columbia is a volume which relates specifically Budget Message of the President, summary tables and to the estimates for the municipal government of the statistical information, and various special analyses. District of Columbia.

The Budget of the United States Government, 1965-Ap- In addition, a pamphlet type of publication, The Federal pendix contains the text of appropriation estimates pro- | Budget in Brief, 1965, is available for those who wish a posed for the consideration of the Congress together with much more brief presentation than any of the three official specific reference materials on the various appropriations volumes.

NOTE.—Unless otherwise indicated, all references to years in this volume are to fiscal years ending June 30. Financial

tables in parts I, II, and IV are nearly always stated in thousands of dollars; details may not add to the totals because
of rounding.

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Legislative Branch
The Judiciary
Executive Office of the President
Funds Appropriated to the President
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense-Military
Department of Defense-Civil
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Department of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Post Office Department
Department of State
Treasury Department
Atomic Energy Commission
Federal Aviation Agency
General Services Administration
Housing and Home Finance Egency
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Veterans Administration
Other Independent Agencies
District of Columbia

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Part I contains supporting details for Federal funds, enactment by Congress on each item of authorization. including various types of tables and schedules, explana- Material is also included on a few trust funds which tory statements of the work to be performed and the require congressional action. This part is arranged in money needed, and the text of the language proposed for chapters reflecting the organization of the Government.


Federal (Government-owned) funds are of four types, finance a cycle of operations, in which the expenditures as follows:

generate receipts coming primarily from the public and The general fund is credited with receipts which are not available for continuing use. They include nearly all of earmarked by law for a specific purpose, and is charged the Government-owned corporations, the postal fund, and with expenditures that are payable from appropriations various unincorporated enterprises. (except appropriations of earmarked receipts) and those Intragovernmental revolving and management funds (inpayable from borrowing. Both in number of items and cluding consolidated working funds) are those which are in amounts, most of the Government's business is trans- created to facilitate financing operations within and beacted through the general fund.

tween Government agencies. They consist of two typesSpecial funds are those which are established to account intragovernmental revolving funds which finance a cycle of for receipts that are earmarked by law for a specific pur- operations, like public enterprise funds but with receipts pose. They exclude the funds which carry on a cycle of primarily from within the Government; and management operations for which there is continuing authority to use funds which permit the pooling of advance payments from the receipts (as described in the next paragraph). Some two or more appropriations to carry out certain activities. special funds are subject to annual appropriation by Other funds, for which the Government serves in a Congress. Others are automatically available under the fiduciary capacity, are of two typestrust funds and deposit laws which created the funds.

funds. They are explained at the beginning of part II. Public enterprise (revolving) funds are those which

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For each appropriation, this appendix includes certain The 1965 column includes, within the regular schedules, detailed material, as follows: (1) appropriation language, appropriations for recommended extension or renewal of if applicable; (2) a schedule of program and financing; expiring laws; however, money for new legislation is (3) a narrative statement on program and performance; shown separately. Appropriation language is included (4) a schedule of object classification. An exception oc- for the former, not the latter. curs in the case of certain permanent appropriations and older appropriation accounts on which only a residual balance remains; such accounts of a bureau or independent agency are often combined into a single presentation The language proposed for inclusion in the 1965 approinstead of having separate schedules. Where the obliga- priation acts is printed at the head of each item requiring tions fall in a single object class, the classification is identi- action by Congress, except for those items which are not fied in the program and financing schedule, rather than in formally recommended at this time but will be proposed a separate schedule.

for separate transmittal. The language of the 1964 For revolving funds, there are usually three additional appropriation acts is used as a base. The text used in schedules covering (5) a summary of sources and applica- the 1964 appropriation acts is printed in roman type. tion of funds; (6) revenue, expense, and retained earnings; Italic type indicates proposed new language. Brackets and (7) financial condition.

enclose material which it is proposed to omit, as in this The basic schedules usually exclude supplemental esti- example: mates which it is expected will be transmitted to Congress later, for 1964 and 1965; these usually are covered by a separate, brief schedule of program and financing, without ($2,000,000] $2,550,000. (5 U.S.C. 591, 596-597; 15 U.S.C. 171,

175; Departmeni of Commerce Appropriation Act, 1964.), appropriation language. However, the 1964 column of the basic schedules include (and identify) certain supple- Following the language, and printed in italic within mental estimates already pending before Congress, and parentheses, are citations to relevant authorizing legislasupplementals required in a few accounts to meet costs tion and to the appropriation act from which the text is of the Uniformed Services Pay Act of 1963.


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For necessary expenses of the orice of Business Economics,

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