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WORKING CAPITAL FUND, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE-Con.
This fund finances on a reimbursable basis certain central services in the Department of Agriculture, including duplicating, photographic, and other visual information services, art and graphics, motion picture, tabulating, supply, library photocopy and microfilming services, civil defense activities, interagency employee training programs and the centralized automatic data processing system for payroll, and other services. The capital consists of $400 thousand appropriated (5 U.S.C. 542–1) and $552 thousand donated assets, as of June 30, 1964. Earnings are retained to furnish adequate working capital.
Revenue, Expense, and Retained Earnings (in thousands of dollars)
7.9 $8,540 $8,561
The Service carries on three primary functions: (a) protection, development, and use of about 186 million acres of land in national forests and national grasslands in the United States and Puerto Rico; (b) forestry research for all public and private forest lands and related ranges to improve protection from fire, insects, and diseases; to increase production of timber, forage, water, and other products; to improve methods for developing and managing recreation resources; to develop better utilization and marketing of forest products; and to maintain a current inventory of forest resources through a nationwide forest survey; and (c) cooperation with States and private forest landowners to obtain better fire protection on approximately 450 million acres of forest land and nonforest watersheds, and better forest practices on about 358 million acres of privately owned commercial timberlands, to encourage reforestation and stimulate development and management of State, county, and community forests. These primary functions include construction and maintenance of roads and trails, control of forest pests, protection against floods, land acquisition and exchange, and a number of cooperative projects.
General and special funds:
FOREST PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION
For expenses necessary for forest protection and utilization, as follows:
Forest land management: For necessary expenses of the Forest Service, not otherwise provided for, including the administration, improvement, development, and management of lands under Forest Service administration, fighting and preventing forest fires on or threatening such lands and for liquidation of obligations incurred in the preceding fiscal year for such purposes, control of white pine blister rust and other forest diseases and insects on Federal and nonFederal lands; [$149,944,000] $162,378,000, of which $5,000,000 for fighting and preventing forest fires and $1,910,000 for insect and disease control shall be apportioned for use, pursuant to section 3679 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, to the extent necessary under the then existing conditions: Provided, That not more than $680,000 of this appropriation may be used for acquisition of land under the Act of March 1, 1911, as amended (16 U.S.C. 513–519): Provided further, That funds appropriated for "Cooperative range improvements", pursuant to section 12 of the Act of April 24, 1950 (16 U.S.C. 580h), may be advanced to this appropriation.
Forest research: For forest research at forest and range experiment stations, the Forest Products Laboratory, or elsewhere, as authorized by law; [$31,685,000] $32,554,000.
State and private forestry cooperation: For cooperation with States in forest-fire prevention and suppression, in forest tree planting on non-Federal public and private lands, and in forest management and processing, and for advising timberland owners, associations, wood-using industries, and others in the application of forest management principles and processing of forest products, as authorized by law; [$16,955,000 $17,513,000.
[For an additional amount for "Forest protection and utilization", for Forest research, $1,900,000, of which $50,000 for Forest research construction shall remain available until expended.]
[For an additional amount for "Forest protection and utilization", for "Forest land management", $800,000.] (5 U.S.C. 511-512, 524, 565a; 7 U.S.C. 428a, 1010-1012, 1621–1627; 16 U.S.C. 207c, 471-583i, 594-1-594-5, 594a, 1004-1005; 30 U.S.C. 601-604, 611-615; 31 U.S.C. 534; 42 U.S.C. 1891-1893; 43 U.S.C. 1181h1181j; 36 Stat. 557-579; Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1965; Department of Agriculture and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 1965; Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1965.)
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
1. Forest land management-(a) National forest protection and management.-The 154 national forests and 19 units of national grasslands are managed under multiple use and sustained yield principles. The natural resources of outdoor recreation, range, timber, watershed, and wildlife are utilized in a planned combination that will best meet the needs of the Nation without impairing productivity of the land. These management and utilization principles were recognized in the Multiple Use-Sustained Yield Act of June 12, 1960 (74 Stat. 215). Work programs and budget estimates are related to the Development Program for the National Forests, a plan to meet the increasing demands for specific National Forest resource needs through 1972 and for long-term objectives to the year 2000. Increases are provided in the budget to further attainment of these program objectives. Construction funds of $16.1 million in 1965 and $16.6 million in 1966 are budgeted, compared with $15.7 million used in 1964, for construction or rehabilitation of campground and picnic facilities and other recreation improvements, the construction of dwellings or barracks for employee housing, fire lookouts, service and storage buildings, communication facilities, and other improvements. Funds appropriated under Cooperative range improvements are merged with this appropriation for obligational purposes.
(c) Fighting forest fires. This provides for employment of additional manpower and other facilities for forest fire 122 emergencies which cannot be met by the fire control organization provided under national forest protection and management. Costs above the amounts estimated for the current and budget years are authorized to be met from advances from other Forest Service appropriations. In addition, a supplemental appropriation for 1965 is anticipated for separate transmittal.
(b) Water resource development related activities. This activity provides for the development of recreational facilities and for other activities required by water resource projects of other agencies located within or adjacent to the national forests.
1965 estimate 11,000 200,000
(d) Insect and disease control.-Activities to suppress and control destructive insects and diseases that threaten timber areas include two types of work carried on jointly by Federal, State, and private agencies: (1) Surveys on forest lands to detect and evaluate infestations of forest insects and infections of tree diseases and determination of protective measures to be taken, and (2) control operations to suppress or eradicate forest insects and diseases, including white pine blister rust.
(e) Acquisition of lands.-Lands are purchased to protect the watersheds of navigable streams and to increase the production of timber with the approval of the National Forest Reservation Commission.
2. Forest research.-Research is conducted at ten regional forest experiment stations, the Forest Products Laboratory, and elsewhere.
(a) Forest and range management. This research provides private and public land managers and owners with a sound basis for management of timber, forage, and watershed lands. Studies are conducted to maintain a sustained yield of products at the lowest possible costs; increase forage for domestic livestock and improve habitat for wildlife without damage to soil, watershed, or other values; assure maximum regular flow of usable water, and reduce floods and sedimentation; and improve methods for developing and managing recreation resources.
(b) Forest protection.-Research is conducted to develop sound measures for the protection of forests from damage by fire, insects, and diseases. Forest fire research provides improved methods of predicting fire danger, and preparing for and combating fire by combinations of ground and aerial methods. Insect and disease research develops direct controls, silvicultural measures, and biological agents to combat forest pests.
(c) Forest products and engineering. Studies are conducted to develop new and improved forest products, reduction and utilization of waste, and use of low-quality wood and less-desirable species. They include studies to reduce costs of logging and wood utilization, and to develop basic knowledge of wood and disseminate this to forest owners, manufacturers, fabricators, and consumers. Research is also conducted to advance the mechanization and efficiency of forestry operations, and to develop and evaluate machines and similar equipment for such operations as logging, planting, timber-stand improvement, and protection of forests.
(d) Forest resource economics.-These investigations are conducted to inventory and appraise the condition of forest lands, volume and quality of standing timber, ownership of timber resources, annual growth and depletion, and the potential need for timber products. Studies of the economics of forest crop production and of marketing of forest products are also included.
3. State and private forestry cooperation.-This program, carried on in cooperation with the States, encourages private timber management. Privately owned forest lands comprise three-fourths of the Nation's commercial forest area and produce about 85% of all timber cut.
(a) Forest fire control.-Assistance is furnished 49 States in preventing and suppressing forest fires on private and State owned lands by financial aid, training, procurement of equipment, and a nationwide fire prevention campaign. About 95% of the 450 million acres of non-Federal ownership is now partially covered. During 1963 the acreage burned on protected areas was 0.72% as against an estimated 17.5% on unprotected lands. Of the total expenditures under this program, 80% is contributed by States and counties, 2% by private owners, and 18% by
the Federal Government.
(b) Forest tree planting.-To encourage woodland owners to reforest unproductive portions of their holdings, and farmers to plant wind barriers around their fields and farmsteads a total of more than 70 million acres altogether the States provide planting stock at reasonable prices. The Federal Government shares the cost of producing the stock with the State and private landowners.
(c) Forest management and processing. In cooperation with State foresters, 612 projects in 2,459 counties are operated to aid small woodland owners in applying good management to their timber holdings. In 1964 these projects served some 97,063 owners and 6.1 million acres.
(d) General forestry assistance.-Technical forest management assistance is provided to State, community, colleges, and landowners. private, and other Federal agencies, forest industries,
Object Classification (in thousands of dollars)
Identification code 05-96-1100-0-1-402
11.3 11.4 11.5
Total personnel compensation.... 12.0 Personnel benefits... 21.0 Travel and transportation of persons. 22.0 Transportation of things
23.0 Rent, communications, and utilities.
24.0 Printing and reproduction...
25.2 Services of other agencies.
26.0 Supplies and materials....
Lands and structures
32.0 41.0 42.0 44.0
11.1 11.3 11.5
95.0 Quarters and subsistence charges..
Grants, subsidies, and contributions Insurance claims and indemnities. Refunds..
Total obligations, Forest Service.....
Total personnel compensation.
12.0 Personnel benefits....
Total obligations, allotment accounts.. Total obligations..
Obligations are distributed as follows:
General Services Administration
1965 1966 estimate estimate
93,687 24, 127
199,969 1,381 586
97,583 25,116 9
3,122 122 3.121
5,721 6,156 7,100 16,006 16,390 30
Part of the grazing fees from the national for appropriated, are used to protect or improve t tivity of the range, mainly by construction an nance of fences, stock watering facilities, bridg and driveways. These funds are advanced to a $5,632 with the appropriation Forest protection and subappropriation Forest land management.
Program by activities:
1. Construction of roads and trails.
2. Maintenance of roads and trails..
FOREST ROADS AND TRAILS (LIQUIDATION OF Co
For expenses necessary for carrying out the provision United States Code, sections 203 and 205, relating to t tion and maintenance of forest development roads [$70,300,000] $78,672,000, to remain available until e liquidation of obligations incurred pursuant to authorit in title 23, United States Code, section 203: Provided, available under the Act of March 4, 1913 (16 U.S.C. 5 merged with and made a part of this appropriation: Pro That not less than the amount made available under th of the Act of March 4, 1913, shall be expended under th of such Act. (5 U.S.C. 565a; 23 U.S.C. 125; 78 Stat. 10 ment of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriation
Program and Financing (in thousands of dollars)
Total program costs, funded 1
Receipts and reimbursements from:
Unobligated balance available, start of
New obligational authority.