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But the virtues and talents of this good man could not protect him from the savage fury of the fanatical reformers in the great rebellion. He was first dispossessed of his fellowship at Eton, and one Penwarden put into his place; but even this man was afterwards ashamed, and
touched in conscience for the wrong he had done to so worthy a person, by eating his bread:” and he accordingly made Mr. Hales an offer of resigning it to him again, but he refused to be restored by the authority of that usurping parliament.
After this he had an offer of one hundred pounds a year from a noble family in Kent, if he would settle there; but chusing a retired life, he rather accepted a quarter of that salary, in the family of Mrs. Salter, near Eton, and became tutor to her son. At last, Dr. King, the deprived bishop of Chichester, together with several of his friends, retiring to the house of the same lady, they formed a kind of college there, in which the prayers and sacraments were administered according to the order of the Church of England, Mr. Hales officiating as chaplain. *
But of this consolation they were soon deprived, for a declaration was issued by the tyrants in power, denouncing severe punishment upon all persons who harboured malignants, by which name they distinguished those who were loyal to the king, and faithful to the church. Mr. Hales on this voluntarily quitted his asylum, lest his benevolent hostess should come into any danger on his account. He then retired to the house of one Hannah Powney, whose first husband had been his servant. About this time he was so reduced as to be obliged to sell the best part of his library, which cost him two thousand five hundred pounds, for near one quarter of the value : the produce of which he parted with, by degrees, to many scholars, sequestred ministers, and other persons who were in distress ; particularly to Mr. Anthony Farindon, a deprived clergyman with a large family. This worthy man coming one day to see Mr. Hales, some months before his death, found him at his mean lodgings in Mrs. Powney's house ; but in a temper gravely cheerful, and well becoming an excellent christian under such circumstances. After a slight and very homely dinner, some discourse passed between them concerning their old friends, and the black and dismal aspect of the times ; and at last Mr. Hales asked Mr. Farindon to walk out with him into the church yard, where this great man's necessities pressed him to tell his friend, that he had been forced to seli his whole library, save à few books which he had given away, and six or eight books of devotion which lay in his chamber, and as to money, he had no more than what he
* Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, fol. 1714, part 11. page 94,
then shewed him, which was about seven or eight shillings; " and besides," said he, “I doubt I am indebted for my lodging." Mr. Farindon, who did not imagine that it had been so very low with him as this came to ; and therefore was much surprised and grieved to hear it; said to. him, “I have at present money to 'command, and to morrow will pay you fifty pounds, in part of the many sums which I and my poor wife have received of you in our great necessities ; and will pay you more soon, as you shall want it.” TO this Mr. Hales answered, “No, you don't owe me any thing, and if you do I here forgive you ; for you shall never pay me a penny. I know you and yours will have occasion for inuch more than what you have lately gotten.. But if you know any other friend that hath too full a purse and will spare some of it to me, I will not refuse that."* He then said, “When I die, (which I
* This anecdote reminds me of another related of Captain Thomas Coram, the original mover in the establishment of the Foundling Hospital. In his latter days he was reduced to an abject state of poverty, on which Sir Sampson Gideon, and others, procured a subscription, amounting to upwards of a hundred pounds a year, for his support. Upon Dr. Brocklesby's applying to the good old man, to know whether his setting on foot a subscription for his benefit would not offend him, he received this noble answer :-" I bave not wasted the little wealth, of which I was formerly possessed, in self-indulgence, or vain expenses, and am not ashamed to confess, that in this, ny old age, I ain poor.”