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There were likewise Sacrifices of Expiation or Atonement, which the Prieft made occafionally, eitherfor himself or others. One of these Days, we have mention'd before; which was the great Faft, or Day of Atonement, for the Sins of the Nation, committed in the Courfe of the whole Year; and kept annually upon the tenth Day of the seventh Month. Then it was, that the High-Priest, Lev. xvi. dress'd in all the Robes peculiar to his Order,after having offer'd the previous Sacrifices, for himself, and for all the Congregation, took two goats; and presented them before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle; and caft lots upon them, one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the fcape-. goat, the goat upon which the LORD's lot =fell, was offer'd for a fin-offering; but the goat,on which the lot fell to be the fcape-goat, was prefented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a Scape-goat into the wilderness.
And among other Ceremonies, the High-Prieft was to take a cenfer full of burning coals of fire, from off the Altar before the LORD, and his hands full of fweet incenfe beaten small, and bring it within the
vail; (of the Holy of Holies) and put the incenfe upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incenfe might cover the mercy-feat. And when he had made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar; he was to bring the live goat, and confefs over him all the iniquities of the children of Ifrael, and all their tranfgref fions in all their fins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and to fend him away by the hand of a fit man, into the wilderness: And the goat was to bear upon him all their iniquities, unto a land not inhabited. And in the End of these Prescriptions, is added; And this fhall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Ifrael, for all their fins once a year.
The Trespass-Offering was to be for Le. vi.. wilful deliberate Sins, either in offending God by neglecting his Worship, or injuring their Neighbour by any kind of Fraud or Violence. The offering a Ram
without Blemish. The Blood to be pour'd Lev. vii.
out round about the Altar; the Fat to be burnt, and the remainder to be eaten by the Priefts.
And lastly, the Confecration-Offering, was E to be made upon the anointing of any to be a Prieft. This is the offering of Aaron and of his fons, which they fall offer unto 3 the LORD in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an Ephah of fine flour for a meat-offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night. And, after the Directions for the preparing it, it is order'd to be wholly burnt; for every meat-offerring for the priest shall be Lev. vi. wholly burnt, it fhall not be eaten : as, for others, it might.
For the Sin-Offering, and the BurntOffering upon this Occafion, fpecial Directions are likewife given. And, after 0- 14. 18. thers, in relation to the anointing Oyl and 22. &c. 1. the holy Vestments, mention is made of 3 the Ram of Confecration; the Fat and
right Shoulder of which, were to be burnt; the Breaft to be eaten by the Perfon confecrating, and the Remainder by those that were confecrated. After which, it is faid; This is the law of the burntoffering, and the meat-offering, and of the fin-offering, and of the trespass-offering, and of the confecrations, and of the facrifice of the peace-offerings; which the LORD commanded Mofes in mount Sinai; in the day that he commanded the children of Ifrael to offer their oblations unto the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai.
There were, befides thefe, Offerings of feveral Kinds to be made upon particular Occafions, by way of Purification; too long to be here enumerated; and which Lev. xii. may better be read in the Book of the xiii. xiv. Law it felf. I shall only observe; that the Offering for the Purification of a Woman after Childbirth, was to be a Lamb for a Burnt-Offering, and a Turtle-Dove or a young Pigeon for a Sin-Offering: and,
if he were not able to bring a Lamb, then two Turtles, or two young Pigeons, one for each Offering.
Agreeably to which St. Luke relates of the bleffed Virgin; That, when the days of her 22. purification, according to the law of Mofes, were accomplished, they brought him (the Child Jefus) to Jerufalem, to present him 00: to the LORD: as it is written in the law
of the LORD, Every male that openeth the Exod. womb, fhall be called holy to the LORD: and xiii. 2,12. offer a facrifice, according to that which is faid in the law of the LORD, a pair of turtle-doves, or two young pigeons.
And because not only they, but their Tents or Houses and Utenfils were liable to become unclean by feveral Accidents, I there is a Prescription for making a kind Numb. of Water call'd the Water of Separation; xix. without being fprinkled with which they could not be made clean again. This confifted chiefly of an Infufion of the Afbes of a red Heifer. To which St. Paul alludes in his Epiftle to the Hebrews.