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was tied, were broke asunder by the in Anciently women and girls in Ireland visible power of an angel, and, the engine kept a fast every Wednesday and Saturfalling to pieces by the wheels being se- day throughout the year, and some of them parated from one another, she was deli- also on St. Catharine's day; nor would vered from that death. Hence, the name they omit it though it liappened on their of “St. Catharine's wheel."
birthday, or they were ever so ill. The
reason given for it was that the girls The Catharine-wheel, a sign in the might get good husbands, and the women Borough, and at other inns and public better ones, either by the death, desertion, houses, and the Catharine-wheel in fire or reformation of their living ones.* works, testify this saint's notoriety in England. Besides pictures and engrav
St. Catharine was esteemed the saint ings representing her pretended mar and patroness of spinsters, and her holiriage with Christ, others, which are more day observed by young women meeting numerous, represent her with her wheel. on this day, and making merry together, She was, in common with other papal which they call “ Cathar’ning.”+ Somesaints, also painted in churches, and there thing of this still remains in remote parts is still a very fine, though somewhat mu of England. tilated, painting of her, on the glass window in the chancel of the church of West Wickham, a village delightfully situated
Our correspondent R. R. (in Novemin Kent, between Bromley and Croydon. ber, 1825,) says, “On the 25th of NoThe editor of the Every-Day Book went vember, St. Catharine's day, a thither, and took a tracing from the win- dressed in woman's clothes, with a large dow itself, and now presents an engraving wheel by his side, to represent St. Cathafrom that tracing, under the expectation rine, was brought out of the royal arsenal that, as an ornament, it may
at Woolwich, (by the workmen of that able to all, and, as perpetuating a relic of place,) about six o'clock in the erening, antiquity, be still" more acceptable to seated in a large wooden chair, and cara few. The figure under St Catharine's ried by men round the town, with attendfeet is the tyrant Maxentius. In this ants, &c. similar to St. Clement's. They church there are other fine and perfect stopped at different houses, where they remains of the beautifully painted glass used to recite a speech; but this cerewhich anciently adorned it. A coach mony has been discontinued these last leaves the Ship, at Charing-cross, every eight or nine years." afternoon for the Swan, at West Wick. ham, which is kept by Mr. Crittel, who can give a visiter a good bed, good cheer, Much might be said and contemplated and good information, and if need be, put in addition to the notice already taken of a good horse into a good stable. A short the demolition of the church of St. Caand pleasant walk of a mile to the church tharine's, near the Tower. Its destruction the next morning will be gratifying in has commenced, is proceeding, and will many ways. The village is one of the be completed in a short time. The surmost retired and agreeable spots in the render of this edifice will, in the end, vicinity of the metropolis. It is not yet become a precedent for a spoliation imadeformed by building speculations. gined by very few on the day when he
utters this foreboding. St. Catharine's Day.
25th of November, 1825. Old Barnaby Googe, from Naogeorgus, says“ What should I tell what sophisters
Sweet Butter-bur. Tussilago fragrans on Cathrins day devise ?
Dedicated to St. Catharine.
† La Motte on Poetry and Painting, 1780, 12010.
* Camden Brit.
it in effect and operation! Should you,
Mr. Editor, be of opinion with me, reSt. Peter, Martyr, Bp. of Alexandria, A. D. specting this no longer“ tyrant custom," 311.St.Nicon, surnamed Metanoite, A.D.
you may, possibly, by printing this letter, 998. St. Sylvester Gozzolini, A. D. be, productive of much good humour, and 1267. St. Conrad, Bp. of Constance, a pair of new gloves. A. D. 976. A New Moon Custom,
Your constant and approving reader, and more last words” respecting
P.S. I cannot write the name of the To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. town where I reside, without feeling a Sir,
strong inducement to say one word of I do not remember to have seen in him, who has been so pleasantly immoryour book, “ where every-day we turn talized by youiself, and the inimitable the leaf to read,” any notice of a custom, being who wrote so affectingly of “ Rowhich is not only very prevalent, but samund Gray," and the “vid Familiar which is, also, most harmless in its na
Faces”-I mean poor Starkey. I was ture and endearing in its tendency-pro- born, and have lived all my life (not mores in its practice goodwill and good a long one), in the town where he termhumour-and, not unfrequently, with inated his humble career, and gave those who view the “ future is th' in- another name to the neglected and unstant,” love itself. Among the many pitied list of those, who seem chiefly to
moon customs, such as looking have entered the world for the purpose through a new silk handkerchief to ascer
of swelling tuin the number of your lovers, feeling “ The short and simple annals of the för money in your pocket, to see if you poor," will have a lucky month, &c.; I know of and my earliest recollections are haunted none so pleasant, or, to my thinking, so by his meagre care-worn form ;-many a rational, as that of claiming the FIRST time have I shrunk from the shaking of
NEW GLOVES! The his stick, and the imperious person, in a company, male or female, bluds,” which he bestowed with uncomwho first gets a glimpse of the new mon celerity on the defenceless heads of moon, immediately kisses some inember his young and unthinking sources of anof the company, and pronounces with a
noyance, as they assailed him from the triumphant chuckle, « Aha! Jane, (or
corners which he was accustomed to as the name may be, there's a pair of pass. But the captain was a humble gloves for me!" By this means a plea- man, and these “ moods of the mind” sant interruption is often given to a te
were seldom indulged in, save when he dious tale, or uninteresting debate, and a
was returning, brin-full of brief and innew subject starts, in which all may join temperate importance, from the Black with greater or less avidity, How happy Horse, in Pilgrim-street, the tap-room of is some modest youth, should the blushing which was the scene of many a learned and ingenuous girl, whom he has secretly disputation with the “unwashed arti“ singled from the world,” have laid bim ficers” of the evening, and in which the under the penalty of a pair of new captain was always proportionably brilgloves, by that soft phrase and that first liant to the number of gills he had delicious kiss--how fruitful are his sweet drank. On these occasions, in his efforts anticipations of that golden time
to silence the sons of toil, he did not " When life is all one dream of love and scruple to use his Latin-and, in such flowers."
instances, appeal was impossible, and How joyful is an amiable sister, if, by victory sure. Among several anecdotes, this species of initiation, she has been I am in possession of two, which you, his enabled to re-conciliate the vagrant affec most celebrious biographer, may not tions of some estranged brother: and think unworthy of recording. On one even where love and sisterly feelings are evening, when he was returning from a out of the question, viewed as an inter- carousal, furnished by the generosity of change of common (common !) friend- friends, or his own indiscretion for the ship, between the sexes, how felicitous is captain despised to-morrow as much as
KISS FOR A PAIR OF
any man, and was fully convinced of the members for the town, and the butler, propriety of the apophihegm,“ sufficient who was well aware of the object of his unto the day is its own evil”-be found guests, treated them handsomely in his. the gate of the Freemen's Hospital, refectory to cold beef and good ale. He where he resided, closed, and no one in was accidentally called away, and the a better condition for exclaiming with two friends were left alone. Alas! for Dr. Beattie,
the temptations which continually beset
us! The “ expedition of” the captain's “Ah! who can tell how hard it is to
“ violent love outran the pauser, reaclimb !"
son:” he suggested, and both adopted, than himself. What was to be done? To the expedient of secreting a slice or two My over was impossible--and he was much of the member's beef, to make more too deep in the scale of intoxication to substantial the repast of the evening. dream of scaling the wall. A party of Starkey's share was deposited in his hat. young bucks, ripe for fun,” fresh from The man in office returned, pressed his their sacrifices at the shrine of " the visiters afresh“ and still the circling reeling goddess with the zoneless waist," cup was drained,” until the homecame up the street; to these, hat in brewed had made considerable innohand, did the captain prefer his petition vations, and the travellers thought it fitto be assisted over, and they, with a ting to depart. The captain's habitual thoughtlessness hardiy to be excused by politeness was an overmatch for his cuntheir condition, took him up, and threw ning : whilst he was yet at the door, him completely on to the grass plot on casting his “ last lingering looks behind," the other side. The
scram- he must needs take off his hat to give bled to his legs, and, for the wall was, more effect to the fervour of his farewell not very high on the inside, returned when—"out apon 't”-the beef fell as flat them thanks in his best manner for their on his oration, as did the hat of corporal timely assistance, utterly forgetful that it Trim on the floor in the scene of his might have prored most disastrous both eloquence. Starkey was dumb-founded, to himself and them. The second, and his associate was in agonies, and the butwith which I must conclude a postscript ler was convulsed with the most “ sidewhich has already far outgrown the letter, splitting" laughter. The captain, like was less harmless and equally illustrative other great men, bas not fallen of the man. He had gone, with another sung." Hearken to Gilchrist, one of the eleemosynary worthy, on some gratula- « bards of the Tyne,” who thus sings in tory occasion, to the hall of one of the his apotheosis of Benjamin Starkey :
“ His game is up, his pipe is out, an' fairly laid his craw,
“ Whack, &c."
W. G. T.
Linear Wood Sorrel. Oralis linearis
Dedicated to St. Conrad.
The Great Storm
In Little Wild-street chapel, Lincolu's
Inn Fields, a sermon is annually preached St. Maximus, Bp. of Riez, A. D. 460. St. on this day in commemoration of the
James, surnamed Intercisus, A. D. 421. “ GREAT Storm" in 1703. St. Maharsapor, A. D. 421. St. Virgil, This fearful tempest was preceded by a Bp. of Saltzburg, A. D. 784. St. Se- strong west wind, which sei in about the cundin, or Seachnal, Bp. of Dunsaghlin, middle of the month ; and every day, and in Meath, A. D. 447.
almost every hour, increased in force until
the 24th, when it blew furiously, occa All ranks and degrees were affected by sioned much alarm, and some damage was this amazing tempest, for every family sustained. On the 25th, and through that had any thing to lose lost something : the night following, it continued with land, houses, churches, corn, trees, rivers, unusual violence. On the morning or all were disturbed or damaged by its Friday, the 26th, it raged so fearfully that fury; small buildings were for the most only few people had courage to venture part wholly swept away, as chaff beabroad. Towards evening it rose still fore the wind." Above eight hundred higher; the night setting in with exces- dwelling-houses were laid in ruins. Few sive darkness added general horror to the of those that resisted escaped from being scene, and prevented any from seeking unroofed, which is clear from the prodisecurity abroad from their homes, had gious increase in the price of tiles, which that been possible. The extraordinary rose from twenty-one shillings to six power of the wind created a noise, hoarse pounds the thousand. About two thouand dreadful, like thunder, which carried sand stacks of chimnies were blown terror to every ear, anul appalled every down in and about London. When the heart. There were also appearances in day broke the houses were mostly stripthe heavens that resembled lightning. ped, and appeared like so many skeletons. “The air," says a writer at the time, The consternation was so great that trade,
was full of meteors and fiery vapours; and business were suspended, for the first yet,” he adds, “I am of opinion, that occupation of the mind was so to repair there was really no lightning, in the com the houses that families might be premon acceptation of the term ; for the served from the inclemency of the weather clouds, that few with such violence in the rigorous season. The streets were through the air, were not to my observa-' covered with brickbats, broken tiles, tion such as are usually freighted with signs, bulks, and penthouses. thunder and lightning ; the hurries nature The lead which covered one hundred was then in do not consist with the system churches, and many public buildings, of thunder.” Some imagined the tempest was rolled up, and hurled in prodigious was accompanied with an earthquake. quantities to distances almost incredible; “ Horror and confusion seized upon all, spires and turrets of many others were whether on shore or at sea; no pen can
thrown down. Innumerable stacks of describe it, no tongue can express it, no corn and hay were blown away, or so thought can conceive it, unless theirs who torn and scattered as to receive great were in the extremity of it; and who damage. being touched with a due sense of the Multitudes of cattle were lost. In one sparing mercy of their Maker, retain the level in Gloucestershire, on the banks of deep impressions of his goodness upon the Severn, fifteen thousand sheep were their minds though the danger be past. drowned. Innumerable trees were torn To venture abroad was to rush into instant up by the roots; one writer says, that he death, and to stay within afforded no himself numbered seventeen thousand in other prospect than that of being buried part of the county of Kent alone, and under the ruins of a falling habitation. that, tired with counting, he left off Some in their distraction did the former, reckoning. and met death in the streets; others the The damage in the city of London, latter, and in their own houses received only, was computed at near two millions their final doom.” One hundred and sterling. At Bristol, it was about two twenty-three persons were killed by the hundred thousand pounds. In the falling of dwellings; amongst these were whole, it was supposed that the loss was the bishop of Bath and Wells (Dr. greater than that produced by the great Richard Kidder) and his lady, by the fall fire of London, 1666, which was estiof part of the episcopal palace of Wells; mated at four millions. and lady Penelope Nicholas, sister to the The greater part of the navy was at bishop of London, at Horsley, in Sussex. sea, and if the storm had not been at its Those who perished in the waters, in the height at full flood, and in a spring-tide, foods of the Severn and the Thames, on the loss might have been nearly fatal to the coast of Holland, and in ships blown the nation. It was so considerable, that away and never heard of afterwards, are fifteen or sixteen med of war were cast computed to have amounted to eight away, and more than two thousand seathousand.
men perished. l'ew merchantmen were
lost; for most of those that were driven count of “ several remarkable deliverto sea were safe. Rear-admiral Beau- ances." One of the most remarkable mont with a squadron then lying in the instances of this kind occurred at a house Downs, perished with his own and seve in the Strand, in which were no less than ral other ships on the Goodwin Sands.
fourteen persons :
46 Four of them fell The ships lost by the storm were esti with a great part of the house, &c. three mated at three hundred. In the river stories, and several two; and though Thames, only four ships remained be buried in the ruins, were taken out untween London-bridge and Limehouse, hurt: of these, three were children; the rest being driven below, and lying one that lay by itself, in a little bed near there miserably beating against one an its nurse; another in a cradle ; and the other. Five hundred wherries, three third was found hanging (as it were hundred ship-boats, and one hundred wrap'd up) in some curtains that hitch'd lighters and barges were entirely lost; by the way; neither of whom received and a much greater number received con the least damage. In another place, as siderable damage. The wind blew from a minister was crossing a court near his the western seas, which preventing many house, a stone from the top of a chimney ships from putting to sea, and driving upwards of one hundred and forty pounds others into harbour, occasioned great weight, fell close to his heels, and cut numbers to escape destruction.
between his footsteps four inches deep The Eddystone lighthouse near Ply into the ground. Soon after, upon drawmouth was precipitated in the surround- ing in his arm, which he had held out on ing ocean, and with it Mr. Winstanley, some occasion, another stone of near the the ingenious architect, by whom it was same weight and size, brush'd by his contrived, and the people who were with elbow, and fell close to his foot, which him.-" Having been frequently told that must necessarily, in the eye of reason, the edifice was too slight to withstand have killed him, had it fallen while it the fury of the winds and waves, he was was extended.” In the Poultry, where accustomed to reply contemptuously, that two boys were lying in a garret, a huge he only wished to be in it when a storm stack of chimnies fell in, which making should happen. Unfortunately his de its way through that and all the other sire was gratified. Signals of distress floors to the cellar, it was followed by were made, but in so tremendous a sea the bed with the boys asleep in it, who no vessel could live, or would venture to first awaked in that gloomy place of conput off for their relief.” *
fusion without the least hurt. The ainazing strength and rapidity of So awful a visitation produced serious the wind, are evidenced by the following impressions on the government, and a well authenticated circumstances. Near day of fasting and humiliation was apShaftesbury a stone of near four hundred pointed by authority. The introductory pounds weight, which had lain for some part of the proclamation, issued by queen years fixed in the ground, fenced by a Anne for that purpose, claims attention bank with a low stone wall upon it, was from its solemn import. lifted up by the wind, and carried into a
THEREAS, by the late most hollow way, distant at least seven yards from the place. This is mentioned in a Wind, with which it hath pleased Alsermon preached by Dr. Samuel Stennett, mighty God to afflict the greatest part of in 1788. Dr. Andrew Gifford in a ser
this our Kingdom, on Friday and Saturmon preached at Little Wylde-street, on day, the Twenty-Sixth and Twentythe 27th of November, 1734, says that“ in Seventh days of November last, some of a country town, large stable was at our Ships of War, and many Ships of our once removed off its foundation and in- loving Subjects have been destroyed and stantly carried quite across the highway, lost at Sea, and great numbers of our over the heads of five horses and the inan
subjects, serving on board the same have that was then feeding them, without perished, and many houses and other hurting any one of them, or removing buildings of our good Subjects have the rack and manger, both of which re been either wholly thrown down and mained for a considerable time to the demolished, or very much damnified and admiration of every beholder.” Dr. defaced, and thereby several persons Gifford in the same sermon, gives an ac have been killerl, and many Stacks of B:Ishan's Hist. of G Britain.
Corn and llay thrown down and scat