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articles embezzled were many manuscripts and letters of great value.

A few years after this the archbishop going in, to Wales had all his books and papers taken from him by a straggling party ; but such was the reverence in which he was held, that they were almost all restored, upon a declaration being made to the people in the churches, desiring that those who had any of them in their possession, would bring the same to their ministers.

While he resided in Wales he fell into a dangerous illness, beginning with a strangury

angury and sup : pression of urine, which produced a violent hæmorrhage. In the midst of the most excruciating torture he was still patient, praising God and resigning himself to his will, giving to those about him the best advice, not to neglect the preparation for death till the last.

“ It is a dangerous thing," said he,“ to leave all undone till our last sickness; I fear a death-bed repentance will avail us little if we have lived vainly, and viciously, and neglected our conversion, till we can sin no longer."

He manifested his loyalty even in this sickness, for when a gentleman came to visit him, who was a member of the House of Commons, and was then about to set out for London, the archbishop said to him, “Sir, you see I am very weak, and cannot expect to live many hours ; you are returning to the parliament, I am going to God; my blood and life is almost spent: I charge you to


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tell them from me, that I know they are in tie wrong, and have dealt very injuriously with the, king, and I am not mistaken in this matter.”

It having been falsely said that the primate advised the king to pass the bill of attainder against the great earl of Strafford, an unhappy measure which embittered the last moments of Charles, and was one of the steps which led to his own tragic fate, his grace's chaplain took the opportunity, when the archbishop seemed to be on his death-bed to question bim upon it. His answer was, “I know there is such a thing wrongfully laid to my charge, for I neither gare nor approved of any such advice, as that the king should assent to the bill against the earl, but on the contrary, told his majesty, that if he was satisfied by what he had heard at his trial that the earl was not guilty of treason, his majesty ought not in conscience to consent to his condemnation : and this the king knows well enough, and can clear me if he: pleases.” Nor was the primate mistaken in this, for when not long after it was told the king at Oxford, that the archbishop of Armagh was dead, he expressed his sorrow at the loss, and made a warm eu. logium upon his learning and piety. And when a person present said that “ he believed he might be so, were it not for his persuading your majesty to consent to the earl of Strafford's execution,” the king in a great passion replied, “ 'Tis false ; for," said he, “after the bill was past, the archbishop came to me saying, (with tears in his


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eyes) Oh, Sir ! what have you done? I fear that this act may prove a great trouble to your conscience, and pray God that your majesty may never suffer by the signing of this bill, or words to that effect.”

Beyond all expectation the good archbishop recovered from this illness, and as the king's affairs were become almost desperate he thought of going abroad. Accordingly a vessel was provided for him, and a passport obtained from the Earl of Warwick, who was the admiral for the parliament; but while preparations were making for the voyage, a squadron came into Cardiff roads under one Molton, to whom the archbishop sent his chaplain to know if he would suffer hiin to proceed without molestation. To this the bratal commander replied, that, “if he could get him into his hands, he would carry him prisoner to the parliament.” This design being frustrated, the archbishop was at a loss where to go for safety, when a letter arrived from the countess dowager of Peterborough, offering him an asylum at her house at Ryegate, in Surrey.

“ But it must not here be forgotten,” says the writer of his life, “that before he left Wales, the great expenses of his sickness, and removalo in the year past had much reduced him as to his purse, nor knew he where to get it supplied ; when it pleased God to put it into the hearts of divers worthy persons of that country, to consider that the primate had not only suffered much

by the rudeness of the rabble, [in the plunder of his property] but also by a long and expensive sickness ; so they sent him, unknown to each other, divers considerable sums; so that he had in a few weeks enough to supply all his present occasions, and also to defray the expenses of his journey into England.”

The archbishop attended the king in the Isle of Wight, and when that unfortunate monarch was brought to the scaffold, some of lady Peterborough's servants, (her house being opposite Charing Cross) went and informed the good old primate of it, and asked him if he would see the king once more before he was put to death. He was at first unwilling, but was at last persuaded, and when he came upon the leads of the house, the king was in his speech : the lord primate stood still, and said nothing, but sighed, and lifting up his hands and his eyes full of tears towards heaven seemed to pray earnestly ;-but when his majesty had done speaking, and had pulled off his cloak and doublet, and stood stripped in his waistcoat, and the villains in vizards began to put up his hair, the archbishop, no longer able to endure such a dismal sight, grew pale and began to faint and was carried down and laid on his bed.

After this sad tragedy the government was managed by a corrupt oligarchy, till Cromwell turned them out, and, by the help of the army, set himself up as protector. The archbishop, however, saw that such a state could not be perma




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