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See sec. 1414,

Bonds of.

SEC. 1438. The Secretary of the Navy shall order a suit. Title 15, chap. 2. able commissioned or warrant officer of the Navy, except Acting as storein the case provided in section fourteen hundred and four. keepers,

June 17, 1844, teen, to take charge of the naval stores for foreign squad- . 1, v. 5, p. 700;

Mar. 3, 1847, 8. 3, rons at each of the foreign stations where such stores may v.9, p. 172. be deposited, and where a store-keeper may be necessary.

under naval

storekeepers, SEC. 1439. Every officer so acting as store-keeper on a

June 17, 1844, foreign station shall be required to give a bond, in such s. 1, v.5, p. 700. amount as may be fixed by the Secretary of the Navy, for the faithful performance of his duty.

SEC. 1491. The President may, if he shall deem it con- Title 16, chap. 4. ducive to the interests of the service, give assimilated rank Rank. to boatswains, gunners, carpenters, and sailmakers, as fols. It! 132,0.1864;

1, v. 373 lows: After five years' service, to rank with ensigns, and Mar. 3,1883, P. E.

472 after ten years' service to rank with lieutenants of the junior grade.

SEC. 1556. * * Boatswains, gunners, carpenters, and Title 16, chap. 8. sail-makers, during the first thiree years after date of ap. Pari 15. 1870.8. pointment, when at sea, one thousand two hundred dollars; 3, v. 18, p. 332. on shore duty, nine hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, seven hundred dollars; during the second thiree years after such date, wben at sea, one thousand three hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, eight hundred dollars; during the third three years after such date, when at sea, one thousand four hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand three hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, nine hundred dollars; during the fourth three years after such date, when at sea, one thousand six hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand three hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand dollars; after twelve years from such date, when at sea, one thousand eight hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand six hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand two hundred dollars.

.

DIVISION II.

MARINE CORPS.

ORGANIZATION, ETC.

men

Sec.
1135. Camp equipage of detachments

serving with the Army.
1143. Rations to detachments serving

with Army:
1342. Art. of War 78. Association with

Army on courtsmartial.
1342. Art. of War 122. Command when

different corps join.
1421. Transfer of enlisted

from
Army.
1596. Number of.
1597. What commissions and promotions

not affected by number tixed.
1598. Statt.
1599. Qualifications for appointment.
1600. Credit for volunteer service.
1601. Rank of commandant.
1602. Staff rank.
1603. Relative rank with the Ariny

Judge. Advocate-General.

Sec.
1604. Brevets. (1209-11-12-64, Army. ]
1605. Advancement in number.
1606. Promotion when grade is full.
1607. Promotion for gallantry.
1608. Enlistments.
1609. (ath.
1342. Art. 2. Oath.
1610. Exemption from arrest.
1611. Companies and detachments.
1616, Services on armed vegsels.
1617. Marine otticers not to command

navy.yards or vessels.
1618. Marines substituted for landsmen.
1619. Duty on shore.
1620. Regulations.
1621. Subject to laws governing the Navy,

except when serving with the

Army.

Act Jan. 28, 1893. Post-traders. 1624. Desertion by resignation.

Rations to de. tachments with

Dec, 15, 1814, s.

Title 14, chap. 1. SEC. 1135. The officers of the Quartermaster's Depart

Supplies to ment shall, upon the requisition of the naval or marine Haraland marino officer commanding any detachment of seamen or marines detachments

Dec. 15, 1814, ss. under orders to act on shore, in co-operation with land 1, 2, 1.3, p. 151.

troops, and during the time such detachment is so acting or proceeding to act, furnish the officers and seamen with camp equipage, together with transportation for said officers, seamen, and marines, their baggage, provisions, and cannon, and shall furnish the naval officer commanding any such detachment, and his necessary aids, with horses, accouterments, and forage.

SEC. 1143. The officers of the Subsistence Department the Army.

shall, upon the requisition of the naval or marine officer

commanding any detachment of seamen or marines under 1, v.3, p. 151.

orders to act on shore, in co-operation with the land troops and during the time such detachment is so acting or proceeding to act, furnish rations to the officers, seamen, and

marines of the same. Title 14, chap. 5. Sec. 1342. ART. of WAR 78. Officers of the Marine

Marine and Corps, detached for service with the Army by order of the Bifikuara se money. President, may be associated with officers of the Regular ated on courts. Army on courts-martial for the trial of offenders belonging

June 30;11834, to the Regular Army, or to forces of the Marine Corps so 8. 2, v. 4, p. 713.

detached; and in such cases the orders of the senior officer of either corps, who may be present and duly authorized, shall be obeyed.

SEC. 1342. ART, of War 122. If, upon marches, guards, happen to join or in quarters, different corps of the Army happen to join

Mar. 2. 1863.8: or do duty together, the officer highest in rank of the line Mar. 3, 1863, s. 25 of the Army, Marine Corps, or Militia, by commission, there v. 12, p. 751.

on duty or in quarters, shall command the whole, and give orders for what is needful to the service, unless otherwise specially directed by the President, according to the nature of the case.

officers associ

Command when different corps

27, v12, p;

service.

58.

See note 1.

SEC. 1421. Any person enlisted in the military service of Title 15, chap. 1. the United States may, on application to the Navy Depart. Transfer from ment, approved by the President, be transferred to the military to naval Navy or Marine Corps, to serve therein the residue of his July 1, 1864, 8. term of enlistment, subject to the laws and regulations for 1, v.13, P. 342. the government of the Navy. But such transfers shall not release him from any indebtedness to the Government, nor, without the consent of the President, from any penalty incurred for a breach of military law.

SEC. 1596. The Marine Corps of the United States shall Title 15, chap.?. consist of one commandant, with the rank and pay of a colo- Number of. nel, one colonel, two lieutenant-colonels, four majors, one 7. v. 12. p. 275;

July 25, 1861, . adjutant and inspector, one paymaster, one quartermaster, Mar. 2, 1867, s. 7

v. 14, p. 517; June two assistant quartermasters, twenty captains, thirty first 6, 1874, v. '18, p. lieutenants, thirty second lieutenants, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, one drum-major, one principal musician, two hundred sergeants, two hundred and twenty corporals, thirty musicians for a band, sixty drummers, sixty fifers, and twenty-five hundred privates.

Provided, That the office of commandant of the June C, 1874. Marine Corps having the rank of a brigadier-general of the 18 Stat. L., 58.

Supp. R. S., p. Army shall continue until a vacancy shall occur in the same, 10. and no longer; (2) and when such vacancy shall occur in said Commandant of office, immediately thereupon all laws and parts of laws Repealof law lix: creating said office shall become inoperative, and shall, by ing rank as brigvirtue of this act, from thenceforth be repealed.

See note 2. SEC. 1597. The provisions of the preceding section shall Whon number not preclude the advancement of any officer to a higher by promotion. grade for distinguished conduct in conflict with the enemy, 2, '. 12, p. 275;

July 25 or for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession, July 16, 1862, 8. 9, as authorized by sections sixteen hundred and five and six-; 13; 1; 584 ; Jan teen hundred and seven.

13, p. 424. And from and after the passage of this act there shall be Jan. 30, 1885. no appointments, except by promotion, to fill vacancies Supp., 1874occurring in the list of commissioned officers of the Marine 1891, p. 473.

Appointments Corps until the number of such officers shall have been in tho Marine reduced, by casualties or otherwise, below seventy-five as fixed by the act approved June thirtieth, eighteen hundred ch. 159

, (19 Stat. and seventy-six; and after the number of officers shall be This repeals · reduced as above provided, the whole number of commis- sec. 1601. sioned officers on the active list in the Marine Corps shall not exceed seventy-five. SEC. 1598. The staff of the Marine Corps shall be sepa

Mar. 2, 1847, 8, rate from the line.

3, v. 9, p. 154; June 30, 1834, s. 6,

v. 4, p. 713. SEC. 1599. (Superseded by act of August 5, 1882, as fol. Appointments.

Aug. 5, 1882, 8. lows:] All the undergraduates at the Naval Academy shall 1. 22 Stat.

may bo

24, 1865, . 2, v.

Corps limited.

June 30, 1876,

L., 71).

Staff.

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285.

Note 1.-The commandant is stationed at the headquarters of the Marine Corps, Washington, D. C.; is responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for the general efli. ciency and discipline of the corps, and under his direction issues, through the office of the adjutant and inspector of the corps, orders for the movement of officers and troops, and such general orders and instructions for their guidance as may be neces. sary. In the absence of the commandant on duty, the business of his office is con. ducted by the adjutant and inspector, as " by order of the commandant;" in case of his absence on leave, disability, retirement, or death, his duties are performed by the adjutant and inspector, as by direction of the Secretary of the Navy."

Note 2.-The office became vacant November 1, 1876, aud the commandant was appointed as provided by this act,

less than one cadet to be as.

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Credit for vol. unteer service.

8.

ice.

Rank and pay

Stat. L., 293.

See act Mar.2, hereafter be designated and called “naval cadets”; and
1889, Title
val cadets," not from those who successfully complete the six years' course

appointments shall hereafter be made as it is necessary to signed yearly to fill vacancies in the lower grates of the line and engineer Marine Corps.

corps of the Navy and of the Marine Corps: And provided
further, That no greater number of appointments into these
grades shall be made each year than shall equal the num-
ber of vacancies which has occurred in the same grades
during the preceding year; such appointments to be made
from the graduates of the year at the conclusion of their
six years' course, in the order of merit, as determined by
the academic board of the Naval Academy; the assignment
to the various corps to be made by the Secretary of the
Navy upon the recommendation of the academic board.

SEC. 1600. All marine officers shall be credited with the
Mar. 2, 1867, s. length of time they may have been employed as officers or
3, v. 14, p. 516.
See Aug.5,1882,

enlisted men in the volunteer service of the United States.
Division I, under
Volunteer Sery-

SEC. 1601. The commandant of the Marine Corps shall

, 18 Stat. L., 58 ; 19 have the rank and pay of a colonel, and shall be appointed Stat. L.,65; 22 by selection by the President from the officers of said corps.

Mar. 2, 1867, s. 7, v. 14, p. 517; June 6, 1874, v. 18, p. 58. See note 3.

Staff rank. SEC, 1602. The adjutant and inspector, the paymaster,
Mar. 2, 1847, s. 3,
v. 9, p. 154: 'Fob. and the quartermaster shall have the rank of major; each
27,1877, v. 19,p.24. assistant quartermaster shall have the rank of captain.

SEC. 1603. The officers of the Marine Corps shall be, in with the Army.

June 30, 1834, relation to rank, on the same footing as officers of similar 8.4, v. 4, p. 713. grades in the Army.

See 1466, Rank and Precedence, Division I.

June 8,1880. That the President of the United States be, and he is
Judge-advo. hereby, authorized to appoint, for the term of four years,
cate-general.

by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from
the officers of the Navy or the Marine Corps, a judge-advo-
cate-general of the Navy, with the rank, pay, and allow-
ances of a captain in the Navy or a colonel in the Marine

Corps, as the case may be. And the office of the said
Oflice in the judge-advocate-general shall be in the Navy Department,

where he shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the June 8, 1880, Navy, receive, revise, and have recorded the proceedings 21, p. 164, ch. 129.

of all courts-martial, courts of inquiry, and boards for the
examination of officers for retirement and promotion in the
naval service, and perform such other duties as have here-
tofore been performed by the solicitor and naval judge-

advocate general.
June 5, 1896. That the Act “to authorize the President to appoint an
29 Stat. L. 251. officer of the Navy or the Marine Corps to perform the

, Supp. vol. 2. p. duties of solicitor and judge-advocate general, and so forth, Navy. and to fix the rank and pay of such officer," approved June Judge-advo: eighth, eighteen hundred and eighty, is hereby amended cate general's

by inserting in said Act in lieu of the words with the rank,

Relative rank

Navy ment.

500.

pay.

Note 3.-See act of January 30, 1885, which practically repeals this section.

to date from

Brevets.

pay, and allowances of a captain in the Navy, or a colonel Jung 8, 1880,

ch. 129 (1 Supp.. in the Marine Corps, as the case may be,” the words with R. S., 290). the rank and highest pay of a captain the Navy, or the R. S., 349. rank, pay, and allowances of a colonel in the Marine Corps, as the case may be:”

Provided, That this amendment shall take effect from July nineteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-two, the date 1992. on which the present incumbent entered on duty, and that Becamo a law the amount herein appropriated shall be payable from the June 5, 1896. appropriation “Pay of the Navy." SEC. 1604. Commissions by brevet may be conferred upon

Title 1ő, chap. 9. commissioned officers of the Marine Corps in the same

Apr. 16, 1814, cases, upon the same conditions, and in the same manner s. 2, v. 3, p. 124 as are or may be provided by law for officers of the Army. Apr.16,1810, s. 2.

3427; 30, 1834, 8. 9, v. 4, p. 713; July 6, 1812, 8. 4, v. 2, p. 785; Mar. 1, 1869, 8. 2, v. 15, p. 281; Mar. 3, 1869, s. 7, v. 15, p. 318; July 15, 1870, s. 16, y.

16, p. 319. The following are the sections relating to the conferring Title 14, chap. 1. of brevets in the Army:

Brevets. SEC. 1209. The President, by and with the advice and July 6,21812, 8:

4, v.2, p.785; Apr. consent of the Senate, may, in time of war, confer commis- 16,1818, s.2, v.3, p.

427 ; Mar. 1, 1869, sions by brevet upon commissioned officers of the Army, s. 2, v. 15, p. 281. for distinguished conduct and public service in presence of the enemy. SEC. 1210. Brevet commissions shall bear date from the Mar. 1, 1869, s.

2, v. 15, p. 281. particular action or service for which the officers were brevetted. SEC. 1211. Officers may be assigned to duty or command Apr. 16, 1818,

8. 1, v. 3, p. 427; according to their brevet rank by special assignment of Mar. 3, 1869, 8. 1. the President; and brevet rank shall not entitle an officer V. 15, p. 318. to precedence or command except when so assigned.

SEC. 1212. No officer shall be entitled, on account of July 15, 1870, having been brevetted, to wear, while on duty, any uni- 8. 16, v. 16, p. 319. form other than that of his actual rank; and no officer shall be addressed in orders or official communications by any title other than that of his actual rank.

SEC. 1264, Brevets conferred on commissioned officers Title 16, chap. 3. shall not entitle them to any increase of pay.

v. 12, p. 758; Mar.

3, 1865, s. 9, v. 13, Officers of the Army shall only be assigned to duty or Mar. 3, 1883. command according to their brevet rank when actually Mar. 3, 1883, s. engaged in hostilities,

22 Stats. L., p. SEC. 1605. Any officer of the Marine Corps may, by and Title 15, chap. 9. with the advice and consent of the Senate, be advanced Advancement not exceeding thirty numbers in rank, for eminent and in number.

Mar. 3, 1863,

P. 488.

Jan. 24, 1865, conspicuous conduct in battle or extraordinary heroism, 8. 1, v. 13, p. 424;

Apr. 21, 1864, s. 6,

v. 13, p. 54. SEC. 1606. Any officer who is nominated to a higher Promotion grade by the provisions of the preceding section shall be when grado is

457.

full.

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