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bowhich univers was educated as was born

V EELING, FRANCIS, was born at Coventry, in

1632, and was educated at King's College, Cambridge: at which university he took ļhe degree of B. A. After he took his degree, he was called to be sir Thomas Wilbra. ham's chaplain, at Weston Hail in Staffordshire. In about two years he was ordained by the Presbytery at Whitchurch, and became minister of Cogshot chapel in Shrop, shire, which was then parochial, and a considerable aug, mentation was procured for him. Though he was but young, God was pleased to succeed his ministry, particus larly his catechetical exercises, which were attended by many persons advanced in years. About the Restoration he was invited to a very considerable living in Cheshire; but apprehending the restoration of episcopacy and the ce. remonies was intended, he waved it, and continued at Cogshot till he was silenced in 1669. Having married a wife of a good family, before the Act of Uniforinity took place, he was earnest with God in prayer, that she might acquiesce in his intended Nonconformity. At length, asking her thoughts about it, she chearfully answered, *** Satisfy God and your own conscience, though you expose me to bread and water." After his ejectinent he was pestered with informers; forced to a distance from his family, and prosecuted in the ecclesiastical courts four or five years together, for baptizing his own child, and threatened to be excommunicated : however, he was not imprisoned. Upon the Indulgence in 1672 he preached at Wrexham once a month, and at several other places. He afterwards removed to Shrewsbury, where for some time he and Mr. Beresford preached alternately at the Thursday lecture, and his wife kept a boarding school for young ladies. When their maintenance by this means was taken away be removed to London, and for some time only preached occasionally; but after king James's liberty, he settled at Kingston upon Thames where he died, April 14, 1690, When he drew near his end, he expressed the greatest satisfaction in his Nonconformity, though he had refused considerable offers, and that from relations, whose favour he lost by his refusal. He carefully observed the provi. dence of God towards himself and his family, and made continual remarks upon it in his Diary. He daily spent considerable time in converse with God, never expecting


Lo prosper in his studies, without imploring the divine as, sistance and blessing. He left two sons in the ministry among the dissenters.

KINSMAN, ANDREW, son of John and Mary Kinsman, of Tavistock, Devonshire, was born Nov. 17, 1724. His childhood and youth were marked by a dis. position and manners mild and engaging, together with a behaviour to his parents peculiarly dutiful. He was, however, unacquainted with the religion of the Gospel, until he had attained his seventeenth year, when providentially meeting with a volume of Mr. Whitefield's Ser. inons, one of these, on the new birth, was greatly blessed as a inean of informing his judgement and alarming his conscience. Having but few spiritual persons lo converse with, he continued for some time in a state of suspence, relative to his interest in divine things, and was uncertain whether he was actually renewed in the spirit of his mind. But God, who heareth the sorrowful sighing of the prisoner, at length gave him “the oil of joy for mourning, and the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness.” While he was one day perusing the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England, his attention was particularly arrested by the following passage : “ The godly consideration of predestination, and our election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works of the flesh, and their earthly members, and drawing up their minds to high and heavenly things.” Art. xvii. Having dispassionately examined this sentence, comparing the ardent aspiration of his soul with that lively description of God's chosen people, he could not but perceive a striking analogy between them ; and from this instant a dawn of hope arose in his bosom. His gloomy and tormenting fears being happily dissipated, and his heart exulting in the grace of God his Saviour, he was soon impressed with an ardent concern, to interest the attention of his relations to these important objects. Their great in. difference, even to the form of godliness, gave frequent occasion to many strong cries and tears to God in secret, that Christ might be formed in their hearts, the hope of glory. But being unable to suppress his feelings any lan. ger, he one evening exclaiined, with an affectionate emę.

Non, as they were retiring to their chambers; “ What! shall we go to bed without prayer? how do we know but some of us may wake in Hell before morning?” By this unexpected address, the family were seized with a solemnn awe; and while they looked on each other with conscious shame, for the neglect of so obvious a duty, he fell upon his knees, and prayed with that readiness and fervour, which greatly excited their astonishment. Nor was his anxiety confined to their spiritual welfare ; for bis heart's desire was, that his neighbours might also participate of the unsearchable riches of Christ. He therefore shortly began to read Mr. Whitefield's Sermons to as many as would attend; and supposed, with Melancthon, that what had proved so singular a blessing to his soul, would not fail to produce similar effects on them, as soon as they were heard. Continuing to read the works of eminent divines for some time, the sinal) company who attended these exercises, perceiving him to be a youth of promising abilities, encouraged him to cultivate them, by the study and deli. very of his own discourses. After repeated solicitations he was prevailed upon; and his first essay of this nature was from Ezekiel xxxvii. 3. “Son of man, can these bones live? and I answered, O Lord God, thou knowest." He used to speak of this as a season peculiarly solemn and af. fecting. The Lord encouraged these his early efforts, by giving him many seals to his ministry, among whom were his father, mother, and three sisters.

About this period, Mr. Whitefield, in one of his voyages to America, was obliged, by an unexpected occurrence, to repair to Plumouth, (where he had never been before.) to secure hiinself a passage in a ship about to sail froin that port. Here, according to his usual custom, he embraced the first opportunity of preaching to the inhabitants. He had not delivered many discourses, before a gracious Providence preserved him from being assassinated, and at the same time, over-ruled the horrid atteinpt of his enemies, to the furtherance of the Gospel ; for the odd adventure, as he calls it, brought thousands more to see and hear the man who had been marked out as a victim to the rage of persecutors; and God gave such testimony to the word of his grace, that reinarkable success ailended his ministry, intelligence of these circumstances being circulated around the adjacent country, Mr. Kinsipan filed with great eager. ness to hear him. Being introduced, after sermon, to his company, he prevailed on him to visit Tavistock. But the opposition he here met with was so violent, as, to excite such a deep rooted antipathy in the mind of Mr. Kinsman to his native town, that he resolved to reside in it no longer. Having removed to Plymouth, he, at the age of about twenty-one, commenced an acquaintance with Miss Ann Tiley, with whom he was united in marriage in 1745. She was a very spiritual and zealous Christian; and, with many others, had been converted under Mr. Whitefield's ministry, while he was detained there through the delays of the convoy. By her he had four children, Ann, Andrew, John, and George.


Near five years had elapsed, since Mr. Whitefield preached last at Plymouth. In this interval, Mr. and Mrs. Kinsman had devoted the piece of ground to th service of God on which the. Tabernacle now stands, and toward the erection of which they had generously contributed. This place was chiefly supplied by Mr. Whitefield's colleagues, Cennick, Adams, Middleton, &c. who were kindly entertained under Mr. Kinsinan's roof, free from any expence to themselves, or the infant cause. Though his preaching at Tavistock had been attended with very pleasing effects, while resident there, on his removing to Plymouth, he was so far from intruding his services upon that society, what the utmost he could be prevailed upon to do for some time, was to read a sermon to the people when a vacancy occurred : nor was it till 1750, that he entered fully into a regular course of preaching.

Early in 1749, Mr. Whitefield taking the tour of the West, arrived at Plymouth, where he was received by his converts as an angel of God; and by none more cordially than Mr. Kinsman; at whose house he resided during the present, and every subsequent visit. From this time he became intimately acquainted and closely connected with Mr. Whitefield * ; for whom he retained the inost filial af


• Soon after a cordial friendship commenced between Mr. Whitefield and Mr. Kinsman, their hearts being united in the same glorious cau-e, Mr. Whitefield paid Mr. Kinsman a visit at Plymouth, and preached as usual to large auditories, with great acccptance. On the Monday morning after breakfast, “ Conne," said he to Mr. Kinsman, 4 let us go to some of the poor and atflicted of your flock, and sec if


fection till the time of his death ; frequently travelled with and consulted him as a father upon all his religious concerns. As Plymouth Dock, about two miles from Plymouth, be-' came encreasingly populous; and as there was no place of worship in all the town to accommodate the inhabitants, except the little chapel in the King's yard, Mr. Kinsman considered this circumstance as a fit occasion to diffuse among them the savour of the knowledge of Christ. He began to preach out of doors, and continued for some time, amidstthe most violent persecutions; was frequently obliged to fly for his life; and expected, that, before the ensuing we can administer to them any consolation. It is not enough that we labour in the pulpit; we must endeavour also to be useful out of it." Mr. Kinsman readily consented. Mr. Whitefield not only gave them counsel and advice, bat supplied their necessities with a liberal hand, till he had given to a tolerable amount, as they called at several places. Mr. Kinsdian, knowing by some means that his finances were low, was surprized at bis liberality, and, at his return, gave him a hint, as if he thought he had been too bountiful. Mr. Whitefield, with some degree of smartness replied, “ It is not enough, young man, to pray, and to put on a serious countenance : true religion and undefiled is this, to visit the fatherless and the widow in their atfliction, and to administer to their wants. My stock, it is true, is nearly exhausted; but God, whose servant l am, and whose suffering saints we have this day been relieving, will, I doubt not, soon send me a fresh supply." The matter thus rested for the remainder of the day. In the evening, while they were at prayer in the family, a gentleman came to Mr. Kinsman's house, and desired to speak with Mr. Whitefield; he was shewn into a rooin, and as soon as Mr. Wbitefield was disengaged, he waited upon him. “Sir," said the gentleman, “ I happened to be here yesterday, and with great pleasure heard you preach : you are on a journey, I find, as well as myself, and travelling is rather expensive. Will you do me the honour to accept this?" putting, at the same time five guineas into his hand. Mr. Whitefield thankfully accepted the present; and returning to the family with a smiling countenance, and the money in his hand," There, young man," said he, to Mr. Kinsman, “ God has soon repaid what I bestowed! Let this in future teach you not to withhold, when it is in the power of thine hand to give. The gentleman to whom I was called is a perfect stranger to ine;-his only business was to give me the sum you here see."

Though I was pleased with the account of Mr. Whitefield's libera. lity, and his lively faith, which seemed to promise a sure and speedy return, vet I was much more surprized when the person's name was mentioned to me by whom he received the money : he was one whom

well know; reputed to be worth ten thousand pounds; but known to be so very penurious, as scarcely to allow himself or those about him what was really necessary: and on a journey he was equally parsimoDious; so that he was seldom a welcome guest at any of the inns he

frequente.t. • VOL. III.-No. 56.


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