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Senator ŞTENNIS. We don't want to be small, but you have a $176 million institution down there already. I was around there 2 or 3 days. I declare I never saw so many roads in my life. Do they really have to have three-quarters of a million dollars extra to extend à road?

General SEEMAN. As the little old lady said at the Pentagon regarding traffic congestion, they are already on stagnant hours. They stagger their work hours to overcome this peak load. This is what they hope to do.

Senator STENNIS. I understand the State has already built this part of the road; is that right?

General SEEMAN. No; our access roads program is in coordination with the Bureau of Public Roads and they go to the State highway commission to carry out the actual work. We provide the support through our Bureau of Public Roads.

The third line item is for “Water storage” at a cost of $175,000.

This includes the construction of three water tanks of 600,000 gallons total capacity with connecting waterlines, security lighting, and Itelemetering circuits.

This addition to the water storage capacity is required in the arsenal domestic water system for the overall support of the existing facilities. The new storage tanks and reservoir will be located in areas where domestic water must be used for fire demands because industrial water is not available. It is not economically feasible to install new mains to and throughout these areas when, to meet the required flow and pressure, the installing of domestic water storage will suffice. Also, this project will boost the pressure in the domestic waterlines that serve residential areas.

We reviewed it in light of the recent decision with regard to NASA and the Ordnance program.

Senator STENNIS. NASA is asking for a great many new buildings down there.

I thought the Army was going to give up their quarters and let NASA move in. How many million is it? It is several million re-quested.

Senator CASE. For NASA's building? Senator STENNIS. Yes, at Redstone. Senator CASE. It is $50 million here. General SEEMAN. There was sort of a King Solomon's decision made with regard to one item. We both had requirements for computer building and a headquarters building, and the agreement was that one would take one and one would take the other. I understand that NASA has serious requirements there, and we do too. So we will probably hear more of that.

Senator STENNIS. Yes; it is an important installation.
General SEEMAN. It is a growing program and a vital program.
Senator STENNIS. Next item, unless there are further questions.

UMATILLA ORDNANCE DEPOT, OREG. General SEEMAN. The mission of this depot is to receive, store, and distribute strategic materials, including ammunition and critical General Services Administration materials.

Only one line is requested, namely, physical security facilities in the amount of $319,000.

This project involves the enclosing of 100 existing igloo magazines with a chain link fence and with guardhouse, anti-intrusion system and extensions to existing roads and utilities.

This project is required to provide adequate protection for the storage of classified ammunition items in accordance with the requirements of existing security regulations and to protect information affecting the national defense of the United States. In the event this item is not approved and is delayed, a minimum of nine guard posts must be manned at all times in order to afford adequate protection for these items, at an estimated cost of $225,000 annually. If the requested item is approved, only three guard posts are required to be manned, at a most of $75,000 annually. This is an annual saving of $150,000. In addition, as a minimum, the entire area must be lighted at an estimated cost of approximately $88,000.

WATERTOWN ARSENAL, MASS. The next installation is Watertown Arsenal, Mass. Its main mission is support effort devoted to development, engineering, and manufacture of rocket and missile launchers (surface to surface) and special weapons. It also does basic and supporting research on ferrous metals and alloys, uranium, beryllium, other metals, and materials. There are three line items requested totalling $1,849,000.

The first line item is physical metallurgy facilities in the amount of $275,000. By renovation of undeveloped portion of an existing building, space will be provided for basic and applied research in physical metallurgy on ultrahigh strength materials. This requires complex experimental equipment and techniques such as X-ray diffraction, internal friction, crystallography equipment to study the microstructure of the materials. Currently used facilities are insufficient and scattered and the absolute necessity for utilizing highvacuum techniques requires that the physical metallurgy facilities be consolidated to attain both efficient operation and increased research potential so necessary to assure development and exploitation of new high-strength materials. The present facilities will be retained in research where high vacuum and temperatures are not required. Rehabilitation of existing areas could not be accomplished incorporating all required facilities without increase in floor area such as is considered in this project.

Construction of this facility will provide savings in the form of increased efficiency of operations resulting in improved productivity effecting direct savings of $25,000 to $35,000 per year by the reduction of need for external contracts to obtain data and other technical information not obtainable within the arsenal.

The second line item is modification of building 292 to a laboratory at $1,041,000. This will consolidate various facilities concerned with radioactive materials and will connect the building with the research nuclear reactor recently installed adjacent. Facility is required to provide adequate supporting laboratories and work areas to conduct its research programs in problems of ordnance materials. There programs are applied and basic research in the physical sciences, particularly in the field of solid state physics, physical metallurgy, physical chemistry, and crystal chemistry.

The interconnecting of building 292 with the nuclear reactor will provide, in addition to the essential minimum operation area, a central laboratory for conducting programs using the nuclear reactor as a tool and for related programs, experimental and theoretical, using other techniques, such as, nuclear and paramagnetic resonance spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. At this time, the above activities are scattered in building 39 and in all cases there is inadequate space and no room for expansion. These laboratories will release floor space within the reactor shell, thus allowing maximum utilization of the experimental facilities of the nuclear reactor.

Senator STENNIS. What kind of a building is that, that you are converting over, 292?

General SEEMAN. It is one of the existing buildings at the Watertown Arsenal that has been in service for sometime, and, as you know, it is for metallurgical research.

The ordnance has a nuclear reactor in this area. This is to provide facilities in and near the nuclear reactor building to provide them with an integrated facility to properly use it.

The third line item is to convert building 312 to a laboratory costing $533,000.

This involves conversion of a portion of the existing permanenttype industrial building to use by beryllium and uranium research and development facilities. Extreme toxic hazards of beryllium and mildly radioactive hazards of uranium requires unique ventilation and filtering control, smooth hard surfaces on floors, walls and ceilings all with rounded corners and of fireproof construction.

This facility is needed to conduct research and development of ductile beryllium metal and beryllium and uranium alloy for use as loadcarrying members of military items. The present facilities are various scattered temporary facilities, inefficient, unsafe and not designed for this research work. A new research and development facility which will permit development of and/or refinement of processing techniques to provide ductile beryllium as well as development of beryllium alloy which will have even more desirable properties for particular application is more urgently required. The phenomenal strength/weight ratio with the extremely high modulus of elasticity make the material of paramount concern to Ordnance. Present Ordnance uses of beryllium are limited to selected usage in non-loadcarrying members, and its use in load-carrying members where its full potentialities can be utilized can only be realized from intensive research and development activity. During the past several months extensive uranium facilities and capabilities have been developed on a crash basis for urgently required research and development components on special weapons. The AEC uranium alloys program is not geared to development of structural materials.

Senator STENNIS. Page 27, Watertown Arsenal is the principal development, engineering and manufacturing installation in the field of antiaircraft artillery weapons.

You are not running experiments now in antiaircraft artillery weapons, are you, General?

General SEEMAN. It is a carryover. It is not the weapons so much as the material going into it, the type of steel, the various alloys of the various metals that are used, to try to cut down weight, to improve the quality of the steel for machining and various purposes like that. They do it by putting in these radioactive tracers and following it through to various processes.

Senator STENNIS. But you are not training anything now or having any manufacturing of antiaircraft?

General SEEMAN. The antiaircraft tube artillery is going out of the picture, there is no question about it.

Senator STENNIS. It has gone out, hasn't it?
General SEEMAN. Yes, sir.

Senator STENNIS. Do you have any of those units you are maintaining now over here?

General SEEMAN. I believe there are still a few units that have not been completely converted.

Senator STENNIS. All right.


General SEEMAN. Next is the White Sands Missile Range on page 36. There are two items there for a total of $1,233,000, sir, a telephone exchange building and electric power for their range instrumentation.

On the telephone exchange, this facility is urgently required to house a central dial telephone exchange with its related activities. The exchange will initially serve 4,500 telephone lines, but will eventually expand to a 6,000 line system. The related activities necessary for operation include cryptographic center, classified telecon room, Army Security Agency operations section, telephone equipment repair activities, 8-position local switchboard, commercial telegraph facilities, cable vaults, battery storage rooms, and post signal administration functions.

At present they are using a room in the headquarters building which cannot be expanded and they are also using a quonset hut, and they just need more service, more space, and this recommendation is to put them together in one place and give room for General Laidlaw's people in the headquarters building. The range instrumentation electric power item is to try to bring in commercial power and tie in the various range stations.

Senator STENNIS. Yes; I imagine that is satisfactory. Unless there is some question, pass on.

General SEEMAN. That completes the Ordnance Corps.


General SEEMAN. The next is Quartermaster Corps.
Senator STENNIS. Senator Case has a question it seems.
Senator CASE. No.
Senator STENNIS. All right, proceed.

General SEEMAN. The Quartermaster Corps starting on page 43, the first station is the Atlanta General Depot. As our Army aircraft

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inission is increasing, we have to provide space for their appropriate fourth and fifth echelon maintenance.

The first installation is Atlanta General Depot, Ga. Only one line item is being requested.

This line item is to convert building S-922 to aircraft maintenance shop costing $365,000.

This facility is required to provide fourth echelon maintenance for 618 aircraft assigned to installations within 3d Army, and additional third echelon supply support for 60 aircraft cross-service agreement to installations nearest AGD. Mission was expanded July 1, 1958, to include fourth echelon maintenance. The original mission was for backup support only. Existing maintenance shops were improvised in 3 semipermanent type buildings, each approximately 76 feet by 270 feet with two-story classroom wings, 45 feet by 45 feet. These buildings are wood frame with concrete floor, wood siding and builtup roofs, completed in 1942 and are in good condition. In addition a nose hangar (4,200 square feet), paint spray building (1,903 square feet) and four storage buildings, (2,042 square feet each) are also used. The three larger buildings are inadequate because low headroom (15 feet under trusses), aisles limited by width of buildings, does not permit passage of major components between shops. The wide dispersion of the shops also seriously hampers any flow of smaller components which may be maintained. "Aisles 60 feet in width with at least 20 feet headroom are required, for assembly and disassembly of the major portion of aircraft. The expanded mission also requires additional space for fuel component test shop (800 square feet), cylinder rebuilt shop (2,200 square feet), parts reclamation shop (2,400 square feet), expansion of sheet metal shop and hydraulic shop and space for storage of replacement parts. The existing three larger buildings will be retained for storage purposes as needed, the other six smaller buildings will remain in service as aircraft maintenance facilities. No other facilities are available which can be used in present condition to satisfy requirement. No savings can be claimed for proposed facility, since requirement is for additional space needed to accomplish mission.

FORT LEE, VA. The next installation is Fort Lee, Va.

This installation is the seat of the Quartermaster Training Command which exercises control over all Quartermaster Corps training activities in the field. Two line items are being requested totaling $577,000.

The first line item is for two battalion headquarters and storeroom building for $214,000. This item is required to provide permanent administrative and supply facilities for Quartermaster Battalion Headquarters and headquarters detachments. These facilities will support troop units in existing permanent barracks, and barracks which are under construction. Temporary administrative buildings are not located in close proximity to these permanent structures as they were demolished as part of the troop housing project. The proposed facilities will be centrally located within the respective housing

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