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(11) Identification of gaps in knowl- circumstances or information that inedge and uncertainties encountered in dicate the action may have impacts compiling the information required by not anticipated in the original environthis paragraph (b);
mental document. (12) A non-technical summary of the information included in the CEE; and $641.20 Notification of the availability (13) The name and address of the per
of environmental documents and son and/or organization which prepared
other information. the CEE, and the address to which The Environmental Officer, Office of comments thereon should be directed. Polar Programs, shall make Environ
(c) Circulation of draft CEE. A draft of mental Action Memoranda, environeach CEE shall be provided to the De- mental documents and final data obpartment of State for circulation to all tained under $ 641.21, available to the Parties to the Protocol and to organi public upon request. However, notice of zations or committees established pur such availability need not be given, exsuant to the Protocol or Treaty, as re cept as specifically provided in this quired by the Protocol, and shall be part. made publicly available. Notice of such
[57 FR 40339, Sept. 3, 1992, as amended at 59 public availability shall be published in
FR 37438, July 22, 1994) the FEDERAL REGISTER. All such parties shall have a period of not less than $ 641.21 Monitoring. ninety (90) days within which to review and comment upon the draft CEE.
Scientific, analytic and/or reporting (d) Final CEE. A final CEE shall ad
procedures shall be put in place, indress, and shall include or summarize,
cluding appropriate monitoring of key comments received on the draft CEE.
environmental indicators, to assess and The final CEE, notice of any decisions
verify the potential environmental imrelated thereto, and any evaluation of
pacts of actions which are the subject the significance of the predicted im
of a CEE. All proposed actions for pacts in relation to the advantages of
which an environmental document has the proposed action shall be provided
been prepared shall include procedures to the Department of State for circula
designed to provide a regular and tion to all Parties to the Protocol, and
verifiable record of the actual impacts shall be available to the public upon re
of those actions, in order, inter alia, to quest, at least sixty (60) days prior to
(a) Enable assessments to be made of the commencement of the proposed ac
the extent to which such impacts are tivity in Antarctica. Notice of such
consistent with the Protocol; and public availability shall be published in
(b) Provide information useful for the FEDERAL REGISTER.
minimizing or mitigating those im(e) Implementation of proposed action. pacts, and, where appropriate, informaNo final decision shall be taken to pro
tion on the need for suspension, canceed in Antarctica with an action for
cellation or modification of the action. which a final CEE is required until after the earlier of:
8 641.22 Cases of emergency. (1) The first Antarctic Treaty Con This part shall not apply to actions sultative Meeting taking place at least taken in cases of emergency relating to one hundred and twenty days after cir the safety of human life or of ships, culation of the draft CEE, or
aircraft or equipment and facilities of (2) Fifteen months following the cir high value, or the protection of the enculation of the draft CEE.
vironment which require an action to
be taken without completion of the en$ 641.19 Modification of environmental
vironmental review required by this documents.
part. Notice of any such actions which The responsible official should revise would otherwise have required the or supplement an environmental docu preparation of a CEE shall be provided ment if there is a change in a proposed immediately to the Department of action that may have more than a State for circulation to all parties to minor or transitory effect on the ant- the Protocol and to committees and orarctic environment, or if there are new ganizations established pursuant to the
Treaty or Protocol, as required. A description of the emergency action undertaken shall also be provided to the Department of State for appropriate circulation within ninety days of the action.
Sec. 650.1 Scope of part. 650.2 National Science Foundation patent
policy. 650.3 Source of authority. 650.4 Standard patent rights clause. 650.5 Special patent provisions. 650.6 Awards not primarily for research, 650.7 Awards affected by international
agreements. 650.8 Retention of rights by inventor. 650.9 Unwanted inventions. 650.10 Inventions also supported by another
Federal agency. 650.11 Utilization reports. 650.12 Waivers and approvals. 650.13 Exercise of march-in rights. 650.14 Request for conveyance of title to
NSF. 650.15 Appeals. 650.16 Background rights. 650.17 Subcontracts. 650.18 Delegation of authority. 650.19 Electronic invention handling. APPENDIX A TO PART 650_OPTIONAL FORMAT
FOR CONFIRMATORY LICENSE AUTHORITY: 35 U.S.C. 200-212, 42 U.S.C. 1870(e) and 1871; and the Presidential Memorandum entitled “Government Patent Policy”, issued February 18, 1983.
SOURCE: 57 FR 18053, Apr. 28, 1992, unless otherwise noted.
tober 15–16, 1981, the Director of the National Science Foundation has adopted the following statement of NSF patent policy.
(a) In accordance with the Bayh-Dole Act and the Presidential Memorandum entitled “Government Patent Policy" issued February 18, 1983, the Foundation will use the Patent Rights clause prescribed by the Department of Commerce in all its funding agreements for the performance of experimental, developmental, or research work, including awards made to foreign entities, unless the Foundation determines that some other provision would better serve the purposes of that Act or the interests of the United States and the general public.
(b) In funding agreements covered by a treaty or agreement that provides that an international organization or foreign government, research institute, or inventor will own or share patent rights, the Foundation will acquire such patent rights as are necessary to comply with the applicable treaty or agreement.
(c) If an awardee elects not to retain rights to an invention, the Foundation will allow the inventor to retain the principal patent rights unless the awardee, or the inventor's employer if other than the awardee, shows that it would be harmed by that action.
(d) The Foundation will normally allow any patent rights not wanted by the awardee or inventor to be dedicated to the public through publication in scientific journals or as a statutory invention registration. However, if another Federal agency is known to be interested in the relevant technology, the Foundation may give it an op tunity to review and patent the invention so long as that does not inhibit the dissemination of the research results to the scientific community. 8 650.3 Source of authority.
(a) 35 U.S.C. 200-212, commonly called the Bayh-Dole Act, as amended by title V of Public Law 98–620 (98 stat. 3335, 3364). That law controls the allocation of rights to inventions made by employees of small business firms and domestic nonprofit organizations, including universities, during federally-supported experimentation, research, or
$650.1 Scope of part.
This part contains the policies, procedures, and clauses that govern allocation of rights to inventions made in performance of NSF-assisted research. It applies to all current and future funding agreements entered into by the Foundation that relate to performance of scientific or engineering research. As stated in the NSF Acquisition Regulation (chapter 25 of title 48 of the Code of Federal Regulations), this part applies to contracts as well as to grants and cooperative agreements. 8650.2 National Science Foundation
patent policy. As authorized by the National Science Board at its 230th meeting, Oc
development. Government-wide implementing regulations are contained in part 401 of title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(b) Section 11(e) of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended, (42 U.S.C. 1870(e)) provides that the Foundation shall have the authority to do all things necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, including, but without being limited thereto, the authority—to acquire by purchase, lease, loan, gift, or condemnation, and to hold and dispose of by grant, sale, lease, or loan, real and personal property of all kinds necessary for, or resulting from, the exercise of authority granted by this Act.
(c) Section 12 of the NSF Act (42 U.S.C. 1871) provides that each contract or other arrangement executed pursuant to this Act which relates to scientific research shall contain provisions governing the disposition of inventions produced thereunder in a manner calculated to protect the public interest and the equities of the individual or organization with which the contract or other arrangement is executed.
(d) The Presidential Memorandum entitled “Government Patent Policy” issued February 18, 1983, directs Federal agencies, to the extent permitted by law, to apply to all research performers the policies of the Bayh-Dole Act. Under the provisions of the National Science Foundation Act quoted above, the Foundation is permitted to apply the Bayh-Dole policies without restriction.
duced to practice in the performance of work under this grant, provided that in the case of a variety of plant, the date of determination (as defined in section 41(d) of the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2401(d)) must also occur during the period of grant performance.
(3) Practical application means to manufacture in the case of a composition or product, to practice in the case of a process or method, or to operate in the case of a machine or system; and, in each case, under such conditions as to establish that the invention is being utilized and that its benefits are to the extent permitted by law or Government regulations available to the public on reasonable terms.
(4) Made when used in relation to any invention means the conception or first actual reduction to practice of such invention.
(5) Small business firm means à domestic small business concern as defined at section 2 of Public Law 85–536 (15 U.S.C. 632) and implementing regulations of the Administrator of the Small Business Administration. For the purpose of this Patents Rights clause, the size standard for small business concerns involved in Government procurement and subcontracting at 13 CFR 121.3-8 and 13 CFR 121.3–12, respectively, will be used.
(6) Nonprofit organization means a domestic university or other institution of higher education or an organization of the type described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (26 U.S.C. 501(c)) and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 501(a)) or any domestic nonprofit scientific or educational organization qualified under a State nonprofit organization statute.
(b) Allocation of Principal Rights. The grantee may retain the entire right, title, and interest throughout the world to each subject invention subject to the provisions of this Patents Rights clause and 35 U.S.C. 203. With respect to any subject invention in which the grantee retains title, the Federal Government shall have a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to practice or have practiced for or on behalf of the United States the subject invention throughout the world. If the award indicates it is subject to an identified international agreemenü or treaty, the National Science Foundation (NSF) also has the right to direct the grantee to convey to any foreign participant such patent rights to subject inventions as are required to comply with that agreement or treaty.
(c) Invention Disclosure, Election of Title and Filing of Patent Applications by Grantee. (1) The grantee will disclose each subject invention to NSF within two months after the inventor discloses it in writing to grantee personnel responsible for the administration of patent matters. The disclosure to NSF shall be in the form of a written report and shall
$ 650.4 Standard patent rights clause.
(a) The following Patent Rights clause will be used in every funding agreement awarded by the Foundation that relates to scientific or engineering research unless a special patent clause has been negotiated (see $650.5).
PATENT RIGHTS (SEPTEMBER, 1997) (a) Definitions-(1) Invention means any invention or discovery which is or may be patentable or otherwise protectable under title 35 of the United States Code, to any novel variety of plant which is or may be protected under the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.).
(2) Subject invention means any invention of the grantee conceived or first actually re
identify the grant under which the invention was made and the inventor(s). It shall be sufficiently complete in technical detail to convey a clear understanding of the nature, purpose, operation, and, to the extent known, the physical, chemical, biological or electrical characteristics of the invention. The disclosure shall also identify any publication, on sale or public use of the invention and whether a manuscript describing the invention has been submitted for publication and, if so, whether it has been accepted for publication at the time of disclosure. In addition, after disclosure to NSF, the grantee will promptly notify NSF of the acceptance of any manuscript describing the invention for publication or of any on sale or public use planned by the grantee.
(2) The grantee will elect in writing whether or not to retain title to any such invention by notifying NSF within two years of disclosure to NSF. However, in any case where publication, on sale, or public use has initiated the one year statutory period wherein valid patent protection can still be obtained in the United States, the period for election of title may be shortened by NSF to a date that is no more than 60 days prior to the end of the statutory period.
(3) The grantee will file its initial patent application on an invention to which it elects to retain title within one year after election of title or, if earlier, prior to the end of any statutory period wherein valid patent protection can be obtained in the United States after a publication, on sale, or public use. The grantee will file patent applications in additional countries or international patent offices within either ten months of the corresponding initial patent application, or six months from the date when permission is granted by the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks to file foreign patent applications when such filing has been prohibited by a Secrecy Order.
(4) Requests for extension of the time for disclosure to NSF, election, and filing under subparagraphs (c) (1), (2), and (3) of this clause may, at the discretion of NSF, be granted.
(d) Conditions When the Government May Obtain Title. The grantee will convey to NSF, upon written request, title to any subject invention:
(1) If the grantee fails to disclose or elect the subject invention within the times specified in paragraph (c) above, or elects not to retain title; provided that NSF may only request title within 60 days after learning of the failure of the grantee to disclose or elect within the specified times.
(2) In those countries in which the grantee fails to file patent applications within the times specified in paragraph (c) above; provided, however, that if the grantee has filed a patent application in a country after the times specified in paragraph (c) above, but
prior to its receipt of the written request of NSF, the grantee shall continue to retain title in that country.
(3) In any country in which the grantee decides not to continue the prosecution of any application for, to pay the maintenance fees on, or defend in a reexamination or opposition proceeding on, a patent on a subject invention.
(e) Minimum Rights to Grantee. (1) The grantee will retain a nonexclusive royaltyfree license throughout the world in each subject invention to which the Government obtains title, except if the grantee fails to disclose the subject invention within the times specified in paragraph (c) above. The grantee's license extends to its domestic subsidiaries and affiliates, if any, within the corporate structure of which the grantee is a party and includes the right to grant sublicenses of the same scope to the extent the grantee was legally obligated to do so at the time the grant was awarded. The license is transferable only with the approval of NSF except when transferred to the successor of that part of the grantee's business to which the invention pertains.
(2) The grantee's domestic license may be revoked or modified by NSF to the extent necessary to achieve expeditious practical application of the subject invention pursuant to an application for an exclusive license submitted in accordance with applicable provisions at 37 CFR part 404. This license will not be revoked in that field of use or the geographical areas in which the grantee has achieved practical application and continues to make the benefits of the invention reasonably accessible to the public. The license in any foreign country may be revoked or modified at the discretion of NSF to the extent the grantee, its licensees, or its domestic subsidiaries or affiliates have failed to achieve practical application in that foreign country.
(3) Before revocation or modification of the license, NSF will furnish the grantee a written notice of its intention to revoke or modify the license, and the grantee will be allowed thirty days (or such other time as may be authorized by NSF for good cause shown by the grantee) after the notice to show cause why the license should not be revoked or modified. The grantee has the right to appeal, in accordance with applicable regulations in 37 CFR part 404 concerning the licensing of Government-owned inventions, any decision concerning the revocation or modification of its license.
(f) Grantee Action to Protect Government's Interest. (1) The grantee agrees to execute or to have executed and promptly deliver to NSF all instruments necessary to:
(i) Establish or confirm the rights the Government has throughout the world in those subject inventions for which the grantee retains title, and
(ii) Convey title to NSF when requested under paragraph (d) above, and to enable the Government to obtain patent protection throughout the world in that subject invention.
(2) The grantee agrees to require, by written agreement, its employees, other than clerical and non-technical employees, to disclose promptly in writing to personnel identified as responsible for the administration of patent matters and in a format suggested by the grantee each subject invention made under this grant in order that the grantee can comply with the disclosure provisions of paragraph (c) above, and to execute all papers necessary to file patent applications on subject inventions and to establish the Government's rights in the subject inventions. The disclosure format should require, at a minimum, the information requested by paragraph (c)(1) above. The grantee shall instruct such employees through the employee agreements or other suitable educational programs on the importance of reporting inventions in sufficient time to permit the filing of patent applications prior to U.S. or foreign statutory bars.
(3) The grantee will notify NSF of any decision not to continue prosecution of a patent application, pay maintenance fees, or defend in a reexamination or opposition proceeding on a patent, in any country, not less than thirty days before the expiration of the response period required by the relevant patent office.
(4) The grantee agrees to include, within the specification of any United States patent application and any patent issuing thereon covering a subject invention, the following statement: “This invention was made with Government support under (identify the grant) awarded by the National Science Foundation. The Government has certain rights in this invention.”
(5) The grantee or its representative will complete, execute, and forward to NSF a confirmation of a License to the United States Government and the page of a United States patent application that contains the Federal support clause within two months of filing any domestic or foreign patent application.
(g) Subcontracts. (1) The grantee will include this Patents Rights clause, suitably modified to identify the parties, in all subcontracts, regardless of tier, for experimental, developmental, or research work. The subcontractor will retain all rights provided for the grantee in this Patents Rights clause, and the grantee will not, as part of the consideration for awarding the subcontract, obtain rights in the subcontractor's subject inventions.
(2) In the case of subcontracts, at any tier, when the prime award by the Foundation was a contract (but not a grant or cooperative agreement), NSF, subcontractor, and
contractor agree that the mutual obligations of the parties created by this Patents Rights clause constitute a contract between the subcontractor and the Foundation with respect to those matters covered by this Patents Rights clause.
(h) Reporting on Utilization of Subject Inventions. The grantee agrees to submit on request periodic reports no more frequently than annually on the utilization of a subject invention or on efforts at obtaining such utilization that are being made by the grantee or its licensees or assignees. Such reports shall include information regarding the status of development, date of first commercial sale or use, gross royalties received by the grantee, and such other data and information as NSF may reasonably specify. The grantee also agrees to provide additional reports in connection with any march-in proceeding undertaken by NSF in accordance with paragraph (j) of this Patents Rights clause. As required by 35 U.S.C. 202(c)(5), NSF agrees it will not disclose such information to persons outside the Government without the permission of the grantee.
(i) Preference for United States Industry. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Patents Rights clause, the grantee agrees that neither it nor any assignee will grant to any person the exclusive right to use or sell any subject invention in the United States unless such person agrees that any products embodying the subject invention or produced through the use of the subject invention will be manufactured substantially in the United States. However, in individual cases, the requirement for such an agreement may be waived by NSF upon a showing by the grantee or its assignee that reasonable but unsuccessful efforts have been made to grant licenses on similar terms to potential licensees that would be likely to manufacture substantially in the United States or that under the circumstances domestic manufacture is not commercially feasible.
(j) March-in Rights. The grantee agrees that with respect to any subject invention in which it has acquired title, NSF has the right in accordance with procedures at 37 CFR 401.6 and NSF regulations at 45 CFR 650.13 to require the grantee, an assignee or exclusive licensee of a subject invention to grant a nonexclusive, partially exclusive, or exclusive license in any field of use to a responsible applicant or applicants, upon terms that are reasonable under the circumstances, and if the grantee, assignee, or exclusive licensee refuses such a request, NSF has the right to grant such a license itself if NSF determines that:
(1) Such action is necessary because the grantee or assignee has not taken, or is not expected to take within a reasonable time, effective steps to achieve practical application of the subject invention in such field of use;