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CHAPTER 11-DIRECTOR OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Part 201 Priority system for the use and restoration of leased intercity private line
services during emergency conditions. 202 Procedures for obtaining international telecommunication service for use
during a national emergency.
PART 201-PRIORITY SYSTEM FOR
THE USE AND RESTORATION OF
AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part 201 issued under E.O. 10995, E.O. 11084, 27 F.R. 1519, 28 F.R. 1531; Memorandum of August 21, 1963, 28 F.R. 9413; 3 CFR, 1959–1963 Comp.
SOURCE: The provisions of this part 201 appear at 32 F.R. 790, Jan. 24, 1967, unless otherwise noted. 8 201.0 Authority.
(a) Authority to prescribe restoration priority procedures for departments and agencies of the Federal Government is contained in Executive Order 10995 (27 F.R. 1519; 3 CFR, 1959–63, Comp. p. 535, as amended, 28 F.R. 1531; 3 CFR, 1959– 63, Comp. p. 719), and the President's National Communications System Memorandum of August 21, 1963 (28 F.R. 9413).
(b) These procedures are applicable to the communications common carriers and non-Federal Government users under the President's authority contained in subsection 606(a) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended. The au
thority under subsection 606(a) has been delegated by Executive Order 10705 to the Director, Ofice of Emergency Planning, who in turn, has redelegated it to the Director of Telecommunications Management. This authority may be exercised only during the continuance of a war in which the United States is engaged. 8 201.1 Purpose.
(a) The purpose of this part is to set forth the procedures under which Government and certain private entities will have available a system of priorities to insure that leased intercity private line services vital to the national interest will be maintained, to the maximum extent possible, during emergency conditions.
(b) The Director of Telecommunications Management (DTM) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) have agreed upon a system of priorities applicable to leased intercity private line services and are concurrently promulgating a Director of Telecommunications Management Order to all departments and agencies of the Federal Government and a Commission order applicable to communications common carriers. The priority system and procedures contained in the DTM and FCC Orders are intended to be identical and any differences in terminology arise from differences in the legal authorities of the DTM and the FCC. The provisions of these orders shall be read and construed to effectuate a single priorities system concurrently promulgated under the respective authority of
the DTM and the FCC and to provide transmitting and receiving equipment, continuity under all conditions.
at any location on any premise, con201.2 Cancellation.
nected for private line service.
(g) "National Communications SysThis part cancels paragraph 3 (Re- tem (NCS)” refers to that system estabsumption of private line service) and lished by the President's Memorandum Attachment C to Annex 3 of DMO of August 21, 1963, subject: “Establish3000.1, dated November 8, 1963 (28 F.R. ment of a National Communications Sys12273) and Director of Telecommunica- tem" (28 F.R. 9413). tions Management Notice, dated February 18, 1966 (31 F.R. 3204, Feb. 26, 1966). $201.4 Policies. $ 201.3 Definitions.
The communications common carriers
will honor this priority system both as As used herein:
to maintaining leased intercity private (a) “Circuit” means the carrier's line service for essential users and in specific designation of the overall facili- restoring such private line service if it ties provided between, and including, should be interrupted. Carriers are exterminals for furnishing of service. pected to incorporate this system into When the service involves network their day-to-day operations. In fulfillswitching, “circuit” includes those cir- ing this requirement, the following princuits between subscriber premises and ciples will be applied: switching centers (access lines) and (a) When necessary, in order to rethose between switching centers sume a service having a given priority, (trunks).
services having lower priorities will be (b) “Government” when used alone interrupted in the reverse order of priormeans Federal, Foreign, State, County, ity, starting with nonpriority services. or Municipal Government agencies. In the event that nonpriority or lower Specific reference will be made when- priority leased intercity private line cirever it is intended that leased intercity cuits are interrupted to restore higher private line services of a particular level priority services, the communications of government are meant; e.g., "Federal common carriers will, when taking such Government,” “Foreign Government,” circuits, endeavor, if feasible, to notify and similar elements. The term “For- the user, giving him the reason(s) for eign Government” shall include coali- the preemption. In the event that mestions of governments such as NATO, sage telephone circuits are used to satisSEATO, OAS, UN and Associations of fy a requirement for priority leased inGovernments or Government Agencies tercity private line service, idle message such as Pan American Union, Interna- circuits will be selected first. Commutional Postal Union, International nications common carriers will not norMonetary Fund and similar elements. mally interrupt conversations having a
(c) “Private Line Service” means the priority classification. It is recognized leased intercity private line service pro
that, as a practical matter, in providing vided by U.S. carriers engaged in the
for the restoration of a priority service, provision of domestic and/or interna
or services operating within a multiple tional telecommunications for intercity
circuit type of facility (such as a carrier communication purposes of customers
band, cable or multiplex system), lower over integrated communication path
priority or nonpriority services on paral. ways, including interexchange facilities,
lel channels within the band or system local channels and station equipments
may enjoy restoration as well. Reacwhich are integral components of inter
tivation of such lower priority or noncity private line services between specific
priority services resulting therefrom locations.
shall not, however, interfere with the (d) “Restoration" means the recom
expeditious restoration of priority servmencement of leased intercity private
ice. line service by patching, rerouting, sub
(b) Prior to a state of war or a nastitution of component parts, or as other
tional emergency as proclaimed by the wise determined by the carrier(s) in
President, it is contemplated that the volved.
application of this system of priorities (e) "Service” is used interchangeably
by the communications common carriers with the term “circuit”.
will not normally require the preemption (f) “Station” means the transmitting of other leased intercity private line servor receiving equipment, or combination ices. If preemption is required during
such normal times, the communications common carriers will restore interrupted services in the order of priority set forth in this part.
(c) The priority system and procedures described herein are applicable to:
(1) U.S. domestic leased intercity private line services, including private line switched network services.
(2) U.S. international leased private line services to the point of foreign entry.
(3) Foreign extensions of U.S. international leased private line services to the extent possible by agreement between U.S. communications common carriers wherein arrangements exist for the restoration by foreign correspondents of United States Government leased private line extensions.
(4) International leased private line services terminating in or transiting the United States.
(d) The priority system and procedures described herein are not applicable to operational circuits or order wires of the communications common carriers (hereinafter referred to as carriers). Such circuits, as are needed, for circuit reactivation and maintenance purposes have priority of restoration over all other circuits and are exempt from interruption for the purpose of restoring other priority services. $ 201.5 Priorities.
This part establishes four levels of restoration priorities. These are as follows:
(a) Priority 1. This priority shall be afforded only to Federal and Foreign Government private line services and to those Industrial/Commercial private line services which are earmarked for prearranged voluntary participation with the Federal Government in an emergency. Services in this category will be those minimum private line circuit requirements whose fulfillment is essential to national survival under conditions ranging from national emergencies to international crises, including nuclear attack. Circuit requirements in this category would be strictly limited to only those essential to national survival if nuclear attack occurs for:
(1) Obtaining or disseminating critical intelligence concerning the attack, or maintaining the internal security of the United States.
(2) Conducting diplomatic negotiations critical to the arresting or limiting of hostilities.
(3) Executing command and control of military forces essential to defense and retaliation.
(4) Giving warning to the U.S. population.
(5) Maintaining Federal Government functions essential to national survival during nuclear attack conditions.
(b) Priority 2. This priority shall be afforded only to those additional Federal and Foreign Government private line services and to those additional Industrial/Commercial private line services which are earmarked for prearranged voluntary participation with the Federal Government in an emergency. Services in this category will be strictly limited to those minimum additional private line circuit requirements whose fulfillment is essential at a time when nuclear attack threatens for the maintenance of an optimum defense posture and giving civil alert to the U.S. population. These are circuit requirements which if unfilled for even a matter of a few minutes would offer serious danger of:
(1) Reducing significantly the preparedness of U.S. defense and retaliatory forces.
(2) Affecting adversely the ability of the United States to conduct critical preattack diplomatic negotiations to reduce or limit the threat of war.
(3) Interfering with the effectual direction of the U.S. population in the interest of civil defense and survival.
(4) Weakening U.S. capability to accomplish critical national internal security functions.
(5) Inhibiting the provision of essential Federal Government functions necessary to meet a preattack situation.
(c) Priority 3. This priority will be afforded to those additional minimum government, quasi-government, and Industrial/Commercial customer private line circuit requirements whose early restoration is necessary in maintaining the U.S. military defense and diplomatic postures, maintenance of law and order, and the health and safety of the U.S. population in time of any seriOus national emergency involving heightened possibility of hostilities. Services in this category will be strictly limited to such activities as:
(1) Critical logistic functions, public utility services, and administrative military support functions.
(2) Informing key diplomatic posts of the situation and U.S. intentions.
(3) Securing and disseminating in- have a fallout protection factor of 100% telligence of less criticality than that or better. requiring Priority i and Priority 2
& 201.6 Processing. circuits.
(4) Distribution of essential food and (a) For certification to common carother supplies critical to health.
riers, circuit requirement restoration (5) Providing for critical damage
priorities are divided into two groups: control functions.
(1) Group A. Circuit requirements (6) Providing for hospitalization.
certified to the communications common (7) Continuity of critical Government carriers by the Executive Agent of the functions.
National Communications System (NCS) (8) Transportation to accomplish the or his designated representative. This foregoing.
includes National Communications Sys(9) Industrial / Commercial, State,
tem and other Federal and Foreign GovCounty and Municipal, and quasi-State
ernment circuit requirements. and local government agency circuit
(2) Group B. Circuit requirements requirements in Priority 3 will be further
certified to the communications common limited to those which during an
carriers by the Federal Communications emergency are needed for operations on Commission (FCC). This includes cira 24 hour-a-day, 7 days-a-week basis.
cuit requirements of State, County, and At least one station in the circuit, or con
municipal Governments, and quasi-State nected circuits if switched service is in
and local government agencies and esvolved, will be manned continually
sential Industrial/Commercial activities. during such periods of operation. Those
(b) The following pertains to Group A stations at which personnel are in at
circuit requirements processing: tendance must be in locations which have
(1) All Federal Government departa fallout protection factor of 100? or
ments, agencies, and quasi-Federal Govbetter.
ernment agencies, whether or not com(d) Priority 4. This priority will be
ponents of the NCS, shall submit afforded only to those additional mini
requests for restoration priority assignmum Government, quasi-government
ments directly to the Executive Agent, and Industrial/Commercial customer
National Communications System private line circuit requirements whose
(NCS), for approval and further processearly restoration is necessary during any
ing. Such submissions shall be in the national emergency for the maintaining
format prescribed by the Executive of public welfare and the national eco
Agent of the National Communications nomic posture. Included in this cate
System. gory would be only those for continuing
(2) Except for NATO and NATO naour more important financial, economic,
tional military authority circuit requirehealth and safety activities in a condi
ments and certain other requirements tion short of nuclear attack or during
which may be specifically exempted, forreconstitution after attack. Industrial/
eign government activities shall submit Commercial, State, County, Municipal
circuit requirement requests for restoraand quasi-State and local government
tion priority assignments to the Departagencies circuit requirements in Priority
ment of State for approval. The Depart4 will be afforded only to those which
ment of State shall refer approved forduring an emergency are needed for op
eign government circuit requirement erations on a 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a
requests and recommended restoration
priority assignments to the Executive week basis. At least one station in the
Agent, National Communications System circuit, or connected circuits if switched
for further processing. service is involved, will be manned con
(3) NATO and NATO national militinually during such period of operation. tary authority circuit requirement reThose stations at which personnel are quests for restoration priority assignin attendance must be in locations which ments to, or within, the United States
shall be forwarded through established 1 A Directory of Qualified Fallout Shelter Allied Long Lines Agency (ALLA) comAnalysts (Department of Defense/Office of munications processing channels to the Civil Defense Document FG-F-1.2) is avail
Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of able at the Headquarters of State and Local
Defense shall process such requests in Civil Defense Directors or may be obtained from the Government Printing Office, Wash
consonance with approved NATO/US. ington, D.C.
procedures for subsequent processing by