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but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things thai corrupt themselves. But these men are brutish and grossly ignorant in their under standing, not knowing how to value the worth of any thing ta is good, and yet have their mouths open, to disgrace and rail : that which they know not; and those things, which they cans but naturally know, as brute beasts, which are led and carried y their senses, those they abuse in a sinful and sensual immode tion, and make them occasions of their sin and destruction.

11 Woe unto them ! for they have gone in the way of le and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and peristes in the gainsaying of Core. Certainly, the curse of God bangs over the hearts of these ma : for they have, in respect of envy and murder, followed the courses of Cain ; and, in respect of corrupting the truth for filthy luctes sake, they have greedily run on in the wicked steps of Baluaa, and, in respect of opposing themselves to authority, they ber. imitated the rebellion and mutiny of Corah, and shall perish a that damnable presumption.

12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they fees with you, feeding themselves without fear : clouds they are withou water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, with fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots. These are blemishes to your holy profession ; and, when ye mee? together at your love-feasts, bring shame and dishonour upon your assemblies; in a gluttonous fashion, pampering and crammin. themselves at your public banquets : such as would willingly par for Christians, and yet have no soundness and truth of religion their hearts: they would seem clouds therefore, but have no rana in them : they would seem trees, but they are sear and withereu twice dead; once, while they stand, dry and sapless ; and once yet more, while they lie, as plucked up and rotting

14, 15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesus of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that e ungodly among them &c. Of these, amongst other wicked men, is that ancient prophec Enoch, who was the seventh in descent from Adam, fulanic wherein he foretels, that the Lord shall come to judgment, tended with many thousands of his holy and glorious angels, execute his final vengeance upon all the ungodly, &c.

16 Having men's persons in admiration because of advantage. In a flattering manner, making shew of admiring the persons parts of some great men, for their own advantage.

19 These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having *** the spirit. These be they, who make sides and divisions in the Church God; severing themselves from the communion of other CD tians, both in opinion and conversation : men, secretly given

199 24 some manner, soms in

to their own sensuality ; having, howsoever they pretend, no share at all in the Spirit of God.

I. 22 And of some have compassion, making a difference. And of some, who are through simplicity seduced, have compassion ; making a difference, betwixt those spirits which are stubborn and turbulent, and those which are meek and gentle.

I. 23 And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh. And others, that are stiff and perverse, save, if ye may, with ve. hement urging unto them the terrors of judgment; as it were riolently pulling them out of the fire of God's wrath, wherein they lie; hating and avoiding all occasions of pollution from these wicked men, and abhorring every thing that may carry a savour or suspicion of uncleanness.


· I. 1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass ; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John. This, which followeth, is the Revelation, which Jesus Christ, the Son of God, made unto John ; which Revelation God the Father gave to his Son Jesus, as the Mediator of his Church, that he might, according to that holy office of his, shew unto his servants those things which must, in the ensuing times, come to pass : and the same. Jesus sent his angels, and, by their ministry, signified these future things to his servant John.

1. 3 Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear &c. See chapter xxii. verse 7.

I. Ibid. For the time is at hand. For the time is near at hand, wherein divers of these following predictions shall be accomplished; and wherein an entrance shall be made to those, which shall afterwards succeed.

I. 4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia : Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come ; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne ; John, to those Seven famous Churches, which are in the Lesser Asia ; and, under their name, to all other over the whole world : Grace be unto you, and peace from that Almighty and Glorious God, who only hath an absolute and infinite being in and of himself; who was from all eternity, and shall be the same without all change everlastingly; who is the author of all blessings to his Church : and from those seven principal ministering spirits, which stand ready before his throne, to receive his commands for the be. hoof of his Church, and to convey his blessings unto it ; accord ing to the number of those chief and eminent Churches, whereto I write: . I. 5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and VOL. IV.


the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of to earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in c own blood, And, as from these merely-spiritual natures, so also from Hia that is God and Man, Jesus Christ the Righteous; who is ta only faithful and true witness, that hath declared the will of be Father to his Church; who both raised himself from the dead, and diffuseth the power and virtue of his resurrection to all bis; b whom all kings reign, as having received all power and domina from God his Father over all the world : Unto that blessed ax gracious Saviour of ours, that hath loved us from all eternity, ax hath cleansed and purged us from the guilt of our sins, by bis ori most precious blood;

I. 6 And hath made us kings and priests. unto God and his Fatke to him be glory &c. And hath made us, who were before the sons of wrath and his ess mies, to become Kings and Priests unto God even the Fatke. Kings, in ruling over ourselves, and subduing of our corruption, and Priests, in offering up our bodies and souls unto him, toge ther with the sacrifices of our praises and thanksgiving: to him glory &c.

I. 7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see kus, and they also which pierced him : and all kindreds of the earth stos wail because of him. Even so, Amen. Behold, he shall come to judgment with glory and majesty, in tre clouds of heaven ; and all men shall be witnesses of that dira state and magnificence of his; even those his enemies, which usel him contemptuously upon earth, and pierced his hands, and fetis and side, in an insolent cruelty : and all the wicked througho the world shall tremble and be confounded with fear and angus, because of his coming to take full vengeance of them : eren Amen.

I. 8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, Almighty. I am the only True and Eternal God, who so was before things, as that I gave being unto all things; and, whats should become of all things which have their being from me, everlasting ; and have my being of myself, infinite and in pendent; and therefore am he, from whom all things rec their beginning, and in whom they end ; saith the Lord, wb not capable of any variation of time, who is, and was, and ever be, even the Almighty.

I. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day. I was, by the correption of the Spirit, in a holy ecstasy, o firstday of the week ; which, upon the occasion of Christ's rection, was called the Lord's Day. .

I. 12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks ; And I turned to see him, whose voice spake unto me; and,

ke with me. And

ng turned, I saw Seven golden Candlesticks, representing those jeven famous Churches, whereto I was commanded to write ; as hose, wherein were placed those seven worthy and renowned Pastors; vbich gave light to their several Churches;

I. 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of Man; clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about he paps with a golden girdle. And, in the midst of those representations of the Seven Churches, I saw Christ, the Son of God, in the resemblance of a man; clothed, as for the gravity and state of a King or Priest, in a garment down to the foot; and, in signification of his ready addres. sedness to the gracious works of his Mediatorship, girt with a golden girdle about the middle.

1. 14° His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire ; . To inply the eternity of him, who is the true Ancient of Days, his head and his hair were wbite, as the purest snow-like wool; and, to signify his searching knowledge, and piercing insight into all things, bis eyes were as a fame of fire. · I. 15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. To import the purity of his proceedings, and the solidness and invincibleness of that power of his whereby he treads down all his spiritual enemies, his feet were like unto the purest and finest brass ; and, in signification of the loud diffusion and great power of his word, his voice was as the sound of many waters.

I. 16 And he had in his right hand seven stars : and out of his mouth went a sharp two-cdged sword : and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strengh. .. And he bad in his right hand seven stars ; in resemblance of that sure protection that he takes, and that wise and just and beneficial disposition which he makes, of his faithful ministers in his Church : and out of his mouth proceeded the sharp two-edged sword of his powerful doctrine; and his countenance was majestical and glorious, as the sun shining in his full strength. : I. 18 And have the keys of hell and of death. I have the absolute power over hell and death ; so as I can either command them for the just torment and punishment of wicked men, or discharge the penitent from the fear and danger of them. · II. 1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write ; &c. Unto the chief Pastor or Bishop of the Church of Ephesus, write ; &c. See chapter 1. verse 16 &c.

II. 4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. Yet, notwithstanding all this worth which I do acknowledge in thee, I have some just exceptions against thee ; and this especially, that thou art not so zealous and fervent, as thou wert in thy first conversion, but hast cooled and abated of that thy first II. 5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and pent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quia and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, ercept thou repe Repent thee, therefore, of this decay of grace ; and bethink thos of recovering that measure of zeal, which thou once badst; a bring forth such good works, for the fruits thereof, as were fi merly wrought by thee: or else, I will shortly come against the and enter into a course of judgment with thee, and remore ara my Church from amongst you.


II. 6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Na laitanes, which I also hate. But, in the mean time, this commendable point I confess to be thee, that thou abhorrest the beastly opinions and practices of a Nicolaitanes, the wicked followers of that revolted deacon al proselyte of Antioch, who gave way to the indifferent use of its nication and idolatry; which things I also hate.

II. 7 To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of the which is in the midst of the paradise of God. To him, that holds out against all assaults, and prevails agas all his spiritual enemies, will I give a blessed participation Christ, in the kingdom of heaven; even of Him, who was at ts figured by the Tree of Life in the earthly Paradise.

II. 9 And I know the blasphemy of them which say they are des and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. And I know the opprobrious and reviling speeches, which are ca out against the Christians of Smyrna, by those which call them selves Jews; and so perbaps they are by blood, but, in respect á their unbelief and malicious persecution of the truth, are no bele than the Synagogue of Satan.

II. 10 And ye shall have tribulation ten days. And ye shall have persecution in that Church of yours, for tre space of ten years.

II. 11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith ai the Churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the scom death. He, that overcometh the spiritual enemies wherewith he must co flict, shall be sure to escape that second and worst death soul, which is the utter and final separation of the soul from

II. 12 The sharp sword with two edges. See chap. i. vers

II. 13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, erer Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast no my faith, even in those days, wherein Antipas was my faithfu tyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. I know that thou dwellest in a place, where heresy, super idolatry, and all kind of wickedness is, without all control practised and maintained ; and yet thou dost constantly p, my truth, and hast not been drawn to deny my Gospel av religion ; even in those days, when, in the heat of perse Antipas, my faithful martyr, thy zealous assistant, was that city of yours, where Satan bears sway and prevale

sy, superstition,

istant, was slain is

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