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son, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the. towel wherewith he was girded. Jesus, though he well knew what evil was towards him by the treacherous conspiracy of Judas, yet well knowing also the bappy issue of all these his imminent sufferings; and foreseeing his triumph over all his enemies, and the glory prepared for him, in that free and full sovereignty, which the Father had given him, over all things, both in heaven and earth; and knowing, that as he was sent from heaven by his eternal Father, so also, that he was, in spite of all the opposition of the powers of hell, to return now to the glory of his Father; he cheerfully addressed himself to this great work ; and rising from supper, in a desire to leave behind him an example of humility and charity, he laid aside his garments, and took a towel and girded himself; and pouring water into a bason, began to wash his disciples feet.
XIII. 7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter. Thou dost not as yet understand the reason of this act of mine : thou shalt in due time know, upon what ground I do it; but, in the mean time, it behoves thee to submit thyself with all humble obedience, to this work which I have in hand.
XIII. 8 If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me. If I do not wash thee, both by my blood shed for the expiation of man's sin, and by the sanctifying power of my Spirit which I would represent unto thee by this washing, thou canst have no part with me, no interest in me, no benefit by me.
XIII. 9 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head. Nay then, Lord, let it not be enough that thou washest some part of me alone ; for alas, I am all unclean with my sinful corruptions; wash me therefore all over ; cleanse thou both my hands that are guilty of many offensive actions, and my head that hath conceived many sinful thoughts.
XIII. 10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. As it is in the custom of baths, that those, who come forth thence, shall not need to be washed over again, save only to have their feet washed, which have soiled themselves by treading upon the ground; so is it in this spiritual washing: ye my disciples are al. ready, in respect of the main business of regeneration, washed from your sins, yet there are some remainders of earthly and worldly affections, which must be still purged away, and rectified in the best men ; so shall they be altogether clean: and such is your condition at this time ; ye my disciples are clean : and yet not all of you ; there is one of this your small number, who is extremely foul and filthy.
XIII. 18 I speak not of you all : I know whom I have chosen : but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.
But when I say ve are happy, I speak not of you all: I do well know the condition of those, whom I have chosen to follow me ; and amongst them I do well know who be my true and faithful followers, and vessels of honour; and I know ye are not all such ; for in my family must that be fulfilled which David my true type spake of his familiars, He that eateth bread with me hath conspired against me.
XIII. 23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. Now, according to the usual form of their posture at the table, one of the disciples, (even John whom Jesus loved above the rest) leaned on the bosom of Jesus.
XIII. 26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. Then Jesus, as whispering secretly unto Jobn, said ; He it is to whom I shall give a sop, &c.
XIII. 27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. Upon that sop so kindly given by Jesus to him, Satan took more full possession of Judas; and more strongly prevailed with him, to resolve and endeavour bis intended mischief. Then said Jesus unto him, I know well what thou goest about ; thy secrecy cannot elude my knowledge of thy plots against me ; since therefore thou wilt needs do thus treacherously, dispatch speedily that which thou hast in hand.
XIII. 31 Now is the Son of Man glorifed, and God is glorifed in him, Now is the time at hand, wherein the Son of Man shall be exempted from all the miseries and calamities of this life, and shall be invested with the incomprehensible glory of God; as in his patient death and powerful resurrection, God shall be glorified by him. So also verse 32,
XIII. 36 Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards. Thou art not yet fit to follow me up to my cross, or to ascend up with me to my glory, but ere long, thou shalt be enabled to both, and shalt be admitted to the fellowship both of my death and blessedness.
XIV. I Let not your heart be troubled : ye believe in God, be. lieve also in me. Ye have great conflicts to undergo: see therefore that your souls be furnished with a strong and lively faith: and, let it not suffice you, that ye do believe in one infinite and invisible God, that eter, nal and incomprehensible Spirit, who bath made you and all the world; but repose the whole affiance of your hearts upon me, the true and only Son of God, whom ye see clothed with Aesh : and the rather now fasten your souls upon me by a stedfast belief, for that ye shall see this Humanity of mine subjected to many and great miseries, much contempt, pain, insultation ; yea to an igno, minious death ; but let not your hearts be troubled with those heavy things, which ye shall see to befal me, the issue whereof ye shall find to be glorious.
XIV. 2 In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. In hearen, which is the house of my Father above, there is infinite provision, and store of glorious mansions, for all my faithful ones : were there only room for me alone, I would not have borne you in hope of that, which were not to be enjoyed; but now, I know, there are such great store, that I go, beforehand, to prepare places for you.
XIV. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself ; that where I am, there ye may be also. And, though I do now go from you and ascend into heaven, to make provision for you and my whole Church, yet I will, at the day of my Last Judgment and restoring of all things, come again into the world, and gather all mine Elect to myself ; that, in a full consummation of bliss, where I am, there may ye be also.
XIV. 5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest ; and how can we know the way? Master, thou hast, in some general terms, told us of thy going to thy Father, and taking possession of thy kingdom ; but thou hast not clearly explicated unto us the means and manner, how thou wilt do it: since therefore thou hast not fully expressed thyself in those particularities of thy kingdom and glory, how much less should we be able to know, which way thou wilt take for thy compassing and attaining of it?
XIV. 6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life : no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. If thou wouldst know the way to heavenly glory, know, that there is no way thither, but in and by me: there is nothing tending to happiness, that thou canst desire, but it is found in me: in me is to be found the beginning, the proceeding, the end of all perfection: whosoever would come to the glory of my Father, in me he must enter, for I am the Way ; in me he must go forward, for I am the saving Light of divine truth ; in me he must shut up, for I am eternal Life.
XIV. 7 If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also : and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him. If ye had so thoroughly observed, and informed yourselves of me, and noted my words and actions, as ye might have done, ye might have seen in me the lively image of my Father, and have acknowledged the fulness of his Godhead dwelling bodily in me; but herein you have hitherto been defective : now, from henceforth, see your own error, and amend it; and know, that in knowing, and believing in me, ye do know my Father, and do so believe in him, as if your eyes beheld him. So also verse 9.
XIV. 8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us,
Lord, we have seen thee, and we bave seen great proofs of thy Divine Power, so as thy Father bath shewed forth himself in thee; but we wish that thou wouldest shew us thy Father in himself; if we could see him with our bodily eyes, we should be fully satisfied; and should not trouble thee with any more questions of this kind.
XIV. 10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? Believest thou not that I am, in my eternal essence, one God with the Father, and that the Godhead of the Father dwelleth and ex. hibiteth itself in me? So verse 11.
XIV. 12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also ; and greater works than these shall he do ; because I go unto my Father. I would have you know, that the manifestation of the power of my Godhead is not so tied to my personal presence, as that, when I am gone, there shall be no further proof nor use of it; but, contrarily, even after my departure out of the world, I will give such power to those that believe in me, that they shall do the very same miracles that I have done : yea, I will do more and greater works by their hands, after I have ascended, than those which I have. here done in person upon earth : because I, going to my Father, shall and may, in that glorious condition of mine, so much more manifest my Divine Power, by this means, unto the world.
XIV. 16, 17 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever ; Even the Spirit of Truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him : but ye know him ; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I have hitherto been a true Comforter unto you ; but it is not for me, to make my personal abode amongst you : in respect of my visible presence, I must leave you ; but be not therewith dismayed, for I, that am the Mediator for my Church, will pray to my Father, and he will send you another Comforter, even bis Holy Spirit, which shall abide with you for ever; That Holy Spirit of mine, who is the Author and Teacher of all Truth, whom the world hath no understanding of, as being led by sense, and not acknowledging ought that it sees not or conceives not by the dim apprehensions of corrupt reason : but ye know him, by the light of your faith, and the experience of his working in you ; for he dwelleth in you, and shall, in a more full measure, take up your hearts in bis sanctifying and miraculous graces.
XIV. 18 I will not leave you comfortless : I will come to you. It cannot be, but ye must be afflicted with my departure ; but I will not leave you comfortless, though I must leave you for the time: there is another presence of mine, which I must and will make good unto you, even the presence of my Spirit.
XIV. 19 Yet a little while, and the world secth me no more ; but ye see me : because I live, ye shall live also. Ere long, indeed, I shall be taken away from the sight of the
world; but yet I shall be stili and ever present with you, and ye, by the eye of your faith, shall see and acknowledge me: for, both I shall live, and ye, by the virtue of my life, shall live also this life of faith before me; and, in that state of your spiritual life, shall see and enjoy me.
XIV. 20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. And, at that time of my effectual illumination, ye shall know and understand that holy and mystical union, which is betwixt my Father and Me, and my Church ; and how that divine virtue is communicated from the Father to Me, and by Me to you Believers,
XIV. 21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me. He, that is rightly instructed in my commandments, and apprehendeth them aright, and conscionably endeavours to keep and observe them, he it is, that loves me really and truly.
XIV. 27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you : not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. I must bid you farewell, and wish you all peace and happiness; not according to the fashionable compliment of the world, but seriously and with effect, as bestowing upon you that good which I wish : let not your hearts be dismayed at my valediction ; neither be discouraged with the fear of those evils, which shall follow after my departure.
XIV. 28 If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto my Father : for my Father is greater than 1. If ye did so spiritually love me as ye ought, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father; for the glory, wherewith my Father is eternally invested, is greater than that, which this human nature and life of mine is capable of: it is infinitely therefore for my advantage, that I go to the Father; and therein, also for yours.
XIV. 30, 31 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me. But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me conimandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence. I have not many words more to speak unto you : I am now drawing near unto my end : Satan, the great ruler of this wicked world, is now working his utmost against me, and is stirring up my enemies and conspirators to my ruin ; but he neither doth nor can find any the least advantage against me, except that, which I shall voluntary yield for the working out of man's redemption : he shall not find in me, either sin or impotence ; so as, whatever I shall suffer, it shall be out of my will, not out of his power or constraint ; That herein the world may know, that I love the Father, in that, out of my obedience to his will, who hath decreed me to be the propitiation for the sins of the world, I do yield myself over to death; and, in this passion of mine, shall cheerfully