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42 U.S.C., § 1367. Dissemination of information by both Federal
and State agencies. (a) All Federal departments, agencies, and wholly owned instrumentalities of the United States are directed to make available to State agencies which have agreements under this subchapter or to the Secretary [of Labor), as the case may be, such information with respect to the Federal service and Federal wages of any Federal employee as the Secretary may find practicable and necessary for the determination of such employee's entitlement to compensation under this subchapter.
* * (Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XV, $ 1507, as added Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1212, $4(a), 68 Stat.' 1134, and amended Aug. 28, 1958, Pub. L. 85–848, § 4, 72 Stat. 1089.) 42 U.S.C., $ 1435. Access to books, documents, etc., for purpose of
audit. Every contract for loans or annual contributions under this chapter shall provide that the Public Housing Commissioner and the Comptroller General of the United States, or any of their duly authorized representatives, shall, for the purpose of audit and examination, have access to any books, documents, papers, and records of the public housing agency entering into such contract that are pertinent to its operations with respect to financial assistance under this chapter. (Aug. 2, 1954, ch. 649, title VIII, § 816, 68 Stat. 647.)
42 U.S.C., $ 2163. Access to Restricted Data.
The [Atomic Energy] Commission may authorize any of its employees, or employees of any contractor, prospective contractor, licensee or prospective licensee of the Commission, or any other person authorized access to Restricted Data by the Commission *** to permit any employee of an agency of the Department of Defense or of its contractors, or any member of the Armed Forces to have access to Restricted Data required in the performance of his duties and so certified by the head of the appropriate agency of the Department of Defense or his designee: Provided, however, That the head of the appropriate agency of the Department of Defense or his designee has determined, in accordance with the established personnel security procedures and standards of such agency, that permitting the member or employee to have access to such Restricted Data will not endanger the common defense and security: And provided further, That the Secretary of Defense finds that the established personnel and other security procedures and standards of such agency are adequate and in reasonable conformity to the standards established by the Commission under section 2165 of this title. (Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, $ 143, as added Aug. 30, 1954, 9:44 a.m., E.D.T., ch. 1073, § 1, 68 Stat. 941, and amended Aug. 6, 1956, ch. 1015, $ 14, 70 Stat. 1071.) 43 U.S.C., § 6170. Officials of ratifying states; authority to act in
advisory capacity; access to records. In furtherance of any comprehensive plan formulated for the control, improvement, and utilization of the resources of the Colorado
River system and to the end that the project authorized by sections 617-617t of this title may constitute and be administered as a unit in such control, improvement, and utilization, any commission or commissioner duly authorized under the laws of any ratifying State in that behalf shall have the right to act in an advisory capacity to and in cooperation with the Secretary of the Interior and in the exercise of any authority under the provisions of sections 617c, 617d, and 617m of this title, and shall have at all times access to records of all Federal agencies empowered to act under said sections, and shall be entitled to have copies of said records on request. (Dec. 21, 1928, ch. 42, 8 16, 45 Stat. 1065.)
47 U.S.C., § 220. Accounts, records, and memoranda; depreciation
charges; forfeitures and penalties.
(c) The [Federal Communications] Commission shall at all times have access to and the right of inspection and examination of all accounts, records, and memoranda, including all documents, papers, and correspondence now or hereafter existing, and kept and required to be kept by such carriers, and the provisions of this section respecting the preservation and destruction of books, papers, and documents shall apply thereto. * * *
(d) In case of failure or refusal on the part of any such carrier to keep such accounts, records, and memoranda on the books and in the manner prescribed by the Commission, or to submit such accounts records, memoranda, documents, papers, and correspondence as are kept to the inspection of the Commission or any of its authorized agents, such carrier shall forfeit to the United States the sum of $500 for each day of the continuance of each such offense.
(e) Any person who shall willfully make any false entry in the accounts of any book of accounts or in any record or memoranda kept by any such carrier, or who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, alter, or by any other means or device falsify any such account, record, or memoranda, or who shall willfully neglect or fail to make full, true, and correct entries in such accounts, records, or memoranda of all facts and transactions appertaining to the business of the carrièr, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be subject, upon conviction, to a fine of not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000 or imprisonment for a term of not less than one year nor more than three years, or both such fine and imprisonment: Provided, That the Commission may in its discretion issue orders specifying such operating, accounting, or financial papers, records, books, blanks, or documents which may, after a reasonable time, be destroyed, and prescribing the length of time such books, papers, or documents shall be preserved.
* * * (June 19, 1934, ch. 652, $ 220, 48 Stat. 1078.)
49 U.S.C., $ 20. Reports, records, and accounts of carriers; man
damus; liability of initial carrier for loss, etc.
(5). Forms of accounts, records and memoranda; access to réc
ords, etc., by Commission or agents. ** * Such carriers, lessors, and other persons shall submit their accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, and other documents for the inspection and copying authorized by this paragraph, and such carriers and lessors shall submit their lands, buildings, and equipment to inspection and examination, to any duly authorized special agent, accountant, or examiner of the [Interstate Commerce] Commission, upon demand and the display of proper credentials.
(6). Persons furnishing cars or protection against elements;
access to and forms of records, etc.; reports. *** Persons furnishing such cars or protective service shall submit their accounts, books, records, memoranda, correspondence, or other documents, to the extent above provided, for inspection or copying to any duly authorized special agent, accountant, or examiner of the [Interstate Commerce] Commission upon demand and the display of proper credentials.
*** (Feb. 4, 1887, ch. 104, pt. 1, $ 20, 24 Stat. 386; June 29, 1906, ch. 3591, § 7, 34 Stat. 593; Feb. 25, 1909, ch. 193, 35 Stat. 649; June 18, 1910, ch. 309, $14, 36 Stat. 555; Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 176, 8 1,38 Stat. 1196; Aug. 9, 1916, ch. 301, 39 Stat. 441; Feb. 28, 1920, ch. 91, $$ 434–438, 41 Stat. 493, 494; July 3, 1926, ch. 761, 44 Stat. 835; Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 510, $ 3, 44 Stat. 1448; Apr. 23, 1930, ch 208, 46 Stat. 251; Aug. 9, 1935, ch. 498, § 1, 49 Stat. 543; Sept. 18, 1940, ch. 722, title I, § 13, 54 Stat. 915; June 3, 1948, ch. 386, 62 Stat. 295; Aug. 2, 1949, ch. 379, $$ 7–9, 63 Stat. 486.)
50 U.S.C., § 3. Duties of council [of National Defense).
It shall be the duty of the Council of National Defense to supervise and direct investigations and make recommendations to the President and the heads of executive departments as to the location of railroads with reference to the frontier of the United States so as to render
Possible expeditious concentration of troops and supplies to points of defense; the coordination of military, industrial, and commercial purposes in the location of branch lines of railroads; the utilization of waterways; the mobilization of military and naval resources for defense; the increase of domestic production of articles and materials essential to the support of armies and of the people during the interruption of foreign commerce; the development of seagoing transportation; data as to amounts, location, method and means of production, and availability of military supplies; the giving of information to producers and manufacturers as to the class of supplies needed by the military and other services of the Government, the requirements relating thereto, and the creation of relations which will render possible in time of need the immediate concentration and utilization of the resources of the Nation. (Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 418, $.2, 39 Stat. 649.)
B. COLLECTION OF INFORMATION
5 U.S.C., $ 139a. Collection of information.
* * * the Director of the Bureau of the Budget is directed from time to time (1) to investigate the needs of the various Federal agencies for information from business enterprises, from other persons, and from other Federal agencies; (2) to investigate the methods used by such agencies in obtaining such information; and (3) to coordinate as rapidly as possible the information-collecting services of all such agencies with a view to reducing the cost to the Government of obtaining such information and minimizing the burden upon business enterprises and other persons, and utilizing, as far as practicable, the continuing organization, files of information and existing facilities of the established Federal departments and independent agencies. (b) Designation of central collection agency.
If, after any such investigation, the Director is of the opinion that the needs of two or more Federal agencies for information from business enterprises and other persons will be adequately served by a single collecting agency, *** [he] may issue an order designating a collecting agency to obtain such information for any two or more of the agencies concerned, and prescribing (with reference to the collection of such information) the duties and functions of the collecting agency so designated and the Federal agencies for which it is to act
as agent. * * *
(c) Independent collection by an agency as prohibited.
While any such order or modified order is in effect, no Federal agency covered by such order shall obtain for itself any information which it is the duty of the collecting agency designated by such order to obtain. (d) Determination for necessity of information; hearing.
Upon the request of any party having a substantial interest, or upon his own motion, the Director (of Bureau of Budget] is authorized within his discretion to make a determination as to whether or not the collection of any information by any Federal agency is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of such agency or for any other proper purpose. To the extent, if any, that the Director determines the collection of such information by such agency is unnecessary, either because it is not needed for the proper performance of the functions of such agency or because it can be obtained from another Federal agency or for any other reason, such agency shall not thereafter engage in the collection of such information. (e) Cooperation of agencies in making information available.
For the purposes of sections 139-139f of this title, the Director is authorized to require any Federal agency to make available to any other Federal agency any information which it has obtained from any person after December 24, 1942, and all such agencies are directed to cooperate to the fullest practicable extent at all times in making such information available to other such agencies: Provided, That the pro visions of sections 139–139f of this title shall not apply to the obtaining or releasing of information by the Internal Revenue Service, the Comptroller of the Currency, the Bureau of the Public Debt, the Bureau of Accounts, and the Division of Foreign Funds Control of the Treasury Department: Provided further, That the provisions of sections 139-139f of this title shall not apply to the obtaining by any Federal bank supervisory agency of reports and information from banks as provided or authorized by law and in the proper performance of such agency's functions in its supervisory capacity. (Dec. 24, 1942, ch. 811, 83, 56 Stat. 1078.) 5 U.S.C., $ 139c. Plans or forms for collecting information; sub
mission to Director; approval. No Federal agency shall conduct or sponsor the collection of information, upon identical items, from ten to more persons (other than Federal employees considered as such) unless, in advance of adoption or revision of any plans or forms to be used in such collection:
(a) The agency shall have submitted to the Director (of Bureau of Budget] such plans or forms, together with copies of such pertinent regulations and other related materials as the Director shall specify; and
(b) The Director shall have stated that he does not disapprove the proposed collection of information. (Dec. 24, 1942, ch. 811, 85,56 Stat. 1079.)
5 U.S.C., 8340. Division of Identification and Information; estab
lishment; duties; cost of maintenance and operation. There is established under the jurisdiction of the Department of Justice
a division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to be known as the Division of Identification and Information, said bureau shall be vested with the duty of acquiring, collecting, classifying, and preserving criminal identification and other crime records and the exchanging of said criminal identification records with the duly authorized officials of governmental agencies, of States, cities, and penal institutions; and the cost of maintenance and operation of said bureau shall be paid from the appropriation “Detection and prosecution of crimes" for the respective fiscal years concerned, as otherwise pro vided. (June 11, 1930, ch. 455, 46 Stat. 554; Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 3, June 10, 1933; Már. 22, 1935, ch. 39, title II, 49 Stat. 77.) 8 U.S.C., § 1304. Forms for registration and fingerprinting. (a) Preparation; contents.
The Attorney General and the Secretary of State jointly are authorized and directed to prepare forms for the registration and fingerprinting of aliens under section 1301 of this title, and the Attorney General is authorized and directed to prepare forms for the registration and fingerprinting of aliens under section 1302 of this title. Such forms shall contain inquiries with respect to (1) the date and place of entry of the alien into the United States; (2) activities in which he has been and intends to be engaged; (3) the length of time he