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symbols of the seven vials, of which he had only drawn the great outlines in the last chapter. Having before concluded the particular events of the second woe, with the establishment of the power of atheism in France in 1791, brought down his history of the church to that epoch, and told us, upon that event being fulfilled,“ the second

woe should be past, and, behold, the third woe “ cometh quickly * ;” he begins a narration of the events, which were immediately to follow, under the symbol of the first vial. And here he particularly describes the dreadful plagues which fell upon France, and led to the destruction of the monarchy, the death of the King, and the establishment of atbeism. Under the second vial, he foretels the fall of Papal Rome : under the third, the plagues and ravages lately suffered by Papal Gerinany : under ihe fourth, the final overthrow of the monarchy, the death of the King, the subsequent reign of terror, and the destruction of the terrorists, or principal leaders, and authors of the revolution: under the fifth, the fall of the atheistical and revolutionary power of France : under the sixth, the fall of the Ottoman empire, and the Mohumedan apostacy : and under the seventh vial, the dreadful plagues of the wrath of a justly offended and long forbearing God, upon a great confederacy of pagans, apostates, and atheists, which shall conspire to make one great effort to destroy the word of God, and prevent the coming of Christ ; together with the utter

Chap, xi, 14.

destruction of this confederacy: and all this preparatory to the first resurrection, and the second coming of Christ to reign upon the earth.

Chapter XVII. contains a minute description of that great confederacy.

Chapter XVIII. announces the decree for the utter destruction of that grand confederacy,

Chapter XIX. contains a beautiful and sublime description of Christ, of his coming to unite with his church, and to execute the decree passed against the satanical conspiracy.

Chapter XX. gives an account of the binding of Satan, and his imprisonment in the bottomless pit a thousand years; the reign of Christ upon earth during that period ; of the nature of the first, and a hint of the second resurrection, and of the blessed state of those who shall reign with Christ. It further contains an account of the loosing of Satan, and his deceiving the nations in the four quarters of the earth ; of Gog and Magog; Satan's gathering of them together in battle array, a mighty host, against Christ and his kingdom ; the miraculous destruction, and final condemnation of him and his host; the last resurrection, and final judgment, with Christ's victory over death and hell.

Chapter XXI. includes the destruction of the old, and the creation of the new heavens and new earth; and a description of the new Jerusalem in it.

Chapter XXII. concludes the Revelation, with the superlative and ineffable blessedness of the righteous in the new Jerusalem.

I have thus laid before the reader a brief view of the contents of the Apocalypse. I have shown, that all the events foretold under the seven seals and six first trumpets, have come to pass, in the order they were foretold ; that they bring down the predictions, with their respective completions, to the present times ;-—and that no prophetic event remains to be fulfilled, save those of the last and third woe-trumpet, or of the seven vials of the wrath of God. And I have anticipated a few cursory hints respecting the contents of those vials. I have done this, as I conceived it would not only give the reader a general idea of the grand and awful subject, but enable him the better to examine into the probability of the explanation, and application of the figurative representations of the events, contained in the fol. lowing Commentary.


Of the Revelation.

And I saw anetlier mighty are therein, that the time angel come down from hea

should not be yet. ven, clothed with a cloud, 7 But in the days of the and a rainbow was upon his voice of the seventh angel, head, and his face was as it when he shall begin to were the sun, and his feet as sound, the mystery of God pillars of fire.

shall be finished, as he hath 2 And he had in his hand declared to his servants the a little book open: and he prophets. set his right foot upon the 8 And the voice which I sea, and his left foot on the heard from heaven spake earth,

unto me again, and said, Go 3 And cried with a loud and take the little book voice, as when a lion roar. which is open in the hand of eth: and when he had cried, the angel which standeth seven thunders uttered their upon the sea and upon the voices.

carth. 4 And when the seven 9 And I went into the thunders had uttered their angel, and said unto him, voices, I was about to write: Give me the little book. and I heard a voice from And he said unto me, Take heaven saying unto me,

it, and eat it up ; and it Seal up those things which shall make thy belly bitter, the seven thunders uttered, but it shall be in thy mouth and write them not.

sweet as honey. 5 And the angel which I 10 And I took the little saw stand upon the sea and book out of the angel's upon the earth lifted up his hand, and ate it up; and it hand to heaven,

was in my mouth sweet as 6 And sware by him that honey : and as soon as I had liveth for ever and ever, who eaten it, my belly was bitter. created heaven, and the

11 And he said unto me, things that therein are, and Thou must prophesy again the earth, and the things before many peoples, and that therein are, and the nations, and tongues, and sea, and the things which kings.



Introduction to the Prophetic History of the

WESTERN CHURCH, and of the Beast of the bottomless Pit."

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Verse I.

I HAVE said before, that the contents of the seven seals were to be revealed to the prophet by Christ himself *; and those of the seven trumpets by “ angels t,” sent to foretel the events of the great book, containing the history of the church in general; and he now informs us, that he saw “ another mighty angel,” the messenger of the God of truth

It was another inessenger, to unfold a special matter, not contained in “ this great book," namely, the particular history of the Western Church, contained in a little book, as will, I trust, appear more fully in the following comment on this chapter.

This angel is here represented as clothed with a cloud, the emblem of affliction and distress. In this sense, the word is elsewhere used in Scripture I: “Let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it." How hath the “Lord covered the daughter of Zion, with a “ cloud in his anger !” And it is here made use of to denote, that the dreadful incursions of the Goths, and other barbarous nations; and the

* Rev. vi. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12.

Ibid. viii. 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12.-ix. 1. 13. | Job, iii. 5. Lam. ii. 1.

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