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MEMBERS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE OF THE WOODROW WILSON INTERNATIONAL
CENTER FOR SCHOLARS
Mrs. Eugenie Anderson.
Hon. Henry C. Lodge, Jr. Mr. Dwayne Andreas.
Hon. Robert S. McNamara. Hon. William Benton.
Mr. G. William Miller. Hon. Ralph J. Bunche.
Mr. Jean Monnet. Hon. Harry Byrd, Jr.
Mr. David A. Morse. Hon. William Cahill.
Hon. Lester B. Pearson. Hon. Clifford Case.
Hon. Claiborne Pell. Mr. James E. Cheek.
Mr. Stuart T. Saunders. Chairman. Mr. Hedley Donovan.
Rev. Francis B. Sayre, Jr. Hon. John Eisenhower.
Mr. Edgar F. Shannon, Jr. Mr. Milton S. Eisenhower.
Hon. Cyrus R. Smith. Mr. L. H. Foster.
Hon. William Spong. Hon. Peter Frelinghuysen.
Mr. Frank Stanton. Hon. John W. Gardner.
Mr. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger. Mr. Robert F. Goheen.
Hon. Frank Thompson. Hon. W. Averell Harriman.
Hon. Earl Warren. Hon. Linwood Holton.
Hon. Walter Washington. Mr. Chester R. Huntley.
Hon. Harrison Williams. Mr. Arthur Larson.
Mr. Whitney M. Young, Jr.
ADVISORY PANELS Oceans
Lewis Alexander, geographer, University of Rhode Island. Francis T. Christy, economist, Resources for the Future. Louis Henkin, law professor, Columbia Law School. Gerard Mangone, vice chancellor, Temple University (possible head of project). William Trainor, Chief of External Research Office, Department of State (possible head of project).
Edward Wenk, Jr., executive director, National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development (1966–70). General
Marrer Bernstein, dean, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton.
PUBLIC LAW 90-637, 90TH CONGRESS, S. 3174, OCTOBER 24, 1968
AN ACT To establish a National Memorial to Woodrow Wilson
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Woodrow Wilson Memorial Act of 1968."
82 Stat. 1357
DECLARATION OF POLICY
(1) that a living institution expressing the ideals and concerns of Woodrow Wilson would be an appropriate memorial to his accomplishments as the twenty-eighth President of the United States, a distinguished scholar, an outstanding university president, and a brilliant advocate of international understanding;
(2) that the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission, created by joint resolution of Congress, recommended that an International Center for Scholars be constructed in the District of Columbia in the area north of the proposed Market Square as part of the Nation's memorial to Woodrow Wilson;
(3) that such a center, symbolizing and strengthening the fruitful relation between the world of learning and the world of public affairs, would be a suitable memorial to the spirit of Woodrw Wilson; and
(4) that the establishment of such a center would be consonant with the purposes of the Smithsonian Institution, created by Congress in 1846“for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men."
THE CENTER AND THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES
Sec. 3. (a) There is hereby established in the Smithsonian Insti- Woodrow tution a Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a
International Board of Trustees of the Center (hereinafter referred to as the Center for "Center" and the “Board”), whose duties it shall be to maintain and Scholars; administer the Center and site thereof and to execute such other Board of
Trustees of functions as are vested in the Board by this Act.
the Center. (b) The Board of Trustees shall be composed of fifteen members Establishas follows:
Memership. (1) the Secretary of State; (2) the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare;
(3) the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities;
(4) the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution ;
(7) one appointed by the President from time to time from within the Federal Government; and
(8) eight appointed by the President from private life. (c) Each member of the Board of Trustees specified in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (b) may designate another official to serve on the Board of Trustees in his stead.
(d) Each member of the Board of Trustees appointed under para- Term. graph (8) of subsection (b) shall serve for a term of six years from the expiration of his predecessor's term; except that (1) any trustee appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term, and (2) the terms of office of the trustees first taking office shall begin on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall expire as designated at the time of appointment, two at the end of two years, three at the end of four years, and three at the end of six years. No trustee of the 82 Stat. 1357 Board chosen from private life shall be eligible to serve in excess of 82 Stat. 1358 two consecutive terms, except that a trustee whose term has expired may serve until his successor has qualified.
(e) The President shall designate a Chairman and a Vice Chair: man from among the members of the Board chosen from private life.
POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD Sec. 4. (a) In administering the Center, the Board shall have all necessary and proper powers, which shall include but not be limited to the power to
(1) appoint scholars, from the United States and abroad, and where appropriate, provide stipends, grants, and fellowships to such scholars, and to hire or accept the voluntary serv
ices of consultants, advisory boards, and panels to aid the Board in carrying out its responsibilities;
(2) solicit, accept, and dispose of gifts, bequests, and devices of money, securities, and other property of whatsoever character for the benefit of the Center; any such money, securities, or other property shall, upon receipt, be deposited with the Smithsonian Institution, and unless otherwise restricted by the terms of the gift, expenditures shall be in the discretion of the Board for the purposes of the Center ;
(3) obtain grants from, and make contracts with, State, Federal, local, and private agencies, organizations, institutions, and individuals ;
(+) acquire such site as a location for the Center as may subsequently be authorized by the Congress;
(5) acquire, hold, maintain, use, operate, and dispose of any physical facilities, including equipment, necessary for the operation of the Center ;
(6) appoint and fix the compensation and duties of the director and such other officers of the Center as may be necessary for the efficient administration of the Center; the director and two other officers of the Center may be appointed and compensated without regard to the provisions of title 5 of the United States Code governing appointments in the competitive service and chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5 of the United States Code; and
(7) prepare plans and specifications for the Center, including the design and development of all buildings, facilities, open spaces, and other structures on the site in consultation with the President's Temporary Commission on Pennsylvania Avenue, or its successor, and with other appropriate Federal and local agencies, such plans to include an exterior classic frieze
memorial to Woodrow Wilson. (b) The Board shall, in connection with acquisition of any site authorized by Congress, as provided for in paragraph (4) of subsection (a) of this section, provide, to businesses and residents displaced from any such site, relocation assistance, including payments and other benefits, equivalent to that authorized to displace businesses and residents under the Housing Act of 1949, as amended. The Board shall develop a relocation program for existing businesses and residents within the site and submit such program to the government of the District of Columbia for a determination as to its adequacy and feasibility. In providing such relocation assistance and developing such relocation program the Board shall utilize to the maximum extent the services and facilities of the appropriate Federal and local agencies.
SEC. 5. The Board is authorized to adopt an official seal which shall be judicially noticed and to make such bylaws, rules, and regulations as it deems necessary for the administration of its functions under this Act, including, among other matters, bylaw's, rules, and regulations relating to the administration of its trust funds and the organization and procedure of the Board. A majority of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
Sec. 6. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Board such funds as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act: Provided, That no more than $200,000 shall be authorized for appropriation through fiscal year 1970 and no part of that appropriation shall be available for construction purposes.
RECORDS AND AUDIT
Sec. 7. The accounts of the Board shall be audited in accordance with the principles and procedures applicable to, and as part of, the audit of the other Federal and trust funds of the Smithsonian Institution.
Approved October 24, 1968.
Legislative history :
House Report No. 1942 accompanying H.R. 19988 (Comm. on House Administration).
Senate Report No. 1599 (Comm. on Rules & Administration).
Congressional Record, l'ol. 114 (1968): Oct. 3: Considered and passed Senate. Oct. 7: Considered and passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R. 19988. Oct. 11: Senate agreed to House amendment.
Attachment F APPROVED FELLOWSHIP AND GUEST SCHOLAR APPOINTMENTS AT WOODROW WILSON
INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR SCHOLARS
1. APPROVED FELLOWSHIP APPOINTMENTS (9)
a. In field of ocean studies
(1) To coordinate studies in this area as senior fellow, a professor of political science at an east coast university, author and coauthor of a number of books on international law, foreign policy, and the United Nations; former director of the international relations program of a leading eastern university, frequent consultant to U.S. Government and Ford Foundation on problems of foreign policy and peacekeeping.
(2) Dean of faculty of law of a leading Yugoslav university, a foremost scholar of international ocean law in his country, author of numerous publications in the field.
(3) Professor and head of department of international law at leading Indian school of international studies; author of several books and numerous articles on international courts, arbitration and conflict of settlement. b. In other fields, including environmental
(1) Chairman of a social science department at one of the Nation's top universities, president-elect of the professional association in his field, author of several books and numerous articles on American Goverment and political life. Wants to study how social science research can become more useful and better known to top executive and legislative branch officials.
(2) Leading French science policy administrator with extensive experience in directing science programs for French Government and European community. Intends to study process by which U.S. Government science policy is developed ; relevance of U.S. interstate regulating system for European community.
(3) Former head of foreign service and Ambassador, former permanent Representative to the United Nations of his Asian Country ; former high peacekeeping official for U.N. Wishes to write book on international peacekeeping, conciliation, and mediation.
(4) Head of urban biology group at leading Australian university ; writer and lecturer on broad biological consequences of advancing technology of advanced societies. Desires to work on book on “biology of civilization,” which will be an attempt to describe aspects of the contemporary human situation in biological perspective, and to discuss interaction between natural and cultural processes as they relate to problems of modern man.
(5) Young State Department specialist in work of important international agency. Has well-developed study proposal for “organizing transitionally, for environmental control," one of the Center's two subjects of special encouragement.
(6) Young Yale-trained anthropologist, now in department of psychiatry of leading west coast institution. Has published number of articles mainly in tield of behavioral biology; strongly interdisciplinary in approach, interested in working on "process by which academic knowledge is translated into social action."
2. APPROVED GUEST SCHOLAR APPOINTMENTS (8)
(1) An internationally known professor of political science at a midwestern university, a long-time specialist in environmental problems, author of many books and articles. Particularly interested in international mechanisms for environmental control.
(2) A chemist, associate director of a U.S. national laboratory, interested in role of science in modern society.
(3) A law professor at a midwestern university with numerous publications in field of international law, working on legal aspects of problems of pollution and environmental degradation.
(4) A professor of history at a midwestern university, specialist in the history of science and technology,
(5) A young Swiss historian currently on research fellowship at a leading eastern university ; specialist in Wilson period, interested in variety of peacekeeping problems.
(6) A Latin American specialist with degrees from Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, London School of Economics, engaged in study of U.S. military assistance to Latin America.
(7) A professor of political science at a leading midwestern university, who has done advanced work on simulation of international affairs problems and processes and now wishes to explore new methods of promoting new and cooperative uses of these techniques in the Washington community for international research and policy application.
(8) A professor of engineering at a prominent west coast university; previously director of a major agency program of U.S. Government concerned with ocean problems.
SUMMARY OF Two SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL ENCOURAGEMENT AT CENTER IN
OPENING PERIOD Oceans
The first relates to the development of international law and cooperation in the uses of the oceans. Given the fact that the oceans cover 70 percent of the earth's surface and contain a large proportion of the planet's mineral and food resources, including four-fifths of all known animal life, the extension of existing laws has become an urgent necessity to avoid conflict and to safeguard marine environments in the face of advancing population and technology. Ner and growing hazards, exploitation capabilities. military uses, scientific research, depletion of certain fish stocks, supertanker developments, unresolved legal issues and claims, differences between the few States with advanced marine use capabilities and those without such means--all call for sustained study to extend understanding, law, and cooperative practices. Environment
The other area designated for special encouragement involves studies 20thcentury man in perspective, including consideration of the philosophical, social, political, and economic implications of various environmental problems. Many research centers are well equipped to study man as a machine, and technical environmental studies are relatively plentiful. The Center intends to focus on studies relating to the kinds of attitudinal and institutional changes that are called for if environmental deterioration is to be halted, and on ways in which such changes as are indicated may be brought about. Particular attention will be given to new forms of international cooperations needed if those problems that transcend boundaries are to be addressed effectively.
STAFF PAPERS ON OCEAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
A. OCEAN SPACE STUDIES AT WOODROW WILSON INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR SCHOLARS
Studies relating to the development of international law and cooperation in ocean space will be encouraged in the new fellowship and guest scholar programs of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars to open in October of 1970.
The decision by the Center's Board of Trustees was based on the view that there is a rapidly growing potential for conflict and threat of abuse of the marine environment posed by increasing uses of marine areas and the relative absence