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through June, 1961

Urban Renewal Service

Federal assistance of the types enumerated in this subsection may be made available in such community,14 or (iii) to determine that the relocation requirements of section 105 (c) of this title have been met.

(d) 15 The Administrator is authorized to establish facilities (1) for furnishing to communities, at their request, an urban renewal service to assist them in the preparation of a workable program as referred to in the preceding subsection and to provide them with technical and professional assistance for planning and developing local urban renewal programs, and (2) for the assembly, analysis and reporting of information pertaining to such programs

Loans

Temporary and Definitive
Loans

Sec. 102. (a) To 16 assist local communities in the elimination of slums and blighted or deteriorated or deteriorating areas, in preventing the spread of slums, blight or deterioration, and in providing maximum opportunity for the redevelopment, rehabilitation, and conservation of such areas by private enterprise, the Administrator may make temporary and definitive loans to local public agencies in accordance with the provisions of this title for the undertaking of urban renewal projects. Such loans (outstanding at any one time) shall be in such amounts not exceeding the estimated 17 expenditures to be made by the local public agency 18 for such purposes, bear interest at such rate (not less than the applicable going Federal rate), be secured in such manner, and be repaid within such period (not exceeding, in the case of definitive loans, forty years from the date of the bonds or other obligations 19 evidencing such loans), as may be deemed advisable by the Administrator. In 20 any case where, in connection with its undertaking and carrying out of an urban renewal project, a local public agency is authorized (under the circumstances in which the temporary loan herein provided is requested) to acquire real property in the urban renewal area, the Administrator, in addition to all other authority under this title and notwithstanding any other provisions of this title, regardless of the stage of development of the urban renewal plan and whether before or after the approval thereof, may make a temporary loan or loans to any such local public agency to finance the acquisition of such real property: Provided, That no loan for such purpose shall be made unless (1) the governing body of the locality involved shall have approved by resolution or ordinance the acquisition of real property in the urban renewal area, and (2) either (A) the Administrator shall have determined that such loan is reasonably secured by a first mortgage or other prior lien upon such real property or is otherwise reasonably secured, or. (B) the governing body of the locality shall have assumed the responsibility to bear any loss that may arise as the result of such acquisition in the event that the property so acquired is not used for urban renewal purposes because the urban renewal plan for the project is not

Early Land Acquisition

14 Sec. 101 (b)3 of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87–70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 153, deleted clause (iii) and renumbered clause iy as clause (iii). Prior to deletion, clause (iii) read as follows: "(iii) to make the certifications as to the maximum number of dwelling units needed for the relocation of families to be displaced as a result of governmental action and who would be eligible to rent or purchase dwelling accommodations in properties covered by mortgage insurance under section 221 of the National Housing Act, as amended,”.

15 Subsection (d) added by sec. 303 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 624.

18 This sentence amended to read as set forth in the text by sec. 304 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 624. As originally enacted this sentence read as follows: "To assist local communities in eliminating their slums and blighted areas and in providing maximum opportunity for the redevelopment of project areas by private enterprise, the Administrator may make temporary and definitive loans to local public agencies for the undertaking of projects for the assembly, clearance, preparation, and sale and lease of land for redevelopment."

17 Sec. 304 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 624, inserted the word "estimated".

18 Sec. 402(a) of the Housing Act of 1959, Public Law 86–372, approved September 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 654-671, substituted "for such purposes" for "as part of the gross project cost".

19 Sec. 304 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 624, inserted “or other obligations".

20 Sec. 403 of the Housing Act of 1959, Public Law 86-372, approved September 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 654-671, added this sentence.

through June, 1961

Looms for Public Facilities

approved, or is amended to omit any of the acquired property, or is abandoned for any reason: Provided further, That the Administrator may, in his discretion and subject to such conditions as he may impose, permit any structure so acquired to be demolished and removed, and may include in any loan authorized by this section the cost of such demolition and removal, together 21 with administrative, relocation, and other related costs and payments, if the approval of the local governing body extends to such demolition and removal: And provided further, That the loan contract shall provide that the local public agency shall not dispose of such real property (except in lieu of foreclosure) until the local governing body of the locality involved shall have either approved the urban renewal plan for the project or consented to the disposal of such real property.

(b) In connection with any project on land which is open or predominantly open, the Administrator may make temporary loans to municipalities or other public bodies for the provision of public buildings or facilities necessary to serve or support the new uses of such land in the project area. Such temporary loans shall be in such amounts not exceeding the expenditures to be made for such purpose, bear interest at such rate (not less than the applicable going Federal rate), be secured in such manner, and be repaid within such period (not exceeding ten years from the date of the obligations evidencing such loans), as may be deemed advisable by the Administrator.

(c) Loans made pursuant to subsection (a) or (b) hereof may be made subject to the condition that, if at any time or times or for any period or periods during the life of the loan contract the local public agency can obtain loan funds from sources other than the Federal Government at interest rates lower than provided in the loan contract, it may do so with the consent of the Administrator at such times and for such periods without waiving or surrendering any rights to loan funds under the contract for the remainder of the life of such contract, and, in any such

case,

the Administrator is authorized to consent to a pledge by the local public agency of the loan contract, and any or all of its rights thereunder, as security for the repayment of the 22 principal of and the interest on the loan funds so obtained from other sources. In 23 connection with any such pledge of a loan contract, including loan payments thereunder, as security for the repayment of obligations of the local public agency held by other than the Federal Government, the Administrator is authorized to agree to pay, through operations of a paying agent or agents, and to pay or cause to be paid when due, from funds obtained pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, to the holders of such obligations (or to their agents or designees) the principal of and the interest on such obligations, subject to such conditions as the Administrator may determine but without regard to any other condition or requirement.23 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any contract or other instrument executed by the Administrator which, by its terms, includes an obligation of the Administrator to make payment pursuant to this subsection shall be construed by all officers of the United States separate and apart from the loan contract and shall be incontestable in the hands of a bearer and the full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of all amounts agreed to be paid by the Administrator pursuant to this subsection.

Private Financing

a

Incontestable Federal
Obligation in Private
Financing

a Sec. 314(b) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87-70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 172' added "together with administrative, relocation, and other related costs and payments".

z Sec. 402 of the Housing Act of 1959, Public Law 86–372, approved September 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 654-671, inserted "the principal of and the interest on''.

23 Sec. 302 (a) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87–70, approved June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 149, 166, added this sentence.

through June, 1961

Planning Advances

(d) 24 The Administrator may make advances of funds to local public agencies for surveys 25 of urban areas to determine whether the undertaking of urban renewal projects therein may be feasible and for surveys and plans for urban renewal projects which may be assisted under this title, including, but not limited to, (i) plans for carrying out a program of voluntary repair and rehabilitation of buildings and improvements, (ii) plans for the enforcement of State and local laws, codes, and regulations relating to the use of land and the use and occupancy of buildings and improvements, and to the compulsory repair, rehabilitation, demolition, or removal of buildings and improvements, and (iii) appraisals, title searches, and other preliminary work necessary to prepare for the acquisition of land in connection with the undertaking of such projects. The contract for any such advance of funds shall be made upon the condition that such advance of funds shall be repaid, with interest at not less than the applicable going Federal rate, out of any moneys which become available to the local public agency for the undertaking of the project involved. No contract for any such advances of funds for surveys and plans for urban renewal projects which may be assisted under this title shall be made unless the governing body of the locality involved has by resolution or ordinance approved the undertaking of such surveys and plans and the submission by the local public agency, of an application for such advance of funds. Notwithstanding 26 section 110(h) or the use in any other provision of this title of the term “local public agency" or "local public agencies” the Administrator may 'make advances of funds under this subsection for surveys and plans for an urban renewal project (including General Neighborhood Renewal Plans as hereinafter defined) to a single local public body which has the authority to undertake and carry out a substantial portion, as determined by the Administrator, of the surveys and plans or the project respecting which such surveys and plans are to be made: Provided, That the application for such advances shows, to the satisfaction of the Administrator, that the filing thereof has been approved by the public body or bodies authorized to undertake the other portions of the surveys and plans or of the project which the applicant is not authorized to undertake.

In 27 order to facilitate proper preliminary planning for the attainment of the urban renewal objectives of this title, the Administrator may also make advances of funds (in addition to those authorized above) to local public agencies for the preparation of General Neighborhood Renewal Plans (as herein defined) for urban renewal areas of such scope that the urban renewal activities therein may have to be carried out in stages, consistent with the capacity and resources of the respective local public agency, over an estimated period of not more than ten years. No contract for advances for the preparation of a General Neighborhood Renewal Plan may be made unless the Administrator has determined that:

(1) in the interest of sound community planning, it is desirable that the urban renewal area be planned for urban renewal purposes in its entirety;

(2) the local public agency proposes to undertake promptly an urban renewal project embracing at least 10 per centum of such area,

General Neighborhood
Renewal Plans

24 As originally enacted subsection (d) read as follows:

"(d) The Administrator may make advances of funds to local public agencies for surveys and plans in preparation of projects which may be assisted under this title, and the contracts for such advances of funds may be made upon the condition that such advances of funds shall be repaid, with interest at not less than the applicable going Federal rate, out of any moneys which become available to such agency for the undertaking of the

project or projects involved." Sec. 304 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 624, amended subsection (d) to read as set forth in the text, except for subsequent amendments noted by footnotes indicated in the text.

* Sec. 303(b) of the Housing Act of 1956, Public Law 1020, 84th Congress, approved August 7, 1956, 70 Stat. 1091, 1100, inserted "surveys of urban areas to determine whether the undertaking of urban renewal projects therein may be feasible and for".

* This sentence was added by sec. 301 of the Housing Act of 1956, Public Law 1020, 84th Congress, approved August 7, 1956, 70 Stat. 1091, 1097.

* This paragraph was added by sec. 303(a) of the Housing Act of 1956, Public Law 1020, 84th Congress, approved August 7, 1956, 70 Stat. 1091, 1099.

through June, 1961

or

upon completion of the General Neighborhood Renewal Plan and the preparation of an urban renewal plan for such project; and

(3) the governing body of the locality has by resolution ordinance (i)

approved the undertaking of the General Neighborhood Renewal Plan and the submission of an application for such advance and (ii) represented that such plan will be used to the fullest extent feasible as a guide for the provision of public improvements in such area and that the plan will be considered in formulating codes and other regulatory measures affecting property in the area and in undertaking other local governmental activities pertaining to the development, redevelopment, rehabilitation, and conservation of the

area. The contract for any such advance of funds for a General Neighborhood Renewal Plan shall be made upon the condition that such advance shall be repaid, with interest at not less than the applicable going Federal rate, out of any moneys which become available to the local public agency for the undertaking of the first urban renewal project in such area : Provided, That in the event of the undertaking of any other project or projects in such area an appropriate allocation of the amount of the advance, with interest, may be effected to the end that each such project may bear its proper allocable part, as determined by the Administrator, of the cost of the General Neighborhood Renewal Plan. As used herein, a General Neighborhood Renewal Plan means a preliminary plan (conforming, in the determination of the governing body of the locality, to the general plan of the locality as a whole and to the workable program of the community meeting the requirements of section 101) which outlines the urban renewal activities proposed for the area involved, provides a framework for the preparation of urban renewal plans and indicates generally, to the extent feasible in preliminary planning, the land uses, population density, building coverage, prospective requirements for rehabilitation and improvement of property, and any portions of the area contemplated for clearance and redevelopment.

(e) The 28 total amount of loan contracts outstanding at any one time under this title shall not exceed the aggregate of the estimated expenditures to be made by local public agencies as part of the gross project cost of the projects assisted by such contracts. To obtain funds for advance and loan disbursements under this title, the Administrator may issue and have outstanding at any one time notes and obligations for purchase by the Secretary of the Treasury in an amount which shall not, unless authorized by the President, exceed $1,000,000,000. For the purpose of establishing unpaid obligations as of a given date against the authorization contained in the preceding sentence, the Administrator shall estimate the maximum amount to be required to be borrowed from the Treasury and outstanding at any one time with respect to loan commitments in effect on such date.

(f) Notes or other obligations issued by the Administrator under this title shall be in such forms and denominations, have such maturities, and be subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by the Administrator, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such

Obtaining Funds for Loans

28 Subsection (e) was amended to read as set forth in the text by sec. 404 of the Housing Act of 1959, Public Law 86–372, approved September 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 654–671. As originally enacted subsection (e) read as follows:

“(e) To obtain funds for loans under this title, the Administrator, on and after July 1, 1949, may, with the approval of the President, issue and have outstanding at any one time notes and obligations for purchase by the Secretary of the Treasury in an amount not to exceed $25,000,000, which limit on such outstanding amount shall be increased by $225,000,000 on July 1, 1950, and by further amounts of $250,000.000 on July 1 in each of the years 1951, 1952, and 1953, respectively : Provided, That (subject to the total authorization of not to exceed $1,000,000,000) such limit, and any such authorized increase therein. may be increased, at any time or times, by additional amounts aggregating not more than $250,000,000 upon a determination by the President, after receiving advice from the Council of Economic Advisers as to the general effect of such increase upon the conditions in the building industry and upon the national economy, that such action is in the public interest."

Executive Order 10530, issued May 10, 1954, 19 Fed. Reg. 2709, empowered the Housing and Home Finance Administrator to issue obligations to the Treasury without the approval, ratification, or other action of the President, as provided at that time in subsection (e).

through June, 1961

Terms of Administrator's
Notes

Tax Exemption

Open Land

Capital Grants

notes or other obligations shall bear interest at a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average rate on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States as of the last day of the month preceding the issuance of such notes or other obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to purchase any notes and other obligations of the Administrator issued under this title and for such purpose is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such Act, as amended, are extended to include any purchases of such notes and other obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell any of the notes or other obligations acquired by him under this section. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of such notes or other obligations shall be treated as public debt transactions of the United States.

(g) Obligations, including interest thereon, issued by local public agencies for projects assisted pursuant to this title, and income derived by such agencies from such projects, shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States. Capital Grants

Sec. 103. (a) (1) The Administrator may make capital grants to local public agencies in accordance 29 with the provisions of this title for urban renewal projects: Provided, That the Administrator shall not make any contract for capital grant with respect to a project which consists of open land.

(2) 30 The aggregate of such capital grants with respect to all of the projects of a local public agency (or of two or more local public agencies in the same municipality) on which contracts for capital grants have been made under this title shall not exceed the total of

(A) two-thirds of the aggregate net project costs of all such projects to which neither subparagraph (B) nor subparagraph (C) applies, and

(B) three-fourths of the aggregate net project costs of any of such projects which are located in a municipality having a population of fifty thousand or less (one hundred fifty thousand or less in the case of a municipality situated in an area which, at the time the contract or contracts involved are entered into or at such earlier time as the Administrator may specify in order to avoid hardship, is designated as a redevelopment area under the second sentence of section 5(a) of the Area Redevelopment Act) according to the most recent decennial census, and

(C) three-fourths of the aggregate net project costs of any of such projects (not falling within subparagraph (B)) which the Administrator, upon request, may approve on a three-fourths capital grant

basis. 20 Sec. 305 of the Housing Act of 1954, Public Law 560, 83d Congress, approved August 2, 1954, 68 Stat. 590, 625, substituted "in accordance with the provisions of this title for urban renewal projects” for “to enable such agencies to make land in project areas available for redevelopment at its fair value for the uses specified in the redevelopment plans".

39 The balance of this subsection was amended to read as set forth in the text by sec. 301 (a) of the Housing Act of 1961, Public Law 87-70, approved June 30, 1961. 75 Stat. 149, 165.

As originally enacted this part of the subsection read as follows: "The aggregate of such capital grants with respect to all the projects of a local public agency on which contracts for capital grants have been made under this title shall not exceeal two-thirds of the aggregate of the net project costs of such projects, and the capital grant with respect to any individual project shall not exceed the difference between the net project cost and the local grants-in-aid actually made with respect to the project."

Sec. 302 (1) of the Housing Act of 1957, Public Law 85-104, 85th Congress, approved July 12, 1957, 71 Stat. 294, 299, amended this part of the subsection to lead as follows: "The aggregate of such capital grants with respect to all the projects of a local public agency on which contracts for capital grants have been made under this title, exclusive of projects referred to in the proviso hereto, shall not exceed two-thirds of the aggregate of the net project costs of such nonexcluded projects : Provideıl, That the aggregate of such capital grants may exceed two-thirds but not three-fourths of the aggregate net project costs of those projects which the Administrator, at the request of a local public agency, may approve on such a three-fourths capital grant basis, A capital grant with respect to any individual project shall not exceed the difference between the net project cost and the local grants-in-aid actually made with respect to the project."

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